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World Development Indicators:
Global goals: promoting sustainability
mean annual exposure
per capita
Combined source estimates
Individuals using the Internet
% of population
% of population
% of population
% of total final energy consumption
% of GDP
% of urban population
micrograms per cubic meter
% of GNI
metric tons
% of total territorial area
per 100,000 people
% of population
2020
2020
2019
2018
2018
2018
2017
2019
2018
2018
2018
2020
27.6
..
97.7
18.0
..
70.7
56.9
..
0.2
0.1
6.7
18.4
70.7
47.7
100.0
38.1
..
..
18.2
-2.3
1.8
13.5
2.3
72.2
72.4
17.6
99.5
0.2
..
38.9
21.1
3.9
7.1
62.9
98.4
..
..
0.5
..
..
12.5
..
..
8.7
..
90.6
100.0
100.0
18.6
..
..
10.3
..
6.4
26.7
91.6
..
..
45.6
57.4
48.6
32.4
-2.0
0.8
5.0
..
36.0
..
..
100.0
0.9
..
..
18.6
..
5.3
0.3
12.5
..
..
..
100.0
10.5
0.5
14.7
13.3
3.7
4.0
7.4
5.4
85.5
86.9
69.3
100.0
11.1
0.2
9.3
32.5
-3.8
1.9
23.1
1.7
76.5
..
..
100.0
8.0
..
..
..
..
..
0.1
..
97.2
..
74.3
100.0
9.7
..
8.6
6.8
15.5
29.7
0.9
89.6
98.9
99.6
100.0
34.1
3.1
..
12.5
14.0
7.1
28.4
1.0
87.5
88.3
100.0
1.9
0.2
..
19.9
7.3
3.3
5.5
2.0
84.6
..
..
100.0
1.0
..
..
17.4
24.6
7.3
8.6
23.6
87.0
99.0
91.2
100.0
0.0
..
..
70.8
19.6
1.7
0.4
99.7
58.5
38.7
92.2
26.9
..
47.2
60.8
32.1
0.5
4.9
2.4
24.8
..
..
100.0
5.8
..
..
23.1
4.3
0.0
9.8
81.8
94.6
73.9
100.0
7.2
0.6
33.2
18.8
14.2
6.2
9.4
2.4
85.1
99.9
88.8
100.0
10.7
2.9
..
12.9
11.6
8.2
24.6
..
91.5
..
..
92.7
34.6
..
5.0
23.0
3.2
1.6
20.6
37.3
..
..
40.3
44.0
..
58.8
39.0
9.2
0.6
23.5
25.8
..
..
100.0
0.7
0.2
..
11.6
..
..
0.0
98.4
36.6
65.2
100.0
82.2
..
..
37.9
16.2
1.4
48.0
1.2
53.5
..
52.9
95.1
7.4
..
48.5
21.6
4.3
2.0
30.9
4.8
59.9
88.9
100.0
35.4
0.2
7.6
27.7
..
6.8
1.4
1.2
73.2
..
..
70.0
25.8
..
..
23.1
15.3
3.2
29.1
..
64.0
85.8
48.7
99.8
47.0
1.2
16.3
12.7
5.6
2.1
28.6
26.7
81.3
..
..
100.0
0.0
0.3
..
5.9
30.5
17.6
9.0
..
95.0
97.6
72.2
100.0
19.6
0.8
..
19.1
11.4
5.8
28.3
1.3
70.2
..
..
18.4
67.0
57.1
42.9
10.3
0.2
14.9
22.0
..
..
11.4
85.6
0.2
47.7
38.9
0.1
7.6
9.4
..
..
91.4
22.9
..
..
34.8
26.8
1.1
0.0
6.8
64.5
27.8
..
84.0
56.4
45.1
25.6
17.4
0.9
20.6
..
32.9
..
..
63.5
79.3
..
33.7
72.8
-2.2
0.4
10.4
37.8
99.0
84.4
100.0
22.0
1.7
0.0
6.4
6.5
15.7
6.5
1.8
97.0
..
..
100.0
0.0
..
..
..
..
..
0.1
..
81.1
6.2
13.6
14.3
91.4
..
95.4
56.8
..
0.0
18.1
10.4
5.6
10.1
8.4
77.7
86.9
66.0
..
0.1
20.4
..
10.4
100.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
98.8
78.6
100.0
25.5
0.4
8.8
21.0
4.5
4.6
27.0
4.4
88.3
..
69.7
100.0
13.7
2.1
24.6
52.7
17.2
7.5
14.6
0.5
70.4
100.0
85.9
100.0
0.2
0.9
..
..
..
..
48.9
0.7
92.4
100.0
66.6
100.0
8.4
0.2
..
..
..
..
..
0.3
88.1
73.0
18.3
99.8
30.7
0.3
27.8
16.5
3.7
1.6
15.7
25.3
69.8
..
..
84.3
55.0
..
68.4
20.5
-0.1
0.4
0.1
..
8.5
19.0
12.7
19.1
96.4
77.5
44.9
3.9
0.0
13.8
..
13.6
45.9
..
48.4
69.3
..
47.8
46.6
1.2
36.8
..
8.7
80.5
30.2
99.7
35.7
0.4
3.9
15.7
15.1
1.7
3.0
11.7
80.5
35.2
..
68.5
63.0
60.1
25.9
15.2
0.4
14.9
..
..
67.8
100.0
32.8
1.0
..
17.9
13.0
4.0
23.6
0.6
78.3
..
36.6
99.8
24.1
0.5
6.6
19.7
..
2.4
7.2
74.0
..
..
100.0
3.0
..
..
..
..
..
0.3
..
68.1
99.8
77.1
100.0
12.1
0.6
..
17.3
7.1
6.1
1.7
1.3
90.8
97.9
85.2
100.0
14.7
1.9
..
16.1
9.2
9.5
22.2
81.3
96.7
91.9
100.0
34.7
3.0
0.0
10.0
20.1
5.7
17.9
1.0
96.5
..
37.1
61.2
27.8
..
64.5
45.5
20.2
0.4
1.2
..
59.0
..
..
100.0
8.3
..
..
19.5
..
2.4
0.7
18.1
69.6
..
..
99.0
16.0
..
14.8
13.7
20.4
2.4
19.2
10.0
76.9
66.8
41.6
99.1
16.3
..
20.1
14.9
6.5
2.3
15.0
5.8
64.6
..
67.1
100.0
5.2
0.7
5.2
87.0
5.7
2.5
11.6
..
71.9
..
..
97.4
23.2
0.2
22.4
24.5
4.6
1.1
2.2
52.1
54.6
..
..
66.6
4.9
..
64.9
53.2
..
4.9
1.8
..
26.2
..
..
50.9
74.0
..
..
48.0
..
0.2
3.0
..
1.3
95.8
93.1
100.0
28.6
1.4
..
6.7
16.6
11.6
19.5
2.1
89.1
..
..
76.9
66.1
32.1
17.2
5.5
0.8
4.2
30.3
12.6
6.7
48.1
89.4
64.3
39.0
16.6
0.2
18.5
..
24.0
..
..
100.0
5.9
..
..
..
..
..
0.0
..
97.6
..
..
99.7
25.8
..
11.2
10.8
5.1
1.8
1.0
..
99.6
84.1
100.0
44.2
2.8
..
5.9
10.0
8.1
14.2
1.6
92.2
99.2
78.6
100.0
15.2
2.2
..
11.8
9.5
4.6
33.2
1.2
84.8
83.9
..
100.0
7.7
..
..
..
..
..
0.0
..
72.7
..
..
90.7
90.1
..
36.6
44.4
..
2.4
25.1
..
62.0
44.7
29.0
62.1
49.0
0.1
27.1
34.0
-3.8
0.2
1.4
..
36.5
66.4
34.4
100.0
27.9
0.3
34.1
22.2
4.6
2.6
6.4
2.2
72.5
100.0
97.1
100.0
16.1
3.1
0.0
12.0
14.4
8.5
38.8
0.9
89.8
41.4
13.3
83.5
41.5
..
30.4
34.7
4.5
0.6
7.8
58.0
100.0
91.7
100.0
17.9
1.2
3.0
16.2
-2.8
6.1
11.0
0.9
78.1
96.7
91.9
100.0
13.5
..
..
11.6
..
..
22.4
69.5
..
93.1
10.7
..
6.0
22.7
..
2.9
0.2
10.8
56.9
99.4
..
100.0
3.0
..
..
11.6
..
..
0.1
..
80.5
55.8
..
95.7
64.1
0.0
31.0
24.1
5.6
1.1
10.1
28.2
50.0
..
..
42.2
69.9
..
50.1
26.1
-6.7
0.3
24.8
..
26.0
24.3
12.2
31.0
86.6
..
74.4
29.8
-4.3
0.2
11.6
22.9
..
..
91.9
16.8
..
31.1
22.4
..
3.3
5.3
14.2
37.3
..
..
46.0
76.3
..
65.9
15.0
11.3
0.3
0.4
6.7
34.5
..
49.7
91.1
49.8
38.6
20.6
21.0
1.0
10.9
38.9
42.1
92.6
87.8
100.0
13.6
1.5
13.6
15.9
14.8
4.7
22.6
0.9
84.8
100.0
83.7
100.0
80.7
2.0
..
6.5
15.5
4.8
2.5
0.9
99.0
..
45.9
97.3
32.8
0.7
35.2
90.9
16.9
1.8
3.5
3.0
43.0
..
..
98.8
21.1
0.2
30.6
16.5
14.0
2.2
5.3
..
53.7
94.0
..
100.0
1.0
25.3
39.0
..
7.8
7.7
2.2
84.1
59.7
42.9
100.0
0.5
0.0
45.7
61.6
15.0
4.2
1.5
..
97.3
82.9
100.0
10.8
1.2
..
8.2
17.7
7.7
4.0
0.8
92.0
97.2
..
100.0
2.0
..
..
..
..
..
4.2
..
99.3
95.0
100.0
3.8
4.8
..
21.4
16.7
6.9
8.6
1.4
90.1
95.8
95.8
100.0
17.1
1.4
..
16.8
6.9
5.4
13.4
0.6
70.5
..
..
99.4
8.9
..
57.1
13.4
18.4
2.9
1.4
43.9
98.6
81.4
100.0
7.2
3.2
..
11.7
5.3
8.8
10.0
0.3
90.2
85.7
82.3
100.0
7.2
23.4
33.0
4.6
2.5
1.8
89.3
..
100.0
1.9
0.1
..
13.8
6.1
11.9
3.2
85.9
..
..
69.7
72.5
..
46.5
28.6
0.8
0.3
10.5
4.9
29.5
14.7
26.7
90.0
41.0
..
..
10.6
..
0.8
11.8
..
38.0
66.4
..
50.0
13.2
..
..
32.0
..
2.0
1.3
..
..
99.2
99.9
100.0
3.2
4.5
..
25.0
17.7
12.2
4.0
0.6
96.5
..
..
100.0
27.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.4
89.4
100.0
100.0
100.0
0.0
0.1
..
60.7
12.2
22.1
11.0
..
99.1
70.1
92.5
99.9
23.2
0.1
9.7
22.7
10.8
1.8
6.7
2.9
17.7
61.4
99.1
50.2
..
21.1
25.1
2.7
16.7
..
33.8
96.3
83.4
100.0
41.0
0.6
..
13.4
4.0
4.0
17.5
4.4
88.9
47.7
16.3
100.0
4.8
..
61.1
30.6
-23.8
4.1
1.0
2.5
84.1
28.9
47.6
44.5
40.2
53.6
28.0
2.7
0.3
0.3
43.0
..
..
23.1
87.1
..
70.3
18.0
..
0.2
1.2
..
25.6
..
21.6
68.6
2.8
..
..
54.3
..
8.5
0.3
..
..
100.0
98.8
100.0
56.8
..
..
..
..
3.7
11.9
2.6
99.5
94.9
93.9
100.0
33.7
0.9
..
11.9
11.6
4.2
17.8
3.3
83.1
99.5
96.8
100.0
16.1
1.2
..
10.4
9.8
15.3
40.9
0.5
98.8
76.8
12.2
100.0
20.9
0.4
8.3
29.7
18.4
3.5
9.7
1.2
81.4
20.5
10.4
31.0
83.7
61.2
22.5
1.7
0.1
2.3
..
..
24.2
11.2
73.0
..
65.1
23.6
..
0.1
22.9
..
93.8
100.0
5.3
1.0
..
16.0
-1.6
7.8
9.0
..
89.6
..
..
100.0
1.1
..
30.1
7.8
10.8
4.1
0.1
62.9
..
19.9
47.8
76.6
47.2
38.5
0.3
8.2
..
27.4
100.0
91.9
100.0
7.5
0.6
..
13.9
..
3.2
6.4
1.6
86.9
..
..
97.5
11.7
..
..
10.2
..
3.1
0.3
..
38.7
..
..
45.8
25.2
0.0
73.2
47.4
27.3
0.8
1.1
..
40.8
..
..
100.0
9.2
0.3
..
14.5
8.5
3.3
0.0
2.9
64.9
43.0
57.3
99.6
10.0
0.3
16.0
20.9
7.4
3.6
19.1
29.1
72.0
..
..
81.3
1.8
..
..
11.3
..
1.5
0.0
..
35.3
74.1
..
100.0
25.8
0.3
59.2
16.3
4.3
3.2
4.2
4.1
76.1
100.0
100.0
100.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
99.5
..
97.1
30.1
55.5
97.2
3.3
0.1
38.3
40.1
0.7
6.8
17.7
6.2
62.5
85.1
45.4
100.0
40.6
0.5
27.1
20.8
..
4.0
4.2
2.2
77.6
79.9
39.3
99.6
10.9
..
9.2
32.6
19.8
1.8
18.4
1.4
84.1
..
..
29.7
79.6
77.2
21.3
-1.7
0.2
13.4
..
16.5
58.8
60.7
68.4
59.6
0.1
56.1
35.6
20.2
0.6
4.6
35.1
..
..
55.2
30.7
..
42.3
25.4
5.2
1.7
23.2
..
41.0
17.6
48.6
89.9
74.3
..
49.3
99.7
35.3
0.5
23.6
..
37.7
100.0
97.5
100.0
7.4
2.1
..
12.0
18.6
8.8
21.2
0.6
91.3
96.6
..
100.0
4.8
..
..
..
..
..
96.0
..
82.0
100.0
82.2
100.0
30.7
..
6.0
13.1
6.6
30.5
91.5
55.5
..
88.1
51.4
42.2
17.6
17.2
0.8
15.5
10.5
45.2
..
16.2
19.0
82.0
..
58.8
94.1
19.2
0.1
17.3
..
10.2
21.7
30.5
55.4
82.3
..
53.9
71.8
5.5
0.6
11.6
35.5
90.5
..
100.0
0.0
..
..
9.9
..
..
33.2
..
..
98.6
65.4
100.0
60.8
2.0
0.0
7.0
14.9
7.1
5.1
0.5
97.0
90.6
..
100.0
0.0
0.2
..
41.1
-11.1
15.7
1.0
0.3
95.2
35.8
..
74.1
43.3
40.1
58.3
3.3
0.9
9.8
3.9
25.0
91.3
..
100.0
0.3
..
..
..
..
14.0
82.9
11.2
..
..
..
95.8
24.4
22.1
11.4
23.3
2.4
5.2
9.6
64.3
..
..
59.7
53.0
..
12.3
..
0.9
0.7
..
11.2
64.1
60.1
99.7
59.2
0.1
17.1
11.9
16.8
1.2
14.3
7.1
74.0
51.3
52.8
95.6
27.9
0.1
33.1
24.8
11.1
1.7
13.1
7.7
65.3
47.5
60.6
95.6
27.5
0.3
42.9
18.1
19.4
1.3
3.1
5.3
49.8
98.3
90.5
100.0
11.3
1.2
0.0
20.9
11.0
8.2
38.1
0.7
83.2
95.4
85.1
100.0
27.5
1.3
3.6
8.2
4.7
4.8
16.9
..
78.3
99.9
32.5
100.0
1.4
..
8.3
..
..
2.0
21.1
96.2
97.2
100.0
0.1
0.5
..
91.2
25.4
31.1
4.7
0.4
99.7
82.0
83.1
100.0
23.0
0.5
12.1
14.6
5.9
3.9
24.3
1.3
78.5
76.1
60.8
100.0
3.2
1.0
..
16.2
6.7
11.5
7.6
8.2
85.0
12.1
..
40.4
84.5
42.1
43.2
-3.8
0.1
9.1
26.5
46.2
47.7
99.2
36.6
..
..
11.5
..
1.5
0.2
6.6
33.6
100.0
70.4
100.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
60.2
36.2
34.7
75.0
37.9
..
85.7
28.5
..
0.7
0.2
..
33.0
..
59.1
100.0
0.0
..
16.2
87.9
19.2
15.5
4.5
0.7
97.9
..
24.1
70.4
36.2
29.5
40.7
0.6
14.6
42.6
75.0
18.4
99.8
21.1
0.9
3.6
24.7
3.4
6.6
6.6
1.2
78.4
..
..
100.0
1.2
..
20.2
..
6.0
0.1
9.3
79.0
10.6
14.0
22.7
76.0
..
59.1
21.6
-15.3
0.1
3.3
18.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
0.7
1.8
..
19.1
28.3
8.4
2.5
0.2
92.0
..
..
100.0
0.1
..
..
..
..
..
8.1
..
..
99.2
81.9
100.0
12.4
0.8
..
17.6
6.6
6.1
37.6
1.1
89.9
98.3
71.5
100.0
20.6
1.9
3.7
16.0
11.7
6.8
55.1
0.5
86.6
..
..
69.8
48.6
..
..
11.9
0.4
0.6
0.2
..
11.9
..
31.5
49.2
94.9
..
72.1
32.0
..
0.0
..
2.0
..
..
85.0
10.2
0.7
25.6
25.1
-0.9
7.5
10.3
36.4
70.0
..
..
6.7
28.7
..
91.4
45.6
..
0.1
15.5
..
6.5
99.6
95.7
100.0
17.4
1.2
5.5
9.7
10.9
5.5
15.0
0.6
93.2
..
..
99.8
51.4
0.1
..
11.1
18.1
1.0
3.4
2.4
35.0
..
..
100.0
1.6
..
..
..
..
4.8
0.3
43.9
80.7
..
..
99.5
10.2
..
11.2
22.4
..
2.9
0.9
20.3
53.3
96.7
..
100.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
92.0
..
..
..
100.0
4.9
..
..
22.2
..
2.3
0.5
30.9
56.0
..
..
54.0
61.3
..
88.4
55.4
25.2
0.5
2.8
..
28.4
55.8
25.2
97.8
17.6
..
5.9
24.8
..
3.8
8.5
6.6
70.1
99.8
94.9
100.0
51.5
3.3
0.0
6.2
19.7
3.5
15.0
1.1
94.5
94.2
99.7
100.0
24.2
..
10.3
14.2
4.4
9.7
0.6
94.2
..
..
89.3
0.9
37.9
43.8
..
1.6
0.7
..
35.8
55.2
..
99.6
39.5
0.1
26.0
46.2
18.4
1.0
22.3
..
22.0
..
26.3
37.7
85.2
..
40.1
29.1
25.8
0.2
31.0
22.0
..
25.9
99.9
23.7
1.1
23.7
26.3
15.2
3.7
12.5
..
77.8
..
..
90.8
12.7
..
33.4
19.3
-9.7
0.5
4.4
29.1
19.6
9.1
52.4
75.1
..
54.3
35.7
10.6
0.3
21.8
..
24.0
29.5
33.8
98.4
1.8
..
..
10.8
16.9
1.6
1.5
..
41.2
..
..
100.0
0.5
0.1
5.4
24.1
..
12.8
2.0
37.1
70.6
79.3
80.8
100.0
11.9
0.7
8.2
37.7
2.6
5.2
..
71.9
..
78.4
100.0
11.8
1.0
8.6
44.3
12.4
5.0
0.2
2.6
77.7
94.8
..
99.9
0.1
..
..
21.8
..
12.5
3.2
..
21.3
..
..
100.0
0.4
..
..
..
..
..
0.4
..
..
..
99.7
8.3
..
..
..
..
0.9
0.0
..
35.2
16.6
..
41.3
90.1
..
48.3
50.5
8.3
0.1
16.1
10.5
19.9
89.0
72.0
100.0
6.9
0.5
19.0
20.3
-0.7
4.2
3.9
75.0
..
99.2
100.0
0.3
1.3
..
40.9
..
18.4
15.0
100.0
99.8
98.1
100.0
11.0
1.7
..
10.5
5.4
28.8
1.1
94.8
97.3
98.3
100.0
10.1
3.0
..
7.4
6.5
15.2
26.3
5.0
90.9
..
..
99.9
60.9
0.4
..
9.3
5.0
1.9
2.3
12.2
86.1
58.8
..
100.0
1.5
0.1
52.2
28.5
17.2
3.4
3.4
1.5
71.1
..
..
64.6
30.0
..
..
11.7
37.3
0.7
0.1
..
25.7
..
23.1
100.0
14.6
..
44.1
17.0
..
4.6
36.9
61.6
..
..
99.4
21.8
13.8
29.6
8.3
3.0
2.9
..
70.3
97.9
..
100.0
3.4
..
..
10.3
..
..
1.0
..
64.4
79.7
66.7
100.0
12.7
..
..
33.2
..
..
..
0.5
74.6
..
18.8
72.8
3.6
..
66.2
50.5
..
0.3
0.6
..
26.7
..
..
43.0
82.3
..
54.6
27.4
21.4
0.4
37.9
19.8
29.5
25.7
46.8
80.2
..
33.5
22.3
-2.2
0.9
27.2
..
29.3
74.3
54.0
90.0
2.2
29.2
45.5
10.5
4.5
14.3
59.9
..
60.1
98.1
2.4
26.4
39.8
13.7
6.4
17.9
69.2
91.7
69.8
100.0
1.9
..
18.1
10.6
6.7
9.4
83.9
75.4
34.1
98.1
0.7
20.8
16.7
6.8
2.6
21.7
73.7
78.5
38.8
97.2
..
24.1
55.7
14.5
5.6
5.7
77.8
97.3
81.1
100.0
2.9
..
7.3
6.5
15.3
16.4
91.5
..
44.8
94.0
0.6
37.7
82.9
17.4
1.5
5.0
38.6
30.2
21.3
47.1
..
53.6
44.6
5.0
0.7
14.7
30.0
28.6
17.6
41.5
..
66.3
42.9
10.7
0.3
12.9
20.6
60.0
45.7
89.1
35.8
62.7
13.5
1.8
10.4
45.1
75.6
57.8
99.3
1.6
22.5
39.5
13.3
6.4
12.9
73.3
97.7
87.0
100.0
2.6
..
14.7
9.0
10.1
19.1
89.6