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World Development Indicators:
Direction of trade of low- and middle-income economies
Exports
Imports
% of total merchandise exports
% of total merchandise exports
% of total merchandise exports
% of total merchandise imports
% of total merchandise imports
% of total merchandise imports
2004
2014
2004
2014
2004
2014
2004
2014
2004
2014
2004
2014
10.4
14.5
8.1
15.0
81.1
69.9
14.0
17.6
7.4
12.4
74.0
63.8
..
..
..
..
56.3
39.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
3.1
16.3
0.3
2.8
96.6
80.7
44.4
70.1
0.1
1.6
55.5
28.1
5.3
9.7
9.0
16.8
85.7
73.3
8.9
9.5
8.6
15.2
75.5
66.5
16.5
27.5
0.4
0.9
66.3
42.9
9.7
20.4
3.1
3.0
85.9
74.8
16.3
23.2
9.1
16.2
74.5
60.5
20.0
31.2
10.6
9.5
68.9
59.1
..
..
..
..
93.2
30.0
..
..
..
..
63.9
54.3
56.3
57.3
20.3
38.3
23.4
4.5
45.5
84.5
20.6
8.7
33.9
6.8
..
..
0.4
1.3
34.7
10.3
78.5
87.8
0.7
1.0
18.7
10.4
16.6
25.6
7.2
10.6
76.2
63.7
22.9
30.0
3.2
7.2
73.7
62.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1.2
0.2
51.3
4.0
26.8
42.4
5.4
3.4
67.8
54.2
49.9
81.0
13.5
6.7
28.0
10.3
57.3
69.6
4.4
4.6
38.1
25.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
9.9
11.6
1.5
1.4
47.7
52.7
11.6
19.1
1.4
24.2
85.3
55.6
17.3
20.8
1.3
2.6
81.4
76.1
17.4
31.9
3.8
2.7
78.8
65.4
..
..
0.3
3.7
81.1
25.7
28.9
42.9
..
..
68.9
53.5
51.0
69.1
..
..
39.4
23.9
16.1
31.0
..
..
66.0
57.6
22.4
32.6
7.4
11.2
70.0
55.7
21.0
31.3
6.3
6.2
71.1
61.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
4.5
26.8
..
..
92.9
71.9
35.0
51.7
..
..
63.1
47.3
..
..
..
..
80.5
63.4
..
..
..
..
40.6
30.2
..
..
..
..
26.7
51.5
14.2
44.2
..
..
82.9
52.7
20.6
21.7
4.1
5.8
74.1
72.5
27.4
41.5
3.9
4.5
68.2
54.1
12.6
15.2
11.4
17.0
71.7
63.9
10.8
12.0
10.7
17.5
77.2
66.3
3.5
10.3
0.2
13.5
91.3
68.4
13.6
16.9
7.6
11.2
78.2
70.7
7.2
15.2
9.1
25.8
83.3
57.8
26.6
13.9
13.5
22.4
59.6
63.5
19.9
6.3
9.5
22.5
70.5
70.9
24.7
24.7
12.0
13.6
63.3
61.6
7.1
17.8
6.1
7.8
86.2
73.3
4.5
7.1
2.6
8.3
91.0
83.5
3.2
8.4
..
..
95.4
88.8
4.4
7.9
..
..
94.9
88.2
18.9
23.4
4.9
8.6
62.7
65.3
15.3
18.1
7.5
7.4
75.1
74.0
55.7
56.0
2.8
7.3
41.5
36.7
35.4
44.2
5.1
14.1
59.2
41.6
7.2
13.8
14.9
17.0
73.7
69.2
13.3
15.9
9.3
34.1
77.2
50.0
..
..
..
..
62.8
..
..
..
..
57.4
22.8
67.2
..
..
70.6
20.8
34.3
16.6
10.5
55.6
55.2
27.9
..
..
10.0
16.2
89.9
83.6
..
..
8.4
10.8
91.6
89.2
10.0
18.0
0.5
2.4
68.7
68.5
17.7
26.0
6.0
2.6
68.0
71.0
27.1
39.6
1.5
3.2
71.4
57.1
46.1
36.4
3.9
12.4
49.8
50.9
51.4
3.6
37.5
39.9
10.7
47.8
11.4
13.3
5.5
9.0
81.7
77.6
11.4
12.7
7.0
6.5
81.1
80.8
..
..
29.5
33.7
69.8
66.1
..
..
32.7
41.2
66.8
58.7
100.0
30.1
0.0
2.1
0.0
67.8
13.9
11.3
74.7
26.5
46.8
..
..
68.4
16.6
51.5
21.0
..
..
37.4
26.2
7.3
11.2
12.9
25.5
74.4
60.7
6.8
6.1
17.0
25.1
75.2
62.6
68.5
8.7
..
..
21.3
12.8
33.3
38.9
..
..
56.1
43.9
18.0
19.4
19.4
25.1
61.8
55.2
12.5
13.4
6.5
16.2
80.9
70.3
29.5
41.1
..
..
47.4
19.1
21.7
19.5
..
..
70.7
58.2
8.4
10.0
5.7
12.9
83.6
75.7
8.1
9.2
11.9
23.4
78.2
65.7
..
..
..
..
94.2
20.3
..
..
..
..
70.3
70.1
..
..
48.6
57.8
50.0
39.9
..
..
47.4
51.9
50.6
46.9
14.9
14.4
9.4
16.1
75.1
68.4
32.4
33.6
6.1
14.7
59.9
49.5
46.2
40.9
2.3
3.8
51.1
55.2
39.7
28.0
6.9
21.5
53.2
50.5
9.4
7.5
15.7
31.0
70.0
59.3
3.9
6.3
21.0
31.3
73.7
61.9
..
..
31.8
46.5
67.4
53.0
..
..
36.6
45.5
59.1
50.9
21.2
19.7
2.1
18.2
74.6
59.1
18.0
16.9
10.2
23.5
67.1
56.9
23.5
26.8
5.9
7.8
70.5
65.4
18.7
18.5
4.7
13.0
75.2
65.7
9.4
10.4
14.7
17.7
75.9
71.9
9.6
10.7
12.6
19.2
76.8
68.9
27.2
27.9
5.3
3.9
64.6
66.5
9.9
9.1
25.5
9.4
63.8
80.7
3.0
20.7
0.7
4.6
93.0
68.5
17.9
14.0
4.0
10.2
76.1
73.4
30.7
17.5
1.8
8.1
67.3
74.2
32.9
24.6
8.4
17.1
57.8
57.9
28.7
45.5
0.2
0.5
70.6
54.0
28.7
31.7
2.6
9.6
65.7
57.5
17.6
19.9
..
..
49.2
30.4
6.1
7.1
0.8
6.2
82.7
77.0
35.1
39.9
1.2
4.9
62.4
55.2
25.7
29.9
3.8
12.8
68.3
57.3
10.4
7.2
2.1
7.1
86.2
85.7
14.2
15.9
8.4
16.5
74.6
66.8
9.9
3.0
1.0
4.2
88.9
92.5
17.5
35.8
11.1
23.5
53.4
32.7
30.3
32.1
1.4
3.8
68.0
64.1
28.2
32.7
3.8
10.8
65.2
56.4
2.9
4.7
12.7
3.8
83.4
89.8
15.7
11.0
4.9
10.1
76.8
76.4
2.6
5.0
1.0
2.6
95.1
91.4
3.4
2.8
11.3
21.7
83.9
73.7
40.0
24.2
0.4
1.2
58.4
74.3
38.3
45.6
8.1
12.9
53.3
41.4
16.5
19.5
3.5
18.0
75.4
58.6
20.9
15.6
3.2
11.1
52.1
47.4
49.3
36.2
3.3
14.1
40.0
49.7
33.7
31.5
17.5
28.7
48.7
39.8
12.2
15.9
12.7
21.8
73.7
61.7
17.3
18.5
5.2
28.7
76.0
52.6
..
..
..
..
91.6
63.4
..
..
49.3
14.5
50.2
84.9
23.3
55.5
0.2
2.7
75.8
40.9
9.3
54.9
2.6
1.7
88.0
43.3
23.5
31.2
0.1
10.5
74.5
57.6
7.5
4.6
3.0
12.2
89.3
83.0
2.1
5.6
2.3
6.4
95.5
87.9
8.0
8.2
7.1
15.7
82.1
73.4
..
..
36.1
59.2
60.0
38.1
..
..
40.1
51.1
59.3
48.6
..
..
14.8
40.0
52.1
50.0
..
..
34.8
41.4
63.2
40.3
6.5
13.2
16.1
36.4
72.2
43.2
7.2
8.7
22.1
33.2
68.8
57.0
3.2
33.5
7.3
33.9
89.1
32.6
2.6
2.7
18.9
31.0
78.4
66.3
5.7
5.3
..
..
6.7
10.0
2.3
1.8
..
..
57.4
34.6
11.8
18.7
16.8
23.4
55.4
54.6
6.0
2.2
21.8
32.8
58.4
64.9
1.9
2.0
26.2
54.8
56.8
17.5
1.0
8.5
18.8
40.7
79.9
49.4
3.3
3.5
9.4
44.7
87.3
51.8
33.0
24.8
29.3
46.1
37.7
29.0
29.3
26.2
16.3
19.0
49.2
45.1
8.2
4.3
23.4
29.1
68.2
66.1
33.5
24.2
18.7
27.8
46.4
46.8
7.7
5.5
20.6
30.3
70.5
63.7
3.3
6.1
9.8
7.4
85.9
86.5
8.9
15.3
14.6
34.0
76.0
50.5
2.6
2.9
11.8
22.1
82.0
73.4
4.3
6.5
14.7
18.8
78.8
74.1
19.3
72.2
16.0
2.2
64.7
25.6
11.0
26.4
39.4
22.9
49.5
50.8
6.9
10.4
4.3
9.0
88.8
80.6
5.7
3.8
10.3
19.9
81.7
76.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1.2
2.0
75.3
48.9
22.8
48.3
4.2
3.1
24.1
43.1
71.6
52.8
6.3
6.8
20.1
28.5
71.6
62.3
4.8
4.1
19.3
38.7
54.8
54.9
47.9
59.8
12.8
16.3
39.3
23.9
34.9
36.9
24.2
29.0
40.9
34.2
1.7
1.9
3.9
7.7
81.3
73.4
16.3
16.3
23.8
38.0
50.3
37.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
5.9
6.4
23.8
31.2
69.8
61.2
0.9
0.6
18.2
39.9
52.8
58.0
12.7
7.1
..
..
62.4
69.8
21.2
15.1
..
..
62.4
59.6
58.5
62.1
..
..
35.5
27.5
58.7
57.4
..
..
24.5
10.5
7.2
12.6
15.3
25.6
77.4
59.9
3.4
4.6
24.0
40.6
72.6
54.3
8.8
8.1
7.6
15.9
75.5
75.4
19.7
22.3
20.9
30.3
56.7
47.3
12.4
16.9
15.7
32.6
65.6
47.0
12.3
12.5
19.7
36.1
63.1
44.7
2.3
3.5
39.3
59.6
58.4
36.9
8.5
4.8
13.3
37.6
78.2
57.6
26.7
25.1
57.4
62.9
15.9
12.0
27.1
4.7
21.9
74.7
50.8
20.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
79.4
14.8
..
..
19.7
28.4
45.0
40.8
9.3
13.8
36.5
35.7
12.4
36.1
15.8
18.8
51.8
37.2
38.6
32.7
9.4
16.2
42.9
40.6
0.8
1.0
0.2
10.5
99.0
87.5
2.7
0.6
11.5
76.1
84.7
23.0
8.7
8.5
8.3
28.8
81.2
61.9
17.2
18.8
14.6
40.2
67.7
41.1
4.5
18.1
15.9
55.1
79.5
26.7
15.1
13.8
8.4
9.7
48.5
43.2
0.4
1.2
..
..
80.0
93.1
23.1
5.5
..
..
70.6
25.0
..
..
..
..
91.5
61.4
..
..
..
..
56.7
36.4
4.7
23.3
9.6
48.7
85.3
27.9
43.6
48.8
6.2
26.5
50.0
24.6
4.2
1.6
41.1
62.7
53.6
35.4
10.6
4.2
16.2
67.1
71.4
27.9
25.5
31.4
7.5
16.2
63.2
51.1
24.4
26.7
12.5
26.9
60.3
43.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.6
1.8
17.5
31.1
75.3
54.4
0.9
1.8
26.3
31.2
57.3
32.2
1.8
2.9
12.4
25.1
75.9
58.7
9.6
7.5
5.8
28.7
82.8
62.1
10.2
7.4
34.2
69.7
55.5
22.9
18.5
10.7
46.8
66.0
34.8
23.3
8.7
13.3
15.0
27.5
65.6
52.1
24.3
20.5
26.9
40.5
47.9
38.1
1.4
0.9
4.4
27.2
66.2
54.1
21.9
3.8
17.8
31.5
34.3
20.7
14.4
28.8
..
..
29.9
2.2
30.1
19.3
..
..
43.0
51.6
43.5
38.9
15.9
17.3
34.7
42.3
12.5
7.3
18.8
41.9
68.2
50.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1.4
1.8
10.9
43.2
87.6
55.0
1.8
2.0
7.2
20.1
90.6
77.4
4.0
8.1
3.7
11.3
92.3
74.2
8.8
9.8
25.7
42.0
42.9
38.3
25.5
23.2
14.7
18.9
59.3
57.2
63.0
47.9
12.7
29.2
24.3
22.9
3.4
6.7
63.9
69.0
29.4
17.5
25.5
24.3
8.1
16.6
32.7
30.1
15.9
14.2
10.9
46.9
71.7
37.4
4.1
2.8
23.8
42.6
61.9
46.1
8.5
14.7
2.7
6.5
88.5
78.8
14.3
9.1
29.5
50.6
55.8
40.2
19.2
23.8
4.9
38.6
69.4
36.6
45.5
28.3
9.6
40.8
32.6
24.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
31.1
49.9
0.5
16.8
68.4
33.3
27.7
24.2
17.7
30.6
54.5
45.2
9.3
12.0
15.8
34.3
73.9
52.5
6.1
4.0
22.2
37.3
57.2
41.8
1.2
30.2
72.4
45.6
9.0
23.3
34.5
37.3
4.0
23.8
35.5
38.0
..
..
..
..
73.7
74.5
..
..
..
..
86.8
79.3
38.4
45.1
16.7
8.0
31.6
36.9
18.9
14.0
22.9
29.0
53.5
57.0
..
..
9.3
16.9
89.2
77.2
..
..
15.1
22.1
74.0
64.5
1.6
0.9
3.2
85.0
92.3
13.5
16.9
11.2
18.4
39.9
60.6
44.3
4.4
3.0
30.3
29.6
65.3
67.3
8.6
7.1
60.9
64.6
17.3
19.9
12.5
29.7
7.9
18.9
66.6
45.4
4.2
12.1
21.2
30.1
74.2
57.2
0.4
3.5
75.1
10.4
23.8
80.4
2.8
2.2
33.2
33.9
51.3
57.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
15.9
20.0
21.5
37.2
53.0
34.4
27.2
8.3
22.0
59.4
46.4
29.8
62.4
61.8
16.5
27.1
19.5
10.5
18.0
5.6
22.0
37.4
57.3
55.7
32.2
37.6
2.5
14.4
61.0
44.4
33.9
23.7
21.1
30.3
45.0
46.0
49.3
22.1
3.6
9.0
47.1
58.5
57.2
60.2
5.5
14.6
37.2
21.7
44.0
36.7
15.7
35.5
40.3
27.7
64.0
65.5
5.8
17.0
20.7
13.6