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World Development Indicators:
Direction of trade of low- and middle-income economies
Exports
Imports
% of total merchandise exports
% of total merchandise exports
% of total merchandise exports
% of total merchandise imports
% of total merchandise imports
% of total merchandise imports
2005
2015
2005
2015
2005
2015
2005
2015
2005
2015
2005
2015
10.4
14.6
10.1
16.6
78.9
68.0
14.6
20.7
10.3
12.1
69.5
61.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3.0
16.3
0.5
3.6
96.5
79.8
42.5
71.2
1.6
1.5
55.9
27.2
5.3
10.1
11.5
18.7
83.0
70.7
9.0
10.5
12.8
15.0
69.7
65.2
16.4
27.0
0.7
0.9
63.5
40.4
11.7
23.2
2.9
2.9
84.2
72.0
17.2
24.1
10.2
17.6
72.5
58.1
21.3
35.1
8.2
9.7
69.9
54.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
51.7
80.3
25.5
13.5
22.6
6.1
45.2
81.7
32.7
13.7
22.1
4.7
..
..
0.3
3.4
28.3
10.5
82.5
87.4
1.6
1.0
13.9
10.7
16.9
27.1
7.9
11.2
75.1
61.6
24.7
33.4
4.0
7.1
71.2
58.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
4.9
1.4
46.8
14.6
27.1
40.7
42.4
32.3
30.6
26.9
56.0
67.7
14.7
9.1
21.5
19.5
62.3
69.0
4.7
5.2
32.8
25.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
9.9
15.9
1.3
1.3
50.6
46.8
13.3
35.1
1.2
1.4
83.9
61.9
20.7
19.4
1.5
3.7
77.7
76.4
17.4
33.8
5.3
4.0
77.3
62.2
..
..
0.0
4.3
85.2
25.0
17.7
46.9
..
..
81.7
50.3
58.2
66.2
..
..
31.7
18.6
17.8
40.3
..
..
68.4
47.4
23.5
32.8
8.4
11.3
67.7
55.3
23.3
35.5
6.8
5.6
68.3
57.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
8.6
30.6
..
..
90.4
68.2
35.4
58.2
..
..
62.8
40.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
27.5
57.6
14.8
34.6
..
..
81.0
60.2
21.7
22.8
5.0
7.9
71.2
69.3
29.2
43.3
6.3
6.8
63.9
49.9
19.3
20.0
11.5
17.9
65.3
58.4
23.9
22.3
14.0
22.8
59.9
50.6
4.3
19.4
1.0
9.3
93.6
70.5
19.8
18.8
9.7
13.9
69.1
65.9
19.5
31.0
4.8
28.0
75.4
37.7
34.2
41.3
13.9
24.1
47.6
33.5
29.5
10.1
7.8
15.8
59.9
73.4
42.0
34.7
9.9
10.9
48.0
53.7
44.7
54.4
7.6
10.8
46.6
33.5
67.3
63.5
4.1
12.3
25.5
23.6
2.4
11.3
..
..
90.7
84.7
6.8
11.1
..
..
89.9
85.9
16.4
16.6
5.2
9.2
63.9
63.2
15.0
23.2
10.2
7.6
67.8
61.6
67.3
56.3
2.3
11.7
29.1
30.8
54.4
44.9
5.4
12.6
38.4
39.8
15.2
25.3
13.4
20.7
67.8
51.1
49.2
44.2
10.3
29.1
39.9
26.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
51.1
55.3
..
..
40.0
35.2
64.2
36.2
12.5
57.4
23.2
6.4
..
..
20.5
27.7
79.2
71.8
..
..
35.6
28.6
64.2
71.1
11.1
30.0
1.7
3.3
60.4
64.6
27.8
24.4
7.1
3.3
54.8
69.2
53.6
31.8
1.6
5.9
34.6
39.2
44.8
44.4
5.5
3.3
38.1
33.7
0.0
52.0
0.0
6.5
100.0
39.9
0.0
39.8
0.0
14.1
100.0
43.3
14.0
6.2
77.9
11.5
8.0
79.4
18.2
19.8
10.7
17.0
69.0
62.6
20.4
14.5
15.5
30.0
63.5
54.7
0.0
29.7
0.0
2.7
100.0
62.1
0.0
21.1
0.0
12.7
100.0
63.4
35.6
45.5
..
..
58.0
26.7
67.8
41.5
..
..
15.5
8.8
9.1
10.4
14.4
24.2
68.3
61.2
15.9
14.6
19.9
26.0
61.4
52.7
63.9
10.3
..
..
25.2
9.6
45.2
49.6
..
..
43.5
32.8
39.5
30.3
20.5
28.3
37.9
39.6
49.1
31.3
9.7
16.8
40.5
50.9
51.2
42.0
..
..
27.7
30.1
48.1
43.2
..
..
42.0
33.1
13.8
13.7
7.7
15.2
73.5
69.3
16.1
12.9
13.0
24.6
69.0
59.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
26.8
28.1
23.8
32.9
47.4
36.9
42.4
29.3
9.4
27.8
46.4
41.9
10.0
11.3
8.3
17.0
81.1
70.5
27.9
35.9
14.9
13.6
55.8
48.1
70.8
57.5
1.8
8.3
27.0
34.1
53.2
40.7
7.4
22.4
39.2
36.8
19.4
16.2
18.8
33.9
57.6
48.2
12.9
12.5
23.3
32.0
62.6
54.8
..
..
35.0
51.1
64.0
48.3
..
..
52.2
50.9
43.2
46.4
30.8
27.8
2.6
10.5
64.6
58.1
28.2
17.1
11.8
24.8
56.4
55.0
24.0
22.9
5.7
9.5
70.1
67.5
23.2
16.9
6.8
13.8
68.8
65.9
15.2
27.7
17.3
25.8
67.2
45.8
37.8
32.9
19.4
28.2
42.0
37.5
25.6
28.9
4.9
2.7
67.1
66.7
9.5
8.9
22.8
9.2
66.9
81.1
4.3
22.4
1.1
8.6
88.8
62.2
28.2
18.2
3.7
12.7
66.1
66.5
27.4
17.8
4.2
16.0
68.2
65.7
40.1
26.1
11.2
20.4
47.8
53.2
38.8
45.7
1.0
1.4
59.5
52.9
37.7
33.6
5.2
10.7
53.2
54.5
20.4
19.3
..
..
45.5
28.5
8.1
6.9
1.6
5.5
81.7
77.9
36.4
38.8
2.1
7.0
60.4
53.8
27.6
29.2
4.3
14.8
65.0
55.8
12.4
12.5
4.5
9.9
81.5
77.5
14.6
16.7
9.4
15.6
73.4
66.7
7.7
2.9
1.2
3.0
90.9
93.8
22.4
42.0
6.8
14.7
59.9
33.8
26.7
33.1
1.7
2.1
71.3
64.8
38.5
32.5
4.0
19.0
52.9
48.5
2.6
6.6
8.8
14.3
87.7
76.5
18.7
17.2
5.7
16.3
73.7
63.5
4.1
5.3
1.1
2.1
93.5
91.6
4.6
2.6
12.4
23.6
81.6
71.6
41.2
33.6
2.5
1.4
54.6
64.9
54.4
40.2
9.5
21.3
35.8
32.5
18.2
23.0
2.6
15.3
73.6
57.6
21.9
18.2
3.2
13.2
45.3
47.6
63.0
44.4
7.1
22.2
24.4
33.1
49.2
43.2
22.4
29.4
26.5
26.8
13.9
14.9
13.4
26.7
71.3
57.8
36.0
20.0
16.4
31.2
46.9
48.5
..
..
..
..
87.4
72.8
..
..
9.5
13.7
89.7
85.5
6.3
53.8
19.1
2.7
74.2
42.7
19.6
50.5
1.4
2.0
79.0
47.5
27.6
35.0
0.1
1.9
71.0
62.4
8.0
5.4
4.5
13.5
87.3
80.9
4.7
5.1
2.0
17.1
93.2
77.7
10.3
7.7
9.8
17.3
75.9
72.1
..
..
45.5
55.1
50.9
26.1
..
..
74.8
64.2
24.7
34.7
11.0
9.2
1.0
30.9
60.0
50.2
36.4
30.0
5.4
17.4
55.4
35.7
5.6
9.9
17.2
30.1
71.1
49.2
7.4
6.5
24.2
35.7
65.2
54.9
2.2
6.0
13.5
14.8
84.3
79.2
2.4
2.5
25.8
31.2
71.4
59.7
3.9
5.6
..
..
5.8
13.0
1.7
1.2
..
..
49.9
30.5
9.7
15.9
15.5
24.6
55.6
55.8
5.9
3.0
28.1
39.2
50.9
56.7
2.1
3.0
27.2
44.8
55.2
15.9
0.5
0.2
22.3
40.2
76.1
57.6
3.3
4.8
8.8
45.1
87.8
49.9
31.8
22.7
34.3
50.8
33.7
26.4
29.0
18.6
14.9
20.4
47.3
56.4
7.4
4.6
23.2
31.1
68.8
61.7
31.5
24.7
20.5
24.9
45.8
49.0
7.4
5.4
25.7
32.7
64.2
59.1
3.1
6.8
9.8
12.5
86.3
80.6
11.2
14.5
20.0
35.7
67.9
48.2
2.4
3.6
14.6
24.2
77.7
70.2
6.6
4.9
22.3
26.5
68.6
67.5
39.5
73.1
5.5
1.3
54.9
25.5
15.1
26.0
27.9
23.0
56.2
50.7
8.7
10.5
5.2
6.2
85.9
82.5
6.3
5.8
14.5
27.5
76.5
65.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1.1
4.2
65.0
36.9
33.3
56.2
3.9
2.6
25.2
33.5
69.7
62.6
6.6
7.1
21.9
26.2
69.7
64.0
4.6
4.5
21.6
42.8
51.3
50.1
43.5
72.7
12.5
16.2
44.0
11.1
43.3
48.2
26.7
35.2
29.9
16.4
2.2
2.2
4.5
7.9
78.2
72.2
15.3
15.6
26.1
40.8
49.4
35.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
5.4
6.6
25.3
28.9
68.9
63.4
0.9
0.8
20.1
44.7
49.5
52.1
17.4
11.1
..
..
59.2
67.5
17.4
15.4
16.8
27.3
65.6
57.1
67.4
59.9
..
..
28.1
31.0
59.7
62.1
..
..
20.6
17.6
11.2
13.4
16.2
25.7
72.1
58.8
3.0
4.0
27.4
43.4
67.3
52.1
10.3
9.2
10.8
14.9
70.1
75.9
22.4
30.7
24.6
15.8
50.2
53.6
10.7
17.9
15.7
28.8
67.9
46.3
11.5
11.5
23.0
37.3
60.5
43.2
1.5
4.4
31.6
55.7
66.9
39.8
8.2
5.1
19.4
36.9
72.4
58.0
26.0
38.3
61.1
51.4
12.9
10.3
29.1
8.3
16.6
63.8
54.2
27.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
23.5
6.0
..
..
73.3
61.6
30.1
40.9
19.4
13.4
42.9
35.2
7.2
16.3
12.1
16.4
56.3
48.7
31.7
34.3
8.9
14.8
49.8
38.7
0.5
0.2
12.9
2.3
86.6
97.2
3.0
2.5
13.6
16.7
83.2
79.2
10.1
10.1
5.7
40.3
82.1
46.5
18.2
22.8
21.9
40.9
59.0
36.2
0.9
1.7
20.2
24.4
74.1
65.5
14.4
9.2
10.3
5.8
45.0
63.3
0.4
1.7
..
..
90.1
76.0
23.4
21.3
..
..
68.8
53.3
..
..
..
..
73.2
51.8
..
..
..
..
54.7
37.7
9.2
12.7
77.8
44.2
6.4
49.2
1.8
2.8
42.7
56.0
55.3
40.6
10.5
6.2
30.0
36.0
56.8
55.9
28.0
28.8
12.4
18.6
56.2
50.0
28.5
26.7
16.2
30.5
53.4
40.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3.1
1.8
26.6
23.3
69.6
63.0
1.8
1.5
28.2
32.1
57.9
31.0
3.2
2.5
11.3
20.3
75.1
56.2
11.1
13.0
9.8
34.5
77.2
50.1
12.5
5.7
55.8
76.0
31.6
18.2
22.4
9.7
43.6
64.1
33.9
26.1
9.4
5.5
18.1
46.2
60.7
41.4
25.6
21.0
28.7
46.2
44.6
31.9
1.4
4.4
27.6
30.1
54.8
41.8
10.8
3.3
20.3
31.5
39.8
19.8
18.6
29.0
..
..
5.5
1.3
23.3
14.6
..
..
55.7
45.6
32.5
36.0
11.3
18.6
47.6
40.1
10.4
6.1
25.3
54.4
63.7
39.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1.0
2.0
16.8
33.9
82.2
64.1
2.4
2.7
6.1
27.3
90.6
69.4
3.4
8.2
8.3
14.4
84.0
70.9
8.7
9.5
29.1
40.0
46.2
39.4
21.5
23.9
16.6
27.6
60.8
46.7
66.6
47.3
12.3
34.2
21.1
18.5
2.5
3.1
60.9
41.7
31.6
51.8
28.0
21.4
8.9
15.2
29.6
33.0
17.2
19.2
10.3
35.8
70.9
43.2
5.1
2.3
22.6
51.9
62.6
34.8
8.4
17.3
2.4
7.8
89.2
74.8
11.0
9.9
28.5
51.4
60.4
38.6
22.5
27.6
4.5
26.4
67.5
43.8
47.1
25.7
13.4
41.6
30.7
23.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
26.8
24.8
0.8
18.6
72.4
56.6
19.9
29.0
17.6
24.1
62.5
46.9
8.8
17.3
10.7
33.5
79.5
46.9
6.0
3.9
25.1
37.5
53.2
39.2
1.7
16.8
21.2
31.6
29.7
30.6
31.3
35.8
6.7
29.0
34.1
33.1
..
..
..
..
87.0
89.5
..
..
..
..
80.8
77.4
42.2
42.4
16.1
15.5
29.2
34.5
18.1
14.3
25.1
31.9
52.8
53.5
..
..
10.9
24.3
87.1
68.8
..
..
23.1
21.3
67.7
66.4
3.9
3.2
4.6
36.2
87.9
46.5
18.9
8.7
21.2
51.2
55.8
35.1
4.4
2.5
33.7
21.0
61.9
76.5
8.7
5.9
60.9
59.8
17.1
27.3
12.6
27.0
10.1
19.0
67.0
44.7
3.7
9.8
24.4
35.0
71.4
54.2
1.2
3.6
77.1
15.5
21.3
73.0
2.1
2.2
45.4
34.2
51.2
56.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
15.9
17.1
25.2
37.6
49.4
36.5
23.2
10.2
26.7
56.5
45.5
30.3
69.5
48.7
15.4
36.7
13.2
13.8
16.9
4.0
25.2
36.7
54.6
58.4
27.4
30.3
2.2
12.0
60.5
43.6
35.1
23.5
20.0
32.6
44.7
43.7
35.2
16.7
3.6
15.3
55.8
59.1
57.9
46.1
7.7
15.2
33.6
22.3
58.1
30.5
8.3
33.9
33.1
21.6
62.8
61.7
5.2
19.7
18.5
13.0