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World Development Indicators:
Direction of trade of low- and middle-income economies
Exports
Imports
% of total merchandise exports
% of total merchandise exports
% of total merchandise exports
% of total merchandise imports
% of total merchandise imports
% of total merchandise imports
2006
2016
2006
2016
2006
2016
2006
2016
2006
2016
2006
2016
10.3
15.4
11.9
16.9
77.7
67.5
14.9
20.2
10.8
11.9
68.1
61.1
7.6
14.9
79.4
31.5
12.9
53.6
27.6
23.6
1.8
2.9
70.6
73.5
3.4
13.9
0.8
2.7
95.7
83.0
46.9
66.6
1.8
1.5
51.3
26.3
5.2
10.4
13.8
19.2
80.9
70.2
9.3
11.2
13.3
14.6
68.1
66.0
16.1
33.8
0.8
1.4
83.1
64.8
9.3
22.7
3.0
3.3
85.9
71.6
17.9
24.6
10.4
17.8
71.7
57.6
23.2
37.6
7.8
10.1
68.3
52.3
0.1
57.1
0.3
99.9
42.6
3.0
42.9
1.0
5.1
96.0
50.5
35.3
88.9
42.6
9.7
22.0
1.5
44.2
93.2
41.3
4.6
14.5
2.2
72.2
83.1
0.4
4.6
27.4
12.3
88.0
91.0
0.7
0.8
11.3
8.2
17.8
27.5
8.5
12.0
73.7
60.5
25.0
32.7
4.4
6.7
70.1
54.1
0.0
9.7
0.0
9.1
100.0
81.2
0.1
22.9
39.1
16.9
60.7
60.2
4.1
80.6
0.0
0.0
92.6
19.3
9.3
50.3
0.5
0.5
88.3
39.2
68.1
79.4
3.5
1.3
28.4
19.3
26.8
34.9
44.6
30.9
28.3
34.0
48.4
63.1
17.3
10.7
34.3
26.2
40.1
56.8
7.6
9.4
51.4
33.4
..
..
2.7
2.9
97.3
97.1
..
..
18.5
35.7
81.5
60.3
14.7
19.2
0.6
3.1
84.7
77.7
15.8
32.8
1.7
2.1
82.5
65.2
19.8
19.6
1.8
3.0
78.4
77.4
18.9
36.2
6.0
3.7
75.1
54.1
15.6
26.9
0.2
15.7
83.5
54.2
15.8
32.1
0.1
0.9
83.8
66.5
63.4
73.1
2.0
4.3
34.7
22.6
15.5
50.5
0.9
1.0
83.6
48.4
23.6
32.8
9.0
11.0
67.1
55.8
24.6
37.0
6.7
5.8
67.2
55.6
4.2
30.6
5.0
17.4
90.7
52.0
63.8
59.1
1.7
2.5
34.5
23.0
5.0
10.6
0.8
0.4
94.1
89.0
36.8
25.7
0.5
1.0
62.1
71.9
10.0
17.2
32.4
47.6
57.6
35.2
34.6
7.7
4.4
3.3
56.5
86.4
25.7
12.1
12.2
13.9
60.5
73.9
20.5
22.6
2.1
2.3
77.0
75.0
20.2
23.8
5.3
8.9
72.6
67.3
30.5
35.3
5.1
7.5
63.6
50.0
22.2
20.8
10.9
19.6
65.5
58.9
27.6
21.5
15.2
22.8
56.5
54.3
4.9
17.9
1.4
4.2
93.7
77.7
24.3
20.3
9.3
14.2
66.3
65.4
21.7
41.1
4.8
19.2
73.1
39.0
41.9
44.5
15.2
25.3
42.9
29.3
22.1
26.9
6.6
14.5
71.2
58.6
48.2
41.9
10.2
16.0
41.6
42.0
44.5
63.6
6.1
10.0
49.0
25.6
65.8
63.3
5.2
11.9
26.6
24.5
35.7
33.2
0.7
2.1
61.9
62.6
39.8
33.6
6.2
11.6
53.9
54.3
28.1
24.0
5.0
8.5
65.6
63.0
21.1
27.5
11.1
8.3
67.1
63.0
62.7
52.8
5.2
16.0
31.9
31.2
57.2
50.5
6.4
12.4
36.3
37.1
17.5
22.2
16.2
16.5
66.0
61.2
49.5
47.8
11.4
19.1
38.8
33.1
..
66.9
..
8.4
..
24.7
..
43.6
..
14.2
..
42.3
50.6
39.0
17.1
8.8
32.3
52.2
60.0
46.9
16.1
39.9
23.9
13.1
..
..
24.0
27.7
75.9
72.0
..
..
33.0
24.3
66.9
75.7
24.9
25.1
0.5
1.9
74.6
72.9
36.8
27.2
8.7
14.0
54.4
58.8
59.5
54.3
1.9
4.8
38.6
40.9
56.4
48.1
6.7
12.8
36.2
38.4
32.4
47.0
0.9
8.0
66.7
40.7
40.2
40.3
6.1
12.9
53.7
45.5
16.7
12.7
5.8
9.4
75.4
77.9
19.6
14.4
8.5
8.0
70.9
77.6
18.8
20.2
10.1
20.6
70.4
59.2
16.0
13.6
17.6
31.9
66.3
54.3
37.3
38.1
1.7
2.7
59.4
59.2
35.1
24.5
9.7
14.0
45.8
61.2
45.1
49.3
9.1
33.1
45.9
17.5
68.6
64.1
16.0
21.9
15.4
14.0
13.7
11.3
13.9
23.9
67.6
62.8
20.0
13.2
22.1
27.7
57.2
55.0
79.6
15.6
6.2
76.6
14.1
7.8
47.0
46.3
12.7
9.0
40.3
44.7
43.6
27.2
17.6
31.0
37.6
41.7
48.0
26.6
9.2
19.1
42.8
54.3
51.0
29.9
18.7
32.0
30.4
38.1
51.1
40.3
11.6
24.4
37.3
35.3
13.4
12.0
6.8
14.0
75.8
72.5
14.8
11.4
15.1
24.6
69.0
62.4
..
..
8.6
11.4
91.4
87.8
..
..
8.5
16.9
68.1
67.1
30.0
25.4
23.3
33.7
44.7
39.6
40.9
32.5
14.8
27.2
39.9
39.6
21.9
9.3
0.1
1.3
77.6
89.4
32.0
28.2
5.0
15.0
51.5
56.8
64.5
46.5
1.5
9.3
33.7
44.2
49.6
41.3
9.4
24.8
41.1
33.9
20.7
16.0
19.9
34.3
56.8
48.5
14.1
13.2
25.1
28.4
60.4
58.2
..
..
33.5
51.4
65.6
48.1
..
..
52.2
53.7
42.9
43.1
29.5
26.6
3.7
8.9
66.6
58.0
29.8
19.4
12.8
26.3
54.2
51.6
23.4
30.9
8.6
1.9
67.8
67.2
22.4
20.3
7.1
18.4
69.3
58.2
53.5
30.0
13.4
33.9
32.7
35.9
15.5
19.3
28.7
38.5
55.4
41.7
29.8
27.4
5.2
1.7
60.4
68.5
12.9
14.4
7.2
5.8
79.0
70.6
7.3
13.2
2.0
8.2
84.6
72.3
28.5
18.0
5.2
16.4
64.5
64.8
23.0
20.2
5.0
19.1
71.7
60.5
37.4
29.2
12.3
20.3
49.8
49.7
38.0
45.7
1.4
0.9
60.5
53.4
38.0
36.5
7.1
11.4
54.1
51.5
28.4
26.5
1.4
0.6
61.6
65.7
10.6
13.0
6.7
10.9
82.3
75.7
39.1
41.8
1.9
5.7
58.4
51.9
30.2
31.3
8.0
14.7
58.6
53.9
9.8
11.5
5.0
5.2
84.7
83.1
7.5
14.6
7.8
10.4
80.5
74.8
11.8
8.1
0.7
2.3
87.4
89.6
23.9
16.6
12.0
32.4
46.8
35.2
29.2
31.6
2.4
2.0
68.1
66.4
40.2
34.1
4.1
17.4
51.8
48.5
2.1
5.5
18.9
14.3
78.4
78.9
21.2
18.4
5.9
11.1
71.2
69.9
4.6
4.7
1.3
2.6
93.2
92.1
4.4
2.6
14.1
24.5
80.7
71.4
41.9
35.9
0.9
0.9
56.3
58.6
53.2
43.5
10.8
21.0
35.9
30.7
18.5
20.2
2.3
14.9
75.5
61.4
27.0
19.6
5.8
13.7
54.5
46.3
63.9
49.3
8.8
15.7
22.3
27.7
41.3
41.8
29.9
31.2
26.8
24.0
14.1
15.0
12.8
28.1
73.0
56.4
38.2
21.5
16.9
31.1
44.9
47.1
..
..
13.4
18.7
81.7
79.6
..
..
9.0
12.7
88.9
87.0
13.8
15.2
2.8
6.2
83.1
78.1
9.6
9.4
4.0
3.7
85.2
81.4
23.9
25.4
3.4
0.9
71.2
72.7
9.0
13.6
4.6
3.8
85.5
82.2
5.1
9.2
1.6
2.0
92.9
88.3
8.4
15.1
17.8
11.1
72.2
73.0
..
..
53.7
54.6
44.5
26.5
..
..
75.1
67.6
23.6
31.8
12.3
9.0
0.8
32.8
63.4
48.7
37.0
28.2
6.7
16.5
53.2
37.7
4.1
4.7
22.8
34.8
71.9
59.4
5.7
3.1
25.2
35.9
65.5
55.9
1.8
5.1
10.5
17.1
87.6
77.7
2.6
3.0
25.8
37.0
71.6
60.0
10.9
5.1
74.1
73.0
15.0
21.8
2.3
7.4
16.4
28.7
81.3
63.2
9.6
9.0
17.2
14.0
54.7
69.5
5.6
2.7
26.4
28.6
51.5
60.4
1.5
0.6
40.9
63.6
57.6
35.9
0.7
0.3
22.1
31.9
75.7
51.9
0.2
1.1
21.5
45.0
78.3
54.0
15.7
2.4
42.8
67.1
41.4
30.6
24.0
17.1
13.4
17.6
54.4
61.1
7.6
5.1
24.1
36.2
68.0
58.1
23.6
20.3
17.3
35.6
58.0
42.7
8.0
7.0
26.5
33.6
65.5
59.2
2.7
12.1
13.5
15.5
83.8
72.4
10.0
7.3
28.7
39.2
61.3
40.0
2.7
4.1
16.6
22.1
80.6
72.9
8.1
3.1
22.1
26.5
69.8
70.1
25.9
60.7
10.2
22.7
63.9
16.6
9.0
8.2
35.1
68.2
40.3
21.7
9.3
10.6
5.4
7.8
85.3
81.6
7.6
5.8
16.6
29.0
74.3
65.2
7.7
6.0
0.1
0.6
92.2
93.5
2.3
3.7
11.0
20.3
86.5
75.8
1.1
23.2
66.3
20.3
32.1
55.5
2.9
4.2
28.6
49.8
63.5
41.7
6.3
6.9
23.7
25.2
68.5
65.3
4.7
5.0
31.7
44.8
57.8
47.6
55.7
83.8
34.6
12.4
9.7
3.9
66.5
20.7
19.1
68.8
14.4
10.4
2.0
2.5
4.8
8.0
77.9
71.7
14.1
14.9
28.3
42.6
49.5
34.7
79.9
98.7
1.6
0.2
18.5
1.1
70.0
91.5
16.6
2.0
13.3
6.4
5.2
6.5
27.2
27.8
67.3
64.9
0.8
0.8
33.9
45.8
58.6
51.2
14.4
11.5
30.7
35.1
54.9
53.5
15.7
19.6
17.6
30.5
66.4
49.6
68.2
60.1
1.6
7.4
27.8
29.4
61.5
70.7
13.1
17.7
14.1
11.3
10.5
12.5
16.8
22.8
72.4
62.3
4.4
4.6
26.1
46.2
68.0
47.0
9.2
8.2
12.0
17.7
74.1
73.9
23.5
22.1
25.7
36.5
50.2
41.3
12.6
22.6
20.5
29.7
66.0
45.3
15.5
17.1
21.5
33.5
58.9
45.5
1.3
5.4
45.1
63.7
53.6
31.0
8.4
8.2
22.1
30.1
69.5
61.5
40.7
22.9
46.1
63.9
13.2
13.2
27.9
15.5
20.8
46.7
51.1
37.7
13.0
26.5
0.2
16.5
86.6
56.9
87.9
77.3
2.5
4.8
8.4
16.9
21.9
13.4
4.3
8.2
65.9
77.9
31.0
24.2
21.8
33.6
42.1
41.9
10.7
53.2
13.8
5.6
56.7
34.9
18.4
27.7
20.4
32.5
51.1
39.8
4.6
0.1
14.8
1.4
80.5
97.8
1.9
2.2
11.8
14.9
85.2
80.5
9.0
11.8
6.8
29.4
84.1
58.0
33.8
23.0
20.0
36.4
43.2
40.6
8.3
17.7
3.9
36.7
87.8
45.6
4.8
12.5
2.2
18.5
51.2
68.4
0.2
0.1
12.0
21.6
87.8
78.3
16.5
23.8
15.5
28.5
68.0
47.7
4.0
7.0
22.7
21.5
73.3
71.5
16.7
11.4
23.4
30.7
59.4
57.7
5.8
20.4
38.0
38.8
56.2
40.8
51.6
44.3
8.0
30.2
40.5
25.5
1.6
17.2
50.7
41.7
47.4
40.7
23.0
10.6
11.5
21.5
65.5
67.7
28.4
27.1
8.9
18.0
57.3
53.5
32.0
18.9
19.7
30.7
46.0
45.2
14.9
0.3
27.4
92.9
57.8
6.9
4.5
6.0
32.3
40.2
62.1
52.5
13.6
30.2
22.4
21.0
62.4
48.3
2.6
1.3
32.1
51.3
52.8
37.3
5.1
2.1
15.7
16.6
79.2
81.3
8.0
8.0
11.0
26.9
80.9
65.0
33.7
79.9
8.7
17.2
57.2
3.0
14.0
22.3
17.9
36.6
68.1
41.0
41.9
16.2
8.1
34.4
49.9
49.4
19.4
6.6
24.4
35.9
55.6
52.4
2.8
22.2
11.8
33.5
62.8
35.0
20.4
8.8
32.4
35.3
46.6
55.3
51.1
6.1
32.0
88.8
16.9
5.1
35.7
19.1
11.1
24.4
53.3
56.5
37.2
36.5
18.0
20.1
44.2
41.8
10.4
9.0
23.7
48.0
65.9
42.9
48.3
58.2
0.0
0.4
51.6
41.4
88.6
85.1
0.1
3.8
11.3
6.7
13.2
11.1
10.0
13.6
76.8
75.3
1.9
0.9
12.4
21.1
85.7
78.0
3.0
7.2
5.6
13.9
71.4
74.7
5.8
8.9
15.6
43.6
27.8
41.5
32.9
38.5
14.8
22.5
52.4
39.0
61.6
37.0
8.7
30.0
28.6
32.7
78.2
61.5
14.4
12.5
7.4
26.0
45.1
39.0
17.9
29.1
36.8
30.5
23.2
10.3
18.1
44.7
58.8
45.0
5.4
2.1
17.4
30.6
49.4
66.7
8.4
18.2
3.3
9.6
88.3
72.2
9.2
11.0
32.9
47.4
57.7
41.5
20.2
20.6
4.1
23.6
69.2
54.4
39.3
38.9
11.8
22.3
32.3
35.6
33.2
44.7
4.7
4.9
62.1
50.5
83.6
69.4
5.6
10.3
10.6
17.2
27.0
19.7
3.9
36.5
69.1
43.7
25.8
16.0
29.8
33.4
42.6
50.3
8.1
12.2
21.6
47.4
69.3
39.4
6.0
4.5
18.8
31.0
57.6
44.6
30.2
38.9
3.4
3.5
62.3
54.6
53.6
30.8
10.6
38.4
35.7
29.4
5.0
10.2
11.3
20.6
83.7
69.3
21.7
18.3
2.9
8.1
74.2
72.9
43.1
45.0
9.8
16.5
31.1
33.2
11.8
13.6
26.2
35.2
62.0
50.9
..
..
2.5
12.3
96.8
86.9
..
..
20.8
19.9
78.9
48.9
7.4
34.2
18.5
12.2
74.0
53.6
11.1
11.9
28.6
38.2
60.3
49.7
4.4
4.4
29.1
12.8
66.4
82.8
38.3
20.5
32.5
61.3
29.2
18.2
13.8
28.0
11.9
19.5
74.2
46.7
4.8
10.0
26.2
35.2
68.9
53.9
0.9
2.9
4.6
25.5
93.9
69.7
2.1
3.5
25.0
41.0
70.7
51.2
82.7
94.5
9.6
1.3
7.7
4.3
81.0
74.6
4.1
7.5
11.9
3.5
32.1
32.1
13.7
25.8
48.5
35.1
19.0
11.8
23.2
48.8
57.5
39.1
60.9
68.2
13.7
16.6
9.6
14.6
16.4
12.2
23.1
44.1
55.6
43.5
32.6
47.5
3.1
8.6
60.5
38.1
24.3
16.2
21.9
47.1
53.8
36.5
20.0
21.9
26.2
19.8
53.8
58.2
59.7
58.0
6.7
15.0
33.5
26.8
66.7
93.3
9.0
0.1
24.3
6.6
77.9
78.7
3.0
5.1
15.7
12.5