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World Development Indicators:
Direction of trade of low- and middle-income economies
Exports
Imports
% of total merchandise exports
% of total merchandise exports
% of total merchandise exports
% of total merchandise imports
% of total merchandise imports
% of total merchandise imports
2007
2017
2007
2017
2007
2017
2007
2017
2007
2017
2007
2017
10.6
16.4
13.4
16.9
75.9
66.5
15.6
20.4
11.7
13.1
66.5
60.9
22.2
18.2
32.3
35.3
45.5
46.5
18.9
17.3
2.0
7.8
79.1
74.9
3.6
14.5
1.1
2.6
95.2
82.5
47.7
61.0
1.8
1.2
50.4
32.7
5.5
10.8
15.3
19.3
79.2
69.9
9.7
11.5
14.4
16.1
66.8
65.1
16.0
24.6
1.2
2.5
82.9
72.9
8.7
22.3
2.8
3.4
87.0
72.0
18.9
29.6
12.2
17.9
68.8
51.2
27.9
37.2
9.5
10.0
62.6
51.7
8.3
79.1
..
4.9
91.7
16.0
14.3
38.0
0.7
0.7
85.0
60.0
22.5
86.5
72.3
12.4
5.3
1.1
49.8
94.1
42.0
5.2
8.2
0.6
70.9
81.5
0.5
5.3
28.6
13.2
85.7
90.7
0.4
0.7
14.0
8.7
19.7
28.1
9.4
11.3
70.8
59.0
25.8
34.0
5.1
8.0
68.0
54.7
0.0
16.0
2.0
5.0
98.0
79.0
0.0
22.4
4.6
4.3
95.3
73.4
0.9
74.9
9.7
4.0
89.4
21.1
8.9
30.9
0.5
0.5
88.8
56.1
72.5
85.1
3.8
1.4
23.7
13.5
29.5
35.6
40.9
33.0
29.4
31.4
44.4
61.6
17.8
8.9
37.9
29.4
43.6
56.1
6.3
8.8
35.8
35.0
..
..
12.2
9.2
87.8
90.8
..
..
12.3
16.1
80.3
78.4
12.8
20.7
0.7
4.4
86.5
74.8
18.1
37.7
1.1
2.0
80.8
60.3
21.1
20.5
2.1
3.1
76.7
76.3
19.4
39.2
3.1
4.2
77.4
56.6
5.1
35.4
0.3
1.8
94.1
58.6
18.4
21.3
0.1
0.9
81.1
77.5
70.3
74.2
2.9
4.4
26.8
21.4
16.2
43.3
10.2
0.5
73.6
56.2
24.9
34.3
10.3
11.5
64.4
53.9
25.2
35.0
6.9
6.5
66.1
56.9
1.9
36.9
23.2
1.7
74.9
61.4
66.9
59.5
1.3
3.8
25.3
36.2
9.1
13.0
1.4
0.3
89.6
86.7
18.1
17.3
0.3
1.3
81.3
80.9
7.7
3.4
74.9
50.5
17.4
46.2
15.6
9.5
0.1
5.2
80.2
82.3
17.2
35.3
10.1
26.3
72.8
38.5
16.6
21.4
1.8
35.0
81.2
43.3
19.6
25.5
5.3
9.0
73.2
65.4
33.5
36.2
5.0
7.1
60.8
50.1
25.4
21.0
11.6
19.2
61.9
58.7
27.6
21.8
15.7
23.0
56.3
53.8
7.3
18.8
3.9
4.1
88.8
77.1
20.7
21.3
10.8
13.8
68.4
64.9
35.0
46.1
4.9
17.2
59.7
35.9
41.8
41.7
15.0
23.4
43.0
34.2
37.3
21.4
19.4
11.7
43.3
66.9
44.5
43.9
11.4
19.4
44.1
36.7
47.3
61.7
6.6
8.1
45.8
28.8
67.0
64.6
4.9
12.2
25.8
23.0
20.5
23.9
1.2
1.9
76.5
72.5
21.9
23.9
7.4
11.1
70.5
64.9
29.7
24.9
5.5
9.3
64.6
60.9
33.8
29.7
5.9
8.7
60.3
60.4
56.9
60.8
5.0
13.7
38.1
25.3
54.8
50.9
8.4
14.0
36.8
35.0
20.5
21.5
18.5
16.9
60.8
61.6
48.0
50.1
13.2
20.8
38.6
29.1
55.6
48.5
10.0
16.1
34.4
30.3
24.8
39.7
21.7
14.3
53.4
43.2
69.0
49.3
18.9
7.0
12.0
43.7
68.6
52.2
16.8
35.1
14.6
12.6
..
..
27.7
29.8
72.2
69.9
..
..
27.2
24.4
72.8
75.6
34.8
23.6
0.4
1.8
64.8
74.6
36.8
24.5
11.3
13.6
51.9
61.9
62.1
52.7
1.2
3.3
36.6
41.8
54.3
47.8
8.0
13.9
37.5
37.9
28.4
49.0
0.3
3.0
71.0
44.6
33.6
36.9
7.3
13.2
58.9
49.9
17.6
13.1
5.5
8.3
76.8
78.5
17.5
15.2
7.0
7.9
75.5
76.9
22.6
20.2
10.4
21.5
66.3
58.2
17.9
13.8
19.6
32.0
62.4
53.9
41.7
33.7
1.7
2.5
56.6
63.8
29.9
22.4
11.2
15.3
58.8
62.3
47.1
46.6
8.0
39.4
44.8
14.1
63.3
66.4
18.6
19.0
18.0
14.5
15.8
11.7
14.1
22.5
65.7
63.7
21.4
13.9
22.2
27.1
55.5
54.8
84.3
12.8
5.1
83.9
10.5
3.3
50.4
45.6
15.4
12.7
34.3
41.8
48.6
26.5
16.0
27.5
34.2
46.0
44.9
27.9
10.0
18.1
45.0
54.0
35.9
37.3
54.9
24.6
9.1
4.7
33.4
39.6
27.4
29.4
39.2
31.0
15.6
12.2
9.4
17.4
72.7
69.2
16.1
12.5
17.0
25.7
64.9
60.9
..
..
17.0
28.2
48.9
71.4
..
..
25.6
14.8
70.8
67.9
30.5
25.3
25.8
33.2
41.9
39.7
39.3
34.7
17.2
26.4
38.5
37.9
20.6
10.3
0.2
3.8
79.0
85.9
34.1
25.7
7.5
14.2
56.9
60.1
60.1
44.4
1.8
13.6
37.9
42.1
49.6
42.5
10.4
26.2
40.0
31.2
21.6
16.0
20.1
37.7
57.8
45.1
13.5
13.2
28.4
31.3
57.8
55.5
..
..
40.1
50.7
59.1
48.7
..
..
50.0
53.3
45.8
44.2
33.5
21.4
4.5
10.6
61.9
64.0
27.6
18.5
15.2
26.4
53.6
51.8
20.9
24.4
11.6
3.0
67.4
72.6
22.0
18.6
8.8
17.7
67.5
60.6
51.2
30.6
15.9
26.0
32.5
43.2
13.3
21.4
27.4
32.4
58.9
45.8
26.5
19.5
14.0
2.7
54.6
75.6
14.2
10.5
4.0
3.4
80.4
81.6
10.7
13.4
3.5
8.1
78.9
71.6
24.0
15.2
5.0
17.9
67.2
65.4
25.4
15.3
4.6
20.2
67.1
64.3
36.3
24.6
13.4
20.3
49.6
54.6
38.2
44.1
1.4
2.6
60.4
53.3
36.9
34.3
7.3
11.5
55.1
54.1
17.9
25.5
1.8
5.5
63.5
57.1
9.5
15.6
3.8
12.4
86.1
71.6
39.9
38.9
2.7
6.1
56.7
54.4
27.2
27.7
8.5
14.5
59.7
57.7
10.1
12.9
5.9
5.5
82.5
81.4
10.0
13.4
12.0
12.7
73.9
73.6
11.0
6.6
3.1
2.4
85.8
91.0
21.1
19.7
14.9
24.7
45.6
30.5
30.8
24.9
1.0
2.3
67.9
72.8
33.7
33.1
5.3
11.6
58.1
55.3
1.7
5.7
10.7
9.9
87.0
82.9
20.7
17.0
6.2
10.6
71.6
72.2
5.3
4.5
1.6
3.3
92.9
92.0
4.0
2.6
15.3
25.4
80.3
71.8
42.6
29.8
1.2
1.2
55.2
62.0
51.6
42.8
11.1
18.1
36.2
33.7
..
..
21.4
38.7
74.7
57.8
..
..
30.5
33.4
60.5
44.8
68.6
53.2
8.8
14.7
21.8
30.7
47.3
38.8
30.8
35.5
21.4
25.3
12.9
10.7
14.2
34.2
72.5
54.6
33.7
22.6
21.0
30.4
45.3
46.8
..
..
13.0
15.6
81.9
79.4
..
..
9.6
11.7
89.0
87.4
15.5
16.4
1.2
4.8
82.2
78.1
7.2
9.2
3.6
4.2
89.0
80.3
29.5
19.4
9.8
48.0
59.1
31.4
9.4
10.1
5.4
8.7
84.6
81.0
4.0
10.3
1.9
2.9
93.3
86.8
9.1
13.6
9.5
11.0
79.1
75.3
..
..
54.3
59.9
41.3
23.3
..
..
74.6
66.7
24.1
33.0
10.4
8.4
6.6
33.6
66.6
47.4
32.2
25.3
8.9
18.1
46.1
40.7
6.9
4.1
22.1
35.7
67.7
58.2
6.9
3.9
27.2
38.8
59.6
52.1
1.7
5.3
12.4
17.6
85.8
74.5
1.9
5.7
26.3
45.1
71.8
38.7
8.5
5.0
67.9
63.1
23.5
32.0
1.9
7.1
20.3
26.0
77.8
66.2
10.1
7.8
19.9
14.1
47.4
67.7
3.6
3.3
26.4
30.2
52.9
56.6
1.7
0.4
44.8
60.6
53.5
38.9
0.6
0.3
24.1
44.1
73.4
54.5
2.6
1.4
22.5
46.6
74.9
52.0
28.7
2.7
35.0
69.4
36.3
27.9
24.7
17.7
15.3
18.8
49.8
58.3
8.6
4.9
25.6
33.8
65.5
60.7
24.9
20.9
19.2
33.4
54.9
41.2
8.2
6.8
27.4
32.3
64.4
60.8
3.0
9.1
11.5
12.4
85.5
78.5
9.8
7.5
24.2
40.1
53.1
36.7
2.7
2.5
16.1
22.9
81.1
73.4
7.4
2.9
23.1
26.0
69.6
70.8
23.5
54.2
7.9
14.7
56.5
25.3
10.2
12.8
34.1
24.4
39.5
12.7
9.0
8.2
5.6
7.4
85.4
79.6
7.1
6.2
18.2
27.9
73.7
63.2
5.8
7.6
0.2
1.1
94.0
91.3
2.3
3.8
10.0
21.5
87.5
74.6
1.8
32.9
62.9
33.0
34.8
32.6
3.1
4.3
33.3
53.7
59.6
37.5
6.6
7.2
25.7
26.3
66.2
64.3
4.1
4.7
34.7
45.4
59.8
47.7
43.3
83.1
40.8
12.8
15.9
4.1
24.5
20.1
45.0
63.1
15.5
15.0
2.3
2.2
5.0
8.2
77.8
71.5
15.6
16.4
28.8
41.8
48.1
34.4
83.3
96.0
4.1
0.4
12.6
3.5
74.0
90.4
11.9
2.2
14.1
6.6
5.8
6.9
29.1
28.8
64.9
63.6
0.8
0.6
36.8
47.0
61.7
50.7
16.5
5.5
43.4
50.0
40.1
44.4
18.7
18.9
19.3
30.2
61.8
50.6
72.5
55.9
1.8
10.8
24.1
29.4
62.2
65.2
18.4
21.0
17.7
11.5
9.1
12.3
18.1
23.3
72.5
64.1
4.5
4.0
29.5
44.4
63.7
49.5
7.8
8.9
12.2
19.0
70.4
72.0
30.7
24.4
18.0
33.2
51.3
42.3
13.7
20.5
23.4
33.7
61.8
42.5
15.8
16.5
25.1
34.0
55.4
46.2
1.6
5.1
67.9
72.6
28.9
21.0
9.7
9.7
39.9
32.5
49.5
57.7
36.2
20.9
50.7
65.5
13.1
13.5
22.1
13.4
25.3
54.1
49.7
32.4
18.0
14.3
2.0
19.5
79.8
64.7
85.0
72.8
3.0
5.3
10.8
21.2
30.2
13.1
0.9
12.0
66.6
74.9
30.3
24.4
25.4
29.7
38.3
45.6
11.9
29.7
9.3
16.1
57.5
54.3
30.2
26.1
9.9
34.6
51.9
39.2
0.7
0.9
15.2
1.7
84.0
95.0
2.2
2.9
11.5
13.8
85.4
81.5
18.1
11.6
9.9
30.7
71.9
57.8
6.9
15.5
28.3
40.1
62.3
43.8
2.7
15.4
15.8
17.8
81.5
66.8
16.7
17.9
13.3
16.7
48.4
64.6
0.2
0.6
4.7
32.8
95.2
66.6
22.3
25.1
18.0
31.5
59.7
43.4
8.8
6.4
17.0
27.2
74.2
66.4
7.6
16.5
12.2
30.7
54.9
52.7
27.4
27.4
44.7
44.7
20.3
20.3
35.2
35.2
31.7
31.7
23.9
23.9
10.5
25.6
56.2
40.5
33.0
33.5
60.1
36.1
5.0
13.9
34.9
39.8
30.0
22.1
9.5
20.4
57.2
56.3
30.4
17.3
23.3
32.7
44.0
49.4
17.5
0.3
34.3
69.4
48.3
30.3
5.1
9.0
32.7
31.5
60.9
58.0
9.8
30.7
20.9
18.3
68.8
50.6
1.9
1.4
40.2
45.5
48.2
42.7
3.4
6.3
17.6
41.6
79.0
52.1
8.0
7.7
13.5
28.3
78.0
64.0
35.9
37.4
3.4
48.3
60.4
14.3
11.5
47.9
19.5
29.3
68.9
22.9
47.4
14.0
8.9
43.5
43.7
42.6
17.5
7.3
28.5
37.7
53.7
54.7
3.1
19.4
10.7
48.2
71.5
18.8
8.0
9.0
22.7
35.2
69.0
55.1
68.9
9.4
14.8
89.4
16.3
1.3
26.4
13.2
13.0
26.2
60.6
60.6
37.9
34.2
17.6
24.1
43.2
41.3
9.7
9.5
29.2
50.2
61.0
40.3
75.3
34.3
0.6
0.2
24.1
65.5
93.9
68.6
0.5
20.8
5.6
10.6
2.7
2.7
2.1
2.1
95.2
95.2
15.0
15.0
52.2
52.2
32.7
32.7
3.3
6.9
5.5
14.4
76.8
78.6
10.5
8.5
33.0
47.0
50.8
39.9
36.8
27.5
14.1
20.5
49.0
52.0
55.7
28.7
12.5
32.4
30.9
38.8
76.3
59.3
12.1
14.1
11.5
26.6
50.0
40.3
15.5
27.9
33.9
31.8
23.3
6.7
9.4
43.5
66.2
49.3
6.2
1.6
20.1
22.1
53.8
76.1
10.6
20.0
2.7
7.6
86.6
72.3
9.6
11.8
43.7
44.3
46.7
43.9
22.6
22.1
3.4
42.6
69.3
35.1
34.8
32.6
15.5
25.3
35.6
41.9
35.9
42.8
3.3
5.7
55.2
43.5
79.3
67.0
4.5
18.3
15.9
13.7
17.3
19.0
3.7
31.9
79.0
49.2
24.7
18.2
22.2
33.1
51.7
48.4
9.3
11.2
21.1
44.5
68.3
43.2
5.8
3.8
19.1
31.4
55.1
49.4
35.3
29.8
1.2
1.4
60.1
68.8
46.1
31.1
14.6
40.5
39.0
28.4
26.9
4.4
23.9
3.7
49.2
92.0
21.5
23.5
3.3
9.9
74.8
66.4
51.1
43.2
9.6
12.8
33.3
37.5
15.4
14.2
30.8
36.8
53.8
45.8
..
..
1.6
8.5
97.7
90.8
..
..
19.3
22.9
80.5
75.7
22.5
32.9
17.6
28.4
59.7
38.7
33.2
6.8
18.0
48.7
48.8
44.4
12.5
5.1
50.4
20.8
37.1
74.1
39.4
18.2
34.9
56.9
25.7
24.9
14.1
25.8
15.1
20.8
70.7
46.1
6.2
9.6
27.2
35.3
66.6
54.3
0.3
4.2
2.1
19.7
97.6
75.1
2.6
3.1
22.7
34.0
71.1
61.4
32.3
81.7
2.3
13.4
65.4
4.9
37.2
78.6
11.9
11.1
43.0
9.3
30.3
37.0
15.9
38.0
53.2
24.8
13.1
6.2
27.8
34.2
58.7
59.0
53.8
68.7
18.9
14.7
7.3
16.6
14.3
15.6
26.9
38.5
55.8
45.9
44.1
49.7
3.4
7.8
49.7
39.8
22.2
15.6
25.8
44.2
52.0
39.3
24.1
19.2
18.4
18.3
57.5
59.8
59.1
58.7
11.6
17.4
29.3
23.8
68.9
90.0
5.4
0.1
25.8
9.9
75.4
76.6
3.4
6.3
17.9
12.8