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World Development Indicators:
Science and technology
Research and development (R&D)
High-technology exports
Charges for the use of intellectual property
Patent applications filed
Total
full-time equivalent per million people
full-time equivalent per million people
% of GDP
$ millions
$ millions
2005-11
2005-11
2011
2005-11
2012
2012
2012
2012
2012
2012
2012
..
..
8
..
..
..
16
..
..
..
27
5
0.4
2
23
2,700
599
2
0.1
3
137
119
781
6,251
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6
..
..
..
..
3
..
..
..
..
..
0
..
0
0.0
..
1
..
..
675
3,863
1,946
7.7
161
2,087
735
4,078
83,163
..
..
185
7
2.6
..
..
137
4
4,876
..
..
..
..
3
10.2
10
..
..
..
20,603
4,761
12.7
965
4,186
2,627
23,731
63,367
5,103
16,176
12.8
776
1,543
2,258
294
9,519
..
..
149
42
7.3
0
28
144
5,743
..
..
3
..
0
0.0
..
17
..
..
..
..
..
40
..
..
..
3
161
7,026
..
..
291
..
..
..
0
11
67
287
11,429
..
..
16
..
20
12.0
..
36
1,397
..
..
342
620
2.9
23
105
1,681
190
11,750
7,484
36,504
11.4
2,651
2,642
755
127
25,961
..
..
3
..
3
2
..
..
..
..
..
51
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0
7.3
10
..
..
..
..
..
8
..
0
0
..
..
625
47
53
9.2
9
43
..
..
..
54
78
2.5
13
9
2
14
4,517
..
..
50
61
1.2
0
12
..
..
800
13,148
8,820
10.5
511
3,666
4,804
25,312
151,711
..
..
15
..
65
12.8
..
..
51
650
982
7.7
23
184
245
14
6,329
53
..
..
..
3
0
2.7
0
0
..
..
..
..
..
33
..
10
0.1
4
11
1
52
5,140
..
..
159
..
15
3.7
0
7
..
..
..
24,039
12.4
3,745
10,867
4,709
30,533
50,110
..
..
1
..
0
0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1,979
503
4.6
75
849
336
2,683
33,831
..
89,894
505,646
26.3
1,044
17,749
535,313
117,464
1,619,878
..
841
16.2
171
12,817
35,530
..
0
0.0
..
171
5
53
9,581
..
727
517
5.2
90
527
213
1,848
31,920
..
..
0
..
..
..
..
..
1
..
..
21
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
16
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
106
2,719
39.6
4
86
10
600
11,895
..
44
..
26
1
..
1,289
762
9.9
32
298
7,564
..
..
224
..
..
..
..
38
140
2,739
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1,192
211
44
13.0
1
27
4
8
2,327
4,127
22,008
16.1
199
819
867
150
11,198
6,071
8,827
14.2
..
..
1,406
229
5,032
..
..
1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2
..
2
8.8
0
..
..
..
..
..
9
..
121
2.7
..
78
18
264
60
52
2.5
..
90
2,515
75
0.6
..
345
683
1,528
4,314
..
..
9
178
4.7
12
47
..
..
..
..
..
1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
7
..
..
1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
514
1,235
10.7
19
61
20
5
2,727
170
6
2.4
2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
23
..
3
2.1
0
3
..
..
..
..
4,878
4,448
8.5
3,316
1,637
1,698
129
5,380
31,686
108,365
25.4
12,408
9,574
14,540
2,092
89,793
..
..
..
..
2
2.5
..
..
..
..
..
22
..
..
..
..
..
13
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
118
20
2.4
3
8
139
233
4,758
46,259
183,354
15.8
13,870
12,243
46,620
14,720
64,497
121
73
7.3
..
..
..
..
1,177
4,534
1,041
9.2
82
371
628
28
5,750
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
13
..
..
..
0
6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
22
193
4.7
16
84
7
337
..
..
4
..
..
..
..
1
..
..
..
..
..
5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3
..
0
0.1
52
42
..
..
..
..
..
14
..
..
..
..
..
10
..
..
39
8
233
6,938
2,289
14,878
18.1
1,095
1,351
692
66
4,939
258
104
14.3
..
..
37
7
3,655
22,481
12,434
6.6
321
3,990
9,553
34,402
190,850
..
270
4,962
7.3
58
1,800
..
8,176
..
..
..
..
3,155
96
..
..
..
..
..
3,186
22,702
22.6
4,997
42,103
492
63
3,506
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6,096
9,212
15.8
1,057
1,073
1,319
5,473
9,002
..
26,503
27,526
7.1
4,060
6,049
8,439
871
39,605
..
..
51
..
5
0.6
5
47
47,106
123,412
17.4
31,892
19,898
287,013
55,783
123,239
..
..
342
..
..
48
346
6,751
87
3,539
30.0
..
152
6,059
290
32
32
123
136
1,668
..
..
0
..
0
38.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
4
..
..
..
..
..
8,354
27
1,179
25,593
121,313
26.2
3,436
8,387
148,136
40,779
142,625
..
..
0
..
..
..
0
0
..
..
..
202
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
17
16
4.6
3
8
110
1
3,542
..
..
21
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
204
675
9.8
11
44
193
12
3,501
..
..
251
..
39
2.0
2
21
..
..
6
5
..
..
666
..
..
4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
790
..
..
18
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
10
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2,483
457
1,613
10.4
4
38
109
15
4,222
204
863
8.1
721
568
109
52
..
77
112
3.9
8
34
3,275
33
2
0.4
..
..
4
40
2,030
57
..
..
0
..
..
..
2,092
61,223
43.7
135
1,532
1,114
5,826
..
..
0
..
..
..
3
2
..
..
..
29
2
1.2
..
..
63
46
1,265
45.7
18
125
11
6
787
..
..
0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
16
11
0.9
1
16
..
..
44,013
16.3
96
1,120
1,294
14,020
105,825
..
..
1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
76
25
4.8
5
19
93
22
5,558
..
..
20
..
..
..
..
4
4
3,264
..
..
25
..
..
2
8
1,830
28
9
..
1
3
37
41
3,896
386
889
6.4
2
57
197
843
11,231
38
105
24.7
3
8
..
..
1,082
..
..
9
..
..
..
..
..
8,490
..
..
13
..
107
5.3
..
..
928
..
..
64
..
..
..
..
2,700
15,508
63,963
20.1
5,561
3,627
2,375
338
..
..
..
..
..
84
10.6
..
..
..
3,472
706
9.7
293
969
1,425
5,674
18,027
..
..
17
..
6
4.8
..
1
4
172
..
18
..
2
6.0
..
..
..
..
439
77
1.9
..
252
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
4,777
4,514
18.8
350
588
1,009
555
14,648
144
167
3.4
..
..
..
..
2,148
1,268
309
1.7
7
161
96
798
19,565
..
..
2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
67
12
42
234
11,846
..
..
21
..
16
3.5
..
..
..
..
..
9
44
6.9
..
3
..
..
162
..
185
3.5
12
229
54
1,136
25,295
241
20,795
48.9
8
504
162
2,832
20,202
7,564
9,560
7.0
229
2,332
4,410
247
17,023
4,621
1,744
4.1
47
453
621
26
16,783
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
111
..
..
..
3
58
..
1,626
2,861
6.4
346
454
1,022
55
10,519
14,151
7,095
8.4
664
7,629
28,701
15,510
62,694
..
22
..
1
2.5
1
40
30
517
..
..
0
..
0
0.1
..
1
..
..
228
..
..
1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1,247
..
..
0
..
0
14.3
..
..
..
..
632
..
..
1,491
..
..
..
79
7
0.7
..
..
..
1,269
..
..
36
175
192
32
6,815
6
..
..
2
2
..
..
..
..
4
..
..
..
1
0
..
..
746
4,543
128,239
45.3
1,649
16,511
1,081
8,604
19,774
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
893
1,099
6,250
9.3
4
129
168
35
4,744
1,239
1,389
6.2
43
357
1,824
..
..
5
..
0
1
..
..
..
..
..
1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3,125
1,952
5.5
67
2,017
608
6,836
34,604
..
..
..
..
3
..
..
..
..
..
..
22,910
13,378
7.0
1,275
2,371
3,266
209
47,134
130
58
0.9
..
..
..
..
0
..
2
..
..
..
..
..
0
..
..
..
..
4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0
..
0
0.1
..
3
..
..
..
..
..
69
..
0
..
..
2,676
..
..
1
..
0
3
..
..
..
..
12
..
..
..
1
48
..
..
753
9,473
16,547
13.4
6,729
2,349
2,288
148
11,290
10,019
50,102
25.8
..
..
1,480
1,508
29,110
..
..
110
..
..
..
1,956
..
..
18
..
..
0
0
3
3
2,992
..
..
121
95
10.2
..
2
..
..
..
2,304
33,768
20.5
241
3,610
1,020
5,726
44,963
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1
..
..
..
8
..
1
0.2
..
..
..
..
..
1
..
0
6.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
60
..
..
..
..
..
1,016
23
13
..
..
..
8,328
1,979
1.8
..
741
4,434
232
111,699
..
..
1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2,549
..
..
..
..
0
1.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
158
166
20.7
20
11
..
..
..
1,727
2,623
6.3
124
727
2,491
2,464
32,070
..
..
324
..
..
..
..
..
..
46,035
67,787
21.7
12,486
8,413
15,370
7,865
42,848
..
148,772
17.8
124,182
39,889
268,782
274,033
313,641
..
290
193
9.3
0
34
22
678
5,843
141
..
..
..
..
..
257
253
5,474
..
..
5
..
0
0
..
..
..
..
302
..
..
397
..
..
432
..
..
..
382
3,423
34,341
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
33
..
1
0.2
36
49
4,951
60
..
1
7
31
2,611
..
..
63
..
20
5.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
582,012
17.6
242,491
254,324
1,430,327
739,805
4,075,279
..
..
1,629
..
..
..
64
103
..
..
..
..
173,044
18.2
4,580
44,957
568,115
232,880
2,680,796
..
..
31,328
8.4
620
8,192
14,278
47,625
358,282
..
141,716
20.8
3,960
36,765
553,837
185,255
2,322,514
..
174,673
18.1
4,644
45,061
576,817
233,456
2,723,165
..
95,382
..
26.5
1,492
25,219
546,346
135,350
1,736,251
..
..
17,209
27,795
8.2
1,681
4,023
11,679
3,624
240,060
18,869
11.7
981
8,647
7,185
48,374
431,332
..
13,542
..
29
572
..
..
38,609
24,249
..
6.2
331
4,180
9,716
35,487
225,169
..
..
5,422
4.3
129
2,419
..
..
..
..
407,339
1,242,174
17.3
237,847
209,264
853,510
506,349
1,352,114
176,189
490,921
15.2
49,859
83,925
82,197
19,015
297,877