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World Development Indicators:
Science and technology
Research and development (R&D)
High-technology exports
Charges for the use of intellectual property
Patent applications filed
Total
full-time equivalent per million people
full-time equivalent per million people
% of GDP
$ millions
$ millions
2005-12
2005-12
2011
2005-12
2013
2013
2013
2013
2013
2013
2013
..
..
8
..
..
..
6
..
..
..
27
6
0.5
1
23
4
3,308
599
3
0.2
1
162
118
722
3,717
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6
..
..
..
..
2
..
..
..
..
..
0
..
0
0.0
..
1
..
7
720
3,863
2,434
9.8
163
2,299
643
4,129
87,921
..
..
185
9
2.9
..
..
125
6
4,831
..
..
..
..
2
9
..
..
..
20,603
4,565
12.9
799
3,928
3,061
26,656
62,541
5,103
18,412
13.7
1,052
1,889
2,162
244
9,153
..
..
149
72
13.4
156
6,150
..
..
3
..
0
0.0
..
19
..
..
..
..
..
40
..
..
..
3
167
7,999
..
..
291
..
0
21
60
243
11,581
..
..
16
..
21
15.3
3
39
1,180
..
..
342
767
4.4
28
145
1,489
145
11,492
7,484
3,341
3,335
715
161
..
..
3
..
0
0.0
2
..
32
1,029
..
..
51
..
1
1.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
3
12.4
0
11
..
..
..
..
..
8
..
0
0
3
4
870
47
44
9.4
22
49
..
..
..
54
80
2.3
18
8
7
22
4,342
..
..
50
25
0.4
0
10
8
1
1,897
13,148
8,392
9.6
597
3,669
4,959
25,925
163,422
..
..
15
..
53
15.2
..
..
..
11
760
650
1,128
8.0
28
204
282
15
6,177
53
14
13.7
..
..
..
3
0
..
..
..
..
..
33
..
16
0.2
2
12
1
74
5,854
..
..
159
..
0
8
..
..
..
29,137
14.0
3,755
10,850
4,567
30,174
49,819
1
0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
4
..
0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1,979
506
4.8
77
932
340
2,732
33,564
..
89,894
560,058
27.0
887
21,033
704,936
120,200
1,848,858
..
600
226
13,690
37,092
..
..
242
6
54
10,084
..
727
736
7.4
66
561
251
1,781
26,314
..
..
0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
21
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
16
..
38
1.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
106
3,065
43.3
4
59
21
582
..
44
..
39
1.3
..
..
1,289
633
8.6
24
246
230
23
6,239
..
..
224
..
..
..
..
27
143
2,301
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1,137
211
31
7.2
3
30
2
1
2,036
4,127
20,921
14.8
283
996
984
97
11,237
6,071
9,185
14.3
..
..
1,341
193
5,054
..
..
1
..
..
..
..
..
1
2
230
..
..
2
..
1
..
..
..
..
..
9
..
..
70
11
256
9,413
60
72
4.4
..
126
2,515
70
0.5
..
641
1,416
4,492
..
..
9
178
4.4
29
72
..
..
..
..
..
1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
514
1,302
10.6
11
57
25
17
2,837
170
8
2.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
23
..
3
2.2
1
..
..
..
..
4,878
3,725
7.2
3,715
1,834
1,596
141
5,431
31,686
113,000
25.9
11,556
10,150
14,690
2,196
89,715
..
..
..
..
9
7.8
..
..
..
..
..
22
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
13
0
7.3
..
..
..
..
406
..
..
118
22
2.5
3
13
114
219
4,987
46,259
193,088
16.1
12,908
8,399
47,353
15,814
64,826
121
60
6.1
..
..
..
..
1,365
4,534
855
7.5
55
322
698
19
1,653
..
..
..
..
1
8.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
13
..
..
..
0
6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
22
197
4.7
15
103
4
319
..
..
4
..
..
..
..
1
..
..
..
..
..
5
..
..
..
..
..
..
14
..
..
3
..
0
0.0
5
66
..
..
..
..
..
14
..
..
..
1
2
..
..
10
..
..
38
6
211
7,608
2,289
14,471
16.3
2,184
1,740
642
66
5,905
258
93
15.5
92
78
33
13
3,601
22,481
16,693
8.1
446
3,904
10,669
32,362
200,769
..
270
4,818
7.1
52
1,736
663
6,787
60,983
..
8,176
..
..
11,305
338
39,516
96
..
..
..
..
..
3,186
21,915
22.4
5,287
46,407
333
57
3,690
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6,096
9,635
15.6
1,007
985
1,201
4,984
9,414
..
26,503
29,752
7.3
3,970
5,169
8,307
905
40,965
..
..
51
..
4
0.7
5
61
22
97
2,147
47,106
105,076
16.8
31,587
17,831
271,731
56,705
117,198
..
..
342
78
1.6
..
..
35
357
6,510
87
3,074
36.9
0
148
1,824
378
10,515
290
127
114
5,806
..
..
0
..
0
..
..
18
..
..
..
..
4
..
..
..
..
..
1,053
25,593
130,460
27.1
4,232
9,752
159,978
44,611
158,677
..
..
0
..
..
..
0
3
..
..
..
202
84
1.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
17
17
5.3
3
7
111
3
3,615
..
..
21
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
204
925
13.0
13
47
225
8
3,308
..
..
251
..
41
2.2
72
27
..
..
8,192
6
..
..
4
..
..
1,075
..
..
4
..
..
..
59
..
..
..
839
..
..
18
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
10
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2,808
457
1,782
10.3
33
46
117
20
4,215
204
732
2,471
113
56
..
77
118
3.7
9
42
42
4
4,478
33
3
0.6
..
..
4
47
1,914
57
..
5
6.0
..
..
..
..
2,092
60,372
43.5
101
1,419
1,199
6,006
32,225
..
..
0
..
..
..
3
..
..
..
29
..
..
46
1,012
38.6
18
128
13
4
948
..
..
0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
16
6
0.6
3
13
2
18
1,758
45,419
15.9
2,295
1,475
1,210
14,234
103,994
..
..
1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
76
14
2.4
6
23
67
29
5,506
..
..
20
..
..
..
..
5
3,149
..
..
25
22
15.9
1
14
133
132
6,875
28
5
..
1
4
23
3,736
386
950
1
74
316
828
11,338
38
81
13.4
0
30
..
..
1,168
..
..
9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
13
44
1.7
0
4
..
..
918
..
..
64
2
0.3
..
..
18
12
3,832
15,508
69,040
20.4
6,317
4,495
2,315
449
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3,472
723
10.3
320
976
1,614
5,167
18,776
..
..
17
..
7
0.4
..
1
3
124
7,946
18
..
49
52.4
..
..
..
..
..
439
84
2.7
..
50
869
19,332
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
4,777
4,826
19.1
394
698
1,101
648
15,273
144
160
3.4
..
..
..
..
2,319
1,268
349
1.9
6
126
151
783
20,822
..
..
2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
67
0
0.0
13
81
9
78
9,157
..
..
21
..
..
..
..
79
1,019
9
57
7.5
..
37
..
..
162
..
176
3.6
8
210
73
1,193
241
19,645
47.1
3
529
220
3,065
22,685
7,564
12,052
7.9
318
2,709
4,237
174
17,476
4,621
1,942
4.3
39
440
647
22
17,216
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
111
..
..
..
9
323
7,979
1,626
2,858
5.7
119
864
993
53
11,790
14,151
8,656
10.0
738
8,389
28,765
16,149
64,062
22
..
2
4.4
103
..
..
0
..
0
0.6
0
1
..
..
..
..
1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1,124
..
..
0
..
0
14.1
..
..
..
8
596
..
..
1,491
288
0.7
..
..
491
440
..
79
22
..
..
..
1,269
335
..
44
221
201
20
6,869
6
..
..
2
3
..
..
106
..
..
4
..
..
..
4
1
..
..
747
4,543
135,602
47.0
2,037
20,153
1,143
8,579
20,968
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
945
1,099
7,574
10.3
6
141
184
26
5,032
1,239
1,467
6.2
56
255
1,700
..
..
5
..
0
12.6
1
1
..
..
..
..
..
1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3,125
2,217
5.5
63
1,937
638
6,657
36,070
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
22,910
16,346
7.7
968
2,096
3,026
218
49,976
130
69
1.0
..
..
328
188
8,825
..
..
0
..
0
2
..
..
..
..
..
0
..
..
..
..
4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0
..
..
3
..
8
320
..
..
69
..
0
..
..
1,288
..
..
1
..
0
6
..
..
..
..
12
..
..
..
6
62
..
1,270
9,473
17,025
14.0
6,289
2,247
2,332
163
10,706
10,019
53,350
26.5
..
..
1,525
631
29,227
..
..
110
..
..
..
1,646
..
..
18
..
..
2
2
2,956
121
44
5.4
0
3
..
..
..
2,304
33,901
20.1
222
4,586
1,572
5,832
46,097
..
..
..
..
2
9.8
..
0
..
..
..
8
1
0.2
..
..
..
..
..
1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
60
..
..
..
..
..
1,016
616
4.9
25
14
112
437
4,408
8,328
2,177
1.9
..
785
4,392
269
108,087
..
..
1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2,529
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
158
8
1.9
14
15
10
4
2,079
1,727
2,189
5.9
167
1,072
2,856
2,556
34,082
..
..
324
..
..
..
18
1,408
18,747
46,035
24,216
16.3
12,947
9,037
14,972
7,966
50,415
..
147,833
17.8
129,178
39,016
287,831
283,781
342,287
..
290
189
8.7
0
36
6,021
141
..
..
..
..
..
299
258
4,931
..
..
5
..
0
0
..
..
..
..
302
..
18
..
..
..
432
..
27,819
28.2
..
..
443
3,552
36,454
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0
..
1
..
..
..
..
..
33
..
3
0.4
..
5
43
37
3,797
60
39
2.4
..
1
13
26
944
63
..
18
3.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
582,012
17.8
251,968
266,921
1,624,969
770,304
4,595,564
..
..
1,612
..
..
82
89
..
..
..
..
173,061
19.1
7,727
49,977
754,479
243,865
3,101,849
..
..
31,345
73,458
11.1
768
7,951
17,277
53,863
480,181
..
141,716
21.2
6,959
42,027
737,202
190,002
2,621,668
..
174,673
18.9
7,809
50,067
754,701
244,361
3,140,201
..
95,382
..
26.8
1,270
29,334
709,185
145,727
2,062,103
17,209
27,340
10.4
2,612
5,300
13,625
4,049
246,286
18,869
12.0
3,225
8,999
7,239
49,112
421,572
..
13,542
..
99
282
12,571
4,137
83,846
24,249
7.5
452
4,059
11,229
33,592
246,699
..
..
5,422
..
4.3
152
2,093
..
..
..
..
407,339
17.2
244,159
216,855
870,268
525,943
1,455,363
176,646
482,167
15.9
50,081
87,712
82,521
20,358
326,765