Loading...
Loading...
World Development Indicators:
Science and technology
Research and development (R&D)
High-technology exports
Charges for the use of intellectual property
Patent applications filed
Total
full-time equivalent per million people
full-time equivalent per million people
% of GDP
$ millions
$ millions
2005-14
2005-14
2013
2005-14
2015
2015
2015
2015
2014
2014
2014
..
..
27
..
..
..
..
..
..
184
15
1.5
2
25
10
3
3,326
3,653
94
719
10,191
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6
..
..
..
..
..
..
896
23
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2
..
0
0.0
..
..
15
814
8,053
171
1,867
509
4,173
58,486
..
..
559
11
5.3
..
..
121
2
4,827
..
..
..
..
..
14
..
..
..
47,806
4,237
13.5
794
3,492
1,988
23,968
64,502
12,031
861
1,512
2,092
271
8,670
..
..
482
168
5,780
..
..
16
..
..
2
111
1,124
210
..
..
6
199
7,563
..
..
1,971
..
..
..
1
24
44
249
11,541
..
..
39
..
26
18.3
1
38
1,131
..
..
1,001
560
4.3
23
131
652
105
8,797
16,511
2,877
3,294
889
137
23,033
..
..
10
..
..
4
..
36
1,017
..
..
187
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1
26.8
9
..
..
..
..
..
29
..
0
0
578
89
73
12.8
9
294
8,032
437
96
2.8
13
10
41
2
4,047
165
0
8
4
5
1,878
48,622
8,848
12.3
581
5,250
4,659
25,683
157,016
..
..
120
..
..
..
26
91
1,175
2,677
1,108
7.6
218
16
6,195
177
..
..
..
..
..
16
..
..
..
..
..
84
..
2
65
4,888
..
..
527
..
..
..
..
57,797
26,269
13.9
4,178
9,246
4,198
31,283
51,028
8
0
0.0
8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
5,158
532
5.9
88
1,545
452
2,653
31,869
..
401,435
1,085
22,022
801,135
127,042
2,104,534
..
426
10.7
192
12,350
40,063
..
..
2
104
12,287
..
4,456
53
437
260
1,898
26,366
..
..
14
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
16
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
137
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
277
617
16
552
..
169
..
..
4,359
760
9.0
46
280
170
30
3,685
..
..
1,548
..
..
..
..
24
126
2,425
..
..
..
..
..
..
10
26
..
..
1,283
889
27
6.2
..
..
4
1,999
14,022
20,074
14.5
466
1,203
910
62
10,075
12,482
9,318
15.9
2,061
1,221
1,377
206
4,477
..
..
8
..
..
..
..
..
4
..
..
11
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
39
..
..
89
13
245
9,738
256
97
7.2
..
72
..
..
..
9,199
..
752
1,384
19,551
..
..
35
183
4.4
29
70
..
187
7,036
..
..
2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
11
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1,426
1,041
11.4
11
42
44
6
2,672
802
12
4.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
84
..
..
..
..
..
10,157
3,633
8.7
2,509
823
1,419
126
4,552
72,555
132,184
28.5
14,500
2,033
90,674
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
50
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
45
..
..
..
..
468
35
5.6
1
7
110
187
4,826
101,074
184,283
16.7
14,585
8,917
48,154
17,811
70,554
583
..
..
..
..
1,366
11,370
1,138
11.0
54
291
651
19
6,836
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
34
..
..
..
..
17
361
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
81
229
5.0
16
202
10
288
..
..
..
12
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
11
..
3
18
..
20
748
..
..
28
..
..
..
30
2
2
19
1,649
..
..
20
..
1
46
6,907
6,249
11,760
13.7
1,504
1,388
546
73
5,438
576
110
19.9
235
97
51
13
3,735
93,349
13,751
7.5
12,040
30,814
222,235
..
2,928
702
7,321
46,452
..
32,965
..
..
..
..
13,683
119
55,733
947
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6,874
27,633
25.8
6,274
68,847
263
58
3,537
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
11,300
1,096
1,062
1,125
5,148
9,359
..
66,310
26,955
7.3
2,905
4,321
8,601
781
40,016
..
..
176
..
6
51
33
122
2,298
103,377
91,529
16.8
36,631
16,990
265,959
60,030
124,602
..
..
1,504
13
15
40
339
6,958
879
1,742
271
10,078
872
132
75
1,808
..
..
1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
45
..
..
..
..
..
901
58,844
6,199
9,831
164,073
46,219
160,644
..
..
124
..
..
..
0
2
..
..
..
844
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
60
1
6
132
7
3,215
..
..
69
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1,207
962
14.9
7
34
103
4
3,062
..
..
1,050
..
24
34
..
..
12
0
3
..
..
625
..
..
8
..
..
..
..
..
..
781
..
..
231
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
26
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2,711
2,185
1,774
11.9
22
49
123
42
4,105
732
674
6.8
1,322
3,109
128
90
..
440
110
3.0
9
56
2,931
113
5
29
2,028
157
..
..
..
..
..
17,720
57,258
42.8
92
1,257
1,353
6,267
34,571
..
..
5
..
..
..
..
5
..
..
..
64
..
..
..
..
259
283
430
5
8
..
..
0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
16
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
110
1
0.1
1
18
13,112
45,781
14.7
308
873
1,246
14,889
110,525
..
..
6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
227
18
4.0
4
18
67
72
5,428
..
..
34
..
..
..
..
6
4
2,921
..
..
164
139
126
3,552
192
6
..
1
3
13
3,611
2,536
3
96
355
742
11,708
68
31
11.6
20
..
..
1,154
..
..
38
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
79
0
10
..
..
941
..
..
442
3
0.6
..
..
3,950
30,412
41,864
49,513
2,294
288
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
7,244
601
9.6
304
826
1,636
6,092
20,575
..
..
28
..
..
1
1
145
36
..
..
..
..
..
..
3,654
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
9,854
4,730
20.8
507
620
1,106
457
15,475
658
..
..
..
..
2,378
7,772
15
180
146
776
25,267
..
..
4
..
..
..
..
..
..
158
0
0.0
6
107
13
274
8,879
..
..
44
..
..
..
..
61
48
5.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
648
..
195
4.7
22
292
83
1,204
25,258
916
26,192
53.1
11
613
334
3,255
25,730
28,753
13,445
8.8
416
2,432
3,941
155
16,414
13,556
1,903
4.6
89
691
722
18
19,690
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
770
..
..
5
477
7,608
11,164
3,536
7.5
90
808
952
84
10,491
35,542
726
5,634
24,072
16,236
61,078
91
..
..
5
7
1,206
..
..
4
..
1
99
139
..
..
7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1,009
..
..
1
..
..
0
..
3
606
..
..
7,636
..
..
652
135
..
296
..
..
..
..
..
5,169
..
45
180
202
10
6,345
15
..
..
1
2
..
..
..
..
15
..
..
..
1,267
10,659
3,302
17,285
1,303
9,009
21,505
..
..
..
..
..
..
0
2
..
..
847
4,730
6,720
10.0
26
522
211
23
4,629
3,514
1,433
6.4
58
218
1,402
..
..
4
..
1
5
..
..
..
..
..
6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
9,679
103
1,708
802
6,750
35,418
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
53,342
14,241
7.1
1,618
4,520
2,953
225
52,704
713
59
0.8
..
..
..
..
13
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1
..
..
..
..
433
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2
..
..
..
8
273
..
..
375
..
..
0
..
8
1,165
..
..
15
..
0
20
..
..
725
..
..
38
..
..
..
..
679
19,362
14,934
14.3
8,782
4,203
1,984
441
9,927
21,060
53,258
26.8
14,366
12,330
1,480
568
28,920
..
..
311
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1,353
..
..
71
..
..
2,241
379
0
2
..
..
..
8,631
181
4,125
1,006
6,924
45,661
..
..
..
..
..
0
..
..
..
69
1
0.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
160
..
..
..
..
2
184
1,475
4,207
142
400
5,916
30,402
2,323
2.2
..
682
4,766
331
111,627
..
..
7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2,283
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
474
4
14
5
3
2,666
7,218
85
358
2,457
2,356
27,242
..
..
1,679
..
..
24
1,447
20,321
97,332
69,341
20.8
17,467
12,186
15,196
7,844
54,525
..
412,542
154,354
19.0
126,211
39,157
285,096
293,706
341,902
..
591
0
48
37
639
5,836
347
..
..
..
..
..
345
223
5,064
..
..
7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1,196
..
..
382
..
..
1,848
..
..
487
3,960
38,744
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
126
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
127
..
..
29
24
4,595
117
..
14
25
2,672
210
..
10
2.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
2,184,420
1,713,099
793,310
4,886,846
..
699,400
..
1,240,338
312,922
2,750,525
720,932
16.4
145,986
51,690
787,775
85,554
12.1
7,372
53,820
472,551
..
..
80,219
..
16,912
11,145
163,234
..
470,427
180,624
18.1
289,294
324,989
392,930
104,307
..
12,230
31,839
263,571
..
..
20,164
..
..
..
..
..
3,909
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
141,887
18,461
52,904
501,162
..
638,029
857,410
210,484
2,883,362
..
1,400,796
16.8
836,702
525,691
1,428,234