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World Development Indicators:
Science and technology
Research and development (R&D)
High-technology exports
Charges for the use of intellectual property
Patent applications filed
Total
full-time equivalent per million people
full-time equivalent per million people
% of GDP
$ millions
$ millions
2005-14
2005-14
2013
2005-14
2014
2014
2014
2014
2014
2014
2014
..
..
27
..
..
..
0
0
..
..
..
184
1
0.1
1
22
10
3
3,326
3,653
3
0.2
0
144
94
719
10,191
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
896
23
..
..
..
..
1
..
..
..
..
..
2
..
0
0.0
..
..
15
814
8,053
1,427
6.7
185
1,985
509
4,173
58,486
..
..
559
8
2.7
..
..
121
2
4,827
..
..
..
..
2
5.4
..
11
..
..
..
47,806
4,691
13.6
876
4,042
1,988
23,968
64,502
12,031
19,270
13.9
1,078
1,598
2,092
271
8,670
..
..
482
33
7.0
168
5,780
..
..
16
..
0
0.0
..
23
2
111
1,124
210
47
1.5
..
..
6
199
7,563
..
..
1,971
..
1
28
44
249
11,541
..
..
39
..
25
16.4
1
38
1,131
..
..
1,001
660
3.9
39
207
652
105
8,797
16,511
43,699
12.8
3,341
3,464
889
137
23,033
..
..
10
..
0
0.0
5
..
36
1,017
..
..
187
..
4
4.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2
27.8
..
..
..
..
..
29
..
0
1
578
89
33
8.1
19
68
9
294
8,032
437
92
2.4
13
7
41
2
4,047
165
17
0.2
0
9
4
5
1,878
48,622
8,229
10.6
375
5,923
4,659
25,683
157,016
..
..
120
..
55
7.8
..
..
26
91
1,175
2,677
1,080
6.9
33
230
218
16
6,195
177
13
10.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
16
0
1.3
..
..
..
..
..
84
..
3
21
2
65
4,888
..
..
527
..
27
4.9
..
..
..
57,797
31,552
14.8
3,974
10,230
4,198
31,283
51,028
8
0
0.0
5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
5,158
659
6.2
86
1,548
452
2,653
31,869
..
401,435
558,606
25.4
676
22,614
801,135
127,042
2,104,534
..
192,719
42.9
192
12,350
40,063
..
0
0.2
..
185
2
104
12,287
..
4,456
724
7.7
56
501
260
1,898
26,366
..
..
14
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
16
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
137
..
48
2.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
277
4
138
16
552
..
169
..
72
3.7
..
4,359
731
8.4
27
285
170
30
3,685
..
..
1,548
..
..
..
..
24
126
2,425
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1,283
889
29
6.2
..
..
4
1,999
14,022
23,084
14.9
482
1,202
910
62
10,075
12,482
9,759
14.4
2,520
1,501
1,377
206
4,477
..
..
8
..
..
..
..
..
4
..
..
11
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
39
..
193
3.7
..
81
13
245
9,738
256
73
4.8
..
111
..
..
..
9,199
176
1.3
..
242
752
1,384
19,551
..
..
35
189
4.8
19
69
..
187
7,036
..
..
2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
11
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1,426
1,328
11.5
12
59
44
6
2,672
802
24
8.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
84
..
3
2.1
..
..
..
..
10,157
3,961
7.9
1,419
126
4,552
72,555
114,697
26.1
14,033
12,121
14,500
2,033
90,674
..
..
..
..
20
14.8
..
..
..
..
..
50
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
45
0
0.0
..
..
..
..
468
26
3.0
2
19
110
187
4,826
101,074
199,826
16.0
13,797
8,122
48,154
17,811
70,554
583
..
..
..
..
1,366
11,370
1,210
10.3
108
446
651
19
6,836
..
..
..
..
0
4.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
34
..
..
..
..
17
361
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
81
212
5.0
15
175
10
288
..
..
..
12
..
3
4.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
12
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
11
..
0
0.2
4
24
..
20
748
..
..
28
..
..
..
29
2
2
19
1,649
..
..
20
..
42
2.4
2
91
6,907
6,249
12,889
13.7
2,091
1,728
546
73
5,438
576
118
16.9
159
118
51
13
3,735
93,349
17,316
8.6
659
4,849
12,040
30,814
222,235
..
2,928
4,981
7.0
60
1,862
702
7,321
46,452
..
32,965
..
..
13,683
119
55,733
947
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6,874
21,261
21.3
6,330
64,210
263
58
3,537
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
11,300
10,241
16.0
1,281
1,136
1,125
5,148
9,359
..
66,310
30,745
7.2
3,377
5,506
8,601
781
40,016
..
..
176
..
3
0.6
6
51
33
122
2,298
103,377
100,955
16.7
36,833
20,935
265,959
60,030
124,602
..
..
1,504
80
1.6
..
..
40
339
6,958
879
3,321
37.2
2
166
1,742
271
10,078
872
60
147
132
75
1,808
..
..
1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
45
..
..
..
..
..
901
58,844
133,447
26.9
5,167
10,546
164,073
46,219
160,644
..
..
124
..
..
..
0
3
..
..
..
844
5
0.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
60
1
5
132
7
3,215
..
..
69
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1,207
1,120
15.0
5
45
103
4
3,062
..
..
1,050
..
38
2.1
18
35
..
..
12
0
4
..
..
625
..
..
8
..
..
..
38
..
..
..
781
..
..
231
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
26
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2,711
2,185
1,901
10.1
26
47
123
42
4,105
732
642
5.7
1,079
3,799
128
90
..
440
123
3.1
10
53
2,931
113
4
0.6
5
29
2,028
157
..
6
2.5
..
3
..
..
..
17,720
63,376
43.9
76
1,468
1,353
6,267
34,571
..
..
5
..
..
..
..
4
..
..
..
64
..
..
..
..
259
849
34.4
332
503
5
8
..
..
0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
16
..
..
..
..
11
..
..
..
110
0
0.0
3
19
13,112
49,403
16.0
194
562
1,246
14,889
110,525
..
..
6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
227
24
4.8
7
23
67
72
5,428
..
..
34
..
..
..
..
6
4
2,921
..
..
164
34
19.5
2
13
139
126
3,552
192
..
1
5
13
3,611
2,536
870
5.3
355
742
11,708
68
44
5.6
20
..
..
1,154
..
..
38
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
79
83
2.7
0
9
..
..
941
..
..
442
1
0.2
..
..
3,950
30,412
70,308
19.9
36,959
45,774
2,294
288
..
..
..
..
..
137
13.1
..
..
..
7,244
645
9.1
318
906
1,636
6,092
20,575
..
..
28
..
8
0.4
..
1
1
145
36
..
69
57.1
..
..
..
..
..
3,654
140
2.1
..
251
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
9,854
5,208
20.7
486
666
1,106
457
15,475
658
231
4.3
..
..
..
..
2,378
7,772
259
1.4
12
160
146
776
25,267
..
..
4
..
1
20.2
..
..
..
..
..
158
0
0.2
8
99
13
274
8,879
..
..
44
..
..
..
..
61
56
6.1
..
18
..
..
..
..
..
648
..
186
3.8
11
275
83
1,204
25,258
916
23,839
49.0
10
547
334
3,255
25,730
28,753
14,487
8.7
342
2,945
3,941
155
16,414
13,556
2,085
4.4
83
679
722
18
19,690
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
770
0
0.0
..
..
5
477
7,608
11,164
3,440
6.4
139
880
952
84
10,491
35,542
9,843
11.5
666
8,021
24,072
16,236
61,078
91
..
7
11.9
5
7
1,206
..
..
4
..
0
1.7
0
2
1
99
139
..
..
7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1,009
..
..
1
..
0
0.8
..
0
..
3
606
..
..
7,636
..
..
652
135
..
296
30
3.6
..
..
..
5,169
..
41
225
202
10
6,345
15
..
..
1
3
..
..
..
..
15
..
0
0.0
4
1
..
..
1,267
10,659
137,369
47.2
3,151
22,230
1,303
9,009
21,505
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
847
4,730
7,707
10.2
29
672
211
23
4,629
3,514
1,479
5.8
71
242
1,402
..
..
4
..
0
0.0
2
5
..
..
..
..
..
6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
9,679
2,489
5.9
116
1,732
802
6,750
35,418
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
53,342
15,401
7.0
1,436
4,473
2,953
225
52,704
713
68
0.9
..
..
..
..
13
..
..
..
..
..
..
1
..
2
5.2
..
..
..
433
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2
..
..
..
8
273
..
..
375
..
6
..
8
1,165
..
..
15
..
10
20.7
0
6
..
..
725
..
..
38
..
..
..
10
65
..
679
19,362
16,556
13.9
9,060
3,824
1,984
441
9,927
21,060
55,907
26.4
18,111
14,034
1,480
568
28,920
..
..
311
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1,353
..
..
71
..
..
2,241
379
23
2.7
..
1
..
..
..
8,631
34,992
20.4
212
3,972
1,006
6,924
45,661
..
..
..
..
..
0
..
..
..
69
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1
..
0
2.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
160
..
..
..
..
2
184
1,475
4,207
28
19
142
400
5,916
30,402
2,348
1.9
..
677
4,766
331
111,627
..
..
7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2,283
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
474
11
2.4
13
12
5
3
2,666
7,218
1,922
6.5
118
552
2,457
2,356
27,242
..
..
1,679
34
..
..
..
24
1,447
20,321
97,332
70,653
20.6
19,826
11,225
15,196
7,844
54,525
..
412,542
155,641
18.2
130,361
42,124
285,096
293,706
341,902
..
591
171
7.9
1
38
37
639
5,836
347
..
..
..
..
..
345
223
5,064
..
..
7
..
0
0
..
..
..
..
1,196
..
..
..
..
1,848
30,864
26.9
..
..
487
3,960
38,744
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
126
..
..
1
..
..
..
..
..
127
..
1
1.2
..
5
29
24
4,595
117
19
1.7
..
2
14
25
2,672
210
..
12
1.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
2,183,993
18.4
321,259
362,806
1,713,099
793,310
4,886,846
..
699,395
..
27.4
47,385
89,347
1,240,338
312,922
2,750,525
720,924
768,983
15.5
135,940
199,883
145,986
51,690
787,775
85,607
10.9
1,015
11,803
7,372
53,820
472,551
..
..
80,219
..
..
1,660
2,084
16,912
11,145
163,234
..
470,429
187,195
17.6
134,335
52,354
289,294
324,989
392,930
104,307
8.1
672
5,041
12,230
31,839
263,571
..
..
20,136
4.0
253
2,294
..
..
..
..
..
3,683
..
..
87
60
..
..
..
..
..
138,208
11.5
1,007
9,217
18,288
52,520
492,380
..
605,183
729,700
20.6
2,067
40,277
833,509
194,567
2,826,178
..
1,443,779
1,526,830
18.5
318,098
313,252
861,283
546,100
1,547,798