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World Development Indicators:
Structure of merchandise exports
$ millions
% of total
% of total
% of total
% of total
% of total
2010
2018
2010
2018
2010
2018
2010
2018
2010
2018
2010
2018
5,154
7,407
40.0
10.8
..
..
0.3
19.6
4,406
5,941
4.5
9.0
2.4
0.3
18.0
1.7
12.8
2.0
62.1
41.6
40,473
47,002
0.6
0.0
97.3
0.3
1.8
361
630
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0.9
0.6
1.7
1.6
0.0
0.0
4.4
3.3
92.3
94.2
16,667
15,442
0.1
..
0.0
..
96.5
..
2.0
..
1.4
..
501
501
50.7
52.3
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
1.8
0.2
47.6
47.3
56,793
65,443
51.1
56.5
1.2
1.0
8.1
4.3
4.4
0.5
33.2
20.5
3,783
4,963
16.7
32.8
1.1
0.5
3.1
4.0
52.5
36.9
24.2
25.7
265
82.3
41.6
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.2
6.4
13.7
44.1
201,639
235,691
11.3
12.5
2.2
2.3
30.8
24.4
33.9
28.3
16.6
13.2
159,009
193,323
6.9
1.8
3.2
3.9
80.3
6,746
11,000
2.8
3.6
0.1
0.4
94.5
92.2
0.1
0.9
2.5
2.7
2,591
3,560
25.1
..
0.5
..
0.0
..
11.0
..
63.3
..
12,260
13,100
1.9
0.0
74.3
18.1
5.6
27,821
61,500
4.0
..
1.9
..
1.9
..
0.5
..
91.7
..
1,569
1,585
32.9
32.9
0.5
0.2
0.0
4.7
1.2
1.4
64.0
59.7
34,884
38,391
12.6
15.0
2.0
2.5
27.5
24.6
0.7
1.1
53.0
53.8
391,177
450,116
8.9
9.7
1.4
1.3
8.8
9.0
3.7
3.1
75.0
76.5
706
960
60.9
86.7
1.4
1.4
36.2
6.5
0.0
0.5
1.4
4.9
2,054
3,808
67.6
26.7
0.0
1.0
4.7
972
1,000
19.3
0.0
0.1
0.0
75.2
854
1,020
7.2
..
0.2
..
1.2
..
21.9
..
69.5
..
5,590
9,932
15.3
17.8
1.1
0.5
43.9
40.3
33.3
36.3
6.4
5.2
9,223
12,000
7.3
5.9
15.0
12.2
57.0
5,657
5,905
5.1
0.2
0.4
14.5
79.5
191,537
188,718
30.4
3.9
9.9
17.4
36.6
2,538
5,230
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
95.2
95.6
0.1
0.0
4.5
4.3
25,513
37,901
16.1
14.6
1.4
1.3
13.3
8.2
16.9
14.0
49.2
58.1
2,048
4,347
33.3
55.9
0.1
1.6
9.1
509
811
81.4
4.9
2.3
5.2
5.9
742
816
81.6
83.6
0.0
0.0
..
0.9
0.0
17.5
16.4
6,791
19,070
1.4
2.3
0.0
0.1
96.1
5,133
5,851
24.4
14.8
49.5
3.0
7.5
402,690
469,000
10.5
12.3
4.3
4.7
26.3
24.6
8.3
7.6
49.0
49.1
872
1,180
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
300
419
1.5
36.4
58.7
3.2
2,400
3,000
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
59,207
74,189
16.8
24.5
5.0
6.8
1.0
0.9
64.6
53.5
12.6
14.3
1,396,247
2,135,905
2.8
0.5
1.7
1.4
93.6
441,369
627,517
6.8
2.3
2.7
0.1
3.3
0.1
9.5
1.2
76.8
96.1
5,629
11,162
0.2
0.0
0.0
..
0.0
43.3
40,486
51,233
11.9
14.2
3.5
3.9
60.4
60.0
1.6
1.2
22.5
20.7
233
301
67.6
..
0.5
..
0.1
..
0.8
..
31.0
..
4,500
5,200
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
4,000
3,470
0.5
1.3
67.7
0.0
30.5
13,570
16,159
34.7
2.7
0.6
1.1
60.9
7,849
10,968
49.5
9.6
24.1
0.3
16.2
20,067
28,100
11.3
13.9
3.6
4.4
12.3
10.5
4.5
3.9
67.8
66.2
11,496
10,030
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1,820
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
8,569
10,707
34.4
1.7
0.0
13.7
50.2
126,652
183,797
3.9
3.9
1.4
1.3
3.7
1.6
2.1
1.4
86.4
91.6
83,052
102,211
18.3
19.5
2.9
2.6
8.1
4.7
1.6
1.7
60.5
68.9
374
804
..
..
..
..
..
224
270
27.1
..
0.0
..
0.1
..
6.7
..
66.0
..
15,489
20,160
27.5
1.0
0.1
3.7
67.7
20,591
23,193
30.0
46.8
4.2
4.8
55.3
41.1
0.6
1.3
9.8
6.1
52,923
72,000
17.2
16.4
3.0
1.7
29.8
25.9
6.3
4.2
43.4
51.7
8,416
11,830
21.0
17.6
0.7
0.7
3.0
3.6
1.8
1.3
73.4
76.8
5,485
2,110
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
660
1,170
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12,287
19,132
9.9
9.0
5.1
5.9
15.6
10.8
3.1
2.3
62.5
68.6
1,960
1,883
..
..
..
..
..
8,602
15,195
78.5
9.0
0.0
1.1
8.9
839
..
..
..
..
..
1,808
2,705
63.3
64.0
4.4
1.4
0.1
0.0
1.7
1.5
30.0
32.4
68,803
78,488
2.6
2.3
5.9
7.9
8.2
8.3
5.2
5.9
76.6
67.4
611,070
672,593
12.0
0.9
3.7
2.5
78.4
1,726
2,236
15.8
..
2.1
..
0.0
..
1.0
..
81.0
..
2,983
2,361
..
..
..
..
..
285
553
89.0
0.0
0.0
9.9
1.0
5,257
9,119
21.0
30.6
1.1
0.9
5.5
2.1
20.8
26.4
48.4
39.4
1,054,814
1,285,644
5.2
5.3
0.8
0.7
1.9
2.1
3.1
2.5
82.2
85.4
10,922
12,986
60.7
40.5
6.9
2.1
0.3
47.5
11.2
4.3
20.7
5.5
66,913
65,141
20.2
17.9
2.5
1.5
26.1
34.4
7.9
8.7
40.8
34.7
808
780
83.3
0.0
0.0
0.9
7.2
318
460
..
..
..
..
..
850
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
13,838
19,734
42.1
4.2
4.5
6.5
42.7
1,405
3,790
..
..
..
..
..
196
326
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1,397
1,860
64.8
49.2
5.3
2.8
0.0
0.0
22.5
21.2
7.2
26.7
3,146
4,822
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
8,907
12,200
57.3
1.3
8.6
6.4
25.3
88,178
121,272
7.6
7.7
0.7
0.6
2.6
2.8
1.6
1.5
82.6
87.0
3,920
7,655
41.4
44.3
0.6
0.7
1.0
2.0
42.0
41.0
14.6
11.0
350,233
510,665
8.3
10.5
2.0
1.4
16.9
14.9
7.0
3.3
63.8
69.8
135,663
188,712
16.4
20.7
6.5
4.7
29.7
23.2
9.9
6.7
37.5
44.7
65,404
49,354
6.2
0.3
70.8
3.1
15.6
43,915
47,850
0.0
0.0
99.7
0.0
..
0.2
60,276
105,789
9.1
9.0
0.5
0.4
1.1
0.9
0.8
0.5
84.8
88.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
61,209
87,800
3.0
2.9
0.8
0.6
0.9
2.3
1.5
1.1
93.3
91.8
487,049
500,795
7.9
8.9
0.7
0.7
4.7
3.5
2.2
2.0
82.4
83.2
5,225
6,120
24.6
0.2
22.7
12.0
40.4
694,059
748,735
0.6
0.9
0.7
0.7
1.7
1.7
2.7
2.5
89.0
88.0
15,564
20,216
16.6
0.2
1.1
8.5
73.6
31,107
32,534
3.4
4.9
0.2
0.3
72.8
70.1
11.4
11.5
12.2
13.2
12,093
17,260
47.9
10.9
4.3
2.0
34.7
73
100
67.0
1.3
27.6
3,530
2,590
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
425,212
535,202
1.1
0.9
6.9
2.1
89.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
22,675
36,624
0.3
0.8
0.1
0.0
92.8
90.9
0.2
0.2
6.6
7.8
3,223
4,907
30.0
17.5
5.3
3.9
15.3
13.7
4.2
22.0
38.4
43.0
2,060
6,340
26.0
2.1
0.9
54.9
16.0
11,691
19,257
16.8
18.6
12.2
10.8
5.3
3.8
3.7
2.1
58.6
60.5
18,460
20,396
14.9
0.7
0.2
10.7
63.6
2,300
2,294
16.6
5.3
0.1
0.4
62.1
710
1,100
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
17,674
12,493
0.0
..
0.0
..
97.7
..
0.0
..
2.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
23,403
36,515
17.3
16.2
2.3
3.0
23.4
14.9
1.4
1.9
53.9
62.1
25,092
23,925
8.3
9.1
3.0
1.5
1.0
0.1
5.6
4.5
79.5
82.1
2,584
4,031
26.7
3.2
6.7
9.5
48.2
2,173
2,825
76.4
3.3
0.2
11.1
9.0
164,622
217,471
11.9
2.6
15.9
2.0
67.2
1,091
2,970
96.2
0.0
3.8
0.1
3,428
4,920
29.8
48.0
0.1
0.7
20.2
5,062
6,323
5.2
0.1
25.7
0.5
67.8
150
80
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1,935
2,578
16.8
0.0
16.6
..
40.8
0.0
4,386
5,666
37.2
35.3
0.5
1.1
0.0
1.1
0.4
0.7
60.2
60.8
310,205
476,569
6.1
7.6
0.4
0.3
14.0
6.7
3.0
2.8
76.0
81.3
168
110
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3,855
5,764
72.0
57.5
1.0
0.6
0.3
0.0
4.1
1.4
22.6
40.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3,278
5,875
..
..
..
..
..
2,182
3,010
12.3
11.8
6.5
7.3
10.8
20.8
50.0
31.2
20.0
28.8
35,381
51,015
19.0
1.7
1.1
11.7
66.3
4,600
6,786
15.7
11.2
4.4
0.6
19.7
47.0
54.4
31.8
2.0
9.4
4,760
19,510
19.6
27.8
10.6
1.9
38.5
21.6
0.9
5.5
30.0
43.1
5,570
8,156
25.3
0.7
1.3
27.8
44.3
5,133
13,465
20.2
3.9
0.0
4.0
71.9
516,409
646,029
13.5
2.7
10.0
2.4
56.9
3,312
2,807
1.7
..
0.1
..
0.1
..
40.5
..
57.2
..
30,617
43,793
55.7
62.6
10.7
12.7
5.0
1.8
4.2
3.0
20.8
16.4
4,792
6,790
88.2
1.2
1.4
2.0
7.1
2,476
2,391
21.1
2.8
1.9
59.6
14.1
44,235
41,883
3.3
1.6
87.1
1.1
6.7
5,474
9,052
16.3
8.9
0.5
0.4
7.7
1.7
7.4
5.1
68.1
83.8
90
175
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
77,330
87,626
7.2
0.5
63.8
6.4
18.2
19,973
25,412
2.5
0.0
77.8
2.7
10.5
37,807
60,472
16.8
20.8
1.8
0.8
5.7
2.1
1.6
2.1
74.1
74.1
107
153
16,737
23,006
72.6
2.4
0.3
11.5
13.2
3,524
2,820
..
..
..
..
..
10,033
13,367
59.5
62.6
2.1
1.5
30.5
23.4
0.6
0.9
7.4
11.7
30,030
43,249
19.8
1.3
11.9
53.3
13.7
58,468
114,738
7.4
8.8
0.7
0.7
1.9
1.6
3.9
5.0
56.8
83.8
178,049
266,505
10.8
12.9
1.2
1.3
4.1
2.5
4.7
3.0
79.1
80.2
77,749
88,616
11.4
11.9
3.1
2.4
6.1
6.7
3.5
2.4
75.3
76.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
23,240
34,298
0.0
0.0
92.6
0.3
2.0
62,109
97,777
8.1
9.5
2.0
1.3
5.2
4.0
4.2
2.2
78.5
82.2
248,634
249,055
1.9
5.5
2.1
2.2
65.6
52.0
5.6
5.5
14.1
20.6
1,431
2,588
52.6
3.0
0.1
35.9
8.5
310
363
21.0
62.1
0.4
0.2
0.0
25.7
0.3
1.3
78.3
10.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
112
153
94.6
0.7
0.0
4.7
106,863
135,016
1.2
1.2
0.0
0.1
87.5
0.0
0.2
1.2
11.1
16.3
4,782
7,805
29.7
37.5
1.5
2.2
23.2
18.9
3.9
8.3
41.7
33.1
16,735
25,882
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
984
1,284
85.1
0.0
0.0
0.1
11.0
770
1,429
..
..
..
..
..
310,791
370,635
2.0
0.3
16.2
1.2
73.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
65,026
94,035
4.3
3.4
1.2
0.9
4.8
3.7
3.0
2.0
86.5
89.8
30,094
42,233
4.1
4.4
1.9
1.9
4.3
5.3
4.4
4.0
85.2
84.2
404
585
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
96,835
113,940
10.0
1.8
10.6
28.3
48.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
327,016
388,044
15.1
1.1
4.9
3.4
72.5
13,512
22,535
26.9
3.9
0.2
0.9
66.5
270
331
11.5
0.0
0.0
0.1
87.2
662
688
49.6
0.2
0.0
2.2
47.9
970
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
338
340
82.3
73.3
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
1.9
0.4
15.7
26.2
10,045
7,850
3.8
..
1.1
..
94.4
..
0.2
..
0.3
..
1,398
1,700
2.4
0.5
13.0
0.3
1.9
148,946
170,115
4.7
6.3
4.1
3.9
6.9
7.4
4.9
4.6
74.9
73.4
176,281
279,288
3.8
3.8
0.3
0.2
2.9
1.2
4.1
2.1
86.6
91.4
17,562
5,600
21.0
..
1.7
..
49.9
..
2.7
..
24.7
..
2,657
2,447
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
7,874
8,803
31.9
7.4
2.5
33.7
24.1
182,921
249,660
13.2
13.7
5.3
3.2
4.8
3.9
1.3
1.6
75.3
77.5
246
565
..
..
..
..
..
1,683
2,095
18.1
3.9
0.1
13.0
64.9
159
270
88.6
..
2.0
..
0.0
..
1.5
..
7.6
..
6,480
7,520
2.5
..
0.0
..
66.1
..
0.3
..
31.0
..
22,215
22,706
7.7
0.5
14.2
1.6
76.0
185,544
223,046
10.6
0.4
3.9
4.4
79.2
5,700
2,500
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
22
35
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
4,664
6,574
66.8
65.7
7.2
4.6
1.2
6.7
1.9
0.4
22.8
22.5
60,911
57,046
19.2
39.1
1.1
2.0
6.9
1.5
7.4
8.3
64.6
48.8
187,001
253,000
591,095
673,549
6.2
6.8
0.7
0.5
12.4
9.4
3.9
4.0
68.4
74.5
1,969,184
2,614,327
9.8
9.6
2.6
2.3
7.2
13.5
4.1
2.9
66.2
59.5
8,622
8,893
61.9
8.7
3.2
0.3
26.0
8,689
17,306
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
285
350
83.7
..
1.6
..
0.2
..
0.1
..
11.0
..
39,000
10,910
0.2
..
0.0
..
93.4
..
2.1
..
4.3
..
84,839
244,195
19.3
3.4
11.1
1.0
64.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
15.2
2.0
0.1
9.8
72.7
9,255
8,400
6.6
..
0.3
..
91.2
..
0.2
..
1.8
..
5,321
9,462
5.9
6.1
1.0
0.9
0.5
1.0
86.0
77.4
6.3
14.4
3,800
4,100
20.1
35.9
7.0
4.5
1.6
1.4
34.9
41.9
36.4
16.4
15,532,722
19,903,568
8.0
1.6
15.4
4.7
66.2
4,419,644
6,083,204
5.0
1.5
7.0
4.3
79.9
6,228,550
7,504,706
8.2
7.7
1.4
1.3
11.8
10.4
3.6
3.3
69.6
73.8
971,781
1,217,692
20.3
2.0
20.5
13.5
42.8
777,929
949,954
3.2
0.3
74.9
1.6
18.7
2,372,846
3,084,327
10.0
10.2
3.0
2.8
11.6
16.1
5.1
4.0
62.2
57.1
441,605
680,034
9.3
11.4
2.1
1.3
14.4
13.8
5.9
3.2
66.5
70.2
317,812
376,677
12.2
3.0
48.2
13.4
22.6
118,639
147,897
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1,065,392
1,655,137
13.1
2.9
29.1
6.4
46.1
3,495,250
4,682,757
7.7
1.3
21.5
4.5
63.3
10,862,486
13,424,844
7.5
7.3
1.6
1.5
11.7
7.9
4.6
4.1
69.4
71.5