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World Development Indicators:
Structure of merchandise exports
$ millions
% of total
% of total
% of total
% of total
% of total
2010
2017
2010
2017
2010
2017
2010
2017
2010
2017
2010
2017
388
780
40.0
10.8
..
0.3
19.6
1,545
2,301
4.5
9.8
2.4
0.4
18.0
0.8
12.8
4.8
62.1
51.4
57,053
35,191
0.6
1.0
0.0
0.1
97.3
94.5
0.3
0.2
1.8
4.3
320
397
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0.9
..
1.7
..
0.0
..
4.4
..
92.3
..
50,595
34,614
0.1
0.0
96.5
2.0
1.4
46
208
50.7
52.3
0.0
2.0
0.0
0.0
1.8
7.3
47.6
38.5
68,187
58,622
51.1
62.2
1.2
1.1
8.1
2.9
4.4
3.3
33.2
28.8
1,011
2,245
16.7
32.9
1.1
0.6
3.1
3.9
52.5
42.5
24.2
20.1
265
82.3
44.3
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.2
17.1
13.7
34.4
212,634
231,072
11.3
14.9
2.2
2.8
30.8
32.0
33.9
30.8
16.6
15.6
152,560
168,026
6.9
7.6
1.8
1.5
3.2
1.9
3.9
3.3
80.3
83.0
26,476
15,476
2.8
4.8
0.1
0.3
94.5
90.1
0.1
1.4
2.5
3.4
702
571
25.1
0.5
0.0
11.0
63.3
14,971
15,376
1.9
0.0
74.3
18.1
5.6
19,194
35,851
4.0
1.9
1.9
0.5
91.7
429
485
32.9
36.8
0.5
0.3
0.0
5.2
1.2
0.8
64.0
55.8
25,284
29,240
12.6
16.4
2.0
2.3
27.5
23.3
0.7
1.2
53.0
54.0
407,692
430,554
8.9
10.2
1.4
1.2
8.8
8.0
3.7
2.6
75.0
75.5
478
457
60.9
84.6
1.4
2.0
36.2
6.3
0.0
0.3
1.4
6.7
1,282
1,980
67.6
30.7
26.7
50.2
0.0
2.6
1.0
0.6
4.7
15.9
15
18
47.8
0.0
0.2
0.0
44.4
641
573
7.2
..
0.2
..
1.2
..
21.9
..
69.5
..
6,402
7,846
15.3
15.5
1.1
0.4
43.9
39.9
33.3
39.3
6.4
4.8
4,803
6,370
7.3
8.7
5.9
5.2
15.0
8.2
12.2
7.4
57.0
67.4
4,693
5,911
5.1
1.8
0.2
0.1
0.4
0.1
14.5
2.6
79.5
95.4
201,915
217,826
30.4
36.1
3.9
4.5
9.9
8.7
17.4
11.9
36.6
37.6
8,907
5,571
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
95.2
89.7
0.1
0.3
4.5
9.6
20,630
31,437
16.1
14.6
1.4
1.2
13.3
9.2
16.9
14.2
49.2
56.0
1,591
2,875
33.3
36.7
55.9
36.3
0.1
1.3
1.6
16.8
9.1
8.8
101
172
81.4
79.9
4.9
0.4
2.3
0.0
5.2
7.6
5.9
12.2
44
50
81.6
77.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.9
0.0
17.5
22.7
5,143
12,089
1.4
2.3
0.0
0.1
96.1
3,878
3,233
24.4
21.8
14.8
21.3
49.5
42.9
3.0
4.5
7.5
9.4
387,481
420,829
10.5
12.9
4.3
4.7
26.3
22.7
8.3
7.4
49.0
50.6
24
33
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
140
140
1.5
1.4
36.4
12.5
0.0
58.7
3.8
3.2
65.1
3,600
1,600
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
71,109
69,230
16.8
24.0
5.0
5.7
1.0
0.9
64.6
55.3
12.6
14.1
1,577,754
2,263,346
2.8
3.0
0.5
0.4
1.7
1.6
1.4
1.2
93.6
93.6
400,692
550,272
6.8
2.3
2.7
0.1
3.3
0.1
9.5
1.4
76.8
95.9
870
1,406
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
43.3
39,713
37,881
11.9
16.3
3.5
4.1
60.4
56.8
1.6
1.3
22.5
21.5
21
40
67.6
..
0.5
..
0.1
..
0.8
..
31.0
..
5,300
7,900
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
9,400
6,078
0.5
0.3
1.3
0.5
67.7
44.8
0.0
1.4
30.5
53.0
9,448
9,556
34.7
43.4
2.7
2.1
0.6
0.0
1.1
1.3
60.9
53.1
11,410
11,853
49.5
59.8
9.6
9.6
24.1
13.4
0.3
0.6
16.2
16.3
11,806
16,069
11.3
13.4
3.6
4.3
12.3
10.7
4.5
3.8
67.8
66.9
4,914
2,970
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
477
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1,402
3,287
34.4
27.9
1.7
1.2
0.0
31.5
13.7
4.8
50.2
29.9
132,982
182,143
3.9
4.5
1.4
1.3
3.7
1.8
2.1
1.5
86.4
90.7
96,440
102,559
18.3
20.4
2.9
2.8
8.1
4.2
1.6
1.6
60.5
68.5
85
142
..
..
..
..
..
37
21
27.1
..
0.0
..
0.1
..
6.7
..
66.0
..
6,754
10,121
27.5
27.8
1.0
0.9
0.1
0.3
3.7
1.9
67.7
69.2
17,490
19,122
30.0
50.3
4.2
5.6
55.3
36.5
0.6
1.4
9.8
6.2
26,438
25,604
17.2
18.8
3.0
2.0
29.8
21.3
6.3
4.2
43.4
53.6
4,499
5,760
21.0
18.7
0.7
0.8
3.0
3.2
1.8
1.2
73.4
76.1
10,000
5,200
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
13
482
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
11,591
14,541
9.9
10.1
5.1
5.8
15.6
9.0
3.1
2.3
62.5
68.3
2,330
3,163
78.5
9.0
0.0
1.1
8.9
839
1,306
..
..
..
..
..
841
956
63.3
72.6
4.4
1.8
0.1
0.1
1.7
1.4
30.0
23.4
69,518
68,073
2.6
2.6
5.9
7.4
8.2
7.7
5.2
5.7
76.6
68.8
523,767
535,188
12.0
12.4
0.9
0.9
3.7
2.8
2.5
2.1
78.4
80.3
153
153
15.8
2.1
0.0
1.0
81.0
8,686
5,678
..
..
..
..
..
68
106
89.0
77.3
0.0
0.6
0.0
0.0
9.9
0.1
1.0
22.0
1,677
2,736
21.0
31.1
1.1
1.2
5.5
4.7
20.8
24.4
48.4
38.2
1,258,924
1,448,190
5.2
5.6
0.8
0.8
1.9
1.8
3.1
2.4
82.2
85.6
7,960
13,835
60.7
40.3
6.9
2.7
0.3
42.8
11.2
3.2
20.7
11.0
27,950
32,643
20.2
19.8
2.5
1.9
26.1
31.5
7.9
9.1
40.8
35.9
380
563
83.3
0.0
0.0
0.9
7.2
25
30
..
..
..
..
..
46
33
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
8,463
11,001
42.1
47.7
4.2
3.2
4.5
3.5
6.5
3.6
42.7
42.0
1,471
4,594
127
329
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
880
1,436
64.8
54.5
5.3
2.8
0.0
0.0
22.5
14.7
7.2
27.9
579
999
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6,264
8,675
57.3
64.8
1.3
1.3
8.6
0.8
6.4
2.6
25.3
30.4
95,483
113,806
7.6
8.2
0.7
0.6
2.6
2.5
1.6
1.3
82.6
86.7
4,604
4,882
41.4
42.6
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
42.0
41.6
14.6
13.0
226,351
299,275
8.3
11.8
2.0
1.3
16.9
12.2
7.0
3.9
63.8
70.7
157,779
168,775
16.4
23.4
6.5
5.4
29.7
21.7
9.9
5.8
37.5
43.6
101,316
92,764
6.2
5.9
0.3
0.3
70.8
70.8
3.1
3.2
15.6
19.7
52,483
63,314
0.0
0.0
99.7
0.0
..
0.2
116,497
137,479
9.1
10.5
0.5
0.4
1.1
0.8
0.8
0.6
84.8
86.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
58,413
61,126
3.0
3.1
0.8
0.7
0.9
1.4
1.5
1.1
93.3
92.4
447,301
507,418
7.9
9.0
0.7
0.7
4.7
3.3
2.2
2.0
82.4
83.5
1,328
1,310
24.6
27.0
0.2
0.2
22.7
18.9
12.0
9.0
40.4
44.7
769,774
698,131
0.6
0.9
0.7
0.7
1.7
1.5
2.7
2.4
89.0
88.1
7,028
7,511
16.6
17.8
0.2
0.4
1.1
0.1
8.5
8.2
73.6
73.2
59,971
48,503
3.4
4.9
0.2
0.3
72.8
63.4
11.4
15.2
12.2
16.1
5,169
5,747
47.9
51.3
10.9
13.8
4.3
1.0
2.0
5.4
34.7
28.3
4
14
67.0
1.3
27.6
2,555
1,770
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
466,384
573,694
1.1
1.3
0.9
0.9
6.9
6.2
2.1
2.0
89.0
89.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
69,978
54,924
0.3
0.9
0.1
0.1
92.8
90.5
0.2
0.2
6.6
7.9
1,756
1,764
30.0
20.1
5.3
3.2
15.3
8.3
4.2
20.6
38.4
47.9
1,746
4,823
26.0
2.1
0.9
54.9
16.0
9,532
14,013
16.8
20.2
12.2
9.5
5.3
4.1
3.7
2.0
58.6
62.0
5,021
4,026
14.9
53.0
0.7
1.7
0.2
0.5
10.7
3.3
63.6
41.4
878
1,028
16.6
3.8
5.3
6.4
0.1
0.1
0.4
0.4
62.1
89.3
222
358
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
48,935
18,379
0.0
..
0.0
..
97.7
..
0.0
..
2.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
20,748
29,901
17.3
17.4
2.3
2.7
23.4
14.8
1.4
1.7
53.9
62.9
19,748
15,746
8.3
9.3
3.0
1.9
1.0
0.1
5.6
5.0
79.5
80.8
3,351
5,684
16.3
10.3
0.5
0.5
7.7
1.5
7.4
5.3
68.1
82.3
1,149
2,848
26.7
46.2
3.2
2.3
6.7
1.7
9.5
17.3
48.2
32.3
1,066
884
76.4
89.7
3.3
1.6
0.2
0.1
11.1
0.2
9.0
8.3
198,612
217,722
11.9
11.1
2.6
1.6
15.9
15.0
2.0
4.0
67.2
68.0
198
318
96.2
98.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
3.8
1.3
0.1
0.2
1,996
2,907
29.8
38.4
48.0
23.1
0.1
0.1
0.7
1.0
20.2
37.4
3,586
2,516
5.2
0.1
25.7
0.5
67.8
32
59
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2,074
1,722
16.8
50.7
0.0
0.0
16.6
..
40.8
48.7
0.0
0.6
2,261
2,342
37.2
38.5
0.5
1.2
0.0
1.6
0.4
0.4
60.2
57.3
298,305
409,401
6.1
7.9
0.4
0.3
14.0
5.6
3.0
2.8
76.0
82.1
30
46
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1,541
2,425
72.0
63.9
1.0
0.6
0.3
0.1
4.1
1.4
22.6
34.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2,899
6,201
..
2.5
..
5.5
..
47.4
..
42.7
..
2.0
437
421
12.3
12.9
6.5
8.0
10.8
12.4
50.0
37.8
20.0
28.7
17,771
25,332
19.0
20.9
1.7
1.0
1.1
0.9
11.7
6.7
66.3
70.4
3,000
4,725
15.7
9.9
4.4
1.4
19.7
52.0
54.4
30.8
2.0
5.9
8,661
13,879
19.6
32.0
10.6
2.7
38.5
26.9
0.9
4.1
30.0
34.2
4,026
4,443
25.3
36.3
0.7
1.1
1.3
0.5
27.8
22.6
44.3
39.1
856
742
20.2
26.1
3.9
3.8
0.0
0.0
4.0
1.7
71.9
68.3
574,251
652,065
13.5
16.7
2.7
3.1
10.0
9.5
2.4
2.5
56.9
67.8
1,493
1,561
1.7
0.1
0.1
40.5
57.2
31,396
38,063
55.7
62.8
10.7
12.1
5.0
1.7
4.2
3.1
20.8
17.0
3,251
5,170
88.2
52.3
1.2
0.8
1.4
0.2
2.0
0.8
7.1
45.8
1,150
1,206
21.1
2.8
1.9
59.6
14.1
84,000
44,468
3.3
1.6
1.6
0.2
87.1
95.8
1.1
0.1
6.7
2.2
5
7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
130,657
104,098
7.2
11.9
0.5
0.8
63.8
57.2
6.4
6.5
18.2
19.1
36,601
32,904
2.5
4.0
0.0
0.0
77.8
73.7
2.7
6.2
10.5
15.8
21,410
21,569
16.8
18.7
1.8
0.9
5.7
1.2
1.6
2.0
74.1
77.2
6
6
21.8
0.2
0.5
3.4
74.2
10,987
11,093
72.6
2.4
0.3
11.5
13.2
5,742
9,952
..
..
..
..
..
6,505
8,680
59.5
61.8
2.1
1.4
30.5
24.8
0.6
0.7
7.4
11.2
35,803
45,275
19.8
23.1
1.3
0.9
11.9
9.5
53.3
55.1
13.7
11.4
51,496
68,713
7.4
9.5
0.7
0.7
1.9
1.5
3.9
5.7
56.8
82.6
159,724
234,364
10.8
13.0
1.2
1.2
4.1
2.5
4.7
3.2
79.1
80.0
49,406
62,157
11.4
12.1
3.1
2.3
6.1
6.9
3.5
2.3
75.3
76.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
74,964
67,433
0.0
0.0
92.6
0.3
2.0
49,579
70,761
8.1
10.1
2.0
1.3
5.2
3.7
4.2
2.1
78.5
80.1
400,630
353,548
1.9
5.7
2.1
2.5
65.6
59.1
5.6
6.4
14.1
22.3
297
1,050
52.6
3.0
0.1
35.9
8.5
70
44
21.0
56.0
0.4
0.3
0.0
29.1
0.3
1.4
78.3
12.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
11
16
94.6
85.4
0.7
0.9
0.0
0.0
3.2
4.7
10.6
251,143
221,835
1.2
0.0
87.5
0.2
11.1
2,161
2,989
29.7
38.5
1.5
2.1
23.2
17.1
3.9
8.7
41.7
33.3
9,795
16,996
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
400
547
85.1
80.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.3
11.0
17.7
341
639
..
73.3
..
14.0
..
0.1
..
9.2
..
3.3
351,867
373,237
2.0
2.7
0.3
0.6
16.2
13.1
1.2
1.1
73.1
76.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
64,664
84,468
4.3
3.6
1.2
0.8
4.8
4.4
3.0
2.1
86.5
88.8
29,200
38,443
4.1
4.4
1.9
2.0
4.3
4.9
4.4
3.8
85.2
84.8
224
500
23.6
66.1
0.0
4.3
6.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
91,347
88,768
10.0
11.5
1.8
2.3
10.6
12.6
28.3
25.5
48.7
47.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
254,418
319,531
15.1
16.2
1.1
1.0
4.9
5.1
3.4
3.7
72.5
69.4
8,602
11,360
26.9
26.0
3.9
2.6
0.2
2.6
0.9
0.8
66.5
67.9
32
50
11.5
13.3
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
87.2
86.4
215
127
49.6
30.1
0.2
0.1
0.0
5.6
2.2
2.9
47.9
60.6
123
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
42
42
82.3
81.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.9
0.2
15.7
18.4
11,404
4,100
3.8
..
1.1
..
94.4
..
0.2
..
0.3
..
2,026
2,035
2.4
12.5
0.5
17.0
13.0
40.0
0.3
1.9
1.9
10.5
1,800
1,794
..
24.5
..
5.6
..
1.2
..
0.2
..
68.5
158,549
153,110
4.7
6.4
4.1
3.7
6.9
6.4
4.9
4.7
74.9
74.5
195,609
299,559
3.8
3.9
0.3
0.2
2.9
0.9
4.1
2.1
86.6
91.7
12,796
1,800
21.0
..
1.7
..
49.9
..
2.7
..
24.7
..
1,195
1,198
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
4,051
4,393
31.9
63.2
7.4
6.0
2.5
1.8
33.7
3.8
24.1
25.1
193,306
236,635
13.2
5.3
4.8
1.3
75.3
16
23
..
64.0
..
25.1
..
2.0
..
0.3
..
8.7
976
1,037
18.1
22.4
3.9
12.3
0.1
2.1
13.0
11.8
64.9
51.3
8
19
88.6
..
2.0
..
0.0
..
1.5
..
7.6
..
10,982
8,863
2.5
0.0
66.1
0.3
31.0
16,427
14,204
7.7
10.6
0.5
0.5
14.2
6.0
1.6
1.8
76.0
81.1
113,883
156,993
10.6
11.0
0.4
0.5
3.9
2.6
4.4
4.3
79.2
80.2
6,500
7,458
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0
0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1,619
2,901
66.8
71.0
7.2
5.7
1.2
3.0
1.9
0.5
22.8
19.8
51,478
43,265
19.2
40.8
1.1
1.7
6.9
1.5
7.4
8.4
64.6
46.7
213,539
314,000
415,959
441,106
6.2
6.9
0.7
0.6
12.4
8.2
3.9
3.8
68.4
76.7
1,278,495
1,546,273
9.8
10.2
2.6
2.3
7.2
10.7
4.1
2.7
66.2
61.9
6,724
7,888
61.9
63.5
8.7
13.9
3.2
2.0
0.3
0.3
26.0
20.2
11,695
10,390
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
49
47
83.7
..
1.6
..
0.2
..
0.1
..
11.0
..
65,745
32,540
0.2
..
0.0
..
93.4
..
2.1
..
4.3
..
72,237
214,323
19.3
12.1
3.4
1.5
11.1
2.3
1.0
0.9
64.7
83.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
15.2
2.0
0.1
9.8
72.7
8,100
1,500
6.6
0.3
91.2
0.2
1.8
7,200
8,007
5.9
7.5
1.0
0.8
0.5
1.0
86.0
80.3
6.3
10.4
3,199
3,480
20.1
37.8
7.0
2.7
1.6
1.0
34.9
41.9
36.4
16.7
15,400,389
17,845,614
8.0
9.3
1.6
1.5
15.4
11.1
4.7
4.0
66.2
71.0
4,798,362
6,010,797
5.0
4.8
1.5
1.0
7.0
6.0
4.3
3.3
79.9
82.9
6,245,720
7,036,085
8.2
9.7
1.4
1.4
11.8
10.2
3.6
3.2
69.6
73.0
970,979
1,083,138
20.3
26.1
2.0
2.5
20.5
9.4
13.5
12.3
42.8
48.7
1,077,266
1,060,491
3.2
0.3
74.9
1.6
18.7
1,665,991
1,967,120
10.0
10.9
3.0
2.9
11.6
13.5
5.1
3.8
62.2
59.3
277,640
370,469
9.3
12.9
2.1
1.3
14.4
10.9
5.9
3.6
66.5
71.1
364,169
310,468
12.2
15.5
3.0
3.1
48.2
40.9
13.4
13.7
22.6
26.8
73,402
70,923
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
929,057
1,160,022
13.1
17.6
2.9
2.3
28.9
20.8
6.3
5.1
46.3
54.1
3,787,977
4,610,300
6.9
8.4
1.3
1.1
21.8
16.9
4.5
4.5
63.8
68.1
10,609,944
12,000,230
7.8
8.9
1.6
1.5
11.7
8.3
4.6
3.8
69.2
73.6