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World Development Indicators:
Structure of merchandise exports
$ millions
% of total
% of total
% of total
% of total
% of total
2005
2016
2005
2016
2005
2016
2005
2016
2005
2016
2005
2016
384
596
..
..
..
..
..
658
1,962
9.3
8.2
13.9
2.4
8.7
11.2
24.1
8.8
43.5
66.3
46,002
28,883
0.2
1.1
0.0
0.0
98.0
94.0
0.5
0.3
1.3
4.6
374
390
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
28.9
0.5
0.0
2.2
67.3
24,109
27,306
83
78
18.7
54.8
0.1
2.8
0.7
0.0
1.6
7.5
78.9
34.7
40,351
57,733
46.6
65.2
1.4
1.1
16.4
2.5
3.2
3.3
30.8
26.6
974
1,792
13.7
34.2
1.0
0.6
2.3
4.1
11.9
37.6
71.1
23.5
4,416
300
1.1
50.6
0.3
0.1
..
0.1
0.1
12.8
24.9
32.5
106,097
191,152
16.8
15.8
3.4
2.9
26.7
27.7
20.6
31.7
25.3
17.6
125,182
152,099
6.2
1.8
4.6
2.8
80.6
7,649
13,211
7.5
1.0
76.8
1.4
13.3
549
444
35.1
0.3
5.5
59.1
10,242
12,070
0.4
2.6
0.0
0.1
78.2
55.0
15.2
22.8
6.1
18.5
9,297
34,971
6.2
1.7
0.6
0.2
91.2
359
517
38.6
33.8
0.2
0.2
7.9
3.6
1.0
0.7
50.4
60.2
15,979
23,380
8.3
17.0
2.5
2.3
34.6
20.7
0.5
1.2
52.1
54.9
334,400
398,033
8.0
10.1
1.2
1.3
7.0
6.8
2.6
2.5
78.7
76.7
319
460
87.3
71.1
0.7
2.2
0.0
5.7
0.0
0.2
12.0
3.4
578
1,354
25.9
33.4
64.3
50.0
0.0
0.0
0.5
2.3
9.2
14.2
49
18
..
66.1
..
0.0
..
0.2
..
0.0
..
31.5
258
525
10.6
..
0.2
..
30.9
..
8.4
..
49.8
..
2,827
7,000
20.8
1.8
49.2
16.9
11.2
2,400
5,327
5.8
9.3
9.8
7.1
8.8
6.7
17.8
6.3
57.6
67.2
4,425
7,362
2.6
1.7
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.2
11.5
4.1
85.3
93.8
118,529
185,280
25.8
37.3
3.8
4.8
6.0
6.3
9.6
10.5
53.0
39.9
6,249
5,224
11,739
25,981
10.5
16.5
1.8
1.2
10.4
8.4
14.2
11.6
59.2
57.2
468
2,400
16.5
75.4
0.0
0.3
7.7
58
109
86.8
4.2
0.1
2.6
6.2
18
60
44.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
55.8
3,092
10,069
0.9
1.6
0.0
0.0
97.4
2,861
3,306
14.7
19.3
56.9
4.7
2.8
360,475
390,331
7.2
13.3
5.0
4.9
21.6
18.3
5.9
7.1
58.0
54.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
128
93
0.8
43.2
0.4
17.8
37.8
3,081
1,600
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
41,267
60,597
19.4
26.8
6.0
6.6
2.7
0.7
56.8
51.2
15.1
14.7
761,953
2,097,632
3.2
3.1
0.5
0.4
2.3
1.3
1.9
1.2
91.9
93.7
292,119
516,734
2.4
17.3
0.6
2.7
1.5
4.2
2.9
11.9
92.1
63.0
2,476
1,257
1.6
0.0
0.0
2.1
96.3
21,190
31,394
17.7
18.3
4.7
4.9
40.4
50.0
1.4
1.2
35.8
25.5
12
31
86.9
..
0.1
..
..
..
0.1
..
12.9
..
2,403
5,400
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
4,745
3,573
7,026
9,634
29.8
44.4
3.0
2.2
0.5
0.1
1.2
1.1
65.6
52.1
7,697
11,767
38.3
8.3
27.8
0.2
18.7
8,795
13,825
10.5
14.0
3.4
5.1
13.9
9.4
3.8
2.8
68.3
66.8
2,319
2,900
23.3
..
0.1
..
0.8
..
48.8
..
26.8
..
..
416
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1,465
2,962
45.1
32.6
1.2
1.2
0.0
19.8
6.9
5.4
46.6
39.9
78,110
162,788
4.0
5.0
1.4
1.3
2.9
1.9
1.6
1.3
88.2
90.3
85,121
95,346
17.6
18.8
2.5
2.4
9.7
3.6
1.3
1.3
63.0
62.9
40
140
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
42
23
35.8
..
0.1
..
0.0
..
6.9
..
57.2
..
6,145
9,860
12.3
0.4
5.3
0.7
81.3
10,100
16,798
28.3
52.2
4.4
6.1
58.4
33.1
0.4
1.1
8.5
7.5
12,912
25,468
8.7
21.8
2.3
2.6
51.3
16.3
2.8
4.0
23.6
53.9
3,418
5,335
17.2
18.4
0.4
0.8
1.9
1.8
1.4
1.1
78.7
77.8
7,064
4,800
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
11
345
..
..
..
..
..
7,716
13,169
8.1
9.4
6.0
5.8
7.2
8.1
2.5
1.7
70.1
65.4
903
2,919
78.7
83.8
15.3
1.8
0.0
1.0
0.7
4.6
12.5
599
1,183
91.6
..
1.5
..
..
..
6.9
..
701
926
64.3
3.5
0.1
0.8
30.7
65,498
57,567
1.8
5.2
4.4
3.5
84.2
463,428
501,220
10.7
12.4
0.9
0.9
4.1
2.4
2.1
1.9
80.2
79.8
217
134
12.9
2.2
0.0
0.1
84.8
5,065
4,506
1.1
..
7.5
..
84.0
..
3.6
..
3.7
..
7
107
96.7
1.7
0.0
1.6
865
2,113
36.4
37.5
2.2
1.3
3.4
3.7
17.8
23.9
40.1
32.2
970,914
1,337,853
4.5
5.5
0.8
0.7
2.2
1.7
2.6
2.3
86.1
84.0
2,802
11,283
51.7
..
7.2
..
3.4
..
5.0
..
32.5
..
17,278
28,169
22.0
22.7
2.4
1.9
9.4
27.5
7.6
8.4
56.0
37.4
402
550
87.4
88.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
6.4
0.1
2.6
3.1
28
30
80.3
..
0.0
..
0.0
..
0.0
..
19.6
..
52
33
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
5,381
10,465
33.8
3.3
5.7
0.5
56.7
853
2,414
10.6
2.3
0.0
74.6
12.0
89
263
98.7
..
0.2
..
..
0.6
..
0.1
..
553
1,441
64.6
65.6
7.8
3.8
0.0
0.0
8.3
17.7
17.7
12.7
470
995
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
5,048
7,841
66.0
3.0
0.6
7.7
22.6
62,936
101,934
6.2
7.8
0.6
0.6
2.6
1.8
1.8
1.2
85.2
86.1
3,091
4,455
58.5
47.2
0.8
1.0
1.4
1.3
19.0
36.4
19.3
13.1
99,616
264,402
9.0
11.3
1.3
1.4
10.3
10.8
7.2
3.1
71.1
73.1
86,996
144,840
11.7
22.5
5.1
4.8
27.6
19.3
8.5
5.7
47.2
47.7
56,252
69,000
3.5
..
0.3
..
82.6
..
1.2
..
8.8
..
23,697
43,890
0.2
0.0
96.4
..
0.2
109,657
128,972
8.4
9.8
0.4
0.5
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.5
86.0
87.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
42,770
60,160
2.4
2.8
0.7
0.7
0.1
1.4
1.1
1.0
82.9
92.5
373,135
461,662
6.5
8.9
0.6
0.7
3.5
2.7
1.5
2.0
85.1
83.6
1,532
1,202
17.5
27.9
0.1
0.3
7.4
15.9
7.9
9.7
67.0
45.6
594,941
644,900
0.5
0.9
0.5
0.7
0.8
1.4
1.8
2.4
92.0
88.5
4,302
7,509
82.5
18.6
1.1
0.4
1.0
0.1
76.9
8.8
373.2
72.0
27,849
36,737
2.4
5.7
0.8
0.3
70.6
60.7
12.8
14.8
13.4
18.4
3,420
5,694
37.7
..
10.0
..
18.4
..
1.9
..
31.9
..
4
11
82.4
..
1.6
..
0.0
..
1.6
..
9.0
..
1,338
4,320
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
284,419
495,426
1.1
1.4
0.8
0.9
5.5
5.4
1.7
2.1
90.9
90.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
44,869
46,273
672
1,503
11.7
20.0
8.5
3.4
7.5
6.8
4.0
13.1
28.1
47.2
553
3,352
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
5,161
12,165
11.3
17.9
15.9
10.4
8.9
4.4
3.5
1.7
56.6
58.7
2,337
3,930
16.2
1.5
0.4
12.1
69.3
651
894
..
..
..
..
..
131
170
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
31,358
6,000
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
11,807
25,024
12.4
18.1
3.2
3.0
26.6
13.9
1.5
1.3
55.5
61.4
19,120
15,760
6.9
9.5
0.7
2.0
0.5
0.1
5.7
4.3
81.7
80.6
2,041
16.4
11.8
0.8
0.6
8.0
1.1
3.0
3.9
71.7
82.5
855
2,160
32.0
38.9
6.9
2.1
1.1
1.8
3.9
25.8
47.1
30.5
509
1,017
79.5
3.8
0.0
0.2
16.3
141,626
189,414
6.9
11.6
2.5
1.9
13.4
13.8
1.1
3.9
74.7
68.5
162
256
98.4
98.6
0.0
..
0.0
0.0
1.0
1.1
0.6
0.3
1,101
2,538
12.0
..
68.9
..
1.6
..
0.1
..
12.0
..
2,399
3,017
6.2
7.7
0.1
0.1
1.1
24.5
0.3
0.2
91.5
66.7
25
47
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
625
1,399
24.8
45.1
0.0
0.0
68.6
49.3
0.0
0.2
2,143
2,359
30.8
35.9
0.2
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.3
57.3
62.0
214,207
373,930
5.4
7.7
0.5
0.3
14.9
4.9
1.8
2.8
77.1
83.0
19
75
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1,091
2,045
71.3
64.9
0.7
0.8
0.2
0.1
3.0
1.3
24.8
32.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1,065
4,917
1.6
13.7
5.5
57.9
21.1
361
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
11,190
22,773
21.2
21.0
1.8
0.8
2.4
0.9
8.8
6.5
65.8
70.8
1,783
3,355
14.0
5.1
14.9
59.4
6.5
3,776
11,240
..
36.9
..
2.5
..
28.2
..
2.5
..
28.7
2,070
4,084
31.2
33.4
0.7
1.3
0.4
1.5
14.8
23.0
52.3
40.5
863
696
406,372
571,436
12.6
2.8
7.4
2.3
61.0
1,093
1,330
3.0
0.1
1.4
27.7
67.7
21,730
33,740
52.2
61.3
10.7
12.4
2.5
1.5
4.4
3.1
28.7
18.3
1,654
4,782
84.8
2.3
1.3
1.1
10.5
489
1,047
34.3
38.8
5.0
1.1
2.4
17.1
36.1
33.5
20.0
9.4
50,467
32,800
691
4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
103,759
89,483
5.2
13.0
0.5
0.9
67.7
53.0
6.2
6.4
16.8
22.6
18,692
24,455
2.5
5.5
0.0
0.0
91.8
62.5
0.8
3.7
4.7
18.0
16,051
20,435
12.1
18.6
1.5
0.9
4.2
0.8
0.4
1.5
81.7
78.2
13
7
..
8.7
..
0.8
..
0.1
..
1.7
..
88.8
7,050
10,060
85.5
0.8
0.7
4.0
9.1
3,273
7,020
..
..
..
..
..
3,153
8,494
39.9
62.7
4.7
1.6
47.5
25.8
0.7
0.5
7.2
9.5
17,368
37,020
20.7
25.4
1.8
1.2
11.4
7.8
48.7
52.5
17.4
13.1
41,255
57,406
6.1
8.5
0.5
0.8
1.9
1.3
2.3
4.1
89.2
85.3
89,437
202,527
9.4
12.7
1.2
1.3
5.0
2.5
4.0
3.0
78.1
80.3
38,738
55,693
8.3
12.7
2.7
2.4
3.7
5.9
2.8
2.0
80.1
76.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
25,762
57,254
0.1
0.0
85.1
0.1
5.6
27,688
63,521
2.9
10.3
2.3
1.3
10.6
3.6
3.9
2.0
79.5
79.5
243,798
281,851
1.6
5.9
2.8
2.6
61.8
47.2
6.7
6.6
18.8
21.8
125
744
56.6
56.2
4.7
3.6
0.0
0.1
35.1
27.9
3.6
12.2
87
56
22.1
47.7
0.7
0.2
0.5
21.5
0.1
0.6
75.3
29.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
7
14
94.9
88.4
0.5
0.1
0.0
0.1
1.1
4.5
10.4
180,711
182,304
0.6
0.1
91.1
0.1
8.1
1,578
2,640
28.8
36.8
2.1
2.2
21.1
12.2
2.8
7.6
43.4
36.5
14,861
19.8
..
3.0
..
3.7
..
9.2
..
64.2
..
340
461
90.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
9.1
158
635
..
78.0
..
1.0
..
..
0.5
..
20.4
229,649
338,082
1.7
3.0
0.3
0.6
12.0
11.4
1.1
1.1
81.1
79.1
..
132
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
31,889
77,615
4.6
3.9
1.7
0.8
5.8
3.2
2.5
1.7
83.3
90.0
19,248
32,922
2.8
1.1
2.1
4.4
89.4
103
415
..
23.8
..
68.6
..
0.0
..
0.2
..
7.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
51,626
75,091
8.5
11.9
2.0
2.3
10.3
10.0
22.4
23.6
56.7
51.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
192,644
288,751
14.1
17.0
1.2
1.0
4.2
3.7
2.4
3.2
76.6
72.6
6,347
10,310
22.2
25.1
2.1
2.7
0.0
1.6
3.6
0.6
70.2
70.0
34
51
4.2
..
0.1
..
0.0
..
0.0
..
95.5
..
64
120
73.5
0.3
0.0
1.1
24.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
40
47
87.7
0.1
0.0
0.0
12.2
4,824
3,094
6.8
..
4.8
..
87.3
..
0.4
..
0.1
..
997
1,447
1.3
0.0
2.9
0.1
1.8
1,640
1,657
18.5
..
8.9
..
0.6
..
0.4
..
71.5
..
130,962
139,487
3.5
6.9
4.0
3.8
4.8
5.7
3.1
4.0
78.8
75.6
130,930
302,901
2.6
3.9
0.4
0.2
2.2
1.0
2.8
2.0
89.4
91.2
8,708
1,800
13.4
..
3.4
..
67.7
..
1.3
..
13.8
..
909
977
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1,679
5,172
57.7
56.7
15.9
5.4
0.2
1.3
11.9
11.4
14.0
25.1
110,936
215,418
11.6
4.5
4.1
1.2
76.8
8
20
96.3
..
0.1
..
0.0
..
0.0
..
3.6
..
660
1,030
21.5
22.5
8.9
9.5
1.2
1.9
10.3
14.8
58.1
51.3
10
22
56.5
7.6
0.0
0.5
4.1
9,942
8,000
3.1
0.0
70.2
0.4
26.2
10,494
13,572
10.4
0.6
13.0
1.2
74.9
73,476
142,530
10.5
11.9
0.5
0.5
3.6
2.2
2.5
3.9
81.6
80.1
4,944
11,000
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0
0
..
..
..
7.2
..
..
..
39.6
..
813
2,543
70.6
13.3
1.9
2.7
11.5
34,228
36,364
12.4
1.5
9.6
6.4
69.4
117,287
265,900
1.1
0.0
57.8
1.0
2.6
390,860
409,833
5.1
7.1
0.6
0.6
9.4
6.5
2.9
3.6
75.5
79.1
901,082
1,451,011
7.4
10.7
2.5
2.3
3.3
7.8
2.8
2.7
79.9
63.4
3,422
7,023
55.2
63.8
7.5
13.2
4.9
0.5
0.5
0.3
31.9
22.1
4,749
10,000
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
38
51
..
..
..
..
..
55,716
23,867
0.5
..
0.0
..
88.0
..
2.0
..
9.4
..
32,442
176,785
20.2
2.8
25.8
0.6
50.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
14.3
4.3
0.8
1.4
76.0
5,608
1,000
4.4
0.1
93.8
0.1
1.6
1,810
6,512
13.2
5.6
0.7
71.7
8.8
1,850
2,837
30.1
53.4
8.2
3.8
0.3
0.4
23.2
29.0
38.1
13.3
10,579,757
16,071,917
6.9
9.5
1.6
1.5
13.4
8.3
3.7
4.3
71.1
72.3
2,927,858
5,434,664
4.3
6.2
1.2
1.2
6.0
5.5
2.9
4.4
84.0
80.7
4,754,323
6,375,560
7.2
8.9
1.4
1.1
10.8
8.7
3.0
3.1
72.9
73.9
639,924
965,129
18.8
26.6
2.2
2.7
19.5
7.9
10.3
11.5
48.2
50.3
656,007
875,900
2.8
0.3
71.4
1.8
16.3
1,261,606
1,841,360
7.4
11.3
3.1
2.9
7.5
10.2
3.5
3.8
74.8
61.3
132,978
332,192
9.5
12.5
1.3
1.4
8.9
9.6
6.1
2.9
73.2
73.3
204,147
257,786
28,801
61,021
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
525,874
1,020,503
14.1
2.7
18.5
6.9
60.7
2,187,363
4,164,391
7.2
9.7
1.4
1.2
20.3
12.3
4.1
4.4
65.5
69.8
7,841,269
10,829,577
6.2
9.0
1.5
1.5
10.5
6.6
3.2
4.3
74.2
73.8