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World Development Indicators:
Monetary indicators
Interest rate
annual % growth
annual growth % of broad money
annual growth % of broad money
%
%
%
2010
2017
2010
2017
2010
2017
2010
2017
2010
2017
2010
2017
26.9
4.1
9.0
0.4
-6.5
-4.4
..
..
15.6
14.8
11.4
12.6
12.5
0.3
4.9
0.2
0.2
-0.4
6.4
0.8
12.8
6.6
8.0
5.1
13.5
8.4
2.2
6.9
-0.9
15.5
1.8
1.8
8.0
8.0
-7.0
3.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
5.3
-0.1
13.1
0.2
-24.4
22.8
12.8
6.3
22.5
15.8
-6.9
-5.6
0.2
7.2
0.1
0.5
-4.2
-0.8
3.4
1.8
11.0
9.3
9.4
9.2
33.1
30.1
..
..
13.1
18.3
9.2
21.5
10.6
31.2
-8.6
4.7
11.8
18.5
26.4
18.7
8.6
4.1
9.0
9.0
19.2
14.4
10.6
11.9
-0.3
..
..
4.2
1.9
1.6
10.3
6.2
11.1
5.5
10.1
4.5
7.4
1.1
0.0
4.2
2.0
7.3
5.2
6.0
1.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
24.3
9.0
12.9
-29.3
8.2
8.9
11.6
8.4
20.7
16.5
6.1
0.5
2.7
1.3
-3.5
7.0
-2.4
3.4
1.0
5.5
4.3
5.9
2.9
10.5
..
..
-0.5
1.2
7.2
-0.2
21.1
13.7
19.7
13.7
2.7
3.3
7.2
5.6
12.2
9.5
4.7
3.1
..
..
..
2.7
0.3
8.7
8.1
7.8
5.8
31.9
17.4
79.2
11.7
-4.7
-15.7
9.1
7.0
9.2
9.7
-4.3
1.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
-0.1
-0.4
-2.2
0.2
1.0
2.9
7.8
2.1
13.9
9.5
12.6
7.7
9.8
1.0
4.6
1.2
-4.1
7.6
8.4
6.5
5.1
5.1
4.2
5.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
16.6
17.3
24.0
13.6
-2.5
5.7
2.2
2.8
13.9
14.3
7.5
8.3
12.6
10.0
9.1
10.2
-6.2
0.0
1.0
2.5
9.9
8.1
1.0
1.9
7.2
9.5
3.4
5.9
2.3
-1.2
3.2
1.2
7.9
4.4
6.4
2.8
10.7
2.7
6.3
4.0
20.2
0.7
5.6
1.4
11.5
6.9
2.3
3.6
13.7
4.2
21.1
-3.1
3.1
8.7
8.9
8.5
40.0
46.9
29.1
42.0
4.8
-0.4
-0.3
-3.9
-6.4
-2.8
0.5
0.3
5.5
5.5
-9.6
0.5
6.3
7.7
1.5
2.9
3.6
1.3
4.1
0.0
11.1
5.4
9.9
2.0
18.0
21.1
12.1
8.1
2.9
5.5
8.4
6.5
5.1
5.1
-1.6
0.6
25.0
26.3
24.7
2.8
5.0
17.3
..
..
12.4
14.8
3.6
3.0
5.4
6.5
7.3
4.4
-1.3
1.5
3.1
2.5
11.0
9.5
10.5
8.9
21.3
23.1
14.8
19.1
0.4
-5.0
1.3
1.5
..
..
..
..
13.8
5.4
12.5
-5.2
2.8
0.4
3.3
2.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0.2
0.1
2.6
2.7
-0.3
0.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
16.1
10.3
13.3
0.7
10.4
0.2
3.3
2.5
..
..
..
..
25.3
-4.3
9.3
2.1
9.2
-4.1
3.3
2.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
7.7
0.6
8.5
3.5
-0.5
3.0
1.8
2.9
4.8
4.6
-3.9
-0.1
18.9
8.1
..
..
0.3
2.7
2.8
1.5
5.8
4.4
-1.1
0.3
7.4
..
..
0.6
..
5.0
4.7
14.5
13.9
-23.3
5.3
0.5
11.5
6.8
16.2
12.2
-0.7
1.7
3.7
6.0
9.4
13.7
5.4
7.7
19.4
1.8
14.0
3.2
-2.6
-3.4
1.8
1.8
10.5
10.5
8.7
10.9
34.8
34.3
-1.9
4.8
-40.1
0.4
16.8
4.2
56.5
20.6
29.6
-14.9
32.0
-11.6
17.1
-2.0
-37.2
3.7
3.3
2.5
..
..
..
..
0.9
1.5
4.4
11.5
0.0
2.2
5.3
2.8
17.1
11.4
9.9
9.2
19.1
9.2
8.6
10.4
4.5
3.3
8.4
6.5
5.1
5.1
-0.3
7.0
12.6
3.8
10.7
-1.6
7.7
-5.1
1.8
10.4
9.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1.9
10.4
1.5
3.7
1.9
-5.1
1.1
0.3
5.9
3.6
7.4
2.1
7.9
5.2
13.2
-8.9
0.0
-2.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
12.2
21.9
7.0
2.8
0.2
-0.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.6
17.2
5.7
-1.0
-1.0
-1.4
3.3
1.8
9.5
8.1
9.1
13.3
12.3
9.7
13.0
9.1
0.1
3.1
4.9
7.6
12.1
15.4
6.3
11.3
16.4
-20.6
16.4
10.5
4.3
-2.7
3.9
3.5
..
..
..
..
12.4
20.5
3.9
6.0
2.5
1.4
6.2
12.1
11.0
18.2
0.8
-3.9
0.1
11.0
-0.4
5.2
2.0
-1.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
33.5
1.0
19.1
1.6
85.2
9.9
3.3
2.5
..
..
..
..
15.6
1.6
12.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3.5
8.2
1.7
8.3
-2.7
-2.7
5.4
3.3
7.5
5.7
3.1
2.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1.5
0.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
20.7
-17.4
1.9
-16.9
23.6
0.4
3.3
2.5
..
..
..
..
17.8
6.9
19.3
14.6
15.8
27.0
29.0
21.8
23.0
30.1
14.8
22.2
18.6
-1.7
-0.8
10.1
9.7
15.8
11.5
6.7
5.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
31.9
16.1
13.0
12.2
11.7
-2.6
12.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3.2
3.1
4.6
0.7
0.6
-2.5
3.1
1.4
10.6
8.3
10.0
7.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
9.1
7.3
2.6
3.0
2.3
0.1
5.5
5.4
13.3
13.1
7.8
9.1
85.3
..
..
84.1
17.5
..
..
..
..
19.5
2.8
7.8
13.2
11.4
-14.3
8.4
6.5
5.1
5.1
2.1
-0.8
15.8
-0.7
7.2
1.4
0.3
-0.1
2.3
1.1
14.5
13.0
8.3
12.5
26.1
8.5
-0.2
2.2
-7.0
9.3
0.7
5.4
17.5
12.7
11.4
-0.5
9.8
13.9
4.3
8.8
1.4
-2.0
9.8
8.3
18.9
19.3
13.6
14.4
4.3
7.8
4.0
1.7
0.1
6.9
4.9
0.1
7.6
1.5
5.1
-2.3
-10.0
5.0
-29.2
9.4
0.3
0.9
..
..
10.3
7.3
4.5
6.7
17.8
10.4
..
..
5.4
0.7
..
..
8.3
9.5
-2.0
5.5
15.4
8.3
17.1
7.5
-3.7
0.1
7.0
6.5
13.3
11.1
-1.7
6.5
24.6
..
..
7.8
11.9
12.0
-3.4
31.2
2.6
8.1
1.3
14.4
2.3
6.1
14.3
-1.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3.1
5.2
9.0
3.7
0.7
-2.0
1.6
0.5
5.0
3.5
3.1
3.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
4.0
3.0
3.7
2.5
5.8
-0.7
-8.2
6.4
3.7
20.5
14.9
9.7
7.7
1.8
3.5
-1.3
2.5
0.4
0.5
0.3
1.6
1.0
3.6
1.2
9.2
0.0
..
7.3
0.4
-2.8
3.5
3.4
9.0
8.4
0.5
6.6
13.3
-1.7
7.1
1.2
5.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
22.4
8.9
14.3
2.7
12.8
6.0
4.6
7.7
14.4
13.7
12.0
4.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6.0
5.1
5.9
7.3
0.4
-0.8
3.9
1.7
5.5
3.5
2.3
1.2
13.5
..
..
2.8
3.4
14.0
8.9
3.0
3.8
2.0
3.4
-12.9
2.0
2.3
1.6
5.4
4.7
-5.2
-6.5
21.1
5.4
9.3
3.1
1.2
2.0
2.8
23.7
19.8
12.4
14.6
39.1
..
..
..
1.5
..
3.0
..
22.6
..
12.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12.1
4.2
..
..
1.1
-0.8
6.0
6.9
7.9
8.1
7.7
5.5
22.4
25.5
6.4
5.0
15.2
18.8
3.7
1.2
11.2
11.6
2.5
8.4
22.9
..
..
-256.1
3.5
14.2
7.3
-0.6
15.2
..
..
-19.6
10.6
2.5
6.0
-7.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12.1
6.2
4.3
6.6
3.3
7.5
2.2
10.7
6.6
8.5
3.1
11.8
18.1
8.9
8.1
-5.4
2.6
10.3
15.0
46.0
60.0
34.2
47.8
33.1
..
..
-10.6
..
..
24.6
38.6
11.1
22.1
7.3
4.6
8.1
5.8
-0.2
1.2
2.5
2.9
5.0
4.6
-2.1
0.8
14.6
5.2
-2.3
7.0
9.5
-5.7
4.0
3.6
10.4
10.2
7.3
6.7
16.3
3.6
13.9
7.1
4.9
4.4
8.4
6.5
5.1
5.1
0.7
3.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
4.6
..
0.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
11.1
8.4
3.3
2.3
8.0
5.7
17.0
17.0
-1.6
12.3
6.9
9.3
9.9
13.8
-0.1
3.2
8.4
3.1
8.9
8.5
7.7
7.1
12.8
11.1
8.7
5.5
0.8
-0.6
1.2
2.7
5.3
7.3
0.7
1.1
-0.1
10.7
..
..
18.5
-13.7
0.9
0.5
15.1
16.1
10.9
17.5
13.6
9.2
9.7
-2.0
-4.0
-1.3
7.7
5.8
16.4
10.4
4.8
3.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
62.5
30.5
23.8
16.3
-4.0
-15.9
11.9
13.0
20.1
20.0
-13.7
8.5
3.2
..
..
..
3.1
..
3.3
..
9.6
6.8
7.9
2.9
4.2
5.5
8.3
2.7
-0.8
2.1
3.7
3.1
..
..
..
..
24.6
5.1
19.5
-9.7
-0.8
-2.5
9.7
17.1
16.3
27.9
8.0
13.3
42.5
20.5
10.9
11.9
32.5
6.1
12.0
8.0
17.0
13.0
9.3
6.4
8.7
9.5
11.2
5.3
7.5
6.7
5.0
5.9
9.7
10.0
5.9
2.5
9.6
12.0
8.9
11.7
6.2
1.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.3
..
1.8
..
0.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
8.4
7.3
..
7.4
2.1
0.1
4.6
3.3
6.3
4.8
2.4
1.9
21.7
16.0
4.8
16.4
3.9
-4.1
3.0
1.3
13.3
10.8
6.8
5.6
22.6
-4.9
10.6
5.3
0.1
3.3
8.4
6.5
5.1
5.1
2.0
4.2
6.8
-11.2
2.3
21.0
-4.4
6.5
9.6
17.6
17.6
1.1
5.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6.5
6.1
14.1
14.4
-3.2
-1.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
11.3
4.2
16.1
-4.1
3.8
3.4
7.1
5.2
-7.3
-2.9
14.6
9.9
1.8
5.7
8.5
6.3
8.1
4.5
14.0
8.2
2.9
4.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3.0
2.2
7.7
7.5
5.0
5.4
10.2
-0.9
9.3
-0.7
-6.6
0.6
1.4
0.5
10.4
8.4
0.5
1.2
19.0
10.7
27.2
4.9
-6.3
-1.4
1.2
3.9
26.0
18.1
20.5
15.1
21.1
9.3
12.3
5.1
-5.9
4.7
1.5
19.0
12.5
10.9
11.4
7.5
11.2
2.9
0.2
3.2
1.9
7.7
5.6
3.3
3.2
8.8
4.7
8.3
3.0
1.2
1.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
23.1
21.3
21.6
8.4
4.2
8.1
2.9
2.9
7.3
4.7
0.3
-3.3
6.8
11.4
5.8
3.9
8.0
3.2
7.3
0.9
14.1
5.6
10.5
0.9
24.5
7.4
..
8.2
9.7
-1.5
5.9
10.6
5.0
20.2
9.0
9.8
14.2
3.9
-1.5
6.8
5.9
17.0
17.2
14.0
9.2
6.4
15.2
4.2
7.2
-5.6
-3.2
2.7
2.6
10.7
8.8
8.9
7.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
0.7
1.8
5.4
2.9
5.8
1.9
21.2
-0.2
33.1
2.0
19.4
7.4
11.1
4.2
28.9
19.6
14.6
14.2
5.2
0.2
..
..
-5.4
10.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
11.4
9.3
14.5
12.9
4.2
-0.8
8.4
6.5
5.1
5.1
4.0
3.4
12.9
3.6
29.1
1.8
5.8
0.6
13.1
6.6
0.7
13.7
16.4
8.1
7.0
5.1
3.1
2.9
3.6
12.7
12.2
17.7
9.9
24.2
7.0
8.2
1.2
25.7
15.5
9.5
4.1
21.3
17.9
3.5
2.9
8.6
3.2
..
..
-4.9
8.4
0.2
0.1
5.4
5.3
5.4
4.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
13.3
3.5
-3.2
2.9
-15.4
-3.8
3.3
0.3
14.4
10.7
7.1
8.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6.9
6.4
6.8
6.4
-0.2
3.4
6.5
7.2
9.8
10.4
3.3
4.6
67.5
13.4
12.4
0.7
10.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
15.8
21.7
0.0
6.9
9.0
10.2
11.6
-10.2
3.1
6.4
-2.5
4.5
1.5
1.3
-0.2
4.6
2.3
8.6
9.1
7.1
6.7
1.8
2.9
3.2
-1.9
-3.4
-0.3
3.3
1.7
10.6
8.3
1.2
5.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.7
1.4
-2.3
0.9
-8.8
2.1
2.9
1.9
9.2
8.8
4.5
7.7
26.3
68.8
10.8
29.3
12.9
19.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
10.7
8.7
7.0
0.5
1.5
9.2
6.2
9.1
11.6
14.4
4.1
-0.1
7.9
3.8
5.0
7.1
26.0
4.6
3.9
3.2
9.8
10.8
6.3
7.2
3.5
9.9
13.5
22.6
-1.3
3.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
5.5
..
..
0.2
0.1
-0.3
2.7
2.6
2.4
3.0
13.5
..
10.3
..
1.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
18.6
21.8
-15.0
-11.3
-24.5
-16.6
8.6
3.6
23.4
29.6
9.7
24.4
25.4
11.4
1.3
7.7
-4.4
6.6
11.2
14.5
17.6
4.7
14.5
10.9
5.0
10.7
-1.3
0.2
1.2
1.3
4.3
4.4
0.2
2.0
9.9
12.1
2.3
7.0
-46.5
-7.2
0.8
0.7
11.0
13.3
-12.2
-11.1
14.7
10.0
5.9
1.7
9.6
9.4
8.4
6.5
5.1
5.1
4.5
4.8
6.3
9.5
-6.5
9.5
5.8
-9.0
4.0
3.0
11.5
7.9
7.6
4.6
1.0
-0.4
-0.8
2.2
1.7
3.2
1.5
1.5
9.3
9.0
-3.1
5.8
11.8
12.0
18.7
13.6
-2.2
2.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
18.5
16.4
27.6
26.0
4.0
1.0
15.3
15.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
38.1
12.8
20.8
3.6
14.8
2.7
7.7
9.7
20.2
21.3
8.7
14.1
22.7
9.6
2.1
1.0
8.4
5.6
10.6
9.1
15.9
16.4
1.7
-4.6
6.3
4.1
2.1
-0.3
2.0
0.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
4.0
8.3
..
..
2.9
-0.4
..
..
0.5
-1.1
-2.7
-1.7
0.5
..
..
3.3
3.9
2.0
2.0
22.1
1.9
11.3
0.3
8.6
5.0
4.2
5.1
10.3
13.8
5.2
9.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
-6.0
9.3
4.8
3.6
2.6
-2.2
1.6
0.7
5.5
3.2
2.8
0.6
23.5
..
19.0
..
3.7
..
14.8
14.7
18.3
21.1
-18.9
29.7
14.3
..
..
2.3
-2.6
11.2
4.8
13.1
7.4
0.9
3.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
9.6
..
..
1.3
0.3
1.1
6.2
-6.4
11.8
..
..
..
12.9
..
18.7
..
23.8
..
0.2
..
29.9
21.4
8.2
3.4
11.5
24.0
7.4
8.9
20.9
12.4
6.1
2.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3.3
6.9
4.4