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World Development Indicators:
Monetary indicators
Interest rate
annual % growth
annual growth % of broad money
annual growth % of broad money
%
%
%
2010
2019
2010
2019
2010
2019
2010
2019
2010
2019
2010
2019
26.9
5.7
9.0
0.3
-6.5
-0.1
..
..
15.6
11.4
12.5
4.3
4.9
3.0
0.2
3.0
6.4
0.5
12.8
6.3
8.0
5.9
13.5
-0.8
2.2
5.5
-0.9
3.7
1.8
1.8
8.0
8.0
-7.0
9.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
5.3
30.1
13.1
10.6
-24.4
0.0
12.8
6.4
22.5
19.3
-7.3
-6.2
0.2
-0.3
0.1
0.6
-4.2
-0.2
3.4
1.6
11.0
8.6
9.4
9.8
33.1
..
..
13.1
9.2
47.3
10.6
67.3
-8.6
11.0
11.8
11.2
26.4
22.2
8.6
-3.1
9.0
8.5
19.2
12.1
10.6
10.5
-0.3
4.4
..
..
4.2
-0.8
1.9
2.2
10.3
5.7
11.1
10.1
14.1
7.4
52.2
1.1
1.9
4.2
1.6
7.3
5.1
6.0
1.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
24.3
20.0
12.9
6.8
8.2
-5.4
11.6
9.7
20.7
17.3
6.0
17.6
2.7
7.0
3.4
0.6
5.5
4.3
5.9
1.2
10.5
..
..
..
-0.5
..
1.2
..
7.2
..
-0.2
..
21.1
11.9
19.7
7.3
2.8
6.3
7.2
6.8
12.2
9.6
4.7
4.9
-1.2
0.0
2.7
8.7
4.7
31.9
12.2
79.2
11.3
-4.7
-4.7
9.1
6.5
9.2
9.0
-1.9
2.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
-0.1
4.6
-2.2
4.6
1.0
1.5
7.8
2.0
13.9
9.1
12.2
8.9
9.8
6.0
4.6
9.9
-4.1
-14.4
8.4
5.1
4.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
16.6
12.4
24.0
14.0
-2.5
-5.4
2.2
2.3
13.9
14.0
7.6
12.9
12.6
-1.6
9.1
6.3
-6.2
2.6
1.0
3.2
9.9
8.4
1.0
9.2
7.2
8.9
3.4
5.1
2.3
-0.9
3.2
0.9
7.9
3.3
6.4
0.7
10.7
8.0
6.3
6.2
20.2
10.0
5.6
1.6
11.5
6.4
2.3
5.7
13.7
8.6
21.1
6.6
3.1
7.0
8.9
5.4
40.0
37.5
29.1
32.0
4.8
4.3
-0.3
-0.9
-6.4
1.7
0.5
0.4
5.5
5.5
-9.6
9.1
6.3
9.9
1.5
6.2
3.6
1.0
4.1
0.0
11.1
4.5
9.9
-0.7
18.0
9.1
12.1
6.8
2.9
2.5
8.4
5.1
1.3
25.0
22.7
24.7
9.8
5.0
15.5
..
..
12.4
14.5
3.6
13.6
5.4
8.4
7.3
2.4
-1.3
-4.5
3.1
1.5
11.0
9.1
10.5
8.5
21.3
18.2
14.8
28.4
0.4
-7.6
1.3
1.4
..
..
..
..
13.8
12.5
2.8
3.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0.2
2.6
-0.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
16.1
13.3
10.4
3.3
..
..
..
..
25.3
9.3
9.2
3.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
7.7
12.1
8.5
11.7
-0.5
0.5
1.8
2.5
4.8
-3.9
18.9
8.9
..
..
0.3
2.2
2.8
1.5
5.8
4.4
-1.0
2.7
6.9
4.8
..
5.4
0.6
0.5
0.0
0.1
5.0
5.1
4.7
2.7
14.5
5.5
13.9
4.0
-23.3
-1.1
0.0
0.2
5.3
5.4
0.4
2.7
11.5
8.9
16.2
9.7
-0.7
2.2
3.7
4.5
9.4
11.8
5.4
7.2
19.4
5.9
14.0
1.4
-2.6
5.4
1.8
1.8
10.5
10.5
8.7
8.0
34.8
-1.9
8.7
-40.1
7.9
16.8
5.5
56.5
26.7
29.6
21.1
32.0
17.1
-37.2
3.3
..
..
..
..
0.9
4.0
4.4
-2.6
0.0
-1.9
5.3
4.6
17.1
8.7
9.9
6.9
19.1
10.8
8.6
4.4
4.5
4.9
8.4
5.1
-0.3
12.6
3.9
10.7
2.4
7.7
-1.8
1.8
..
10.4
..
9.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1.9
6.4
1.5
3.7
1.9
-0.2
1.1
0.4
5.9
3.7
7.4
-0.2
7.9
5.8
13.2
42.0
0.0
4.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
12.2
8.8
7.0
3.7
0.2
1.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.6
-8.0
5.7
-2.6
-1.0
8.9
3.3
1.8
9.5
7.5
9.1
5.4
12.3
11.7
13.0
8.3
0.1
5.5
4.9
12.1
6.3
16.4
8.9
16.4
9.9
4.3
0.3
3.9
4.4
..
..
..
..
12.4
13.3
3.9
1.9
2.5
6.3
6.2
11.0
11.0
16.1
0.8
2.2
0.1
11.1
-0.4
5.5
2.0
1.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
33.5
19.1
85.2
3.3
..
..
..
..
15.6
..
1.6
..
12.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
7.9
1.8
5.0
-0.3
26.0
4.4
3.9
3.7
9.8
10.1
6.3
7.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3.5
2.7
2.0
4.2
-2.8
0.6
5.4
4.1
7.5
6.0
3.1
3.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
20.7
1.9
23.6
3.3
..
..
..
..
17.8
6.9
19.3
14.6
8.1
27.0
28.0
20.2
19.5
30.1
16.7
22.2
25.7
-1.7
-0.5
10.1
8.7
15.8
10.8
1.5
5.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
31.9
21.4
13.0
10.1
11.7
6.1
12.9
11.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3.2
3.1
4.6
0.3
0.6
-0.8
3.1
1.3
10.6
7.6
10.0
5.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
9.1
8.8
2.6
3.4
2.3
2.2
5.5
5.0
13.3
12.7
7.8
9.0
85.3
23.6
..
..
84.1
5.7
17.5
3.3
..
..
..
..
19.5
0.3
7.8
4.6
11.4
2.0
8.4
5.1
2.1
15.8
14.4
7.2
4.3
0.3
5.0
2.3
0.9
14.5
10.5
10.2
7.3
26.1
13.7
-0.3
4.2
-6.8
10.1
0.7
7.9
17.5
14.1
10.2
-2.8
9.8
11.6
4.3
9.8
1.4
-1.3
9.8
8.4
18.9
17.3
13.6
12.5
4.3
8.1
4.0
9.5
0.1
0.8
4.9
0.1
7.6
1.8
4.9
-2.9
-10.0
6.6
-29.2
5.4
0.3
-1.5
..
..
10.3
7.0
3.6
2.5
17.8
10.5
..
..
5.4
4.7
..
..
8.3
9.5
-2.0
6.4
15.4
6.5
17.1
5.5
-3.7
1.6
7.0
6.7
13.3
10.4
-1.7
8.6
24.6
..
..
7.8
11.9
12.0
-3.4
31.2
8.1
14.4
6.1
14.3
-1.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3.1
7.6
9.0
4.0
0.7
1.0
0.6
3.5
1.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
4.0
2.6
3.6
1.9
5.6
9.5
-0.8
13.7
-9.8
-3.6
6.4
2.6
20.5
13.0
9.7
5.0
1.8
2.1
-1.3
3.3
2.7
1.0
0.5
1.6
3.6
9.2
5.1
..
4.3
0.4
3.9
3.5
4.9
9.0
8.7
0.9
6.9
13.3
2.4
7.1
9.9
1.2
2.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
22.4
5.6
14.3
-6.7
12.8
1.7
4.6
7.5
14.4
12.4
12.0
8.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6.0
7.9
5.9
10.4
0.4
0.2
3.9
1.9
5.5
3.4
2.7
4.4
13.5
12.6
10.9
9.1
2.8
1.5
3.7
14.4
9.2
3.0
2.0
-12.9
2.3
1.9
5.4
4.8
-5.1
9.4
21.1
12.8
5.4
9.9
3.1
-1.8
2.0
1.5
23.7
19.0
12.4
20.0
39.1
..
..
..
1.5
..
3.0
..
22.6
..
12.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12.1
..
..
1.1
6.2
9.7
8.3
10.5
7.7
5.7
22.4
6.4
3.6
15.2
-11.1
3.7
1.6
11.2
11.3
1.4
9.6
28.4
14.6
-5.9
3.5
14.2
7.3
-0.6
..
..
-19.6
2.5
..
6.0
..
-7.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
11.8
7.0
8.9
11.1
-5.4
-0.2
10.3
13.0
46.0
49.0
32.5
41.3
33.1
..
..
-10.6
..
..
24.6
11.1
7.3
2.7
8.1
5.1
-0.2
0.1
2.5
3.0
5.0
4.9
-2.1
4.8
14.6
9.5
-2.3
3.1
9.5
0.9
4.0
3.5
10.4
11.5
7.3
12.1
16.3
9.0
13.9
3.9
4.9
-7.1
8.4
5.1
0.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
4.6
..
1.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
11.1
9.9
10.2
3.3
-7.0
8.0
17.0
-4.4
6.9
8.5
9.9
6.4
-0.1
-0.5
8.4
3.7
8.9
8.5
7.7
7.9
12.8
6.8
8.7
7.6
0.8
5.1
1.2
3.5
5.3
8.5
0.7
4.3
-0.1
..
..
18.5
0.9
15.1
11.1
13.6
8.1
9.7
5.5
-4.0
1.9
7.7
4.6
16.4
8.3
-12.7
2.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
62.5
7.0
23.8
1.1
-4.0
-8.8
11.9
11.0
20.1
17.0
-13.7
7.0
3.2
-1.7
..
4.5
3.1
-9.1
3.7
0.5
9.5
6.2
7.8
4.1
4.2
3.8
8.3
4.3
-0.8
0.7
3.7
3.0
..
..
..
..
24.6
12.1
19.5
2.6
-0.8
-5.5
9.7
9.1
16.3
19.0
7.7
13.9
42.5
15.5
10.9
6.7
32.5
7.3
12.0
8.0
20.9
16.0
13.0
7.8
10.5
10.5
11.2
6.4
7.5
7.1
5.0
5.7
9.7
9.9
5.9
8.2
9.6
13.8
8.9
13.2
6.2
1.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.3
..
1.8
..
0.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
8.4
4.7
..
8.1
2.1
1.6
4.6
3.0
6.3
3.0
21.7
6.2
4.8
-20.6
3.9
1.7
3.0
3.1
13.3
12.5
6.8
7.4
22.6
15.1
10.6
9.8
0.1
-22.0
8.4
5.1
1.6
6.7
6.2
-12.7
9.6
19.7
13.9
6.5
8.9
17.6
15.4
1.1
4.5
11.6
8.2
6.4
5.6
6.9
3.0
7.5
1.9
10.7
5.6
8.5
4.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6.5
4.0
14.1
11.2
-3.2
-1.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
11.3
16.1
-4.1
3.8
7.1
-7.3
14.6
11.7
1.8
2.8
8.5
13.1
8.1
9.1
14.0
12.2
2.9
3.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.6
2.2
7.3
7.1
4.6
7.5
10.2
4.4
9.3
3.6
-6.6
1.6
1.4
0.9
10.4
8.7
0.5
8.6
19.0
9.6
27.2
9.7
-6.3
0.8
1.2
30.1
24.4
21.1
8.3
12.3
5.7
-5.9
-1.5
2.1
19.0
12.5
10.9
9.8
7.5
6.1
2.9
3.3
3.2
4.1
7.7
7.1
3.2
6.3
8.8
8.3
8.3
4.4
1.2
2.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
23.1
2.5
21.6
22.1
4.2
2.9
2.9
3.6
7.3
5.0
0.3
10.4
6.8
10.9
5.8
4.6
8.0
6.4
7.3
1.8
14.1
7.2
10.1
0.2
24.5
5.1
12.4
8.8
9.7
-5.4
6.0
5.4
10.8
8.8
-3.0
4.8
20.2
9.8
3.9
6.8
7.6
17.0
16.5
13.4
13.6
6.4
4.6
4.2
4.7
-5.6
-2.1
2.7
2.7
10.7
8.9
5.5
6.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
0.7
1.4
5.4
2.0
3.9
21.2
-2.1
33.1
2.2
19.4
-4.4
11.1
3.4
28.9
19.1
14.6
12.6
5.2
..
..
-5.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
11.4
8.2
14.5
6.1
4.2
1.7
8.4
5.1
4.0
12.9
8.4
29.1
7.9
5.8
-4.7
13.1
..
6.6
..
0.8
..
13.7
13.7
8.1
9.9
5.1
1.0
2.9
3.6
12.7
12.6
17.7
9.5
24.2
14.3
8.2
3.4
25.7
14.1
9.5
6.4
21.3
23.0
3.5
13.2
8.6
5.0
..
..
-4.9
-1.6
0.2
0.2
5.4
5.3
4.2
5.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
13.3
-3.2
-15.4
3.3
14.4
7.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6.9
6.1
6.8
6.4
-0.2
0.0
6.5
7.0
9.8
10.1
3.3
5.9
26.8
7.3
18.9
0.1
15.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
15.8
21.7
4.3
0.0
6.7
6.9
8.7
10.2
11.2
-10.2
8.9
6.4
3.1
4.5
2.0
1.3
1.8
4.6
2.0
8.6
8.5
6.2
7.1
1.8
2.0
3.2
-1.8
-3.4
1.1
3.3
1.5
10.6
7.7
5.9
6.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.7
9.6
-2.3
-0.2
-8.8
-4.0
2.9
1.8
9.2
8.4
4.5
7.1
26.3
60.1
10.8
12.8
12.9
20.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
10.7
5.7
7.0
0.5
1.5
7.7
6.2
9.0
11.6
15.0
4.1
8.1
3.5
7.1
13.5
14.0
-1.3
0.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
5.5
..
..
0.2
0.1
-0.4
2.7
2.6
2.4
2.2
13.5
..
10.3
..
1.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
18.6
16.9
-15.0
5.7
-24.5
1.5
8.6
5.2
23.4
23.5
9.7
17.7
25.4
9.6
11.4
7.6
7.7
-2.3
6.6
7.1
14.5
17.0
4.7
11.8
10.9
3.6
10.7
2.5
-1.3
0.3
1.2
1.4
4.3
4.1
0.2
3.3
9.9
-7.1
2.3
1.6
-46.5
-16.6
0.8
0.6
15.4
5.9
14.7
4.5
5.9
4.4
9.6
-9.5
8.4
5.1
4.5
6.3
-0.5
-6.5
2.9
5.8
-0.6
2.6
8.1
0.4
1.0
2.9
-0.8
4.2
1.7
4.3
1.5
1.5
9.3
9.3
-3.1
7.4
11.8
10.9
18.7
4.1
-2.2
0.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
18.5
27.0
27.6
16.5
4.0
7.4
15.3
25.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
38.1
15.9
20.8
8.4
14.8
11.0
7.7
20.2
13.8
22.7
12.6
2.1
-8.0
8.4
-4.0
10.6
12.9
15.9
19.8
1.7
10.8
6.3
8.0
2.1
1.2
2.0
4.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
4.0
-1.4
..
..
2.9
0.8
..
..
0.5
..
-1.0
..
-2.8
8.4
-2.6
4.4
0.4
2.1
..
..
3.3
5.3
2.1
3.3
22.1
15.9
11.3
6.1
8.6
3.2
4.2
5.1
10.3
11.6
5.2
3.6
..
13.8
..
50.0
..
18.4
16.2
23.6
3.7
-6.0
6.9
4.8
0.3
2.6
-3.9
1.6
0.3
5.5
2.0
2.8
-0.6
23.5
..
19.0
..
3.7
..
14.8
18.3
-18.9
..
29.7
13.6
..
..
2.3
-2.5
11.2
5.0
13.1
7.7
0.9
5.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
9.6
9.0
3.4
1.3
3.6
0.3
6.3
-6.1
11.8
..
..
..
12.9
..
18.7
..
23.8
..
0.2
..
29.9
12.5
8.2
8.7
11.5
8.7
7.4
8.3
20.9
10.3
6.1
2.5
61.1
249.8
70.8
97.2
-2.7
30.5
3.0
16.2
21.1