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World Development Indicators:
Monetary indicators
Interest rate
annual % growth
annual growth % of broad money
annual growth % of broad money
%
%
%
2005
2016
2005
2016
2005
2016
2005
2016
2005
2016
2005
2016
9.6
-0.4
-2.3
..
..
15.0
9.3
14.1
3.9
10.5
0.0
1.1
0.2
5.1
0.8
13.1
9.7
10.2
9.9
11.7
1.2
6.7
5.2
-28.0
16.0
1.9
1.8
8.0
8.0
-7.0
8.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
60.5
14.1
21.1
-0.6
-41.6
11.3
13.4
5.5
67.7
15.7
32.3
-9.1
8.8
-1.2
7.1
0.7
-0.2
1.7
3.9
2.0
11.4
9.6
6.6
7.0
21.5
41.5
..
..
-10.0
25.4
3.8
24.3
6.2
31.2
-3.8
-6.8
27.8
17.5
16.4
9.8
8.0
7.6
5.8
11.6
18.0
17.4
14.3
16.8
6.4
9.5
..
..
0.2
2.3
3.9
1.7
11.5
7.8
7.0
..
8.5
6.9
18.2
8.4
-1.1
1.5
3.9
2.1
7.3
5.4
3.4
5.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.0
0.3
5.0
5.3
2.4
4.0
22.1
-2.0
33.9
4.5
-2.9
0.4
8.5
7.7
17.0
16.4
0.8
1.5
10.8
8.7
..
..
3.9
5.5
3.2
1.2
5.5
4.8
0.5
2.8
22.0
..
..
1.5
3.1
7.8
-5.2
15.8
16.7
13.7
11.1
3.9
3.8
5.5
6.2
10.6
10.4
5.8
3.4
16.9
..
15.0
..
-2.3
..
3.2
0.3
9.2
8.1
2.3
5.8
42.2
3.8
42.3
-0.8
-2.1
-1.7
9.2
11.4
-6.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.0
0.4
6.7
9.5
4.5
7.8
6.6
2.6
6.1
-0.4
-4.6
7.6
7.7
2.3
14.3
9.8
11.3
7.6
16.7
0.3
8.1
1.6
3.8
7.8
8.2
7.1
4.5
5.6
0.2
5.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
13.0
23.5
7.8
12.1
-7.5
2.2
4.5
4.0
14.0
14.2
7.7
6.4
13.8
0.0
2.5
12.3
-0.2
-1.2
4.9
1.4
16.6
8.0
10.1
9.9
18.7
8.3
22.5
2.8
-1.4
-0.3
3.6
1.6
9.6
5.2
6.6
4.6
14.4
5.4
3.7
4.7
-18.5
9.1
9.3
2.1
15.7
7.3
0.2
-3.1
18.7
11.8
13.6
-2.4
7.0
12.1
17.6
12.4
55.4
52.1
44.6
40.4
-4.5
1.5
2.1
-5.5
-13.4
-6.0
1.0
0.3
5.5
5.5
-11.2
16.2
21.5
7.6
21.9
1.3
-0.2
-3.8
3.1
0.2
8.7
6.4
2.0
5.2
-2.4
11.8
15.8
4.7
1.4
-4.2
8.2
7.1
4.5
5.6
0.7
2.6
24.7
6.4
-0.7
1.6
11.4
20.7
..
..
18.4
14.2
-0.3
11.1
15.8
8.4
4.7
2.4
0.2
0.6
3.4
2.6
12.3
9.6
14.3
10.6
15.8
19.4
9.0
20.9
-5.5
-4.2
1.9
1.4
..
..
..
..
5.7
5.0
7.2
7.7
-8.5
19.0
4.9
2.5
17.7
..
14.7
..
9.6
..
9.1
..
0.5
..
0.8
0.1
4.4
2.7
1.2
2.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
18.3
4.5
-0.6
8.3
9.8
-5.2
4.9
2.5
17.7
..
11.9
..
32.9
-7.7
20.1
6.4
1.1
26.9
4.9
2.5
17.7
..
-8.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
11.2
4.9
13.8
5.4
-5.0
0.5
3.9
3.8
6.7
5.6
-0.9
1.8
16.7
11.3
..
..
-0.2
4.6
2.3
1.5
5.6
4.4
1.6
3.1
3.5
..
..
-1.0
0.9
1.3
0.0
7.8
5.0
7.9
3.2
12.2
12.6
6.6
7.1
-7.5
2.9
1.6
0.0
7.0
5.3
1.4
4.3
17.6
8.1
6.7
7.0
6.8
14.6
14.6
8.5
8.3
7.1
10.3
10.2
6.1
3.1
12.8
3.0
1.8
11.0
10.5
10.7
3.3
23.3
16.9
10.6
10.5
20.2
12.1
3.1
18.8
15.1
34.4
-14.7
1.0
2.9
-78.4
29.2
4.9
2.5
17.7
..
-3.0
..
27.7
3.2
19.7
13.2
-2.6
1.2
10.1
1.2
24.7
11.6
10.2
9.1
-0.2
11.0
-5.8
9.1
3.3
3.6
8.2
7.1
4.5
5.6
3.1
4.0
10.6
4.6
15.5
-3.3
3.8
3.6
1.7
1.4
11.2
6.8
7.5
6.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3.8
1.5
7.1
4.3
2.9
5.7
11.0
6.5
11.3
5.1
-9.1
-5.7
1.2
0.4
5.8
3.9
5.7
2.8
14.4
46.4
-0.5
..
..
..
11.4
8.8
0.3
0.8
-0.3
0.7
0.8
1.7
12.1
11.3
8.7
5.5
6.1
3.6
1.7
0.4
-17.3
3.1
2.0
9.9
8.3
11.1
7.6
7.4
9.8
-2.3
9.4
15.0
5.2
13.9
7.2
24.1
15.1
20.9
14.2
19.6
17.5
16.0
3.2
1.8
7.2
3.6
4.8
9.6
..
1.8
..
11.5
39.5
5.7
27.1
-1.6
20.8
7.2
7.9
13.1
13.6
6.5
6.9
3.9
3.1
10.5
5.0
-0.4
-1.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
36.9
-16.4
15.0
4.7
-343.9
28.8
4.9
2.5
17.7
..
-26.1
..
10.7
3.4
10.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
25.5
..
2.2
..
-0.1
..
2.1
0.4
4.9
4.2
-1.1
2.5
18.6
..
..
..
12.8
..
3.5
..
7.0
..
-2.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
15.2
4.8
20.6
9.4
5.4
-2.6
1.8
2.8
6.8
5.9
0.0
2.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.1
0.5
4.0
4.5
3.1
3.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.1
0.8
4.8
5.5
2.8
5.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
32.7
-4.0
6.1
-2.6
-12.8
25.8
4.9
2.5
17.7
..
0.4
..
8.0
5.4
3.2
17.3
34.9
30.2
27.9
20.2
49.6
26.0
-7.6
2.2
7.5
9.9
17.6
12.6
8.9
8.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
1.9
0.3
5.2
5.9
4.5
4.3
19.5
23.2
-4.5
10.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.2
0.8
8.5
7.6
6.1
7.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
-6.2
4.5
5.9
-0.4
-3.3
0.3
2.9
1.5
10.1
8.7
7.4
7.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
13.7
6.3
10.7
5.1
4.0
-0.8
4.3
5.5
13.0
13.1
7.0
8.9
33.4
10.0
..
..
18.1
2.0
14.4
3.8
..
..
..
..
18.5
9.3
3.0
-0.6
11.5
5.6
8.2
7.1
4.5
5.6
-1.3
4.3
6.0
18.6
3.5
12.9
-1.5
7.2
2.6
1.2
14.5
13.0
6.2
7.6
17.8
19.1
7.8
8.7
6.8
-1.5
4.6
5.6
22.3
13.2
4.0
0.5
17.3
13.2
13.0
12.1
-0.9
1.4
10.9
8.6
18.8
19.3
10.8
15.1
14.7
7.0
20.6
1.1
-1.8
0.8
5.2
0.2
8.5
2.1
6.0
1.1
26.2
180.8
-2.6
-9.8
2.7
..
14.8
8.2
12.1
6.1
15.6
..
..
-0.6
..
..
10.8
9.7
6.2
5.9
16.3
10.0
13.2
8.6
0.6
1.4
8.1
7.2
14.1
11.9
-0.2
9.2
32.8
28.0
..
..
-6.0
5.7
11.8
12.8
16.0
18.0
-2.9
3.7
6.4
-37.6
6.6
13.4
-14.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
0.0
..
2.6
8.9
-0.4
10.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
10.0
5.8
10.1
-2.1
3.7
0.5
7.6
3.5
6.3
2.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
1.5
1.1
5.3
3.5
3.4
2.7
9.6
6.6
2.0
7.5
4.5
17.4
16.5
5.3
12.2
0.5
-0.4
0.6
0.3
0.3
1.7
1.0
2.7
0.8
21.4
-0.3
..
..
5.6
-1.7
2.9
3.0
7.6
8.1
5.5
7.0
25.2
15.7
73.9
0.4
2.0
4.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
9.9
3.7
6.0
5.5
-0.6
2.9
5.1
8.7
12.9
16.6
7.6
7.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
7.0
7.1
9.9
8.3
-0.4
0.2
3.7
1.6
5.6
3.4
4.5
1.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
3.1
1.2
14.0
7.2
17.8
7.6
12.0
3.8
17.0
2.6
-2.8
-1.9
3.5
1.6
7.5
4.5
-12.1
9.9
14.6
7.5
-0.7
23.6
4.9
1.7
2.3
26.6
22.2
18.2
19.3
7.9
..
..
..
-0.3
..
4.8
..
26.8
..
16.7
..
38.3
..
..
..
2.7
..
2.8
0.5
6.1
19.6
-4.6
18.8
4.5
7.4
..
..
3.1
3.2
8.1
5.9
10.6
8.4
11.9
9.2
9.1
-4.9
10.3
2.1
-8.3
21.6
4.0
1.1
11.7
11.6
5.5
5.3
28.9
..
..
-57.0
3.4
3.8
17.0
13.6
6.3
8.2
29.0
22.1
..
..
-128.9
27.3
2.1
6.1
-17.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
33.1
..
..
..
2.0
..
2.4
..
5.3
..
-1.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1.9
0.3
..
..
..
..
15.7
6.2
13.9
1.0
-11.8
-3.1
5.2
2.5
12.1
6.6
6.9
0.3
2.2
18.2
4.9
-5.6
3.3
..
..
..
16.2
15.2
..
..
2.3
26.0
10.9
33.1
20.2
8.8
2.7
6.5
5.8
-0.9
1.3
3.0
3.0
6.0
4.5
-2.7
2.6
10.6
0.1
38.5
13.0
4.9
6.7
6.5
3.8
13.0
10.8
11.5
10.3
11.8
10.9
-0.8
14.5
3.0
10.4
8.2
7.1
4.5
5.6
-2.8
0.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.7
1.0
5.5
5.1
3.6
3.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
8.0
..
23.1
..
12.3
..
6.6
9.1
9.3
1.0
1.4
2.8
7.3
5.2
21.0
8.5
16.1
6.1
11.2
11.4
6.7
10.5
-3.0
3.0
3.5
1.3
9.7
4.7
4.1
0.1
1.6
22.0
..
..
4.5
-20.0
1.6
0.4
16.4
15.7
14.0
15.3
34.4
10.2
23.3
-5.6
-9.5
19.7
13.2
10.7
19.3
14.3
9.1
8.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
34.6
20.2
30.2
9.6
-10.0
12.0
13.0
13.3
30.6
19.7
8.7
17.1
83.4
10.5
..
..
-26.1
5.9
4.8
1.1
8.0
6.3
14.1
4.7
7.5
4.7
1.7
-0.5
3.5
3.5
11.5
..
10.2
..
27.0
10.1
18.5
8.7
-12.3
6.2
7.8
10.8
19.5
21.2
12.5
8.0
27.3
17.4
5.7
12.0
23.3
9.2
9.5
8.0
15.0
13.0
-3.5
3.4
5.1
22.1
0.2
6.2
5.6
10.6
9.9
4.8
7.9
9.7
17.4
7.0
22.1
1.2
-5.9
2.3
..
8.1
..
1.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.3
1.6
2.8
..
0.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
9.5
..
..
..
-1.5
..
6.7
3.2
7.8
5.0
5.6
3.4
9.8
11.0
18.9
16.0
-1.9
0.4
4.0
1.1
12.1
11.4
2.0
7.1
4.8
2.8
0.0
-1.0
-5.3
5.2
8.2
7.1
4.5
5.6
-2.0
5.2
22.6
10.9
21.9
18.6
-26.5
5.3
10.5
7.5
17.9
16.9
-3.3
6.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
10.5
11.2
26.5
8.4
-2.0
-2.5
1.8
..
4.0
..
-4.3
..
21.7
1.8
14.3
12.2
-12.4
-8.8
3.3
3.2
7.1
5.1
-12.6
16.5
13.5
17.3
5.3
4.5
7.3
2.6
4.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
8.6
..
15.5
..
-5.1
..
2.7
2.1
8.7
7.5
6.8
6.5
29.5
10.9
11.3
4.3
-4.6
18.1
0.9
11.5
-0.6
11.1
4.8
8.6
0.7
-1.4
-2.9
1.7
3.8
29.9
18.1
18.0
12.2
17.1
12.8
..
..
-2.6
-0.5
2.6
2.6
25.5
16.5
21.3
12.4
6.4
13.3
1.1
10.0
-4.1
3.5
5.6
1.6
10.2
5.6
4.1
3.9
15.0
9.6
5.8
3.4
-1.2
5.3
2.8
1.8
6.8
3.5
4.2
3.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
1.9
0.4
7.6
6.0
4.1
4.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
42.9
-4.6
42.0
4.0
-6.0
12.4
3.2
2.4
6.7
4.0
-18.3
14.9
20.0
9.8
23.4
0.9
-0.9
-3.6
6.4
1.1
19.6
5.7
6.7
3.5
36.3
-0.9
28.6
-26.1
4.0
7.0
10.7
12.6
-7.2
8.7
19.1
8.9
17.1
13.4
-14.8
-4.1
8.0
16.1
6.4
15.6
9.2
20.7
12.4
-2.7
-3.1
4.3
2.4
11.4
9.1
10.5
10.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
1.4
..
7.2
..
5.2
..
45.4
-4.8
48.3
4.2
-99.7
-2.6
12.1
4.1
31.2
19.6
10.0
12.3
13.2
0.5
..
..
-33.2
15.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
9.3
13.8
15.5
7.6
-6.1
6.2
8.2
7.1
4.5
5.6
1.9
3.5
42.2
9.9
54.4
2.4
-10.5
5.8
3.7
16.8
2.2
1.7
12.1
4.2
5.2
-2.3
4.0
3.7
3.5
9.8
12.4
9.3
18.2
31.1
5.6
-5.9
11.8
24.6
6.8
6.2
8.0
..
..
-5.7
7.7
0.4
0.2
5.3
5.4
3.0
6.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.4
1.4
6.7
7.0
4.1
7.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
3.2
0.2
7.8
4.2
6.2
3.6
46.1
13.4
23.5
5.7
-9.2
7.3
0.8
14.1
8.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
20.7
6.1
20.9
-5.5
4.8
6.0
7.2
10.6
10.5
4.9
3.4
..
142.7
..
10.6
..
16.4
..
1.1
..
9.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.1
0.2
8.0
4.2
3.7
3.9
19.1
16.2
15.6
14.9
4.1
3.8
6.2
12.1
1.6
6.8
-0.4
7.9
0.6
5.1
-2.3
4.5
2.5
10.0
9.2
10.7
8.1
12.5
1.0
15.5
-4.2
2.7
-0.8
2.8
1.9
10.6
8.5
3.3
13.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
4.0
1.9
-0.4
0.8
8.1
-3.2
2.9
1.9
9.6
9.2
6.4
7.6
43.5
28.3
27.9
15.4
2.4
14.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
11.1
52.2
9.6
17.0
0.0
-2.7
7.3
8.1
17.4
13.5
1.7
-24.8
9.7
26.4
19.3
12.2
-18.6
14.4
4.0
2.9
10.6
10.3
3.8
3.8
16.5
8.6
22.0
13.8
5.5
2.7
0.8
..
3.3
..
2.5
..
6.9
3.3
..
..
-1.3
0.5
-0.2
3.1
2.6
2.5
3.2
11.4
..
9.3
..
5.3
..
9.0
..
8.0
..
-3.5
..
59.7
37.1
84.2
-3.8
-5.8
38.0
10.2
23.3
12.6
34.8
10.8
14.7
4.7
15.2
-8.9
6.1
4.2
5.5
3.9
-0.5
-0.3
1.9
1.4
5.8
6.3
0.7
4.5
18.3
14.3
26.6
-0.6
53.9
-12.6
0.8
0.8
16.7
14.2
17.6
2.6
12.4
10.2
9.9
-1.7
-2.2
8.2
7.1
4.5
5.6
-3.1
2.7
22.1
13.8
38.0
12.7
-2.0
-8.2
5.9
3.1
11.4
7.9
4.5
8.0
35.5
2.8
17.6
0.7
-2.3
4.9
2.2
1.5
9.1
9.0
-3.7
11.1
11.0
8.0
..
..
1.0
2.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
36.0
17.6
25.1
20.8
8.4
1.8
20.4
14.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
17.2
11.1
5.8
4.1
-1.2
2.2
8.8
13.2
19.6
21.8
54.4
10.9
46.0
0.9
-16.1
16.2
8.6
11.5
16.2
19.2
-6.7
1.8
30.6
3.3
43.1
5.0
-6.6
-1.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
13.8
8.7
..
..
-0.1
3.2
..
..
4.6
1.9
8.1
3.8
11.5
3.9
0.1
2.1
..
..
6.2
3.5
2.9
2.2
0.0
3.9
-3.1
0.8
-15.8
3.7
2.8
5.6
13.6
16.2
12.8
8.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
11.6
10.6
6.7
1.3
-2.9
-2.4
2.0
7.5
7.0
47.4
34.8
23.7
11.6
15.1
16.8
20.8
-9.9
30.9
..
..
4.5
7.1
5.0
11.0
7.0
1.7
5.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3.7
11.4
8.7
12.9
1.4
-0.2
2.2
7.3
6.6
14.4
..
..
-3.0
13.0
18.0
-0.4
3.3
-5.7
7.9
-5.8
-41.8
7.8
11.2
10.8
28.2
15.5
9.9
8.5
43.4
..
..
..
50.0
..
91.1
..
235.7
..
219.3
..