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World Development Indicators:
Monetary indicators
Interest rate
annual % growth
annual growth % of broad money
annual growth % of broad money
%
%
%
2010
2018
2010
2018
2010
2018
2010
2018
2010
2018
2010
2018
26.9
2.6
9.0
-0.6
-6.5
-8.0
..
..
15.6
11.4
12.5
-0.2
4.9
-1.4
0.2
-0.8
6.4
0.8
12.8
5.9
8.0
5.1
13.5
11.2
2.2
7.5
-0.9
10.4
1.8
1.8
8.0
8.0
-7.0
-2.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
5.3
24.4
13.1
6.6
-24.4
2.3
12.8
6.9
22.5
20.7
-6.9
-10.5
0.2
7.2
0.1
1.8
-4.2
0.4
3.4
1.7
11.0
9.0
9.4
6.3
33.1
..
..
13.1
9.2
10.6
-8.6
11.8
7.4
26.4
18.6
8.6
1.5
9.0
8.7
19.2
12.8
10.6
10.0
-0.3
3.2
..
..
4.2
0.8
1.9
1.2
10.3
6.0
11.1
10.1
2.4
7.4
6.3
1.1
1.4
4.2
2.0
7.3
5.3
6.0
3.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
24.3
5.7
12.9
4.6
8.2
-0.4
11.6
10.3
20.7
17.4
6.0
5.0
2.7
7.0
2.3
3.4
0.8
5.5
4.3
5.9
10.5
..
..
-0.5
1.2
7.2
-0.2
21.1
11.5
19.7
9.8
2.7
4.4
7.2
6.7
12.2
9.7
4.7
3.8
..
..
..
2.7
8.7
7.8
31.9
8.5
79.2
15.1
-4.7
-5.2
9.1
5.9
9.2
8.7
-4.3
-2.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
-0.1
2.7
-2.2
3.5
1.0
-0.1
7.8
2.0
13.9
9.1
12.6
8.8
9.8
4.8
4.6
12.0
-4.1
-10.9
8.4
5.1
4.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
16.6
6.6
24.0
13.3
-2.5
-1.9
2.2
2.0
13.9
14.0
7.5
10.7
12.6
4.1
9.1
8.6
-6.2
3.4
1.0
3.0
9.9
8.0
1.0
4.8
7.2
9.4
3.4
4.4
2.3
-1.4
3.2
1.0
7.9
3.8
6.4
2.4
10.7
8.3
6.3
6.1
20.2
3.3
5.6
1.5
11.5
6.5
2.3
5.5
13.7
7.3
21.1
3.3
3.1
4.3
8.9
6.9
40.0
39.1
29.1
35.0
4.8
2.8
-0.3
1.4
-6.4
0.6
0.5
0.3
5.5
5.5
-9.6
-3.4
6.3
8.8
1.5
5.7
3.6
-0.9
4.1
0.0
11.1
4.9
9.9
1.3
18.0
10.3
12.1
8.7
2.9
-0.2
8.4
5.1
-1.6
25.0
20.1
24.7
9.9
5.0
14.9
..
..
12.4
14.8
3.6
16.6
5.4
1.4
7.3
2.0
-1.3
0.4
3.1
1.9
11.0
9.0
10.5
7.4
21.3
26.6
14.8
28.1
0.4
-4.7
1.3
1.4
..
..
..
..
13.8
13.9
12.5
9.8
2.8
8.3
3.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0.2
2.6
-0.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
16.1
14.0
13.3
5.6
10.4
11.4
3.3
..
..
..
..
25.3
0.6
9.3
-2.6
9.2
-3.3
3.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
7.7
4.2
8.5
11.3
-0.5
-0.6
1.8
2.7
4.8
4.2
-3.9
2.1
18.9
7.0
..
..
0.3
2.8
2.8
1.5
5.8
4.4
-1.0
1.4
6.9
3.9
..
3.2
0.6
1.9
0.0
0.0
5.0
5.0
4.7
1.3
14.5
10.1
13.9
8.0
-23.3
-12.8
0.0
0.1
5.3
5.3
0.4
1.6
11.5
5.1
16.2
4.9
-0.7
0.3
3.7
4.7
9.4
12.1
5.4
8.5
19.4
8.5
14.0
0.5
-2.6
2.8
1.8
1.8
10.5
10.5
8.7
5.6
34.8
34.5
-1.9
24.1
-40.1
-2.5
16.8
56.5
29.6
32.0
-6.0
17.1
-5.2
-37.2
3.0
3.3
..
..
..
..
0.9
3.2
4.4
8.1
0.0
1.1
5.3
4.0
17.1
11.1
9.9
8.6
19.1
13.4
8.6
8.3
4.5
3.9
8.4
5.1
-0.3
12.6
8.3
10.7
1.7
7.7
1.1
1.8
..
10.4
..
9.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1.9
6.3
1.5
4.7
1.9
0.4
1.1
0.3
5.9
3.5
7.4
1.4
7.9
1.5
13.2
9.6
0.0
1.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
12.2
-5.6
7.0
3.7
0.2
0.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.6
1.6
5.7
-0.8
-1.0
15.7
3.3
1.6
9.5
7.8
9.1
6.9
12.3
6.6
13.0
8.3
0.1
0.7
4.9
12.1
6.3
16.4
5.5
16.4
12.4
4.3
-2.2
3.9
3.6
..
..
..
..
12.4
13.3
3.9
9.7
2.5
10.2
6.2
12.3
11.0
18.3
0.8
-2.6
0.1
5.8
-0.4
5.9
2.0
1.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
33.5
-2.5
19.1
1.1
85.2
-1.0
3.3
..
..
..
..
15.6
..
1.6
..
12.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
7.9
4.1
5.0
3.8
26.0
14.4
3.9
3.8
9.8
10.3
6.3
5.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3.5
1.7
-2.7
5.4
7.5
3.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
20.7
33.2
1.9
23.5
23.6
12.0
3.3
..
..
..
..
17.8
18.2
6.9
3.2
19.3
7.7
14.6
9.0
27.0
28.0
21.8
21.1
30.1
14.7
22.2
22.8
-1.7
3.0
10.1
8.8
15.8
11.1
6.7
7.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
31.9
13.0
11.7
12.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3.2
9.2
4.6
3.0
0.6
-3.2
3.1
1.4
10.6
7.8
10.0
5.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
9.1
9.7
2.6
3.7
2.3
3.3
5.5
5.2
13.3
12.9
7.8
9.7
85.3
..
..
84.1
17.5
..
..
..
..
19.5
6.1
7.8
0.8
11.4
1.9
8.4
5.1
2.1
15.8
6.0
7.2
2.8
0.3
6.3
2.3
1.0
14.5
13.0
8.3
14.2
26.1
-0.2
7.9
-7.0
4.1
0.7
6.1
17.5
13.1
11.4
0.3
9.8
7.1
4.3
14.8
1.4
-3.2
9.8
8.3
18.9
17.8
13.6
15.7
4.3
11.8
4.0
7.0
0.1
-2.6
4.9
0.1
7.6
1.5
5.1
-2.9
-10.0
7.0
-29.2
15.8
0.3
-7.1
..
..
10.3
7.0
3.6
4.5
17.8
10.5
..
..
5.4
1.6
..
..
8.3
9.5
-2.0
5.1
15.4
6.3
17.1
11.8
-3.7
-0.2
7.0
6.1
13.3
10.5
-1.7
6.5
24.6
..
..
7.8
11.9
12.0
-3.4
31.2
2.7
8.1
-2.8
14.4
-21.3
6.1
14.3
-1.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3.1
4.4
9.0
5.3
0.7
0.2
1.6
0.6
5.0
3.5
3.4
2.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
4.0
2.7
3.7
1.8
5.8
-0.7
-8.2
6.4
3.2
20.5
14.1
9.7
8.9
1.8
2.4
-1.3
2.5
0.6
0.5
1.6
3.6
9.2
..
0.4
3.5
4.4
9.0
8.7
0.7
6.8
13.3
7.0
7.1
5.5
1.2
-2.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
22.4
10.9
14.3
2.8
12.8
3.0
4.6
14.4
12.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6.0
6.7
5.9
9.2
0.4
-0.9
3.9
2.0
5.5
3.7
2.3
3.3
13.5
10.9
2.8
3.7
1.3
14.4
6.7
9.2
6.4
3.0
2.0
4.2
-12.9
-2.5
2.3
1.7
5.4
4.8
-5.2
-10.1
21.1
5.4
3.1
2.0
2.4
23.7
19.5
12.4
17.8
39.1
..
..
..
1.5
..
3.0
..
22.6
..
12.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12.1
..
..
1.1
-21.3
6.2
7.7
8.3
9.1
8.1
3.0
22.4
10.7
6.4
6.9
15.2
0.9
3.7
1.4
11.2
11.4
2.5
5.1
22.9
..
..
-256.1
3.5
14.2
7.3
-0.6
-0.1
..
..
-19.6
0.8
2.5
..
6.0
..
-7.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
11.8
12.0
8.9
6.9
-5.4
2.7
10.3
12.8
46.0
55.4
34.2
44.8
33.1
..
..
-10.6
..
..
24.6
32.3
11.1
21.8
7.3
6.3
8.1
6.8
-0.2
1.9
2.5
3.1
5.0
4.9
-2.1
4.0
14.6
3.4
-2.3
4.5
9.5
3.8
4.0
3.7
10.4
10.7
7.3
8.3
16.3
15.0
13.9
-0.1
4.9
9.3
8.4
5.1
0.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
4.6
..
0.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
11.1
3.3
8.0
17.0
-1.6
6.9
6.3
9.9
-8.5
-0.1
1.1
8.4
3.3
8.9
8.5
7.7
6.7
12.8
5.4
8.7
4.6
0.8
0.5
1.2
3.3
5.3
8.1
0.7
2.6
-0.1
..
..
18.5
0.9
15.1
10.9
13.6
8.0
9.7
2.1
-4.0
2.0
7.7
4.5
16.4
8.8
-12.7
6.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
62.5
22.8
23.8
21.9
-4.0
-4.3
11.9
12.4
20.1
17.7
-13.7
9.2
3.2
..
..
..
3.1
..
3.3
..
9.6
6.4
7.9
3.8
4.2
4.1
8.3
2.6
-0.8
2.8
3.7
3.1
..
..
..
..
24.6
10.9
19.5
-1.5
-0.8
9.0
9.7
16.3
8.0
42.5
14.6
10.9
32.5
12.0
8.0
17.0
13.0
9.3
4.4
8.7
10.8
11.2
6.9
7.5
0.9
5.0
5.9
9.7
10.1
5.9
3.5
9.6
19.8
8.9
20.2
6.2
9.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.3
..
1.8
..
0.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
8.4
6.4
..
7.9
2.1
0.0
4.6
3.3
6.3
3.0
21.7
-18.7
4.8
-4.1
3.9
2.0
3.0
13.3
6.8
22.6
-2.1
10.6
-3.5
0.1
13.5
8.4
5.1
2.0
6.7
17.1
-11.2
-3.6
21.0
5.8
6.5
9.7
17.6
16.9
1.1
6.0
11.6
10.8
6.4
6.6
6.9
-3.6
7.5
2.0
10.7
6.1
8.5
1.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6.5
5.2
14.1
10.9
-3.2
-0.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
11.3
16.1
9.4
-4.1
-2.8
3.8
7.1
-7.3
14.6
9.8
1.8
8.2
8.5
7.3
8.1
5.2
14.0
8.5
2.9
6.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3.0
7.7
5.0
10.2
-3.8
9.3
3.6
-6.6
-10.5
1.4
10.4
0.5
19.0
7.5
27.2
12.8
-6.3
-1.1
1.2
26.0
20.5
21.1
5.4
12.3
8.8
-5.9
1.3
1.5
19.0
12.5
10.9
9.0
7.5
10.3
2.9
2.2
3.2
3.1
7.7
6.1
3.3
2.3
8.8
9.2
8.3
6.5
1.2
0.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
23.1
-6.5
21.6
10.4
4.2
-5.4
2.9
3.5
7.3
5.0
0.3
-7.4
6.8
8.9
5.8
5.3
8.0
3.0
7.3
1.3
14.1
6.8
10.2
0.9
24.5
12.3
..
12.2
9.7
-8.5
6.0
5.4
10.8
8.9
-3.0
-1.3
20.2
9.8
15.5
3.9
-4.8
6.8
5.4
17.0
16.9
13.7
17.9
6.4
8.8
4.2
4.2
-5.6
-6.1
2.7
2.8
10.7
9.0
8.9
5.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
0.7
1.5
5.4
3.1
5.8
21.2
15.2
33.1
-1.3
19.4
10.8
11.1
3.8
28.9
19.9
14.6
14.5
5.2
..
..
-5.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
11.4
14.1
14.5
1.4
4.2
1.5
8.4
5.1
4.0
12.9
14.5
29.1
8.5
5.8
-0.3
13.1
6.6
0.8
13.7
7.7
8.1
3.7
5.1
-3.2
2.9
3.3
12.7
12.3
17.7
7.9
24.2
14.5
8.2
5.8
25.7
14.2
9.5
4.1
21.3
17.9
3.5
6.5
8.6
3.9
..
..
-4.9
2.7
0.2
0.2
5.4
5.3
4.2
3.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
13.3
6.8
-3.2
2.4
-15.4
-1.1
3.3
0.3
14.4
10.7
7.1
6.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6.9
5.6
6.8
6.9
-0.2
-1.2
6.5
7.0
9.8
10.1
3.3
6.3
80.2
4.1
14.7
0.2
16.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
15.8
21.7
0.0
6.9
10.2
-10.2
6.4
-2.6
4.5
2.7
1.3
-5.4
4.6
2.1
8.6
8.9
7.1
7.0
1.8
5.0
3.2
-1.0
-3.4
0.5
3.3
1.6
10.6
8.3
1.4
5.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.7
1.2
-2.3
0.1
-8.8
0.7
2.9
1.8
9.2
8.5
4.5
7.4
26.3
111.8
10.8
34.2
12.9
23.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
10.7
9.1
7.0
-0.4
1.5
-2.0
6.2
9.2
11.6
14.3
4.1
4.7
3.5
3.8
13.5
-5.7
-1.3
0.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
5.5
..
..
0.2
0.1
-0.3
2.7
2.6
2.4
2.0
13.5
..
10.3
..
1.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
18.6
-15.0
0.3
-24.5
5.4
8.6
23.4
9.7
25.4
11.4
7.7
6.6
8.2
14.5
17.4
4.7
12.9
10.9
4.7
10.7
5.3
-1.3
-0.5
1.2
1.3
4.3
4.1
0.2
2.7
9.9
3.1
2.3
-1.2
-46.5
-7.2
0.8
0.6
11.0
13.5
-12.2
12.4
14.7
9.3
5.9
3.1
9.6
2.7
8.4
5.1
4.5
6.3
8.0
-6.5
8.2
5.8
-7.3
4.0
2.8
11.5
8.0
7.6
4.3
1.0
1.2
-0.8
3.0
1.7
2.2
1.5
1.5
9.3
9.1
-3.1
4.6
11.8
6.9
18.7
9.7
-2.2
2.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
18.5
18.4
27.6
19.2
4.0
7.2
15.3
23.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
38.1
8.2
20.8
7.4
14.8
0.4
7.7
9.4
20.2
19.8
8.7
16.0
22.7
5.7
2.1
4.7
8.4
-0.3
10.6
11.8
15.9
19.0
1.7
3.1
6.3
2.5
2.1
3.3
2.0
-5.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
4.0
..
..
2.9
..
..
0.5
..
-1.0
..
-2.8
4.1
-2.6
2.8
0.4
-1.2
..
..
3.3
2.1
22.1
11.8
11.3
6.6
8.6
0.6
4.2
5.1
10.3
12.2
5.2
6.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
-6.0
13.1
4.8
0.7
2.6
-3.6
1.6
0.5
5.5
2.7
2.8
0.5
23.5
..
19.0
..
3.7
..
14.8
18.3
-18.9
..
29.7
12.7
..
..
2.3
-1.1
11.2
4.7
13.1
7.4
0.9
4.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
9.6
3.8
9.0
5.7
1.3
-0.2
0.3
6.3
-6.3
11.8
..
..
..
12.9
..
18.7
..
23.8
..
0.2
..
29.9
16.5
8.2
9.2
11.5
6.8
7.4
6.8
20.9
9.8
6.1
0.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.5
7.1
-16.3