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World Development Indicators:
Towards a broader measure of savings
% of GNI
% of GNI
% of GNI
% of GNI
% of GNI
% of GNI
% of GNI
% of GNI
% of GNI
2020
2020
2020
2020
2020
2020
2020
2020
2020
..
8.4
2.6
0.3
0.1
0.0
1.4
2.1
..
11.3
17.4
3.3
0.1
0.8
0.0
1.6
0.2
-5.7
31.9
8.3
4.5
0.0
7.2
0.0
4.4
0.4
16.0
..
..
11.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
19.6
10.0
3.6
0.8
20.2
0.0
2.0
0.7
-10.4
17.0
11.1
2.3
..
0.0
0.0
1.2
..
..
19.1
12.3
5.0
0.0
1.1
0.4
1.8
0.2
8.3
15.0
12.9
2.3
0.3
0.0
3.0
1.8
0.4
-1.1
5.8
..
..
..
24.6
17.8
5.0
0.2
0.9
3.6
1.2
0.0
5.9
27.7
19.9
5.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.0
12.2
24.4
6.1
2.5
0.0
10.5
0.3
3.2
0.2
6.5
18.7
6.0
3.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.2
15.6
9.7
2.9
0.0
9.0
0.0
3.8
0.2
33.9
1.0
0.9
0.1
0.2
0.0
1.2
0.7
31.7
..
11.6
4.4
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.8
0.3
..
29.4
16.0
4.7
0.0
0.4
0.0
4.2
0.2
13.3
24.7
20.1
6.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.0
9.9
18.5
18.1
6.4
0.4
0.3
0.0
1.4
0.3
4.2
11.2
2.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.5
2.1
38.7
3.5
1.4
..
0.0
0.0
..
..
..
19.4
9.2
7.0
2.6
0.0
0.0
3.0
0.6
11.0
12.7
11.6
6.1
0.0
1.4
5.3
2.5
0.5
-2.6
15.9
16.0
..
0.0
0.0
0.0
4.7
0.4
..
27.9
21.3
9.5
0.3
0.2
0.2
2.4
0.6
12.3
15.3
11.2
6.3
0.0
1.6
1.0
1.3
0.2
6.3
49.4
10.2
4.0
0.1
10.7
0.0
2.5
0.1
29.8
21.6
14.4
4.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
2.4
0.3
8.0
8.5
4.3
0.0
0.0
12.2
1.3
2.6
15.4
5.2
12.3
0.0
0.0
1.0
1.9
35.2
12.8
5.2
0.3
0.3
0.0
1.4
0.5
25.1
28.5
10.9
2.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
2.2
0.5
16.9
13.7
11.8
2.7
2.7
1.1
0.0
0.9
1.4
-1.5
18.9
17.8
4.9
0.0
0.3
0.6
1.4
0.0
3.6
..
6.3
..
..
0.0
0.0
..
..
..
..
21.1
1.2
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.7
1.0
..
..
13.6
1.8
4.1
6.8
0.0
0.5
4.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
22.1
17.5
5.3
0.0
0.0
1.8
1.4
0.1
6.5
44.9
26.1
1.8
0.0
0.4
0.5
2.9
0.5
16.2
24.2
19.7
2.8
..
0.0
0.0
..
..
..
2.5
..
..
..
..
13.9
11.5
4.0
0.0
2.7
0.7
1.2
0.2
1.6
9.6
8.1
2.5
1.5
0.0
0.0
1.0
1.1
0.5
23.0
4.5
2.1
9.6
0.3
14.2
0.2
1.1
-4.9
..
24.6
2.5
5.2
24.5
0.0
1.3
1.2
..
14.2
6.5
7.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.1
14.2
3.1
3.2
0.0
0.0
1.9
0.8
1.1
23.0
14.1
3.8
0.2
0.2
0.0
1.1
0.1
11.1
..
13.0
..
..
..
4.9
..
0.0
0.0
3.0
..
..
9.3
13.1
5.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.3
0.1
0.3
29.8
22.2
3.7
0.2
0.0
0.0
1.7
0.1
9.2
30.0
16.4
7.2
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.3
0.0
20.4
34.1
10.8
7.8
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.5
2.1
28.1
15.0
5.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.2
..
..
24.2
6.5
2.5
0.0
0.0
1.5
1.3
0.4
17.0
25.8
19.1
3.9
0.0
4.0
0.0
1.6
0.3
4.8
11.5
6.2
4.4
0.1
1.9
0.0
3.2
0.7
3.7
19.4
14.8
3.6
0.8
0.0
0.0
1.1
0.3
6.0
..
16.9
1.0
3.0
20.2
0.0
3.2
0.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
29.0
15.5
4.6
0.0
0.1
0.0
2.1
0.0
15.9
16.9
14.3
7.1
3.5
0.0
0.0
1.2
1.3
3.6
27.4
8.1
3.1
5.1
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.8
15.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
21.6
13.1
4.0
1.1
0.0
0.9
1.7
0.6
8.0
24.6
19.3
5.8
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.6
0.0
10.3
21.1
19.8
4.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.0
5.8
..
..
0.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
20.3
3.1
3.5
9.6
0.1
1.3
0.3
..
33.0
18.7
2.7
2.9
0.0
0.0
1.4
1.1
11.6
11.9
15.2
1.8
0.1
0.0
0.9
2.7
0.5
-5.8
27.4
19.1
4.4
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.7
0.1
11.9
23.8
10.0
4.5
3.6
2.0
6.9
1.0
0.7
4.0
7.3
16.0
3.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.3
0.1
-7.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
11.0
3.8
..
0.0
0.0
0.9
..
..
..
..
8.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
18.8
12.3
3.1
0.0
0.1
0.4
1.1
0.6
7.4
26.2
11.2
1.9
4.5
0.0
0.0
1.0
1.6
9.8
4.6
1.2
10.3
0.0
0.0
0.9
1.5
..
3.7
2.9
4.6
12.1
14.2
3.5
0.4
..
5.7
1.5
0.6
0.0
0.0
1.0
1.9
23.5
4.3
6.3
0.0
0.0
0.3
1.7
0.7
22.9
26.5
18.0
4.3
0.0
0.1
0.0
1.2
0.2
11.2
17.6
16.4
7.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.0
8.1
31.0
11.1
3.1
0.2
0.3
0.5
3.6
1.3
17.1
30.4
16.3
3.3
0.0
1.3
0.6
2.4
0.6
12.5
..
20.2
3.7
0.0
3.4
1.1
12.6
0.4
..
12.9
4.6
0.0
8.6
0.0
4.3
0.6
49.1
36.2
4.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.0
16.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
27.9
14.1
5.5
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.6
0.1
18.5
21.1
19.1
3.9
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.6
0.1
5.2
29.3
6.9
5.2
0.1
0.0
0.0
2.4
0.3
24.8
26.3
23.5
2.7
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.8
0.1
4.7
4.0
4.8
2.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.4
0.3
-0.9
28.8
11.3
2.8
0.0
5.2
3.8
5.6
0.2
5.6
15.3
5.4
1.2
0.0
0.0
0.8
1.0
5.3
6.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
35.9
20.5
4.6
0.0
0.0
0.1
1.6
0.2
18.2
26.0
11.6
..
..
0.0
0.2
4.8
..
..
3.2
34.0
14.0
5.4
0.0
0.1
15.5
6.1
0.4
3.2
..
18.4
2.6
1.6
0.0
2.0
6.7
0.7
..
25.2
22.5
3.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.9
0.1
5.6
2.5
21.0
2.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.9
0.4
-19.7
13.0
6.2
4.6
0.0
0.0
4.6
1.8
..
25.6
3.7
17.7
0.0
6.9
2.1
1.0
..
..
8.0
2.1
0.1
1.9
0.0
7.3
0.5
..
..
3.1
..
..
..
21.4
13.3
3.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.9
0.1
10.9
30.0
17.3
4.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.0
16.6
9.0
9.5
2.1
5.4
0.0
0.2
1.2
1.2
-6.5
..
5.5
4.6
4.1
0.0
0.0
0.6
1.0
..
24.5
22.2
3.9
1.9
2.7
0.0
2.9
0.2
-1.4
15.2
10.9
4.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.8
0.1
6.3
5.3
3.8
2.3
0.0
12.3
1.6
2.7
25.0
17.5
4.7
..
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.1
..
8.0
7.8
..
..
0.0
3.0
..
..
33.7
8.7
2.9
0.7
0.0
6.9
2.4
0.8
17.1
13.1
11.4
4.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.2
0.2
5.0
24.6
20.3
4.5
0.0
1.3
0.7
1.7
0.2
4.9
..
7.0
23.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.8
..
..
16.1
13.1
4.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.6
0.2
4.8
..
..
1.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
18.0
11.3
4.3
0.0
3.3
9.4
7.1
0.6
-9.4
5.1
10.5
..
0.2
0.0
0.1
1.9
0.3
..
27.3
11.3
5.2
0.0
0.0
0.1
2.4
0.6
18.0
23.4
5.4
0.0
0.5
0.1
2.4
1.1
5.4
1.5
1.8
1.3
0.4
2.4
0.9
16.5
12.4
6.9
0.8
0.0
2.6
1.6
0.8
5.1
32.9
6.6
2.9
0.5
0.0
0.0
1.8
0.8
26.0
29.2
17.7
4.6
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.7
0.1
15.3
..
..
0.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
18.6
15.6
7.4
0.0
0.2
0.1
0.7
0.0
9.4
27.5
9.8
4.1
0.0
0.0
2.6
1.6
0.4
17.1
3.6
2.4
0.0
0.4
0.4
0.8
2.7
23.7
12.4
0.9
0.0
2.1
0.0
1.4
2.5
6.2
27.4
14.4
3.3
0.0
0.1
0.4
2.4
0.3
13.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
30.7
19.5
6.6
0.0
4.6
0.0
0.4
0.0
12.8
6.5
17.3
4.8
2.0
0.2
0.5
0.0
3.5
2.5
7.9
..
8.7
..
..
..
0.0
4.3
..
..
27.2
10.3
2.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.1
19.0
..
7.6
6.9
2.1
4.3
9.0
1.3
1.3
..
23.9
6.6
3.4
1.7
0.0
0.0
1.1
0.2
17.7
18.6
9.7
3.4
0.1
0.2
1.9
1.0
0.2
8.8
23.1
9.4
1.8
0.0
0.1
0.7
1.5
0.7
12.5
20.9
12.1
4.4
0.0
0.1
0.2
2.2
0.2
10.6
17.6
19.9
4.9
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.9
0.0
1.5
..
23.0
8.6
..
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.1
..
42.2
17.1
2.5
0.0
5.6
0.0
2.6
0.1
19.4
19.7
15.3
2.8
0.0
0.3
0.0
1.2
0.2
5.5
27.7
12.8
4.4
0.0
4.7
0.9
4.5
0.1
9.1
12.2
13.2
3.1
3.8
0.0
0.0
0.5
1.3
-3.5
..
10.4
4.2
0.3
0.0
0.0
2.0
0.7
..
..
..
3.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
22.1
3.5
1.9
0.0
0.0
1.3
1.3
..
24.7
10.0
7.2
0.0
5.2
0.1
2.9
0.3
13.4
9.9
5.0
0.0
0.0
2.7
1.8
1.2
21.3
15.5
3.7
0.0
0.3
0.1
3.7
0.4
4.9
19.1
15.0
4.5
0.2
0.0
0.0
2.3
..
..
5.9
2.7
7.1
0.0
0.1
1.2
2.4
45.8
19.8
2.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.1
28.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
18.4
18.0
3.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.2
0.1
2.8
27.7
19.7
4.5
0.2
0.0
0.0
1.0
0.1
11.2
7.0
10.2
9.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.9
1.8
4.0
..
7.4
1.0
14.9
0.0
0.0
0.6
7.3
..
14.9
15.3
6.4
0.0
0.9
2.0
5.1
0.5
-2.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
21.4
17.2
4.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.0
7.4
24.5
7.4
1.6
0.1
0.0
0.0
1.2
0.3
17.2
..
11.9
3.3
..
0.0
0.0
0.8
..
..
..
17.8
3.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
17.5
5.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.2
0.4
..
32.4
8.0
2.2
0.0
1.3
15.0
4.5
2.1
3.7
..
16.0
3.4
3.9
4.8
0.0
3.3
0.3
..
29.5
17.2
7.1
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.2
0.0
18.7
32.5
24.0
4.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
12.7
..
..
24.5
10.2
3.6
0.6
0.1
4.5
4.2
0.5
8.0
10.1
3.7
0.0
0.2
2.5
0.9
1.4
28.6
17.2
3.7
0.0
0.9
0.0
2.1
0.4
11.7
8.4
5.7
3.2
0.1
4.2
0.0
1.9
0.7
-1.0
6.2
3.6
2.9
0.0
3.8
1.1
2.2
14.4
8.5
2.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.6
0.4
6.8
..
9.8
2.9
0.1
4.8
0.0
3.1
0.2
..
1.3
5.9
0.3
0.6
0.0
2.9
0.4
27.2
15.1
3.8
0.0
0.1
0.2
2.4
0.2
12.9
..
..
..
2.3
..
..
..
6.6
..
..
0.0
0.0
0.7
..
..
22.6
6.2
1.7
7.4
0.0
0.0
0.8
1.0
9.0
11.4
12.7
4.9
0.0
0.4
1.1
4.5
0.2
-2.7
..
4.3
..
0.0
3.5
0.0
2.3
0.3
..
14.2
16.3
5.4
0.4
0.0
0.5
0.1
18.9
16.8
4.4
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.9
0.1
5.3
17.3
16.3
4.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.1
5.2
33.4
13.0
9.4
0.0
3.4
6.2
7.4
0.5
12.2
40.5
8.6
4.5
0.6
0.0
0.0
0.8
2.3
32.7
..
..
6.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
24.6
14.5
4.6
0.0
0.4
0.0
4.8
0.3
9.0
..
..
9.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
13.4
9.6
..
..
0.0
0.0
0.7
..
..
..
3.6
..
46.5
19.2
3.6
0.0
0.0
4.5
2.2
0.9
23.3
12.9
10.3
1.9
2.7
0.1
6.8
2.5
1.4
-8.9
26.9
18.5
3.9
0.1
0.6
0.3
1.6
0.3
9.5
37.4
23.4
2.5
0.0
0.4
0.5
2.3
0.3
12.9
24.0
18.0
4.7
0.0
0.5
0.2
1.1
0.1
8.8
19.3
14.1
5.1
0.0
1.3
0.9
1.4
0.2
6.6
24.1
10.6
5.2
0.0
3.6
0.1
3.5
0.4
11.1
19.0
16.9
4.4
0.0
0.2
0.1
0.9
0.1
5.2
30.0
9.3
2.7
0.2
0.3
0.4
3.2
1.3
18.1
21.2
11.9
3.5
1.6
1.8
2.0
2.0
1.4
4.0
8.8
2.9
4.6
0.3
4.0
1.2
1.6
27.0
11.0
3.1
0.2
1.1
0.6
3.2
1.0
13.0
37.2
22.0
2.8
0.0
1.0
0.6
2.8
0.4
13.1
22.7
18.2
4.4
0.0
0.3
0.2
0.9
0.1
7.5