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World Development Indicators:
Towards a broader measure of savings
% of GNI
% of GNI
% of GNI
% of GNI
% of GNI
% of GNI
% of GNI
% of GNI
% of GNI
2018
2018
2018
2018
2018
2018
2018
2018
2018
19.8
13.1
2.6
0.1
0.1
0.0
1.8
1.9
5.4
16.8
18.9
3.3
0.1
1.3
0.1
1.1
0.2
-1.6
10.8
4.5
0.1
11.8
0.0
3.2
0.1
..
..
11.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
27.3
44.2
3.6
0.3
21.6
0.0
1.3
0.5
-37.1
..
11.0
2.3
..
0.0
0.0
1.5
..
..
16.1
12.6
5.0
0.0
1.5
0.3
1.4
0.1
5.0
12.9
13.9
2.3
0.2
0.0
3.2
1.6
0.4
-4.2
6.5
..
..
22.4
18.6
5.0
0.0
1.3
2.1
0.9
0.0
4.4
27.7
18.0
5.2
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.5
0.0
14.3
33.5
7.7
2.6
0.0
18.4
0.4
2.9
0.2
6.3
13.4
20.1
3.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.1
-3.5
31.6
7.5
2.9
0.0
3.8
0.0
3.2
0.1
19.9
31.8
8.3
1.2
0.1
0.5
0.0
1.2
0.5
22.5
10.3
4.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.9
0.2
30.3
14.8
4.7
0.4
0.4
0.0
3.5
0.2
15.7
24.4
18.7
6.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.1
11.1
9.4
17.5
6.4
0.0
0.6
0.0
1.2
0.3
-3.9
19.9
17.1
4.0
0.7
0.1
0.0
1.8
1.1
3.2
..
..
2.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
23.7
9.2
6.8
1.3
0.0
0.0
2.5
0.7
16.8
16.5
14.7
6.1
0.3
2.6
3.5
2.1
0.3
-0.8
15.5
14.1
..
0.2
0.0
0.2
4.0
0.3
..
36.1
22.9
9.5
0.0
0.3
0.3
1.4
0.2
20.5
12.7
11.8
6.1
0.1
1.7
0.8
0.9
0.2
3.3
52.9
8.4
4.0
0.0
16.2
0.0
1.9
0.0
30.4
28.0
13.8
3.9
0.0
0.1
0.4
2.2
0.2
15.1
22.8
12.7
4.3
3.3
0.0
7.9
0.9
1.7
0.6
4.3
13.8
5.2
10.0
0.0
0.7
0.7
1.3
-16.9
35.2
19.7
5.2
0.2
0.0
0.0
1.0
0.2
19.2
26.5
15.5
2.0
0.5
0.0
0.0
1.9
0.6
10.1
17.8
16.2
2.7
0.0
2.9
0.1
0.8
0.8
-0.3
19.9
16.8
4.9
0.0
0.5
0.4
1.1
0.1
6.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
14.8
1.2
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.5
0.5
..
..
12.7
1.8
2.4
11.9
0.0
0.3
2.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
19.4
15.1
4.6
0.0
0.0
7.2
1.1
0.1
0.5
44.7
21.5
1.8
0.0
0.7
0.2
2.7
0.3
21.1
24.6
9.5
2.8
..
0.0
0.0
0.4
..
..
56.8
11.1
2.7
..
0.0
0.0
0.2
..
..
16.7
17.0
4.0
0.0
4.2
0.4
1.1
0.1
-2.0
12.7
8.5
2.5
1.0
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.7
4.2
17.6
6.3
2.1
6.5
0.4
12.6
0.2
1.7
-7.9
24.8
2.5
0.0
45.8
0.0
1.3
0.7
16.1
5.6
7.2
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.1
16.9
17.2
1.6
4.3
1.3
0.9
0.7
0.6
25.4
14.0
4.5
0.0
0.4
0.0
1.0
0.1
14.4
..
13.0
..
..
..
5.0
..
0.0
0.0
..
..
15.3
12.2
6.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.0
0.1
8.1
27.9
21.2
5.6
0.1
0.0
1.6
0.1
29.2
15.9
6.9
0.0
0.5
0.0
0.3
0.1
19.4
48.4
14.0
7.8
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.5
40.8
..
27.8
5.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.1
..
..
24.6
5.3
2.5
0.0
0.0
1.1
1.1
0.2
19.3
25.9
18.4
3.9
0.2
5.8
0.1
1.4
0.2
3.6
14.2
5.6
4.4
0.2
4.8
0.2
3.7
0.6
3.6
16.5
13.0
3.6
0.6
0.0
0.0
1.0
0.3
5.1
..
17.4
1.0
0.0
31.9
0.0
1.7
0.5
..
..
..
1.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
29.7
15.4
4.9
0.1
0.3
0.0
2.1
0.1
16.7
15.1
13.5
6.8
1.8
0.0
0.0
0.9
0.7
5.0
33.3
21.4
3.1
5.2
0.0
0.3
0.7
0.4
8.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
11.3
4.0
0.0
0.0
0.8
1.7
0.5
..
23.4
18.1
6.3
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.6
0.0
10.8
22.3
17.9
4.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.0
8.9
..
..
0.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
16.2
3.1
0.0
13.6
0.1
1.2
0.2
..
8.8
14.4
2.7
2.4
0.0
0.0
1.4
1.1
-7.8
22.2
11.1
1.8
0.0
0.1
0.4
2.4
0.4
9.6
28.5
17.7
4.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.1
14.4
21.4
19.9
4.2
3.2
4.2
5.0
1.1
0.6
-8.4
12.2
15.9
3.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.0
0.1
-1.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
20.5
3.8
..
0.0
0.0
1.0
..
..
..
..
8.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
15.0
13.2
2.8
0.8
0.1
0.4
0.9
0.5
1.8
13.1
14.6
2.4
4.8
0.0
4.1
1.0
1.0
-10.2
8.8
3.8
1.2
6.5
0.0
0.0
0.8
1.0
-2.2
36.2
4.2
2.9
0.0
0.0
12.4
2.4
0.3
19.9
24.2
7.1
1.5
0.6
0.0
0.0
1.1
1.4
15.4
22.3
6.1
6.3
0.7
0.0
0.4
1.7
0.3
19.4
28.1
16.6
4.5
0.0
0.3
0.0
1.1
0.2
14.5
21.7
17.8
7.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.0
11.0
31.4
11.5
3.1
0.1
0.6
0.3
3.5
0.8
17.7
32.7
18.0
3.3
0.0
2.1
0.6
2.0
0.4
12.9
..
3.6
..
20.8
11.5
4.6
0.0
13.3
0.0
3.1
0.2
-2.8
44.0
31.5
4.2
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.5
0.0
16.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
24.4
13.3
5.3
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.6
0.1
15.6
20.6
17.3
3.7
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.5
0.1
6.4
22.3
7.9
5.6
0.1
0.0
0.2
1.9
0.3
17.5
26.9
21.4
2.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.1
7.3
10.9
8.3
3.2
0.0
0.0
0.1
2.1
0.2
3.3
31.7
13.4
3.0
0.0
9.8
2.8
5.6
0.1
3.0
15.0
4.9
1.3
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.7
34.7
4.9
6.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
35.6
19.7
4.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.3
0.1
19.2
20.4
11.3
..
..
0.0
0.4
..
..
37.4
10.1
3.2
0.0
9.4
0.0
2.1
0.1
18.9
27.4
11.6
5.4
0.0
0.0
9.0
4.8
0.3
7.1
19.6
2.6
1.0
0.0
2.9
5.3
0.5
23.0
21.7
4.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.1
4.7
-3.6
19.8
2.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.6
0.3
-23.3
21.9
13.9
5.5
2.9
0.0
0.0
2.8
1.1
6.8
-74.0
6.5
3.7
12.8
0.0
6.6
2.0
1.2
-99.4
..
8.6
2.1
0.0
8.5
0.0
5.7
0.5
..
..
3.1
..
..
..
21.0
12.6
3.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.9
0.1
11.2
27.3
19.0
5.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.0
13.1
19.2
12.6
2.1
0.0
0.1
0.8
1.3
1.5
4.9
10.9
15.0
4.6
5.3
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.8
-6.3
26.7
21.2
4.4
0.0
4.2
0.0
2.7
0.2
2.8
..
14.1
4.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.2
0.1
..
16.8
7.1
3.8
2.0
0.0
6.7
0.8
1.6
2.5
33.3
13.5
4.7
..
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.1
..
13.5
7.7
6.5
..
..
0.0
1.9
..
..
29.3
8.9
2.9
1.2
0.0
5.4
1.5
0.5
14.8
15.2
15.8
4.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.0
0.2
3.0
24.3
18.2
4.9
0.1
2.2
0.5
1.4
0.2
6.6
..
7.9
23.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.3
..
..
14.4
12.5
4.6
0.2
0.0
0.0
1.5
0.2
4.6
..
..
1.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
28.9
8.9
4.3
0.0
5.8
16.5
9.2
0.4
-7.5
14.7
13.1
..
0.0
0.0
0.7
1.3
0.1
..
28.3
11.2
5.2
0.1
0.0
0.2
1.9
0.4
19.7
13.1
8.5
5.4
0.8
0.7
0.5
2.5
0.6
5.1
30.5
6.6
1.8
0.4
1.3
0.9
1.4
0.5
21.2
12.4
10.5
2.9
0.0
0.0
3.2
1.1
0.4
0.0
47.8
11.8
3.2
0.3
0.0
0.0
1.5
0.7
36.7
31.5
16.3
5.0
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.7
0.1
19.2
..
..
0.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
19.7
15.6
7.4
0.0
0.5
0.1
0.6
0.0
10.1
25.1
10.2
4.1
1.1
0.0
1.3
1.5
0.2
15.0
16.9
6.0
3.5
4.2
0.7
0.2
0.7
1.4
7.2
20.2
12.7
0.9
0.9
4.5
0.0
1.1
1.7
0.1
33.4
18.8
3.3
0.0
0.0
1.0
1.9
0.2
14.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
34.4
16.7
6.7
0.0
5.9
0.0
0.3
0.0
18.2
19.0
15.7
6.5
0.0
23.9
0.0
3.1
0.1
-17.5
11.0
4.9
2.0
0.1
0.9
0.0
2.3
0.8
4.0
8.0
..
..
..
0.0
2.5
..
..
31.7
8.0
2.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.1
25.8
..
7.5
6.9
0.0
7.5
8.4
1.1
0.8
..
23.3
17.3
3.4
1.2
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.2
7.2
20.9
10.7
3.3
0.0
0.3
5.3
1.0
0.2
6.6
30.6
8.8
1.8
0.1
0.2
0.7
1.3
0.4
21.0
20.6
12.2
4.6
0.1
0.1
0.2
1.9
0.1
10.5
18.5
17.9
4.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.1
4.6
..
14.0
8.6
..
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.1
..
52.6
14.9
2.2
0.0
8.7
0.0
1.9
0.0
29.3
18.9
19.6
2.8
0.0
0.6
0.0
1.0
0.1
0.3
30.7
13.5
3.6
0.0
8.0
0.5
3.8
0.2
8.2
14.3
15.3
3.2
3.5
0.0
0.1
0.5
0.8
-2.8
..
11.4
4.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.1
0.4
..
..
..
3.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
31.2
3.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.1
1.0
..
32.9
10.8
7.2
0.0
9.3
0.1
2.5
0.2
17.2
24.0
12.9
5.0
0.0
0.0
0.9
2.1
0.6
12.5
19.8
16.5
3.8
0.1
0.1
0.3
3.2
0.3
3.1
16.3
13.7
4.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.3
..
..
-7.8
5.1
2.7
7.0
0.0
0.2
1.1
1.7
-20.3
48.6
16.1
2.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.1
34.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
22.5
20.8
3.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.1
0.1
4.3
27.7
19.3
4.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.1
11.8
..
9.2
9.9
18.8
0.0
0.2
0.4
1.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
15.4
14.3
6.0
0.1
1.3
1.4
4.6
0.3
-0.6
..
..
1.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
22.3
15.4
4.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.0
10.2
28.1
7.5
1.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.0
0.1
21.0
24.8
12.7
3.3
..
0.0
0.0
0.9
..
..
..
13.3
3.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
13.2
5.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.0
0.3
..
16.7
7.2
2.2
1.4
1.2
10.9
3.0
1.3
-6.2
..
15.0
3.4
0.0
6.1
17.8
2.0
0.2
..
27.9
16.9
7.3
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.3
0.0
17.8
34.3
21.7
4.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
16.9
..
..
2.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
4.4
3.8
1.0
0.1
3.2
2.5
0.7
15.4
3.7
0.0
0.3
1.8
0.9
0.7
33.3
18.2
4.2
0.3
1.6
0.0
2.2
0.2
15.0
9.6
4.0
3.2
0.0
18.6
0.0
0.8
0.7
-11.5
22.5
13.9
4.9
3.9
0.0
5.6
2.1
0.9
1.1
..
8.8
2.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.0
0.4
..
..
11.1
2.9
0.0
9.2
0.0
6.4
0.2
..
8.4
17.3
5.9
0.2
1.9
0.1
2.9
0.2
-8.3
27.5
16.9
3.8
0.0
0.1
0.1
1.8
0.2
12.1
..
15.7
2.3
..
8.1
0.0
6.3
0.3
..
..
8.7
2.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.8
..
..
..
6.9
..
..
0.0
0.0
0.6
..
..
22.5
20.9
2.0
7.5
0.0
0.1
0.7
0.7
-5.4
14.8
11.8
4.9
0.0
0.5
0.4
5.2
0.2
1.6
..
3.9
..
0.0
5.2
0.0
1.8
0.1
..
13.5
14.9
5.5
0.0
0.6
0.0
0.4
0.1
3.0
18.3
15.8
4.4
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.8
0.1
5.6
12.9
10.9
5.0
1.2
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.1
5.2
40.1
4.5
9.4
0.0
7.2
5.0
5.6
0.4
26.7
..
9.3
4.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.6
1.2
..
..
..
6.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
24.3
9.7
4.6
0.8
1.1
0.1
3.4
0.2
13.5
..
..
9.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
10.9
10.2
..
..
0.0
0.0
0.7
..
..
..
6.1
3.6
0.0
0.3
0.0
1.2
1.9
..
44.6
15.4
3.6
0.9
0.0
10.0
0.8
0.7
20.3
9.2
1.9
0.0
0.1
3.0
1.8
0.9
26.8
17.0
3.9
0.0
1.0
0.2
1.4
0.2
10.9
37.4
20.3
2.6
0.0
0.7
0.3
2.0
0.2
16.6
24.6
16.8
4.7
0.0
0.9
0.1
1.0
0.1
10.4
17.9
13.9
5.1
0.1
1.7
1.2
1.1
0.2
4.8
27.8
10.2
4.9
0.0
7.0
0.0
2.3
0.2
12.9
18.4
15.8
4.4
0.0
0.3
0.1
0.9
0.1
5.7
29.6
10.6
2.8
0.1
0.6
0.2
3.1
0.8
17.0
20.0
15.5
3.5
1.4
3.6
1.7
1.8
0.9
-1.4
20.7
12.7
2.9
3.7
0.6
3.4
1.1
1.2
1.0
27.1
11.2
3.1
0.3
1.9
0.5
2.7
0.7
13.0
35.9
18.7
2.9
0.0
1.8
0.4
2.5
0.3
15.1
22.8
16.8
4.5
0.0
0.5
0.1
0.8
0.1
8.9