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World Development Indicators:
Towards a broader measure of savings
% of GNI
% of GNI
% of GNI
% of GNI
% of GNI
% of GNI
% of GNI
% of GNI
% of GNI
2019
2019
2019
2019
2019
2019
2019
2019
2019
..
4.5
2.6
0.2
0.1
0.0
2.2
2.7
..
14.2
17.4
3.3
0.0
0.8
0.0
1.3
0.3
-2.3
39.8
9.4
4.5
0.1
10.2
0.0
3.9
0.3
20.4
..
..
11.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
25.5
12.3
3.6
0.0
21.1
0.0
1.7
0.7
-6.9
11.0
2.3
..
0.0
0.0
1.8
..
..
16.5
12.7
5.0
0.0
1.6
0.0
1.9
0.1
5.1
10.1
13.4
2.3
0.1
0.0
0.9
1.8
0.3
-4.1
5.8
..
..
23.2
18.2
5.0
0.0
1.3
1.3
1.1
0.0
6.3
28.3
18.2
5.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.0
14.5
30.5
6.9
2.6
0.0
16.8
0.0
3.4
0.2
5.9
30.0
6.6
3.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.1
26.5
8.2
2.9
0.0
3.7
0.0
3.6
0.2
34.1
8.2
0.9
0.1
0.3
0.0
1.4
0.7
24.4
..
10.5
4.4
0.0
0.2
0.0
1.0
0.3
..
28.6
18.1
4.7
0.0
0.6
0.0
3.8
0.2
10.6
25.0
18.7
6.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.0
11.6
11.0
18.4
6.4
0.0
1.1
0.0
1.4
0.3
-3.8
21.9
11.0
2.9
1.3
0.1
0.0
2.2
2.2
8.2
38.7
4.4
1.6
..
0.0
0.0
0.4
..
..
21.1
8.4
7.0
1.3
0.0
0.0
3.3
1.3
13.8
14.5
11.3
6.1
0.0
2.6
0.3
2.6
0.4
3.4
16.6
16.1
..
0.0
0.0
0.1
4.8
0.4
..
32.1
23.1
9.5
0.0
0.2
0.1
1.7
0.5
16.0
12.5
8.1
6.3
0.0
1.7
0.3
1.2
0.2
7.4
52.2
8.2
4.0
0.0
14.5
0.0
2.3
0.0
31.2
26.0
14.5
4.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
2.5
0.3
12.5
16.9
7.8
4.3
2.9
0.0
0.1
1.2
2.5
6.7
14.7
5.2
8.9
0.0
0.0
0.9
2.0
35.8
14.8
5.2
0.2
0.0
0.0
1.2
0.4
24.3
28.8
10.9
2.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
2.2
0.5
17.1
17.9
11.9
2.7
0.2
2.7
0.0
0.9
1.4
3.5
20.1
16.8
4.9
0.0
0.5
0.0
1.3
0.0
6.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
19.6
1.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.9
..
..
12.8
1.8
1.7
10.5
0.0
0.3
3.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
19.7
17.0
5.3
0.0
0.0
1.0
1.3
0.1
5.5
43.9
16.9
1.8
0.0
0.6
0.1
3.1
0.4
24.5
23.8
19.9
2.8
..
0.0
0.0
0.5
..
..
2.4
..
..
..
16.2
11.9
4.0
0.0
3.8
0.1
1.4
0.2
2.9
14.0
9.6
2.5
1.2
0.0
0.0
0.8
1.3
3.7
22.0
4.9
2.1
2.4
0.5
2.3
0.2
1.7
12.0
..
25.8
2.5
0.0
37.1
0.0
1.5
1.5
..
15.1
5.7
7.3
0.7
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.1
15.4
3.3
3.2
0.0
1.2
0.0
0.9
1.9
25.7
14.8
3.8
0.0
0.3
0.0
1.2
0.1
13.1
..
..
13.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
5.0
..
0.0
0.0
..
..
..
14.2
10.5
5.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.2
0.1
7.9
27.9
21.1
3.7
0.1
0.0
0.0
1.8
0.1
8.4
30.7
16.1
7.3
0.0
0.4
0.0
0.3
0.0
21.1
11.6
7.8
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.9
..
15.2
5.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.3
..
..
25.0
5.9
2.5
0.0
0.0
0.1
1.3
0.3
19.9
25.4
18.5
3.9
0.0
3.4
0.0
1.6
0.3
5.6
15.2
6.3
4.4
0.1
3.7
0.0
3.7
0.7
5.0
17.9
14.1
3.6
0.6
0.0
0.0
1.2
0.3
5.4
..
18.6
1.0
0.0
27.6
0.0
2.2
0.7
..
..
..
1.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
29.7
15.9
4.6
0.0
0.2
0.0
2.5
0.0
15.7
18.1
16.6
7.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.2
1.3
6.1
8.6
3.1
3.9
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
13.6
4.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.2
0.6
24.0
18.7
5.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.0
10.4
22.9
18.2
4.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.0
9.2
..
..
0.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
17.1
3.1
0.0
12.8
0.0
1.4
0.3
..
19.2
2.7
0.9
0.0
0.0
1.6
1.4
22.6
13.2
1.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
3.0
0.4
7.7
27.8
18.1
4.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.1
13.3
25.5
11.4
4.2
0.7
2.8
0.0
1.3
1.0
12.5
10.2
15.2
3.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.3
0.1
-3.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
9.7
3.8
..
0.0
0.0
1.1
..
..
..
..
8.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
17.2
12.5
3.1
0.7
0.1
0.2
1.0
0.6
5.2
4.3
9.7
2.1
1.9
0.0
0.0
1.2
1.6
-7.9
4.5
1.2
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.9
1.6
..
2.6
2.9
0.0
0.6
0.0
2.2
0.5
..
16.0
5.5
1.5
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.9
2.3
8.4
23.8
5.6
6.3
0.4
0.0
0.0
1.9
0.6
21.7
28.6
16.3
4.4
0.0
0.2
0.0
1.2
0.2
15.1
25.5
15.4
7.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.0
17.2
29.5
11.4
3.1
0.1
0.4
0.4
4.0
1.1
15.1
32.0
16.4
3.3
0.0
1.7
0.1
2.2
0.6
14.2
..
3.7
..
13.4
11.6
4.6
0.0
11.7
0.0
3.8
0.5
-9.7
45.3
31.1
4.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.0
17.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
24.9
13.2
5.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.1
16.4
20.9
17.5
3.9
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.7
0.1
6.5
23.0
7.4
5.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.1
0.2
18.5
22.1
2.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.9
0.1
15.8
6.2
2.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.4
0.3
9.6
30.8
12.5
2.8
0.0
8.1
1.2
6.5
0.2
5.2
8.1
15.6
4.9
0.6
0.0
0.0
0.9
1.0
-5.0
3.7
6.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
34.5
19.7
4.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.6
0.1
17.6
23.8
14.2
..
..
0.0
0.1
..
..
..
3.2
22.0
13.1
5.4
0.0
0.0
0.1
6.1
0.4
7.6
..
17.1
2.6
0.0
0.0
0.7
7.1
0.7
..
22.0
21.6
3.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.9
0.1
3.4
-3.2
20.1
2.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.9
0.3
-23.4
21.8
11.8
5.9
2.5
0.0
0.0
3.4
1.6
8.5
-44.2
25.2
3.7
5.9
0.0
0.0
2.5
1.3
-75.4
..
8.0
2.1
0.1
9.9
0.0
7.4
0.3
..
..
3.1
..
..
..
21.6
12.5
3.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.0
0.1
11.6
26.1
17.7
5.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.0
12.6
17.9
9.9
2.1
0.0
0.1
0.0
1.7
1.5
6.9
11.2
6.1
4.6
3.6
0.0
0.0
0.7
1.4
4.1
25.1
22.2
4.0
0.0
3.8
0.0
3.1
0.2
-0.2
20.4
11.9
4.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.5
0.1
11.3
5.1
3.8
1.3
0.0
0.0
1.1
3.5
29.7
13.3
4.8
..
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.1
..
6.5
..
..
..
..
33.9
10.1
2.9
0.9
0.0
4.1
1.8
0.8
19.2
16.4
11.3
4.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.2
0.1
8.6
24.4
18.0
4.5
0.0
1.6
0.1
1.6
0.2
7.4
..
23.6
..
..
15.9
12.6
4.6
0.1
0.0
0.0
1.7
0.2
5.9
..
..
1.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
26.7
10.1
4.3
0.0
4.7
3.4
11.1
0.6
1.2
16.8
14.3
..
0.0
0.0
0.3
1.6
0.3
..
28.4
11.3
5.2
0.1
0.0
0.1
2.2
0.6
19.3
18.2
22.2
5.4
0.0
0.5
0.0
3.1
1.1
-3.4
4.7
1.5
0.5
1.0
0.3
1.7
0.9
8.8
12.3
2.9
0.0
0.0
0.5
1.4
0.8
-3.3
48.4
6.5
3.2
0.3
0.0
0.0
1.9
1.0
41.9
31.1
16.4
4.6
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.8
0.1
18.2
..
..
0.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
14.5
7.4
0.0
0.4
0.0
0.7
0.0
23.5
6.0
4.1
0.7
0.0
0.0
1.7
0.4
18.8
22.7
4.8
2.4
3.4
0.7
0.0
0.9
2.5
12.8
24.0
13.2
0.9
0.6
3.7
0.0
1.1
2.6
3.7
32.9
15.1
3.3
0.0
0.0
0.4
2.2
0.3
18.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
31.9
17.5
6.6
0.0
5.1
0.0
0.4
0.0
15.5
16.0
12.7
6.5
0.0
22.2
0.0
3.8
0.1
-16.3
12.6
4.8
2.0
0.1
0.8
0.0
3.3
2.3
3.2
8.0
..
..
..
0.0
3.0
..
..
32.1
9.7
2.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.1
24.4
..
7.3
6.9
0.0
5.9
0.5
1.3
1.3
..
22.0
6.6
3.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.9
0.2
17.7
20.0
9.6
3.4
0.0
0.3
0.6
1.1
0.2
11.6
28.7
9.0
1.8
0.1
0.1
0.2
1.5
0.6
19.1
21.0
11.9
4.4
0.0
0.1
0.1
2.2
0.2
11.0
19.3
18.0
4.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.9
0.0
5.3
..
21.6
8.6
..
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
..
46.2
16.2
2.4
0.0
8.9
0.0
2.3
0.1
21.1
18.6
14.0
2.8
0.0
0.5
0.0
1.1
0.2
5.5
28.5
12.9
4.4
0.0
7.3
0.1
4.4
0.1
8.0
15.6
12.9
3.0
3.0
0.0
0.0
0.6
1.3
0.8
..
11.5
4.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.4
1.0
..
..
..
3.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
24.9
3.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.3
1.3
..
33.3
9.8
7.2
0.0
8.2
0.0
3.0
0.3
19.1
9.9
5.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.7
1.3
19.3
17.2
3.7
0.0
0.4
0.1
3.8
0.4
1.1
12.9
13.4
4.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.4
..
..
-4.3
5.6
2.7
1.7
0.0
1.3
1.3
2.3
-13.8
47.2
18.4
2.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.1
31.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
21.6
17.2
3.8
0.1
0.0
0.0
1.2
0.1
6.8
26.9
18.7
4.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.0
0.1
11.7
..
10.1
9.9
5.8
0.0
0.0
0.4
2.2
..
..
..
1.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
15.4
14.5
6.4
0.1
1.0
1.1
5.5
0.5
-0.8
..
..
1.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
22.9
15.4
4.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.0
10.8
26.0
7.4
1.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.3
0.3
18.6
..
11.7
3.3
..
0.0
0.0
1.0
..
..
..
18.3
3.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.9
0.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
17.6
5.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.1
0.3
..
58.1
17.2
2.2
0.4
0.5
0.0
2.8
2.1
37.3
..
13.2
3.4
0.0
5.1
0.0
2.1
0.2
..
28.7
16.8
7.1
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.3
0.0
18.6
34.6
21.5
4.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
17.4
..
..
2.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
4.8
3.8
0.7
0.0
1.0
2.9
0.5
11.3
3.7
0.0
0.2
0.0
1.1
1.3
32.7
17.8
4.2
0.3
1.3
0.0
2.4
0.4
14.8
21.4
4.1
3.2
0.0
27.9
0.0
1.1
0.8
-9.5
6.4
4.8
3.1
0.0
0.0
2.6
2.2
..
8.5
2.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.0
0.4
..
..
10.7
2.9
0.0
6.7
0.0
7.2
0.2
..
8.9
1.4
5.9
0.2
1.1
0.0
3.5
0.3
8.2
26.5
15.4
3.8
0.0
0.1
0.0
2.1
0.2
12.5
..
2.3
..
..
2.4
..
..
..
6.0
..
..
0.0
0.0
0.8
..
..
22.8
7.3
1.7
6.2
0.0
0.0
0.8
1.3
8.9
11.7
11.9
4.9
0.0
0.5
0.0
5.2
0.2
-1.3
..
3.9
..
0.0
5.3
0.0
2.2
0.2
..
13.6
15.1
5.4
0.5
0.0
0.5
0.0
18.5
15.8
4.4
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.9
0.1
5.8
14.0
9.5
5.2
1.0
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.1
8.1
39.5
12.3
9.4
0.0
5.5
0.2
5.6
0.5
24.8
..
9.0
4.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.7
2.4
..
..
..
6.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
24.5
14.5
4.6
0.1
0.8
0.0
4.0
0.3
9.4
..
..
9.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.6
3.6
0.0
1.0
0.0
1.7
2.3
..
40.4
17.0
3.6
0.0
0.0
1.2
1.2
0.9
23.7
10.2
1.9
0.0
0.1
0.4
2.2
1.4
26.5
16.1
3.9
0.0
0.9
0.1
1.6
0.2
11.5
39.5
18.2
2.6
0.0
0.5
0.2
2.3
0.3
20.6
24.4
16.8
4.7
0.0
0.8
0.0
1.1
0.1
10.3
17.9
12.2
5.2
0.0
1.5
0.2
1.4
0.2
7.6
26.8
9.7
5.1
0.0
6.3
0.0
2.8
0.3
12.8
18.6
15.8
4.4
0.0
0.3
0.0
1.0
0.1
5.8
28.7
10.4
2.8
0.1
0.4
0.3
3.6
1.1
15.4
20.4
12.4
3.5
0.8
2.9
0.3
2.1
1.4
3.8
9.0
2.8
2.8
0.5
0.3
1.2
1.6
27.5
11.4
3.1
0.1
1.5
0.2
3.0
1.0
13.3
35.2
15.5
2.9
0.0
1.5
0.2
2.9
0.4
17.7
22.3
17.1
4.5
0.0
0.5
0.0
0.9
0.1
8.2