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World Development Indicators:
Towards a broader measure of savings
% of GNI
% of GNI
% of GNI
% of GNI
% of GNI
% of GNI
% of GNI
% of GNI
% of GNI
2017
2017
2017
2017
2017
2017
2017
2017
2017
18.8
13.5
2.6
0.2
0.1
0.0
2.9
1.9
2.7
16.6
9.2
3.6
0.1
0.9
0.1
1.6
0.2
8.2
38.4
9.0
4.5
0.1
9.2
0.0
3.3
0.1
21.2
..
..
11.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
27.3
32.9
3.6
0.3
12.4
0.0
1.0
0.6
-16.3
..
11.0
2.3
..
0.0
0.0
1.5
..
..
13.8
11.3
5.1
0.0
0.8
0.2
1.1
0.1
5.4
17.5
13.3
2.4
0.1
0.0
2.8
1.7
0.5
1.5
10.9
6.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.8
..
..
22.5
17.8
5.0
0.0
0.8
2.2
0.9
0.0
5.6
27.5
18.0
5.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.0
14.1
29.6
7.1
3.0
0.0
13.3
0.1
2.5
0.1
9.5
16.8
12.6
3.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.1
7.1
30.5
6.3
2.9
0.0
3.2
0.0
3.5
0.1
20.4
33.8
8.3
1.2
0.2
0.4
0.0
1.2
0.5
24.5
..
10.7
4.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.0
0.3
..
29.7
9.1
4.7
0.2
0.4
0.0
3.4
0.2
21.2
25.2
18.7
6.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.1
12.0
10.5
16.1
6.4
0.0
0.5
0.0
1.0
0.3
-0.9
14.6
4.0
1.7
0.1
0.0
2.9
1.0
..
..
2.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
32.1
10.3
6.8
2.6
0.0
0.0
2.0
0.7
23.3
16.2
13.4
6.1
0.5
2.3
3.0
2.2
0.2
0.8
12.9
14.2
..
0.2
0.0
0.2
4.8
0.3
..
40.7
21.6
9.5
0.0
0.2
0.2
1.4
0.2
26.6
14.6
11.7
6.1
0.1
1.0
0.7
0.9
0.2
6.1
52.4
8.1
4.0
0.0
10.9
0.0
2.7
0.0
34.6
28.3
14.1
3.9
0.0
0.1
0.6
2.4
0.2
14.8
11.4
4.3
6.8
0.0
8.2
1.1
1.6
11.8
5.2
15.3
0.0
0.4
0.5
1.3
31.0
23.0
5.3
0.5
0.0
0.0
1.0
0.2
11.7
24.5
10.4
2.0
1.0
0.0
0.0
1.4
0.6
13.1
18.6
12.7
2.7
0.0
2.3
0.1
0.8
0.8
4.5
20.2
16.8
4.9
0.0
0.2
0.5
1.1
0.0
6.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
24.0
1.2
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.7
0.6
..
..
8.6
1.8
4.0
9.0
0.0
0.2
3.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
21.3
14.7
4.6
0.0
0.0
6.5
1.1
0.1
3.6
47.1
24.5
1.8
0.0
0.6
0.3
3.2
0.3
20.1
25.5
17.8
2.8
..
0.0
0.0
0.4
..
..
56.4
1.9
3.1
..
0.0
0.0
0.1
..
..
16.9
13.1
3.4
0.0
2.9
0.5
1.0
0.1
2.8
..
4.7
4.3
1.8
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.8
..
19.2
0.2
2.1
12.6
0.4
10.3
0.6
1.7
-4.4
24.1
2.5
0.0
31.3
0.0
1.7
0.7
15.0
5.6
7.5
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.1
15.9
3.5
4.7
1.3
1.5
1.3
0.8
25.5
17.7
4.5
0.0
0.3
0.0
1.0
0.1
10.8
..
13.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12.2
13.9
6.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.9
0.1
3.2
28.0
21.6
5.7
0.0
0.1
0.0
1.6
0.1
10.3
27.9
15.8
6.9
0.0
0.4
0.0
0.3
0.1
18.3
17.0
23.6
7.4
0.7
0.0
0.0
1.5
0.4
-1.8
..
21.6
5.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.8
..
..
22.4
4.7
2.5
0.0
0.0
1.5
1.1
0.3
17.3
26.4
14.5
3.9
0.2
2.5
0.1
1.4
0.2
11.4
10.1
5.5
4.4
0.3
3.6
0.2
3.1
0.7
1.2
15.2
10.4
3.8
1.0
0.0
0.0
0.9
0.3
6.4
..
16.5
1.0
0.0
22.9
0.0
1.3
0.4
..
..
..
1.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
29.2
15.7
4.9
0.0
0.2
0.0
2.9
0.1
15.2
9.7
12.3
6.8
1.7
0.0
0.0
0.9
0.7
0.8
32.9
16.2
3.1
9.1
0.0
0.3
0.6
0.4
9.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
11.8
4.0
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.8
0.5
22.7
18.2
6.4
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.6
0.0
10.2
22.4
17.6
4.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.0
9.3
..
..
0.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
16.0
3.1
0.0
10.3
0.2
1.3
0.2
..
..
21.2
2.7
5.7
0.0
0.0
1.4
1.2
..
24.8
10.4
1.8
0.0
0.1
0.6
2.4
0.5
12.5
27.5
17.1
4.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.1
14.1
21.4
22.6
5.8
5.6
2.6
3.3
1.0
0.7
-8.4
11.3
16.3
3.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.1
0.1
-3.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
25.2
3.8
..
0.0
0.0
1.0
..
..
..
..
8.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
14.3
12.1
2.7
1.2
0.1
0.4
0.9
0.5
1.9
13.6
7.2
1.9
8.8
0.0
4.3
1.0
0.8
-6.5
5.7
1.2
11.4
0.0
0.0
0.8
1.0
4.0
2.9
0.0
0.0
13.3
2.0
0.3
25.5
5.6
1.5
1.2
0.0
0.0
1.2
1.4
17.6
22.5
5.7
6.3
1.3
0.0
0.4
1.6
0.4
19.5
27.0
16.9
4.5
0.0
0.2
0.0
1.0
0.2
13.2
23.9
14.6
7.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.0
16.6
30.2
11.6
3.1
0.3
0.5
0.3
3.6
0.8
16.3
31.8
19.0
3.3
0.0
1.4
0.5
1.8
0.4
12.0
..
20.3
3.6
0.0
4.3
0.3
5.8
0.1
..
10.3
4.6
0.0
10.9
0.0
3.5
0.2
42.8
30.7
4.6
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.5
0.0
16.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
24.0
12.9
5.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.1
15.6
20.2
17.6
3.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.1
6.0
21.6
8.9
5.3
0.2
0.0
0.1
1.6
0.3
15.9
27.0
21.7
3.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.1
7.3
12.3
8.8
3.4
0.0
0.0
0.1
2.2
0.2
4.4
29.2
11.9
3.2
0.0
6.2
2.5
5.7
0.1
5.8
9.5
13.0
4.9
2.4
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.5
-2.2
..
4.7
6.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
36.1
19.2
4.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.4
0.1
20.1
22.7
10.9
..
..
0.0
0.3
4.2
..
..
30.3
8.3
3.2
0.0
8.1
0.0
2.4
0.1
14.6
30.7
11.7
5.7
0.0
0.0
6.3
5.3
0.3
12.9
19.6
16.0
2.6
2.7
0.0
3.6
0.5
0.6
-1.2
23.1
20.7
4.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.2
6.0
1.8
18.9
2.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.6
0.3
-16.9
12.1
9.7
5.1
0.0
0.0
2.7
1.0
-53.7
27.6
3.7
18.3
0.0
0.9
1.0
1.2
-99.0
..
8.5
2.1
0.1
6.6
0.0
6.4
0.5
..
..
3.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
5.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
34.2
17.8
5.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.0
20.9
15.3
6.2
2.1
0.0
0.1
0.8
1.2
1.5
7.7
10.5
22.1
4.7
8.2
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.9
-16.7
29.3
17.6
4.6
0.0
3.0
0.0
3.0
0.2
10.0
..
14.4
4.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.2
0.1
..
..
12.2
3.7
3.1
0.0
6.4
0.4
1.5
..
37.2
14.7
4.7
..
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.1
..
7.7
6.5
..
..
0.0
1.3
..
..
26.5
24.7
2.9
2.8
0.6
9.0
2.1
0.5
-10.3
8.1
18.0
4.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.1
0.2
-6.4
23.4
17.4
5.2
0.1
1.6
0.6
1.5
0.2
7.5
..
7.1
23.6
0.0
..
0.0
1.5
..
..
5.7
5.7
0.2
0.0
0.0
1.9
0.3
..
..
1.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
28.9
11.2
4.3
0.0
6.0
16.7
9.1
0.4
-10.3
14.2
11.8
..
0.0
0.0
0.5
1.6
0.1
..
29.6
11.3
5.2
0.2
0.0
0.2
2.0
0.4
20.9
7.7
21.5
5.4
0.6
0.6
0.0
3.2
0.6
-13.5
30.4
4.8
1.8
0.8
0.9
1.0
1.1
0.5
23.1
16.2
10.5
2.9
0.0
0.0
2.6
1.0
0.4
4.5
45.1
7.1
3.2
0.9
0.0
0.0
1.5
0.8
38.1
31.0
16.4
4.8
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.7
0.1
18.4
..
..
0.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
22.1
14.4
7.4
0.0
0.4
0.2
0.6
0.0
13.9
24.6
10.0
4.1
1.7
0.0
1.1
1.3
0.2
14.4
5.2
5.4
10.5
1.2
0.2
1.3
1.4
18.8
11.4
0.9
1.4
3.0
0.1
0.7
1.7
1.4
33.8
18.2
3.3
0.0
0.0
1.1
2.0
0.3
15.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
32.5
17.1
6.4
0.0
4.4
0.0
0.4
0.0
16.9
19.6
15.8
6.5
0.0
18.1
0.0
3.4
0.1
-11.3
19.1
4.9
2.0
0.2
0.6
0.0
1.9
0.8
12.7
8.9
..
..
..
0.0
3.3
..
..
32.1
9.0
2.8
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.6
0.1
25.3
..
7.5
6.9
0.0
5.8
8.1
1.1
0.8
..
24.8
12.3
4.4
1.6
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.2
14.5
21.1
10.5
3.3
0.0
0.2
5.4
1.1
0.1
7.1
36.4
7.5
1.8
0.2
0.1
0.4
1.1
0.3
28.5
20.6
12.2
4.6
0.1
0.1
0.2
1.8
0.1
10.6
17.0
17.5
4.8
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.7
0.1
3.4
..
8.6
..
..
48.6
14.4
2.2
0.0
7.4
0.0
2.0
0.0
26.8
21.6
19.3
2.8
0.0
0.5
0.0
1.1
0.1
3.4
26.8
12.9
3.6
0.0
5.3
0.5
3.4
0.2
8.0
13.5
14.5
3.2
5.3
0.0
0.1
0.4
0.8
-4.4
..
11.5
4.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.9
0.4
..
..
..
3.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
61.2
3.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.1
1.0
..
29.7
12.3
7.2
0.0
7.8
0.0
3.1
0.2
13.4
..
11.8
6.5
0.0
0.0
1.0
1.9
0.6
..
16.0
16.8
4.0
0.1
0.1
0.3
..
0.3
..
13.1
18.6
4.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.0
..
..
4.9
2.7
11.0
0.0
2.0
1.1
1.6
49.8
15.2
2.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.1
36.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
22.6
19.9
4.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.0
0.1
5.6
26.5
20.0
4.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.9
0.1
10.1
..
9.6
9.9
20.1
0.0
0.9
0.6
1.3
..
..
..
1.0
8.9
0.0
0.0
0.3
..
..
16.3
14.0
6.0
0.0
1.2
1.5
4.7
0.3
0.6
..
1.8
..
..
..
23.0
17.4
4.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.0
9.1
35.0
7.6
2.3
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.3
28.5
..
20.1
3.3
..
0.0
0.0
0.9
..
..
13.7
4.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.9
0.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
8.7
12.3
5.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.3
0.4
14.3
11.7
2.2
0.5
0.2
2.1
0.5
1.3
0.2
..
15.8
3.4
0.0
4.8
23.3
2.3
0.2
..
28.8
16.2
7.1
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.3
0.0
19.1
33.2
21.0
4.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
16.4
..
..
2.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
20.1
11.1
3.8
0.0
0.0
3.4
2.4
0.6
6.3
31.2
8.1
3.7
0.0
0.2
2.0
1.0
0.6
23.1
33.4
19.2
4.2
0.4
1.1
0.0
2.6
0.2
14.0
22.1
8.0
3.2
0.0
29.7
0.0
0.9
1.3
-14.6
6.6
4.9
6.6
0.0
6.8
2.3
0.9
..
8.7
2.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.0
0.4
..
..
11.1
2.9
0.0
6.9
0.0
6.7
0.2
..
9.2
20.4
5.9
0.3
1.1
0.2
2.5
0.2
-9.6
25.8
16.3
3.8
0.0
0.0
0.1
1.6
0.2
11.4
..
18.0
2.3
..
5.8
0.0
6.2
0.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6.7
..
..
..
0.0
0.7
..
..
20.6
16.5
2.0
14.1
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.7
-9.5
18.5
12.9
4.6
0.0
0.4
0.5
5.6
0.3
3.5
..
3.9
..
0.0
4.0
0.0
2.1
0.1
..
13.3
12.4
5.6
0.0
0.4
0.0
0.5
0.1
5.5
18.6
15.7
4.4
0.0
0.2
0.1
0.9
0.1
6.1
16.8
9.3
4.3
1.1
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.1
10.2
..
4.4
9.4
0.0
4.6
4.8
6.2
0.4
..
..
9.6
4.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.8
1.2
..
..
..
6.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
25.6
12.5
4.6
0.0
0.9
0.1
3.1
0.2
13.4
..
..
9.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
10.0
11.2
..
..
0.0
0.0
..
..
..
..
5.1
3.6
0.0
0.2
0.0
1.6
1.8
..
15.6
1.1
0.0
0.0
8.3
0.7
0.7
-2.4
15.9
1.9
0.0
0.2
2.9
1.9
0.8
-22.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
38.5
21.9
2.7
0.0
0.5
0.3
2.2
0.2
16.1
24.0
16.4
4.7
0.0
0.6
0.1
0.9
0.1
10.5
17.9
12.9
5.3
0.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
0.2
6.7
11.7
4.9
0.0
5.4
0.1
3.0
0.2
18.7
15.8
4.4
..
0.2
0.1
0.9
0.1
6.2
29.6
10.6
2.8
0.3
0.4
0.2
3.2
0.8
17.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
25.4
10.9
3.1
5.6
0.3
2.0
1.1
1.1
7.6
27.4
12.2
3.1
0.4
1.2
0.5
2.6
0.7
12.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
22.8
16.7
4.5
0.0
0.4
0.1
0.8
0.1
9.1