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World Development Indicators:
Energy dependency, efficiency and carbon dioxide emissions
Carbon dioxide emissions
% of energy use
2011 PPP $ per kilogram of oil equivalent
thousand metric tons
kilograms per kilograms of oil equivalent energy use
metric tons
1990
2012
1990
2012
1990
2011
1990
2011
1990
2011
1990
2011
..
..
..
..
2,677
12,251
..
..
0.2
0.4
..
0.2
8
20
5.3
13.7
7,488
4,668
2.8
2.1
2.3
1.6
0.5
0.2
-351
-210
12.0
10.7
78,925
121,755
3.6
2.9
3.0
3.3
0.3
0.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
491
..
..
..
6.0
..
..
-387
-580
..
4,430
29,710
0.8
2.1
0.4
1.4
..
0.2
..
..
10.7
..
301
513
3.0
..
4.9
5.8
0.3
0.3
-5
6
..
..
112,614
190,035
2.4
2.4
3.4
4.6
0.3
98
73
1.7
7.3
4,961
1.8
1.7
0.2
..
..
..
..
1,841
2,439
..
..
29.6
23.9
..
0.7
-82
-147
5.6
7.5
263,848
369,040
3.1
3.0
15.5
16.5
0.5
0.4
67
61
9.6
11.2
57,722
65,203
2.3
2.0
7.5
7.8
0.2
0.2
8
-329
2.7
10.8
33,458
2.7
3.6
0.2
..
..
9.6
..
1,951
1,907
3.0
..
7.6
5.2
0.3
0.2
-173
-57
3.4
4.3
12,666
23,439
2.4
1.9
25.5
17.9
0.7
0.5
16
18
10.7
12.7
15,533
57,070
1.2
1.8
0.1
0.4
0.1
0.1
..
..
10.8
..
1,074
1,566
3.3
..
4.1
5.6
0.3
0.4
93
87
1.8
5.2
63,303
2.2
6.7
0.4
73
72
6.3
8.1
106,050
97,766
2.2
1.6
10.6
8.8
0.3
0.2
..
..
9.1
..
312
550
2.9
..
1.7
1.7
0.3
0.2
-7
45
4.4
4.6
715
4,987
0.4
1.3
0.1
0.5
0.1
0.3
..
..
..
..
598
392
..
..
10.1
6.1
0.2
0.1
..
..
22.3
..
128
561
2.3
..
0.2
0.8
0.1
0.1
-89
-136
9.7
7.0
5,526
16,120
2.1
2.1
0.8
1.6
0.2
0.3
34
32
..
5.3
23,747
3.4
6.2
..
0.7
29
39
9.2
13.8
2,178
4,855
1.8
2.3
1.6
2.3
0.2
0.2
26
11
11.0
10.7
208,887
439,413
1.5
1.6
1.4
2.2
0.1
0.1
-806
-379
11.5
7.6
6,212
9,743
3.6
2.5
24.2
24.4
0.3
0.3
66
36
2.9
6.3
75,764
49,339
2.7
2.6
8.7
6.7
0.9
0.4
..
..
..
..
587
1,933
..
..
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
..
..
..
..
293
209
..
..
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
..
..
19.5
..
88
425
3.0
..
0.3
0.9
0.2
0.1
..
28
..
7.6
451
4,496
..
0.8
0.1
0.3
..
0.1
-120
-12
6.7
8.3
1,738
5,662
0.3
0.8
0.1
0.3
0.1
0.1
-31
-67
4.2
5.8
435,181
485,463
2.1
1.9
15.7
14.1
0.5
0.3
..
..
..
..
253
583
..
..
10.1
10.3
..
0.2
..
..
..
..
198
286
..
..
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
..
..
..
..
147
539
..
..
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
43
65
8.7
9.9
33,315
79,409
2.4
2.4
2.5
4.6
0.3
0.2
-1
13
2.0
5.1
2,460,744
9,019,518
2.8
3.3
2.2
6.7
1.4
0.7
99
99
17.8
24.6
27,660
40,275
3.2
2.7
4.8
5.7
0.2
0.1
..
..
..
..
1,034
1,166
..
..
2.9
2.1
0.1
0.0
-99
-294
10.7
17.6
57,337
72,423
2.4
2.3
1.7
1.6
0.2
0.1
..
..
35.6
..
77
158
4.3
..
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.2
-2
-2
3.8
2.2
4,070
3,425
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
-1,028
-818
16.2
14.3
1,188
2,248
1.5
1.3
0.5
0.5
0.1
0.1
59
48
13.5
13.4
2,956
7,844
1.8
1.7
1.0
1.7
0.1
0.1
22
1
9.0
4.6
5,798
6,447
1.3
0.6
0.5
0.3
0.1
0.1
43
56
..
10.9
20,554
2.4
4.8
..
0.2
55
52
8.2
19.4
33,494
35,922
1.9
3.2
3.2
3.2
0.2
0.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
100
95
10.1
12.3
4,653
7,521
3.4
3.2
6.1
6.7
0.3
0.3
17
23
4.1
7.0
109,486
2.5
10.4
0.4
42
-9
9.8
13.8
50,231
40,377
2.9
2.2
9.8
7.2
0.3
0.2
..
..
14.1
..
378
473
2.9
..
0.6
0.6
0.2
0.2
..
..
22.5
..
59
125
2.8
..
0.8
1.7
0.1
0.2
78
89
9.7
15.5
9,230
21,888
2.3
3.0
1.3
2.2
0.2
0.2
-159
-99
12.1
11.0
16,835
35,728
2.7
2.6
1.6
2.4
0.2
0.2
-70
-5
10.5
11.0
75,944
220,790
2.3
2.9
1.3
2.6
0.2
0.3
31
47
9.6
10.7
2,618
6,685
1.1
1.6
0.5
1.1
0.1
0.1
..
..
..
..
121
6,689
..
..
0.3
8.9
0.3
0.2
22
..
521
..
0.7
..
0.1
..
0.1
45
8
..
6.1
18,650
3.3
14.0
..
0.6
4
5
1.5
2.5
3,018
7,543
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
..
..
..
..
623
568
..
..
13.0
11.7
..
..
..
..
15.9
..
818
1,236
2.9
..
1.1
1.4
0.2
0.2
57
48
5.0
6.4
51,745
54,767
1.8
1.6
10.4
10.2
0.4
0.3
50
47
7.7
9.7
375,633
338,805
1.7
1.3
6.4
5.2
0.2
0.1
..
..
..
..
631
858
..
..
3.2
3.2
..
..
-1,138
-536
15.5
12.8
4,844
2,237
4.1
1.0
5.1
1.4
0.3
0.1
..
..
22.5
..
191
422
3.1
..
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.2
84
70
3.1
8.1
7,932
2.2
1.8
0.3
47
61
7.1
11.1
729,458
2.3
8.9
0.2
17
2
5.3
9.2
3,931
10,081
0.7
1.1
0.3
0.4
0.1
0.1
57
61
10.0
10.3
74,279
84,048
3.5
3.1
7.3
7.6
0.3
0.3
..
..
..
..
557
708
..
..
10.0
12.4
..
..
..
..
17.0
..
110
253
2.6
..
1.1
2.4
0.2
0.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
23
26
10.7
9.5
5,086
11,258
1.2
1.0
0.6
0.7
0.1
0.1
..
..
..
..
1,056
2,596
..
..
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
..
..
21.3
..
253
246
3.4
..
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.1
..
..
5.5
..
1,140
1,782
3.0
..
1.6
2.4
0.5
0.4
20
18
..
4.0
994
2,211
0.6
0.6
0.1
0.2
..
0.1
29
52
6.6
6.9
2,593
8,412
1.1
1.8
0.5
1.1
0.2
0.2
49
55
9.4
69,614
48,492
2.4
1.9
6.7
4.9
0.2
33
10
3.5
2.2
1,999
1,881
1.0
0.3
7.8
5.9
0.3
0.1
8
31
4.9
7.8
690,577
2,074,345
2.2
2.8
0.8
1.7
0.4
0.4
-71
-106
8.2
10.8
149,566
563,985
1.5
2.7
0.8
2.3
0.2
0.3
-171
-38
8.2
5.7
211,135
586,599
3.0
2.8
3.8
7.8
0.4
0.4
-460
-244
10.2
10.6
52,555
133,655
2.7
3.3
3.0
4.2
0.3
0.3
65
90
7.5
15.8
31,243
36,069
3.2
2.7
8.9
7.9
0.4
0.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
96
87
7.0
10.1
36,538
69,523
3.2
3.0
7.8
9.0
0.5
0.3
83
80
11.9
13.0
417,550
397,994
2.8
2.4
7.4
6.7
0.2
0.2
83
82
6.3
8.1
7,965
7,756
2.9
2.7
3.3
2.9
0.5
0.3
83
94
8.3
9.9
1,094,288
1,187,657
2.5
2.6
8.9
9.3
0.3
0.3
95
96
6.8
9.4
10,403
22,259
3.2
3.2
3.3
3.6
0.5
0.3
-24
-120
2.8
4.8
261,761
3.4
15.8
0.8
18
18
5.2
5.5
5,823
13,568
0.5
0.7
0.2
0.3
0.1
0.1
..
..
14.5
..
22
62
3.1
..
0.3
0.6
0.2
0.4
13
-44
..
..
..
73,578
..
5.3
..
3.0
..
..
76
82
5.6
6.1
246,943
589,426
2.7
2.3
5.8
11.8
0.5
0.4
..
26
..
6.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
-453
-401
7.6
48,313
91,030
5.3
2.8
23.5
28.1
0.4
67
58
2.0
3.9
6,615
2.0
1.2
0.4
..
..
..
..
235
1,203
..
..
0.1
0.2
0.0
0.0
86
47
..
9.4
7,800
1.8
3.8
..
0.2
93
97
10.7
10.3
9,101
20,488
4.7
3.2
3.4
4.7
0.4
0.3
..
..
..
..
..
2,200
..
..
..
1.1
..
0.5
..
..
..
..
484
891
..
..
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.3
-555
-406
..
8.3
36,780
39,021
3.3
2.9
8.4
6.2
..
0.6
..
..
..
..
..
51
..
..
..
1.4
..
..
69
79
..
9.6
13,740
1.9
4.5
..
0.2
99
97
6.4
11.4
10,004
10,832
3.0
2.6
26.2
20.9
0.5
0.2
49
49
7.8
8.1
9,336
3.0
4.5
0.4
..
..
..
..
986
2,450
..
..
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
..
..
..
..
612
1,206
..
..
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
-120
-9
8.6
8.1
56,593
225,693
2.6
2.9
3.1
7.9
0.3
0.4
..
..
..
..
154
1,104
3.0
..
0.7
2.9
..
0.3
..
..
..
..
422
1,250
..
..
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.1
100
99
8.5
17.7
2,178
2,512
3.1
3.0
6.2
6.0
0.4
0.2
..
..
..
..
48
103
..
..
1.0
2.0
0.3
0.6
..
..
..
..
2,666
2,310
..
..
1.3
0.6
0.5
0.2
55
83
12.0
15.6
1,463
3,916
2.2
3.0
1.4
3.1
0.2
0.2
-59
-16
8.8
10.5
314,291
466,549
2.6
2.5
3.7
3.9
0.3
0.2
..
..
..
..
..
128
..
..
..
1.2
..
0.4
99
96
2.4
4.5
4,980
1.5
1.4
0.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
20
-365
3.3
7.0
10,044
19,079
2.9
5.3
4.6
6.9
0.9
0.8
..
33
..
8.1
..
2,571
..
2.3
..
4.1
..
0.3
81
91
13.0
12.2
23,542
56,538
3.1
3.1
0.9
1.7
0.2
0.3
5
-51
0.8
2.4
1,001
3,282
0.2
0.3
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.1
0
-47
..
..
4,276
10,440
0.4
0.7
0.1
0.2
..
..
79
12.5
26
2,776
1.8
0.0
1.2
0.0
0.1
5
16
3.9
5.8
634
4,334
0.1
0.4
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.1
8
18
7.4
9.8
158,403
168,007
2.4
2.2
10.6
10.1
0.3
0.2
..
..
..
..
1,624
3,854
..
..
9.5
15.2
..
..
10
15
6.2
7.6
23,663
31,232
1.8
1.7
7.1
7.1
0.3
0.2
30
44
6.2
7.8
2,549
4,899
1.3
1.6
0.6
0.8
0.2
0.2
..
..
..
..
832
1,423
..
..
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
-120
-103
4.4
6.7
45,375
88,026
0.7
0.7
0.5
0.5
0.2
0.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
-467
-581
8.7
10.9
31,386
45,533
1.5
1.6
7.4
9.2
0.2
0.1
-808
-188
15.0
5.5
11,386
64,855
2.7
2.5
6.3
20.2
0.2
0.5
20
23
7.7
9.1
68,566
163,453
1.6
1.9
0.6
0.9
0.2
0.2
..
..
..
..
235
224
3.2
..
15.6
10.9
0.8
59
78
12.4
16.1
2,769
9,666
1.9
2.4
1.1
2.6
0.1
0.2
..
..
..
..
2,142
5,229
..
..
0.5
0.7
0.3
0.3
-49
-51
8.3
9.3
2,263
5,299
0.7
1.1
0.5
0.8
0.1
0.1
-9
-8
11.8
15.1
21,170
53,069
2.2
2.6
1.0
1.8
0.2
0.2
40
43
8.7
13.6
41,763
82,012
1.5
2.0
0.7
0.9
0.2
0.2
-1
27
3.7
8.9
368,398
317,287
3.6
3.1
9.7
8.3
1.0
0.4
80
79
12.1
12.8
42,196
49,725
2.5
2.2
4.2
4.7
0.2
0.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
-324
-481
..
7.1
11,775
83,875
1.8
2.6
24.7
44.0
..
0.3
34
22
4.2
10.2
158,862
84,832
2.6
2.4
6.8
4.2
0.6
0.2
-47
-76
3.3
4.4
1,808,073
2.4
12.6
0.6
..
..
..
..
543
664
..
..
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.0
..
..
13.7
..
125
235
2.9
..
0.8
1.3
0.2
0.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
48
103
2.0
..
0.4
0.6
..
0.2
-535
-212
10.0
7.2
217,948
520,278
3.8
2.9
13.3
18.1
0.4
0.4
43
44
8.3
7.3
3,183
7,858
1.9
1.9
0.4
0.6
0.2
0.3
30
25
..
6.2
..
49,185
..
3.0
..
6.8
..
0.5
..
..
26.3
..
114
598
3.0
..
1.6
6.8
0.1
0.3
..
..
..
..
389
898
..
..
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.1
99
98
9.1
16.0
46,941
22,394
4.1
0.9
15.4
4.3
0.4
0.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
75
61
8.3
34,374
2.0
6.4
0.3
46
49
..
8.1
15,405
2.1
7.5
..
0.3
..
..
10.5
..
161
198
3.0
..
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
..
..
..
..
18
576
..
..
0.0
0.1
..
..
-26
-19
4.0
4.6
319,795
477,242
3.5
3.4
9.1
9.3
0.9
0.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
62
73
10.4
11.8
218,597
270,676
2.4
2.2
5.6
5.8
0.2
0.2
24
47
11.3
18.1
3,869
15,233
0.7
1.5
0.2
0.7
0.1
0.1
..
..
27.1
..
66
268
3.1
..
1.6
5.1
0.1
0.2
..
..
19.8
..
165
407
3.0
..
1.2
2.3
0.1
0.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
20.4
..
81
238
2.7
..
0.8
2.2
0.1
0.2
17
-3
4.3
8.6
5,559
16,579
0.5
1.0
0.2
0.3
0.1
0.1
..
..
7.8
..
1,811
1,911
3.3
..
4.4
3.6
0.4
0.2
..
..
17.6
..
425
1,049
1.4
..
0.5
0.9
0.1
0.1
37
28
5.6
8.2
51,947
52,145
1.1
1.0
6.1
5.5
0.2
0.1
58
50
12.8
17.0
42,611
36,597
1.7
1.4
6.3
4.6
0.1
0.1
-113
10
..
..
37,451
57,671
3.6
2.9
3.0
2.7
..
..
62
26
3.6
8.2
2,783
1.3
0.4
0.2
7
10
3.7
4.8
2,373
7,301
0.2
0.3
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.1
37
40
9.0
7.7
95,833
303,371
2.3
2.5
1.7
4.5
0.3
0.3
..
..
..
..
..
183
..
..
..
0.2
..
0.1
17
20
4.0
2.8
774
2,098
0.6
0.7
0.2
0.3
0.2
0.3
..
..
13.4
..
77
103
3.0
..
0.8
1.0
0.2
0.2
-111
-107
2.5
2.1
16,960
49,574
2.8
2.5
13.9
37.1
1.1
1.2
-16
27
9.4
11.5
13,267
25,643
2.7
2.7
1.6
2.4
0.3
0.2
51
74
10.9
11.4
145,859
320,840
2.8
2.9
2.7
4.4
0.3
0.2
-317
-166
1.7
2.5
62,218
2.5
12.2
1.1
..
..
..
..
..
191
..
..
..
6.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
803
3,799
..
..
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.1
46
30
2.2
3.1
286,228
2.3
6.3
0.8
-440
-188
10.2
8.0
52,009
178,484
2.5
2.8
28.7
20.4
0.3
0.4
-1
39
7.2
12.2
555,903
448,236
2.7
2.4
9.7
7.1
0.4
0.2
14
16
4.8
7.4
4,823,557
5,305,570
2.5
2.4
19.3
17.0
0.5
0.3
49
60
13.6
13.5
3,993
7,774
1.8
1.8
1.3
2.3
0.1
0.1
17
-18
1.3
2.9
114,861
2.4
3.9
0.9
..
..
16.0
..
70
143
3.0
..
0.5
0.6
0.2
0.2
-241
-161
6.6
6.9
122,162
188,817
2.8
2.7
6.2
6.4
0.4
0.4
-2
-7
5.5
6.7
21,408
173,211
1.2
2.8
0.3
2.0
0.2
0.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2,248
..
..
..
0.6
..
0.1
-273
-118
16.1
13.0
9,597
22,295
3.8
3.2
0.8
0.9
0.2
0.3
9
9
3.5
5.7
2,446
3,047
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.1
8
7
2.8
2.5
15,504
9,861
1.7
1.1
1.5
0.7
0.6
0.5
-3
-3
5.5
7.5
22,200,872
34,649,483
2.5
2.6
4.2
4.9
0.5
0.4
7
0
..
..
..
155,433
0.4
0.8
..
0.3
..
0.2
-14
-4
4.8
6.9
6,875,075
17,319,834
2.4
2.9
1.8
3.4
0.5
0.4
2
-3
4.9
8.1
1,948,926
4,153,014
1.8
2.4
1.0
1.5
0.4
0.3
-24
-4
4.7
6.5
4,883,318
13,166,183
2.7
3.1
2.6
5.7
0.6
0.5
-14
-4
4.8
6.9
6,969,039
17,475,183
2.4
2.8
1.7
3.1
0.5
0.4
-7
5
3.2
5.8
2,891,961
10,486,424
2.6
3.3
1.8
5.3
0.8
0.6
31
0
3.2
6.3
1,400,690
2.6
5.4
0.4
-16
-15
10.0
11.3
700,239
1,210,407
2.0
2.0
1.9
2.4
0.2
0.2
-205
-71
9.8
8.4
559,388
1,309,434
3.0
2.9
2.5
3.9
0.3
0.3
10
30
5.5
8.2
782,138
2,328,351
2.1
2.7
0.7
1.4
0.4
0.3
-53
-53
4.2
5.3
447,994
738,901
1.6
1.5
0.9
0.8
0.4
0.3
3
-3
5.9
8.1
13,765,589
15,233,608
2.5
2.4
11.4
11.1
0.4
0.3
55
60
8.3
10.7
2,567,009
2,403,352
2.1
8.2
7.1
0.3
0.2