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World Development Indicators:
Energy dependency, efficiency and carbon dioxide emissions
Carbon dioxide emissions
% of energy use
2017 PPP $ per kilogram of oil equivalent
thousand metric tons
kilograms per kilograms of oil equivalent energy use
metric tons
1990
2015
1990
2015
1990
2014
1990
2014
1990
2014
1990
2014
..
..
..
..
2,615
8,467
..
..
0.2
0.3
..
0.1
8
6.0
5,515
5,489
2.1
2.4
1.7
1.9
0.3
0.2
-351
10.2
76,970
145,411
3.5
2.8
3.0
3.7
0.3
0.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
407
462
..
..
7.5
5.8
..
..
-387
11.6
5,115
44,851
0.9
3.1
0.4
1.7
0.1
0.2
..
..
9.8
..
282
528
2.9
..
4.5
5.7
0.3
0.3
-5
10.0
112,148
195,777
2.4
2.3
3.4
4.6
0.2
0.2
98
2.4
5,530
1.9
1.9
0.2
..
..
..
..
488
873
..
..
7.8
8.4
0.2
0.2
-82
-190
6.2
8.7
263,705
361,317
3.1
2.9
15.5
15.4
0.5
0.3
67
64
11.6
13.9
57,792
58,903
2.3
1.8
7.5
6.9
0.2
0.1
8
2.5
37,385
2.6
3.9
0.3
..
..
15.1
..
1,841
2,351
2.9
..
7.2
6.3
0.2
0.2
-173
3.7
12,427
31,368
2.4
2.2
25.1
23.5
0.6
0.5
16
12.3
14,162
73,758
1.1
2.1
0.1
0.5
0.1
0.1
..
..
11.3
..
1,071
1,254
3.3
..
4.1
4.4
0.3
0.3
93
2.0
62,801
2.3
6.6
0.3
73
80
7.4
10.6
106,050
93,564
2.2
1.8
10.6
8.3
0.3
0.2
..
..
8.5
..
312
495
2.9
..
1.7
1.4
0.3
0.2
-7
6.5
708
5,376
0.4
1.3
0.1
0.5
0.1
0.2
..
..
..
..
502
649
..
..
8.5
10.0
0.1
0.1
..
..
26.4
..
128
1,038
2.3
..
0.2
1.4
0.1
0.2
-89
12.1
5,757
20,330
2.2
2.4
0.8
1.9
0.2
0.2
34
..
19,424
2.5
5.6
..
0.5
29
9.6
2,703
6,857
2.2
2.5
2.1
3.3
0.2
0.2
26
11.2
208,887
533,530
1.5
1.8
1.4
2.6
0.1
0.2
-806
10.7
6,194
9,054
3.6
2.5
23.9
22.1
0.3
0.3
66
3.7
74,480
42,328
2.6
2.4
8.5
5.9
0.7
0.3
..
..
..
..
583
2,959
..
..
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.1
..
..
..
..
209
385
..
..
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
..
..
20.3
..
95
491
3.3
..
0.3
0.9
0.2
0.2
..
..
1,261
6,685
..
1.0
0.1
0.4
..
0.1
-120
7.6
682
6,799
0.1
0.9
0.1
0.3
0.0
0.1
-31
-73
4.5
6.2
435,181
540,615
2.1
1.9
15.7
15.3
0.5
0.3
..
..
..
..
249
546
..
..
9.9
9.0
..
0.1
..
..
..
..
198
290
..
..
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
..
..
..
..
378
1,001
..
..
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
43
65
9.4
12.2
33,315
79,101
2.4
2.2
2.5
4.5
0.3
0.2
-1
1.9
2,442,919
10,291,927
2.8
3.4
2.2
7.5
1.5
0.6
99
19.1
27,334
45,749
3.2
3.2
4.8
6.3
0.2
0.1
..
..
..
..
1,034
1,577
..
..
3.0
2.7
0.1
0.0
-99
11.4
57,337
86,681
2.4
2.5
1.7
1.8
0.2
0.1
..
..
70.6
..
62
154
3.5
..
0.2
0.2
0.0
0.1
-2
5.3
4,294
4,672
0.4
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
-1,011
15.3
1,188
3,157
1.5
1.2
0.5
0.7
0.1
0.1
59
18.4
2,956
7,844
1.8
1.6
0.9
1.6
0.1
0.1
22
12.3
5,035
11,089
1.2
0.8
0.4
0.5
0.1
0.1
40
..
16,905
2.1
4.0
..
0.2
57
..
..
32,963
27,624
1.9
2.4
3.1
2.4
..
..
100
..
..
5,882
..
3.0
..
37.7
..
1.4
100
10.8
4,708
6,062
3.4
3.1
6.1
5.3
0.3
0.2
17
32
4.9
9.4
97,161
2.4
9.2
0.3
42
2
11.6
18.8
50,231
33,146
2.9
2.0
9.8
5.9
0.2
0.1
..
..
..
..
323
612
2.5
..
0.5
0.7
..
0.2
..
..
25.9
..
59
176
2.8
..
0.8
2.5
0.1
0.2
76
11.0
9,230
22,145
2.3
2.9
1.3
2.2
0.2
0.2
-159
13.4
16,828
46,153
2.7
3.3
1.6
2.9
0.2
0.2
-70
10.6
75,540
227,853
2.3
3.0
1.3
2.5
0.2
0.2
31
11.2
2,519
6,285
1.0
1.5
0.5
1.0
0.1
0.1
..
..
..
..
62
7,308
..
..
0.1
6.5
0.1
0.2
..
..
..
711
..
0.9
..
0.2
..
..
45
-3
..
7.5
18,174
3.0
13.8
..
0.5
..
..
13.6
..
964
902
3.1
..
1.2
0.8
0.2
0.1
4
1.6
3,018
12,435
0.1
0.3
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
..
..
..
..
704
598
..
..
14.9
12.5
..
..
..
..
21.5
..
814
1,646
2.8
..
1.1
1.9
0.1
0.2
57
45
5.8
7.6
51,745
47,231
1.8
1.4
10.4
8.6
0.3
0.2
50
44
8.8
11.8
375,691
303,276
1.7
1.2
6.5
4.6
0.2
0.1
..
..
..
..
436
737
..
..
2.2
2.7
..
..
-1,138
14.6
4,499
5,324
3.8
1.0
4.7
2.8
0.3
0.2
..
..
35.0
..
198
513
3.2
..
0.2
0.3
0.1
0.1
84
4.3
8,980
2.0
2.4
0.2
47
61
8.3
13.4
720,364
2.4
8.9
0.2
17
6.5
3,854
15,266
0.7
1.7
0.3
0.6
0.1
0.1
57
64
11.7
13.1
74,279
67,528
3.5
2.9
7.3
6.2
0.3
0.2
..
..
..
..
348
506
..
..
6.3
9.0
..
..
..
..
20.0
..
106
235
2.5
..
1.1
2.2
0.1
0.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
23
11.4
5,086
13,953
1.2
1.1
0.6
0.9
0.1
0.1
..
..
..
..
1,005
2,384
..
..
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
..
..
26.1
..
172
271
2.3
..
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
..
..
9.4
..
1,140
2,010
3.0
..
1.5
2.6
0.3
0.2
20
14.6
1,008
2,809
0.6
0.7
0.1
0.3
0.0
0.1
29
8.3
2,593
9,509
1.1
1.8
0.5
1.1
0.1
0.2
49
58
11.3
69,647
41,342
2.4
1.8
6.7
4.2
0.2
29
12
3.8
2.9
1,999
1,984
0.9
0.3
7.8
6.1
0.2
0.1
8
5.2
619,155
2,232,730
2.0
2.7
0.7
1.7
0.4
0.3
-71
8.3
149,566
369,945
1.5
1.6
0.8
1.5
0.2
0.1
-171
7.0
210,464
652,392
3.0
2.8
3.7
8.4
0.4
0.6
-451
6.9
49,908
166,628
2.5
3.4
2.9
4.8
0.4
0.5
65
86
9.4
25.2
31,217
34,004
3.1
2.7
8.9
7.3
0.3
0.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
96
65
9.6
13.6
36,296
62,882
3.2
2.8
7.8
7.7
0.3
0.2
83
76
14.2
16.3
417,550
320,411
2.8
2.2
7.4
5.3
0.2
0.1
83
7.5
7,532
7,294
2.7
2.6
3.1
2.5
0.4
0.3
83
93
9.1
11.6
1,092,396
1,206,674
2.5
2.7
8.8
9.5
0.3
0.2
95
8.6
10,634
26,571
3.2
3.2
3.0
3.0
0.4
0.3
-24
3.0
248,395
3.2
14.4
0.6
18
7.1
5,823
14,437
0.5
0.6
0.2
0.3
0.1
0.1
..
..
21.7
..
22
59
3.1
..
0.3
0.5
0.1
0.3
13
..
..
123,956
31,349
3.7
2.6
6.1
1.3
..
..
76
81
5.9
7.2
246,943
587,156
2.7
2.2
5.8
11.6
0.5
0.3
..
..
..
7,261
..
3.3
..
4.0
..
0.4
-453
37,909
88,371
4.2
2.6
18.1
23.9
0.4
67
3.0
10,290
2.7
1.8
0.4
..
..
..
..
513
4,554
..
..
0.1
0.7
0.1
0.1
86
..
6,927
1.6
3.5
..
0.1
93
10.8
8,214
24,070
4.2
3.2
2.9
3.8
0.4
0.2
..
..
..
..
1,474
2,431
..
..
0.9
1.2
0.7
0.4
..
..
..
..
473
1,225
..
..
0.2
0.3
..
0.2
-555
..
36,780
59,490
3.3
3.3
8.3
9.4
..
0.8
..
..
..
..
..
48
..
..
..
1.3
..
..
69
..
12,838
1.8
4.4
..
0.1
99
96
7.6
16.9
10,004
9,663
3.0
2.5
26.2
17.4
0.4
0.2
49
9.2
7,539
2.9
3.6
0.2
..
..
..
..
935
3,300
..
..
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.1
..
..
..
..
748
1,052
..
..
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
-122
8.5
56,593
242,671
2.6
2.7
3.1
8.1
0.3
0.3
..
..
..
..
172
1,316
3.4
..
0.8
3.0
..
0.2
..
..
..
..
425
2,981
..
..
0.1
0.2
0.0
0.1
100
9.2
2,248
2,347
3.2
3.0
6.3
5.4
0.4
0.1
..
..
..
..
48
143
..
..
1.0
2.5
0.3
0.7
..
..
..
..
906
2,934
..
..
0.4
0.7
0.1
0.1
55
12.7
1,463
4,210
2.2
3.0
1.4
3.3
0.2
0.2
-58
-5
10.2
12.6
318,428
481,499
2.6
2.6
3.8
4.0
0.3
0.2
..
..
..
..
136
..
..
1.3
0.4
99
..
4,928
1.5
1.7
..
0.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
20
3.2
9,989
29,633
2.9
5.5
4.6
10.1
0.9
0.9
..
..
..
2,109
..
2.2
..
3.4
..
0.2
81
12.5
23,080
59,882
3.0
3.2
0.9
1.8
0.2
0.2
5
1.0
1,023
8,434
0.2
0.7
0.1
0.3
0.2
0.3
0
2.4
4,276
16,347
0.4
0.8
0.1
0.3
0.2
0.1
40
3,740
2.1
0.0
1.6
0.0
0.2
5
4.6
777
8,031
0.1
0.7
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.1
8
35
8.3
12.6
163,336
168,884
2.5
2.3
10.9
10.0
0.3
0.2
..
..
..
..
1,584
4,888
..
..
9.3
18.2
..
..
10
19
7.3
9.3
23,546
34,657
1.8
1.7
7.1
7.7
0.3
0.2
30
7.1
2,549
4,679
1.3
1.3
0.6
0.8
0.2
0.1
..
..
605
2,054
..
0.7
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
-120
4.7
39,197
130,131
0.6
1.0
0.4
0.7
0.1
0.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
-467
-581
8.5
10.9
31,511
47,924
1.5
1.7
7.4
9.3
0.2
0.1
-808
11.4
11,313
61,221
2.7
2.5
6.2
15.2
0.2
0.5
20
7.3
68,566
182,415
1.6
2.0
0.6
0.9
0.2
0.2
..
..
..
..
235
224
3.2
..
15.6
12.7
..
0.7
59
17.8
2,769
11,107
1.9
2.6
1.1
2.8
0.1
0.1
..
..
..
..
2,156
5,875
..
..
0.5
0.7
0.2
0.2
-49
11.6
2,156
5,702
0.7
1.1
0.5
0.9
0.1
0.1
-9
11.9
21,071
51,331
2.2
2.2
1.0
1.7
0.2
0.1
40
9.1
41,763
104,517
1.5
2.2
0.7
1.0
0.2
0.1
-1
29
4.2
11.2
368,423
285,938
3.6
3.0
9.7
7.5
0.9
0.3
80
77
14.1
14.6
42,321
44,657
2.5
2.1
4.2
4.3
0.2
0.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
-324
..
11,775
107,032
1.8
2.4
24.7
43.5
..
0.5
34
5.0
174,087
69,490
2.8
2.2
7.5
3.5
0.6
0.2
-47
3.6
3,610,209
1,736,985
4.1
2.4
24.4
12.1
1.1
0.5
..
..
..
..
528
847
..
..
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.0
..
..
15.3
..
103
209
2.4
..
0.6
1.1
0.2
0.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
48
114
2.0
..
0.4
0.6
..
0.2
-535
11.6
185,803
601,047
3.2
2.8
11.4
19.4
0.3
0.4
43
10.2
3,183
9,377
1.9
2.4
0.4
0.7
0.2
0.2
30
..
..
37,352
..
2.8
..
5.2
..
0.3
..
..
27.1
..
150
488
4.0
..
2.2
5.3
0.1
0.2
..
..
..
..
488
1,309
..
..
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.1
99
9.9
44,495
56,644
3.9
2.0
14.6
10.4
0.4
0.1
..
..
..
..
..
733
..
..
..
19.5
..
0.5
75
61
9.6
30,678
1.9
5.7
0.2
46
49
7.7
10.7
12,482
1.9
6.1
0.2
..
..
13.6
..
147
194
2.8
..
0.5
0.3
0.2
0.1
..
..
..
..
733
631
..
..
0.1
0.0
..
..
-26
4.2
313,305
484,495
3.4
3.3
8.5
8.9
0.8
0.7
..
..
..
..
1,536
..
2.2
..
0.1
..
..
62
71
11.9
14.6
218,597
233,977
2.4
2.0
5.6
5.0
0.2
0.1
24
12.2
3,869
17,924
0.7
1.7
0.2
0.9
0.1
0.1
..
..
28.3
..
106
231
4.9
..
2.6
4.5
0.2
0.2
..
..
28.9
..
161
407
2.9
..
1.2
2.3
0.1
0.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
23.3
..
81
220
2.7
..
0.8
2.0
0.1
0.2
17
4.3
5,222
15,838
0.5
1.1
0.3
0.4
0.1
0.1
..
..
1,742
2,244
..
3.3
4.3
4.1
0.3
0.2
37
25
6.2
10.0
51,947
43,483
1.1
0.9
6.1
4.5
0.2
0.1
58
50
15.3
22.3
42,611
35,680
1.7
1.4
6.3
4.4
0.1
0.1
-113
..
..
37,359
30,704
3.6
2.8
3.0
1.6
..
..
62
3.9
4,620
1.6
0.6
0.2
7
3.5
2,160
11,562
0.2
0.5
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.1
37
9.6
90,722
280,977
2.2
2.1
1.6
4.1
0.2
0.3
..
..
..
..
..
513
..
..
..
0.4
..
0.1
17
4.0
774
2,589
0.6
0.8
0.2
0.4
0.2
0.3
..
..
14.1
..
77
114
3.0
..
0.8
1.1
0.2
0.2
-111
2.1
17,026
46,267
2.8
2.4
13.9
34.0
1.4
1.2
-16
9.1
13,227
28,830
2.7
2.7
1.6
2.6
0.3
0.2
51
75
13.0
15.8
145,994
345,908
2.8
2.8
2.7
4.5
0.2
0.2
-317
1.5
68,426
2.6
12.5
1.0
..
..
..
..
29
198
..
..
2.4
5.6
..
0.2
..
..
..
..
7
11
..
..
0.8
1.0
0.3
0.3
..
..
..
..
766
4,774
..
..
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.1
46
3.2
228,469
2.2
5.0
0.4
-440
10.0
52,009
226,144
2.5
3.2
28.4
24.5
0.3
0.4
-1
35
8.5
16.2
555,925
419,743
2.7
2.3
9.7
6.5
0.3
0.1
14
7
5.3
8.6
4,823,403
5,225,413
2.5
2.4
19.3
16.4
0.5
0.3
49
14.0
3,993
6,747
1.8
1.4
1.3
2.0
0.1
0.1
17
1.5
105,214
3.4
0.6
..
..
18.2
..
66
154
2.8
..
0.5
0.6
0.2
0.2
-266
..
..
122,162
185,114
3.1
6.2
6.2
..
..
-2
6.4
21,445
167,336
1.2
0.3
1.8
0.2
0.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
862
2,838
..
..
0.4
0.7
..
0.1
-273
..
..
3,766
24,668
1.5
0.3
1.0
..
..
9
3.2
2,446
4,503
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.1
0.1
8
3.7
15,643
12,116
1.7
1.5
0.9
0.5
0.3
-3
21
6.0
22,421,694
34,103,193
2.6
2.6
4.2
4.7
0.4
0.3
18
45
5.1
4,778,303
14,131,066
2.6
3.0
2.6
6.2
0.5
0.4
12
43
6.4
9,750,683
6,280,568
3.1
2.2
11.6
7.0
0.5
0.2
-35
7
10.6
1,010,932
1,890,998
2.2
2.1
2.3
3.1
0.2
0.2
-290
65
9.3
896,908
2,630,361
3.0
2.9
3.5
6.3
0.3
0.4
9
-2
5.2
8.3
5,259,087
5,766,677
2.5
2.3
19.0
16.3
0.5
0.3
10
5.8
709,443
2,525,679
1.9
2.6
0.6
1.5
0.3
0.3
-53
4.7
438,428
867,108
1.5
1.6
0.9
0.9
0.3
0.2
-7
..
..
206,410
178,942
1.8
0.8
0.7
0.3
0.4
0.1
-2
5.3
1,776,735
3,982,718
1.7
2.3
1.0
1.5
0.4
0.3
-33
28
4.6
8,750,711
16,932,383
3.1
2.9
4.0
6.2
0.7
0.4
15
21
7.1
10.2
11,613,738
12,985,385
2.5
2.3
11.3
10.8
0.4
0.2