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World Development Indicators:
Agricultural output and productivity
2004-2006 = 100
2004-2006 = 100
2004-2006 = 100
kilograms per hectare
2000
2014
2000
2014
2000
2014
2000
2016
2000
2016
68.5
142.5
85.4
124.7
104.6
105.0
806
1,982
7.7
86.0
163.8
86.5
139.6
89.3
110.0
3,175
4,716
23.2
53.9
56.9
161.1
69.7
160.9
89.8
159.9
883
1,561
51.1
143.7
74.9
113.6
80.9
116.5
100.0
101.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
52.5
189.1
62.7
174.9
99.9
128.7
564
935
..
..
107.9
110.9
100.0
87.9
91.8
65.2
1,600
1,593
..
..
81.3
129.9
85.9
116.6
93.9
101.5
3,473
5,097
2,386.7
3,015.1
58.9
143.2
66.3
146.5
73.9
136.2
1,383
3,076
18.5
61.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
108.1
124.3
105.4
114.0
104.2
101.9
1,962
2,074
480.1
805.2
93.9
114.0
100.8
110.0
102.4
106.0
5,404
7,245
214.2
289.7
71.8
110.7
76.3
136.2
80.6
172.1
2,335
3,005
14.6
21.6
87.2
140.8
84.8
131.8
80.9
116.6
2,476
9,339
285.7
153.2
110.2
104.1
121.6
168.5
142.8
273.8
..
..
..
90.6
142.7
89.5
141.4
82.5
132.7
3,384
4,629
4.3
9.3
128.7
62.2
102.6
88.0
85.4
104.9
2,609
2,849
154.6
134.9
75.9
114.3
79.6
133.6
82.3
138.6
1,948
3,208
35.5
116.2
102.3
106.6
106.2
90.0
108.1
80.0
8,021
6,985
452.1
568.2
90.7
95.6
85.3
95.3
64.5
105.8
2,418
3,165
56.3
52.1
90.5
158.1
85.9
160.4
82.7
115.8
1,102
1,456
8.4
10.1
105.0
115.7
102.3
115.0
99.8
114.3
..
..
..
..
63.3
97.9
70.4
97.9
98.5
98.0
1,438
3,410
12.4
14.8
84.5
147.4
82.7
139.5
80.1
134.0
1,642
2,092
11.7
19.5
64.8
83.4
68.1
100.3
76.7
127.0
2,550
5,192
..
60.4
94.8
92.8
89.6
109.7
88.7
113.5
153
453
19.6
12.4
77.5
142.5
76.9
135.0
77.6
124.5
2,643
4,181
41.8
108.0
91.0
100.3
83.9
156.8
82.0
170.5
650
844
379.2
948.9
87.3
131.1
114.0
132.0
153.9
87.9
2,460
4,818
70.2
102.0
59.0
145.8
68.2
134.0
75.7
99.3
856
1,181
4.7
17.2
85.8
106.3
90.8
121.3
89.9
142.3
1,228
1,520
3.4
2.0
108.3
117.3
93.6
98.5
83.6
74.9
795
178
10.0
10.9
71.5
195.0
74.3
176.7
91.1
92.3
2,134
3,460
5.8
17.0
77.8
166.9
77.7
158.4
86.7
98.7
1,764
1,644
6.9
8.3
96.1
126.7
91.5
112.3
89.0
89.8
2,806
3,909
..
731.7
99.0
105.6
99.3
104.4
100.7
98.6
..
..
..
..
100.0
121.4
92.8
112.6
91.4
105.4
993
880
6.3
4.1
78.9
163.1
82.6
152.1
90.2
113.2
531
845
..
13.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
81.6
111.1
83.1
111.7
83.3
110.6
4,362
6,858
61.6
119.2
84.8
136.2
83.4
130.8
84.0
124.4
4,753
6,029
12.7
53.3
114.4
102.7
108.2
34.2
107.0
20.8
2,000
2,000
185.2
128.2
84.9
110.1
103.6
85.9
107.0
81.6
..
..
..
..
88.2
110.0
87.4
114.8
86.1
118.4
3,229
4,192
52.9
57.4
96.1
105.6
96.5
106.1
99.0
112.4
1,317
1,356
23.9
102.5
109.2
102.0
103.6
101.4
59.4
787
772
2.6
2.4
86.3
124.1
82.7
105.7
67.2
45.9
754
828
6.6
10.1
89.3
127.2
87.2
128.0
91.4
125.6
3,626
4,027
62.0
107.4
98.9
128.5
92.9
123.4
89.4
57.8
1,682
2,134
..
21.1
103.7
88.1
96.8
90.4
77.3
96.7
4,119
6,742
96.2
159.0
112.1
91.3
123.6
106.6
124.7
140.5
2,528
2,939
21.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
111.0
63.0
108.5
81.7
104.0
93.3
931
2,191
318.1
216.5
102.3
116.4
99.2
104.6
101.9
90.1
3,906
6,317
140.9
271.1
103.5
112.8
98.4
107.6
95.2
102.1
6,216
6,222
383.0
544.0
96.2
125.9
84.5
133.4
82.4
134.8
1,833
1,926
..
..
119.2
110.5
118.3
106.9
100.2
107.7
1,357
1,696
..
..
88.2
154.1
84.0
138.5
80.7
111.7
4,159
4,761
41.0
70.6
96.3
112.6
91.6
118.5
85.8
128.6
2,306
3,576
28.1
42.6
86.8
116.6
85.3
120.4
81.9
130.7
7,280
7,114
38.0
51.0
100.9
112.9
95.0
118.9
90.4
108.3
2,155
2,746
42.8
51.8
93.6
116.8
90.2
118.3
91.0
110.7
..
..
..
10.8
70.5
91.3
79.9
109.5
87.5
123.5
377
414
..
..
126.5
171.8
84.9
140.4
83.5
128.8
2,115
2,658
127.6
241.4
74.9
182.3
69.8
156.6
64.0
112.9
1,116
2,484
2.9
5.4
103.2
111.2
100.4
101.6
100.0
100.2
..
..
..
..
105.1
78.0
101.4
87.7
92.7
111.4
2,434
3,018
25.1
24.3
105.1
103.9
98.7
101.1
95.3
99.6
3,499
3,574
365.3
697.6
103.2
102.9
103.8
103.5
104.0
100.9
7,232
5,687
393.2
525.9
86.9
96.8
88.9
98.1
97.2
103.0
..
..
..
..
98.3
120.1
99.4
89.6
102.1
31.6
1,630
1,604
45.3
38.8
101.9
79.6
100.1
81.6
84.6
87.9
1,296
841
16.5
11.7
100.6
93.9
97.4
83.2
95.2
75.0
1,369
2,517
..
13.6
107.5
110.9
102.7
112.5
98.3
111.9
6,453
7,182
233.3
385.3
77.8
148.2
78.5
144.2
92.6
89.4
1,309
1,842
..
20.4
109.8
83.8
106.0
86.6
93.4
92.4
3,869
4,145
134.3
180.4
..
..
90.8
98.6
91.2
98.6
..
..
..
..
145.1
99.6
133.5
101.6
85.6
114.9
1,004
1,007
..
..
95.2
85.3
95.1
87.7
94.3
107.2
1,911
2,622
..
..
84.8
169.0
80.8
159.5
72.9
121.6
1,776
2,152
21.9
30.7
86.5
129.1
85.3
130.6
77.9
132.8
1,492
1,180
3.8
5.4
87.0
139.6
87.4
138.2
89.9
129.2
1,097
1,426
7.7
7.4
101.5
145.0
97.8
144.1
67.7
124.2
3,799
3,516
135.4
188.0
95.7
182.0
95.7
167.5
92.6
106.5
932
1,013
..
..
69.8
127.8
71.7
122.6
78.0
111.3
1,368
1,748
16.3
21.7
76.5
102.4
91.0
99.7
121.3
90.5
3,633
5,099
142.9
225.7
77.5
89.0
93.8
113.9
95.6
115.0
..
..
702.0
92.1
144.0
91.5
142.6
84.6
142.8
2,294
2,993
9.1
16.0
78.6
139.3
78.3
140.2
74.5
138.6
4,026
5,406
17.8
34.8
75.9
108.3
77.8
107.9
81.3
101.3
1,835
2,166
62.0
97.4
91.1
125.0
99.9
119.8
117.0
121.7
363
3,101
90.6
39.7
100.5
101.6
106.1
101.7
105.5
102.1
7,802
8,223
173.1
283.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
87.4
105.5
87.6
112.3
87.5
117.3
2,443
4,970
498.6
846.1
98.0
85.2
98.8
88.6
99.4
95.7
4,994
5,599
365.4
442.4
101.5
100.9
98.0
102.0
91.2
101.8
1,147
1,090
31.9
36.7
106.9
92.4
103.6
96.5
100.7
100.0
6,257
4,976
249.5
226.5
77.5
129.0
80.7
134.7
86.8
144.8
1,728
1,531
67.9
114.8
78.6
141.0
79.0
125.7
80.8
117.7
943
1,348
19.3
55.0
77.1
135.5
71.9
125.7
69.4
114.1
1,375
1,391
14.9
20.0
74.1
54.1
74.4
60.6
77.5
122.4
..
..
..
..
86.2
103.9
84.4
102.8
78.3
103.8
2,375
4,083
..
..
105.6
96.3
103.6
103.9
101.5
114.9
6,380
6,795
92.3
187.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
75.6
219.9
80.7
196.5
84.4
185.7
5,611
13,345
..
79.9
93.5
103.4
94.5
106.1
98.1
106.9
2,669
3,104
7.2
15.1
83.7
208.0
81.7
182.7
83.2
122.6
3,018
4,627
7.6
11.5
82.1
144.2
83.4
138.1
89.6
127.0
2,199
3,828
50.1
165.0
104.0
94.9
99.1
93.7
86.6
94.6
2,415
3,013
440.3
235.9
115.8
112.0
104.4
100.8
95.3
94.5
719
508
3.5
22.0
100.0
103.9
101.2
120.6
101.1
99.7
1,278
1,322
15.9
9.6
97.5
113.9
94.6
112.7
90.9
112.2
649
715
..
..
94.8
104.9
96.2
101.6
96.3
101.5
..
..
..
..
114.4
176.8
88.5
128.4
83.6
92.2
2,707
3,853
41.0
121.7
96.1
89.6
110.1
104.4
113.6
99.8
5,329
5,000
718.1
508.7
97.7
109.6
98.3
111.0
94.5
110.2
2,565
3,859
60.3
79.2
83.0
119.5
88.8
121.9
102.1
120.5
1,891
3,920
3.3
2.4
98.7
144.9
99.9
146.6
93.3
215.2
1,676
1,347
4.9
3.8
78.1
118.4
78.0
130.4
78.0
137.0
3,040
3,227
113.5
167.3
87.2
60.7
89.8
65.0
115.8
108.1
1,479
2,446
90.8
100.9
69.4
172.3
73.9
156.1
75.0
129.6
1,007
1,608
15.5
12.1
104.0
105.4
107.8
96.1
110.4
89.1
4,008
4,745
..
..
19.1
115.2
19.1
115.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
107.8
199.2
89.2
125.1
86.5
112.1
864
1,222
11.6
11.8
101.9
84.7
94.6
95.3
72.8
127.6
8,900
3,455
53.9
101.7
88.5
124.2
88.4
118.5
86.8
115.0
2,761
3,749
44.5
57.3
91.6
98.4
93.4
99.2
99.3
102.0
1,221
1,646
..
..
89.4
112.3
85.7
93.0
96.2
98.7
2,033
3,197
10.0
23.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
73.3
272.5
143.4
144.3
148.9
132.2
770
1,279
16.4
45.4
..
47.1
..
63.8
..
80.7
..
3,262
149.4
242.4
64.9
128.9
72.1
126.1
88.0
131.0
367
936
16.3
31.5
77.2
139.7
88.0
135.7
107.1
123.2
868
824
2.5
4.8
71.3
117.2
72.9
127.0
50.3
202.3
3,054
3,607
5.4
15.8
76.3
116.3
83.9
87.8
87.2
79.0
391
453
61.4
60.4
84.9
139.6
87.1
136.8
89.2
138.1
2,136
2,605
4.5
5.3
104.3
112.2
104.1
116.5
106.5
117.4
7,906
7,777
489.3
787.1
95.9
95.1
100.0
104.8
101.0
106.4
3,761
3,833
..
..
98.5
119.9
86.5
118.3
86.5
116.0
6,319
8,384
844.5
87.9
128.3
82.1
127.8
78.6
132.0
1,688
1,768
20.1
19.9
63.7
194.6
70.6
149.4
79.6
99.0
289
530
..
5.1
80.6
116.9
81.9
121.6
86.3
109.4
1,172
1,444
15.5
57.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
92.3
97.3
98.3
103.2
100.7
105.3
3,931
4,608
448.6
1,270.3
108.5
143.0
88.5
136.1
62.0
121.3
3,004
5,690
..
89.7
110.3
88.4
124.9
85.6
136.2
2,405
3,064
17.1
16.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
97.9
95.9
96.5
119.7
95.1
137.7
2,237
2,570
52.2
43.0
96.0
121.4
90.5
82.9
84.0
16.3
4,032
4,738
..
69.5
173.8
79.3
178.5
91.2
131.0
1,980
4,426
32.4
80.8
86.3
143.3
85.4
146.5
83.8
148.5
3,084
4,188
19.4
24.6
85.2
121.9
84.5
121.0
84.2
123.3
2,581
3,529
17.3
22.9
108.1
119.8
92.2
116.5
93.4
107.6
2,535
4,000
37.4
64.3
102.0
104.6
99.9
103.8
101.5
103.7
2,794
4,422
72.7
141.5
101.1
108.9
110.5
111.4
113.4
110.8
1,724
3,192
..
..
127.2
135.6
116.7
157.4
107.2
170.3
4,099
4,693
103.4
107.9
71.1
106.0
81.8
119.5
90.1
91.6
1,928
3,971
15.6
50.1
78.9
124.0
89.1
121.6
96.7
118.9
1,561
2,650
47.7
134.2
84.1
140.8
83.0
139.5
74.7
122.0
848
1,523
2.8
5.4
92.0
107.7
92.6
107.1
96.2
105.6
..
..
267.7
403.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
97.0
119.9
96.2
121.2
85.2
133.6
2,230
2,098
23.9
75.8
64.7
81.7
96.4
88.5
132.3
3,516
5,243
299.1
210.1
110.9
126.7
106.8
128.7
92.4
129.9
879
1,349
12.9
9.0
..
101.9
..
95.2
..
102.3
..
6,174
33.5
69.1
112.0
94.7
151.3
109.8
175.6
112.8
..
..
..
..
42.2
170.5
43.5
171.5
76.4
174.7
1,078
1,889
9.1
11.8
58.6
135.6
70.0
111.8
71.8
107.8
..
..
414.1
273.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
81.0
115.7
89.6
100.2
103.2
77.2
2,710
6,430
108.2
502.2
101.8
91.9
98.0
90.4
92.3
88.6
4,803
6,464
97.8
207.9
80.9
118.5
81.5
117.7
89.9
105.0
4,650
1,657
..
..
94.0
96.9
91.9
111.9
91.6
114.0
733
507
..
..
102.5
123.2
96.1
125.8
89.4
127.9
2,766
3,810
37.6
101.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1,512
..
..
102.5
101.9
100.0
102.4
95.3
102.5
3,604
3,430
330.7
472.8
96.4
118.4
95.3
122.3
88.3
130.5
3,338
3,897
12.1
25.0
143.4
30.8
141.1
39.0
128.7
82.2
..
..
..
..
154.8
49.8
130.2
68.2
77.2
128.2
..
..
45.0
27.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
83.7
115.7
104.3
109.4
103.2
105.0
15,000
24,743
117.8
159.4
71.9
..
78.6
..
82.7
..
505
685
33.8
42.0
96.1
159.1
96.4
163.2
89.6
129.2
3,896
4,433
283.9
937.2
87.5
114.3
86.1
114.9
88.4
114.3
1,634
1,138
23.7
22.4
106.1
117.0
102.1
99.2
103.2
92.3
4,560
5,438
577.2
821.6
118.7
107.4
102.3
107.5
97.5
106.9
6,402
5,133
235.6
252.7
81.3
54.9
77.6
69.1
74.9
87.1
1,149
1,615
..
..
66.7
150.9
76.1
147.3
64.1
138.0
1,311
3,349
4.5
65.8
186.0
72.9
181.3
88.7
139.2
1,441
1,541
5.2
6.7
90.7
128.2
93.0
127.1
94.8
132.2
2,719
3,032
17.4
29.0
87.9
111.9
88.4
119.1
90.8
111.4
1,937
2,454
12.2
90.3
141.1
83.3
142.2
82.5
128.9
1,058
1,131
10.8
10.7
94.1
139.3
94.0
135.1
100.3
105.6
..
..
60.8
54.9
132.3
61.4
98.6
95.3
75.1
118.4
2,278
1,481
48.0
37.4
78.3
104.1
84.4
106.6
100.9
119.6
984
1,542
45.3
95.6
109.0
94.2
124.3
91.6
159.6
2,371
3,105
79.2
151.1
71.3
78.0
72.3
114.3
76.4
128.5
2,122
1,076
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
93.8
110.8
94.0
110.1
94.4
108.4
..
..
..
..
92.5
85.3
85.5
99.0
65.8
121.5
1,539
1,906
6.9
5.8
76.7
163.2
85.4
148.4
93.5
100.4
1,951
4,652
16.1
48.1
200.9
40.1
174.1
66.9
79.9
152.2
17,355
21,487
2,232.3
105.5
111.3
103.9
109.2
102.1
106.7
7,165
7,023
387.1
491.4
94.7
114.3
96.0
116.2
97.5
107.9
5,854
8,143
527.7
70.1
183.5
82.8
127.5
89.0
104.2
3,892
4,941
480.3
249.3
75.8
153.2
81.3
145.5
83.5
135.3
2,695
4,613
11.0
34.4
96.7
126.1
99.9
122.5
109.2
111.3
512
613
25.6
98.8
102.0
97.0
114.2
97.0
130.1
3,248
3,427
178.2
80.3
133.7
76.9
134.3
68.0
146.4
4,112
5,448
5.6
10.8
..
..
91.3
108.8
91.3
108.8
..
..
..
..
86.1
96.4
88.0
90.5
90.9
80.1
2,185
1,808
76.1
46.8
84.4
118.7
82.7
136.9
80.8
160.7
1,085
995
10.7
8.7
71.9
181.1
84.7
177.6
90.9
176.3
1,682
2,418
8.4
5.9
157.8
101.9
111.0
98.3
96.8
93.4
1,160
580
8.5
2.7
87.9
127.6
88.5
124.2
90.0
117.0
3,064
3,967
19.3
32.7
85.2
132.9
84.9
128.5
86.2
122.4
3,998
5,075
16.2
45.2
94.1
111.8
96.3
111.8
98.0
108.8
2,891
3,757
74.9
141.0
82.5
134.2
82.9
127.9
83.7
119.6
2,852
4,172
47.1
71.7
80.2
109.7
81.6
113.4
84.6
119.8
1,818
2,582
47.1
66.6
94.8
115.6
95.5
115.8
96.5
105.8
5,131
7,318
527.7
91.4
140.2
90.8
139.7
85.2
140.0
2,376
3,128
9.1
15.0
83.0
133.6
82.8
124.9
83.3
106.2
1,126
1,395
8.3
13.1
83.7
140.8
83.5
135.6
84.1
116.4
1,075
1,511
4.5
5.5
85.1
135.4
85.5
133.1
83.4
129.5
2,367
3,199
11.0
20.5
84.1
131.2
84.1
128.1
85.4
122.9
3,080
4,255
19.9
62.2
98.9
109.1
98.3
109.4
98.3
105.1
4,696
5,947
245.8
294.4