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World Development Indicators:
Urbanization
Urban population
People using at least basic sanitation services
% of total population
% of urban population
% of urban population
% of rural population
1990
2016
1990
2016
2016
1990
2016
1990
2016
2000
2015
2000
2015
2,244
9,403
18
27
4.3
13
14
69
51
31.3
56.4
21.9
33.0
1,197
1,679
36
58
1.5
..
..
21
28
97.0
98.3
82.1
96.9
13,496
28,954
52
71
2.6
7
6
13
9
91.4
89.7
72.3
82.2
38
48
81
87
0.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
52
65
95
85
-1.5
..
..
..
..
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
3,114
12,914
26
45
5.1
14
25
45
44
47.5
62.3
7.5
21.4
24
24
35
23
-0.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
28,470
40,293
87
92
1.1
41
44
37
38
94.5
95.0
96.7
93.6
2,385
1,830
67
63
0.1
33
36
49
57
95.2
96.5
81.6
83.4
31
43
50
41
-0.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
14,574
21,607
85
90
1.6
61
59
25
21
..
..
..
..
5,049
5,776
66
66
1.4
20
20
30
31
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
3,848
5,359
54
55
1.7
24
25
45
45
77.0
91.6
53.5
86.6
205
325
80
83
1.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
437
1,266
88
89
3.9
..
..
29
34
..
..
..
..
21,037
57,090
20
35
3.3
9
15
31
32
40.7
53.7
20.6
43.4
85
90
33
31
0.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6,723
7,325
66
77
0.7
16
20
24
26
94.0
94.0
97.4
94.9
9,606
11,110
96
98
0.7
17
18
18
19
99.5
99.5
99.5
99.5
89
161
47
44
1.8
..
..
..
..
86.8
91.1
78.7
84.0
1,717
4,827
34
44
3.8
..
..
29
17
20.6
24.8
3.3
5.4
59
65
100
100
0.1
..
..
..
..
100.0
99.9
..
..
88
314
16
39
3.2
..
..
..
..
74.5
72.1
45.9
57.1
3,810
7,503
56
69
2.1
32
49
28
29
50.9
64.5
17.8
26.8
1,752
1,405
39
40
-0.1
..
..
23
22
98.4
98.9
92.7
92.0
578
1,299
42
58
2.3
..
..
..
..
71.7
75.1
34.6
39.5
110,404
178,442
74
86
1.1
35
40
13
12
82.0
90.9
35.7
58.0
170
328
66
78
1.7
..
..
..
..
..
96.0
..
97.3
5,787
5,294
66
74
-0.3
14
17
21
23
86.8
86.8
83.7
83.7
1,217
5,722
14
31
5.7
6
16
44
51
44.2
47.7
2.1
11.8
340
1,301
6
12
5.6
..
..
69
61
33.9
46.1
42.1
51.1
151
357
44
66
2.2
..
..
..
..
50.3
72.9
22.8
50.6
1,395
3,301
16
21
2.6
7
11
44
54
48.9
88.0
3.9
38.6
4,646
12,877
40
55
3.6
15
27
20
25
55.9
55.6
26.3
18.9
21,283
29,757
77
82
1.4
40
46
18
20
..
..
..
..
25
61
100
100
1.3
..
..
..
..
95.6
..
..
1,083
1,853
37
40
1.8
..
..
43
44
26.1
49.1
8.4
9.1
1,240
3,269
21
23
3.8
8
9
38
40
23.0
32.5
6.3
2.9
44
52
31
32
0.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
11,027
16,065
83
90
1.0
35
37
42
41
95.9
100.0
67.2
98.9
300,166
782,778
26
57
2.6
10
25
3
3
76.6
86.2
51.6
61.0
5,677
7,347
100
100
0.6
100
100
100
100
97.0
96.3
..
..
343
612
100
100
1.9
..
..
100
97
..
..
..
..
23,399
37,321
68
77
1.2
32
43
20
27
85.6
88.3
50.5
72.0
115
226
28
28
2.7
..
..
..
..
39.1
47.3
22.0
29.0
10,603
33,868
31
43
4.5
17
24
35
36
24.0
22.6
21.5
17.5
1,326
3,373
54
66
3.2
29
38
53
58
17.7
20.0
5.6
5.6
1,548
3,773
50
78
2.1
24
24
48
31
97.0
98.0
90.1
94.3
4,827
13,002
39
55
3.8
17
21
44
39
39.9
44.5
8.9
12.7
2,583
2,472
54
59
-0.2
..
..
27
28
98.0
98.3
96.0
96.3
7,763
8,858
73
77
0.3
20
19
27
24
92.2
91.6
79.8
88.1
123
143
85
89
1.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
512
782
67
67
0.7
..
..
..
..
100.0
99.8
100.0
98.6
7,773
7,708
75
73
0.1
12
13
16
17
99.1
99.1
99.3
99.3
4,362
5,035
85
88
1.0
20
22
24
25
99.6
99.6
99.6
99.6
448
730
76
77
1.7
..
..
71
73
62.6
62.6
13.0
13.0
45
51
63
70
0.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3,967
8,502
55
80
2.2
21
28
38
36
85.1
85.1
70.1
73.6
5,629
10,483
55
64
1.8
26
28
28
26
82.4
89.4
53.2
80.3
24,962
41,359
43
43
2.2
23
25
40
46
96.7
97.3
89.3
90.0
2,587
4,263
49
67
1.2
18
17
37
26
89.5
93.2
71.0
87.0
148
490
35
40
4.3
..
..
..
..
80.7
79.9
79.9
71.0
492
..
16
..
..
..
..
73
..
35.8
28.8
1.5
6.1
1,118
888
71
67
0.0
..
..
43
44
99.4
99.6
98.5
99.6
6,069
20,401
13
20
4.8
4
3
30
16
15.4
18.5
1.0
4.3
15
21
31
42
0.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
303
486
42
54
1.4
..
..
..
..
91.1
96.1
70.7
95.2
3,958
4,636
79
84
0.4
17
22
22
26
99.4
99.4
99.5
99.5
43,332
53,350
74
80
0.7
22
23
22
20
98.6
98.6
98.9
98.9
115
156
58
56
0.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
658
1,730
69
87
2.8
..
..
56
42
40.1
42.2
34.6
32.4
351
1,228
38
60
4.0
..
..
65
42
51.4
46.0
58.7
35.4
2,643
2,002
55
54
0.4
25
31
46
57
96.4
95.2
96.7
73.0
58,080
62,422
73
76
1.5
9
10
6
6
99.3
99.3
99.0
99.0
5,331
15,424
36
55
3.4
13
18
22
18
17.5
18.8
6.2
9.0
7,287
8,418
71
78
-0.3
30
28
42
36
98.1
99.2
92.4
98.1
44
49
80
87
0.6
..
..
..
..
99.6
99.3
99.6
99.6
32
38
33
36
0.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
118
154
91
95
0.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3,809
8,628
41
52
2.9
16
18
38
35
78.8
80.7
43.1
53.1
1,693
4,667
28
38
3.8
15
16
53
43
22.3
34.3
3.2
14.7
285
910
28
50
4.1
..
..
65
56
25.7
34.9
4.0
8.4
220
222
30
29
1.0
..
..
..
..
85.9
89.2
75.3
85.0
2,024
6,486
29
60
3.2
16
23
56
39
28.6
36.7
10.2
21.8
2,005
5,041
40
55
2.7
12
13
29
23
76.5
83.7
49.7
75.1
6,830
7,037
66
72
0.4
19
17
29
24
97.8
97.8
98.6
98.6
231
315
91
94
1.1
..
..
..
..
98.7
98.7
100.0
100.0
222,293
438,777
26
33
2.3
11
15
6
6
50.8
65.4
10.5
33.8
55,491
142,219
31
54
2.5
10
11
15
7
66.3
77.3
28.3
57.0
31,672
59,308
56
74
1.8
23
26
20
14
91.9
91.7
79.0
78.8
12,177
25,890
70
70
3.1
36
32
34
26
84.7
85.6
54.6
85.8
2,000
3,033
57
64
2.5
26
25
46
39
86.9
90.7
91.0
94.8
35
44
52
52
0.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
4,211
7,881
90
92
2.0
58
56
49
46
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
37,846
41,885
67
69
0.0
19
18
9
9
..
99.3
..
99.2
1,199
1,586
49
55
0.8
..
..
47
37
83.5
83.6
84.0
87.5
95,542
119,283
77
94
0.3
58
66
34
32
..
..
..
..
2,610
7,934
73
84
3.5
24
12
33
15
98.7
96.9
97.8
95.7
9,198
9,473
56
53
1.4
7
9
12
16
96.8
97.0
97.2
98.8
3,919
12,627
17
26
4.2
8
11
35
32
33.8
35.3
30.3
28.0
25
51
35
44
2.1
..
..
..
..
43.1
49.5
20.6
32.1
11,848
15,487
58
61
0.8
12
11
21
19
82.7
68.4
31,656
42,325
74
83
0.6
52
47
33
23
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2,057
3,986
98
98
2.9
66
71
68
72
..
..
..
..
1,659
2,181
38
36
2.5
..
..
38
40
92.2
92.9
91.7
98.6
657
2,680
15
40
4.1
..
..
43
39
67.1
93.1
16.9
59.7
1,844
1,321
69
67
-0.9
..
..
49
46
93.1
97.2
72.4
83.8
2,247
5,281
83
88
2.8
48
38
58
43
..
..
..
..
224
614
14
28
3.2
..
..
..
..
18.5
45.7
4.5
43.1
1,162
2,312
55
50
3.3
50
28
90
56
24.8
28.0
3.8
5.9
3,360
4,956
76
79
1.2
19
18
26
23
..
..
..
..
5
5
17
14
0.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2,499
1,910
68
67
-1.1
..
..
23
27
93.0
97.4
68.4
86.0
309
527
81
90
2.6
..
..
..
..
97.5
97.5
98.8
98.8
1,154
1,191
58
57
0.3
..
..
39
42
93.3
97.2
85.0
82.6
2,733
8,898
24
36
4.5
8
11
35
31
10.0
16.2
2.6
6.2
1,091
2,977
12
16
4.0
..
..
34
32
45.7
48.5
32.6
42.6
8,982
23,506
50
75
2.4
12
23
23
30
98.3
99.8
94.4
98.8
56
194
26
47
4.2
..
..
..
..
95.5
92.9
71.5
98.3
1,974
7,321
23
41
4.9
9
15
38
36
37.8
46.0
12.0
21.5
320
417
90
96
1.3
..
..
..
..
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
31
39
65
73
0.5
..
..
..
..
94.8
65.9
839
2,600
41
60
3.8
..
..
50
38
39.9
63.0
7.2
17.1
465
500
44
40
-0.2
..
..
..
..
93.4
93.9
89.8
92.6
60,962
101,416
71
80
1.6
36
38
26
21
85.1
91.4
50.4
80.7
25
24
26
22
0.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
1,728
1,602
47
45
0.1
..
..
38
46
86.3
88.7
60.1
70.0
29
38
100
100
0.5
..
..
..
..
100.0
100.0
..
..
1,246
2,205
57
73
2.8
26
47
46
64
64.4
66.4
26.3
40.7
291
400
48
64
0.4
..
..
..
..
..
98.0
..
92.2
12,039
21,408
48
61
2.2
21
22
22
17
87.4
89.3
47.3
74.6
3,312
9,372
25
33
3.8
6
4
23
13
34.1
47.2
3.0
12.3
9,982
18,325
25
35
2.5
9
14
29
27
82.1
76.4
65.0
58.7
391
1,181
28
48
4.3
..
..
36
32
57.9
54.9
14.2
15.4
1,660
5,505
9
19
3.2
2
4
24
22
41.6
52.5
15.7
44.7
10,269
15,492
69
91
1.1
6
6
9
7
97.5
97.5
99.9
99.9
102
197
60
71
2.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2,822
4,051
85
86
2.1
26
29
31
34
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
2,169
3,635
52
59
1.7
..
..
34
26
73.1
85.8
45.1
62.8
1,231
3,930
15
19
5.3
5
5
36
29
25.7
43.6
2.2
5.9
28,276
90,385
30
49
4.3
12
16
17
15
39.2
38.8
35.0
27.0
38
49
90
89
0.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3,052
4,225
72
81
1.2
..
..
22
24
98.0
98.0
98.3
98.3
1,198
3,455
66
78
5.8
..
..
29
25
92.8
99.3
76.2
99.3
32,924
75,782
31
39
3.2
17
22
22
23
66.9
74.4
14.1
48.1
11
19
70
88
1.6
..
..
..
..
92.3
100.0
67.0
100.0
1,332
2,699
54
67
2.1
34
42
64
63
75.9
85.7
44.9
59.2
647
1,054
15
13
2.3
..
..
30
33
55.2
55.2
13.1
13.1
2,052
4,030
49
60
1.7
26
36
53
60
88.4
98.3
51.5
80.7
15,039
25,077
69
79
1.7
27
32
39
40
76.4
81.9
25.3
58.2
30,100
45,759
49
44
1.4
14
14
26
29
75.4
78.9
59.1
71.9
23,350
22,970
61
61
-0.1
4
5
7
8
93.8
98.1
76.0
98.2
4,783
6,610
48
64
0.5
37
41
53
44
98.5
99.4
96.0
99.5
3,287
3,192
93
94
-1.8
66
72
71
77
..
..
..
..
442
2,552
93
99
3.6
..
..
53
29
..
..
..
..
12,347
10,788
53
55
-0.2
9
9
17
17
..
93.2
..
68.1
108,837
106,959
73
74
0.3
18
21
8
11
94.4
93.3
54.7
75.9
392
3,548
5
30
5.7
3
11
56
36
57.4
57.3
41.9
64.4
35
37
21
19
0.0
..
..
..
..
99.5
98.1
98.4
96.3
22
31
90
94
0.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
50
131
44
66
3.1
..
..
..
..
26.1
46.6
14.8
28.0
12,504
26,896
77
83
2.5
36
46
19
24
..
..
..
..
2,939
6,791
39
44
3.6
19
24
48
54
59.2
65.8
24.5
34.8
3,823
3,929
50
56
-0.3
15
17
30
30
97.9
97.8
97.2
90.8
34
51
49
54
1.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1,434
2,982
33
40
3.1
12
14
37
35
20.6
23.8
4.2
8.4
3,047
5,607
100
100
1.3
99
100
99
100
100.0
100.0
..
..
..
40
100
100
3.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2,994
2,903
56
53
-0.2
..
..
15
14
99.4
99.4
98.2
98.4
1,007
1,025
50
50
0.0
..
..
..
..
99.1
99.1
99.1
99.1
43
137
14
23
4.0
..
..
..
..
62.5
76.1
13.0
18.4
2,194
5,731
30
40
4.1
14
16
47
40
49.9
28.5
8.7
8.2
19,146
36,506
52
65
2.4
27
37
19
26
70.6
75.5
44.6
68.7
766
2,328
13
19
4.1
..
..
14
14
..
27.6
..
6.4
29,287
37,063
75
80
0.3
22
25
15
17
99.9
99.9
100.0
100.0
3,171
3,903
19
18
1.4
..
..
19
19
89.0
89.5
84.6
95.3
14
18
35
32
1.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
41
33
29
19
0.7
..
..
..
..
75.3
86.3
80.0
92.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
45
56
41
51
0.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
5,764
13,460
29
34
3.0
12
13
41
39
41.3
57.5
11.1
22.9
268
369
66
66
0.9
..
..
..
..
89.8
88.4
63.5
61.4
197
286
23
21
1.8
..
..
..
..
57.4
58.2
46.8
58.0
7,112
8,513
83
86
1.2
12
15
15
18
99.3
99.2
99.7
99.6
4,915
6,195
73
74
1.2
15
15
20
20
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
6,090
10,701
49
58
-0.9
33
50
28
34
95.9
95.7
90.0
89.1
1,673
2,349
32
27
2.6
..
..
35
36
92.2
94.0
89.0
96.0
4,808
17,959
19
32
5.3
6
10
31
30
11.5
37.2
5.1
17.2
16,649
35,492
29
52
2.6
11
17
35
27
93.8
93.8
95.4
96.2
157
424
21
33
4.1
..
..
..
..
72.5
30.1
1,083
3,078
29
40
3.8
..
..
44
32
24.5
28.1
4.3
4.5
22
25
23
24
1.1
..
..
..
..
98.9
96.6
85.7
92.5
104
114
9
8
-0.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
4,771
7,646
58
67
1.4
18
18
31
26
94.3
98.1
56.4
83.2
31,923
58,749
59
74
2.2
26
38
21
24
89.6
99.0
69.9
89.0
1,661
2,854
45
50
2.4
..
..
25
27
93.9
94.4
96.3
98.7
9
32
74
93
2.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
4
7
41
61
2.4
..
..
..
..
91.7
91.0
1,932
6,822
11
16
5.4
4
5
39
29
28.6
28.2
13.6
17.4
34,642
31,465
67
70
0.0
10
12
7
9
97.1
97.4
89.7
92.6
1,470
7,954
79
86
1.6
56
54
32
31
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
44,733
54,371
78
83
1.1
27
29
18
19
99.0
99.0
99.5
99.5
187,966
264,280
75
82
0.9
42
45
9
7
100.0
100.0
99.9
99.9
2,767
3,288
89
95
0.5
50
50
56
52
94.9
95.7
85.1
94.9
8,239
11,618
40
36
2.1
10
7
25
19
96.8
100.0
84.8
100.0
27
71
19
26
3.4
..
..
..
..
61.4
61.4
50.7
50.7
16,740
28,109
84
89
1.4
33
29
17
10
92.0
97.7
52.5
72.3
13,372
31,737
20
34
3.0
7
14
22
23
82.2
91.0
44.1
71.8
91
98
88
95
-0.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1,339
3,436
68
75
3.2
..
..
20
19
93.5
95.0
96.6
98.9
2,524
9,706
21
35
4.1
5
11
26
32
83.8
89.9
26.1
43.7
3,163
6,865
39
41
4.1
9
14
24
33
50.9
49.0
12.7
18.7
2,952
5,213
29
32
2.0
10
9
35
29
53.6
53.9
35.7
31.2
2,259,030
4,027,170
43
54
2.0
18
23
17
16
78.3
82.0
38.2
49.8
605,467
1,307,641
34
58
2.3
..
..
16
12
76.7
85.4
50.6
62.7
568,508
646,779
68
71
0.8
17
20
15
17
96.3
97.5
84.0
92.4
313,446
510,619
70
80
1.4
..
..
25
23
84.2
90.0
46.7
68.1
140,374
281,714
55
65
2.3
24
27
28
26
92.2
92.7
71.6
80.4
209,308
294,102
75
82
1.0
42
45
10
8
100.0
100.0
99.9
99.9
283,473
590,969
25
33
2.6
11
15
10
12
52.0
65.3
13.3
37.2
138,455
395,346
27
38
4.1
12
15
30
28
38.9
41.6
18.0
20.2
72,983
205,557
23
31
4.2
9
11
36
32
28.8
38.6
11.9
19.1
576,638
1,193,801
30
40
2.6
12
16
17
17
61.9
69.1
24.4
43.6
881,000
1,678,114
43
65
2.0
17
28
14
12
83.2
89.0
55.5
67.2
728,410
949,697
75
81
0.9
..
..
20
19
99.0
99.4
96.4
99.2