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2014
People
2.8
World Development Indicators:
Poverty rates at international poverty lines
  International poverty line in local currency Population below international poverty linesa
  $1.25
a day
2005
$2
a day
2005
Survey
yearb
Population
below
$1.25
a day
%
Poverty gap
at $1.25
a day
%
Population
below
$2
a day
%
Poverty
gap at
$2
a day
%
Survey
yearb
Population
below
$1.25
a day
%
Poverty
gap at
$1.25
a day
%
Population
below
$2
a day
%
Poverty
gap at
$2
a day
%
Albania 75.5 120.8 2008 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2012 <2 <0.5 3.0 0.6
Algeria 48.4a 77.5a 1988 7.1 1.1 23.7 6.4 1995 6.4 1.3 22.8 6.2
Angola 88.1 141.0 2000d 54.3 29.9 70.2 42.4 2009 43.4 16.5 67.4 31.5
Argentina 1.7 2.7 2010d,e <2 0.9 4.0 1.6 2011d,e <2 0.8 2.9 1.3
Armenia 245.2 392.4 2011 2.5 <0.5 17.6 3.5 2012 <2 <0.5 15.5 3.1
Azerbaijan 2,170.9 3,473.5 2005 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2008 <2 <0.5 2.4 0.5
Bangladesh 31.9 51.0 2005 50.5 14.2 80.3 34.3 2010 43.3 11.2 76.5 30.4
Belarus 949.5 1,519.2 2010 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2011 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Belize 1.8a 2.9a 1998f 11.3 4.8 26.4 10.3 1999f 12.2 5.5 22.0 9.9
Benin 344.0 550.4 2003 47.3 15.7 75.3 33.5 2012 51.6 18.8 74.3 35.9
Bhutan 23.1 36.9 2007 10.2 1.8 29.8 8.5 2012 2.4 <0.5 15.2 3.3
Bolivia 3.2 5.1 2011e 7.0 3.1 12.0 5.5 2012e 8.0 4.2 12.7 6.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.1 1.7 2004 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2007 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Botswana 4.2 6.8 2003 24.4 8.5 41.6 17.9 2009 13.4 4.0 27.8 10.2
Brazil 2.0 3.1 2011f 4.5 2.5 8.2 3.9 2012f 3.8 2.1 6.8 3.3
Bulgaria 0.9 1.5 2010 <2 0.6 3.3 1.2 2011 <2 0.8 3.9 1.6
Burkina Faso 303.0 484.8 2003 48.9 18.3 72.5 34.7 2009 44.5 14.6 72.4 31.6
Burundi 558.8 894.1 1998 86.4 47.3 95.4 64.1 2006 81.3 36.4 93.5 56.1
Cabo Verde 97.7 156.3 2002 21.0 6.1 40.9 15.2 2008 13.7 3.2 34.7 11.1
Cambodia 2,019.1 3,230.6 2010 11.3 1.7 40.9 10.6 2011 10.1 1.4 41.3 10.3
Cameroon 368.1 589.0 2001 24.9 6.7 50.7 18.5 2007 27.6 7.2 53.2 20.0
Central African Republic 384.3 614.9 2003 62.4 28.3 81.9 45.3 2008 62.8 31.3 80.1 46.8
Chad 409.5 655.1 2003 61.9 25.6 83.3 43.9 2011 36.5 14.2 60.5 27.3
Chile 484.2 774.7 2009f <2 0.7 2.6 1.1 2011f <2 <0.5 <2 0.8
China 5.1g 8.2g 2010h 9.2 2.0 23.2 7.3 2011h 6.3 1.3 18.6 5.5
Colombia 1,489.7 2,383.5 2011f 5.0 2.0 11.3 4.3 2012f 5.6 2.3 12.0 4.7
Comoros 368.0 588.8   .. .. .. .. 2004 46.1 20.8 65.0 34.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 395.3 632.5   .. .. .. .. 2006 87.7 52.8 95.2 67.6
Congo, Rep. 469.5 751.1 2005 54.1 22.8 74.4 38.8 2011 32.8 11.5 57.3 24.2
Costa Rica 348.7a 557.9a 2011f <2 0.6 3.2 1.2 2012f <2 0.6 3.1 1.2
Croatia 5.6 8.9 2004 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2008 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Czech Republic 19.0 30.4 2010e <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2011e <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Côte d'Ivoire 407.3 651.6 2002 29.7 9.1 56.9 22.0 2008 35.0 12.7 59.1 25.9
Djibouti 134.8 215.6   .. .. .. .. 2002 18.8 5.3 41.2 14.6
Dominican Republic 25.5a 40.8a 2011f 2.5 0.6 8.5 2.4 2012f 2.3 0.6 8.8 2.4
Ecuador 0.6 1.0 2011f 4.0 1.9 9.0 3.6 2012f 4.0 1.8 8.4 3.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.5 4.0 2005 2.3 <0.5 20.1 3.8 2008 <2 <0.5 15.4 2.8
El Salvador 6.0a 9.6a 2011f 2.8 0.6 10.3 2.7 2012f 2.5 0.6 8.8 2.4
Estonia 11.0 17.7 2010 <2 1.0 <2 1.0 2011 <2 1.2 <2 1.2
Ethiopia 3.4 5.5 2005 39.0 9.6 77.6 28.9 2011 36.8 10.4 72.2 27.6
Fiji 1.9 3.1 2003 29.2 11.3 48.7 21.8 2009 5.9 1.1 22.9 6.0
Gabon 554.7 887.5   .. .. .. .. 2005 6.1 1.3 20.9 5.8
Gambia, The 12.9 20.7 1998 65.6 33.8 81.2 49.1 2003 33.6 11.7 55.9 24.4
Georgia 1.0 1.6 2011 16.1 5.6 33.5 12.8 2012 14.1 4.5 31.3 11.4
Ghana 5,594.8 8,951.6 1998 39.1 14.4 63.3 28.5 2006 28.6 9.9 51.8 21.3
Guatemala 5.7a 9.1a 2006f 13.5 4.7 26.0 10.4 2011f 13.7 4.8 29.8 11.2
Guinea 1,849.5 2,959.1 2007 39.3 13.0 65.9 28.3 2012 40.9 12.7 72.7 29.8
Guinea-Bissau 355.3 568.6 1993 65.3 29.0 84.6 46.8 2002 48.9 16.6 78.0 34.9
Guyana 131.5a 210.3a 1993e 6.9 1.5 17.1 5.4 1998e 8.7 2.8 18.0 6.7
Haiti 24.2a 38.7a   .. .. .. .. 2001 61.7 32.3 77.5 46.7
Honduras 12.1a 19.3a 2010f 13.4 4.8 26.3 10.5 2011f 16.5 7.2 29.2 13.2
Hungary 171.9 275.0 2010 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2011 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
India 19.5i 31.2i 2009h 32.7 7.5 68.8 24.5 2011h 24.7 5.1 60.6 19.7
Indonesia 5,241.0i 8,385.7i 2010h 18.0 3.3 46.3 14.3 2011h 16.2 2.7 43.3 13.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3,393.5 5,429.6 1998 <2 <0.5 8.3 1.8 2005 <2 <0.5 8.0 1.8
Iraq 799.8 1,279.7 2007 3.4 0.6 22.4 4.7 2012 3.9 0.6 21.2 4.7
Jamaica 54.2a 86.7a 2002 <2 <0.5 8.5 1.5 2004 <2 <0.5 5.9 0.9
Jordan 0.6 1.0 2008 <2 <0.5 2.0 <0.5 2010 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Kazakhstan 81.2 129.9 2008 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2010 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Kenya 40.9 65.4 1997 31.8 9.8 56.2 22.9 2005 43.4 16.9 67.2 31.8
Kyrgyz Republic 16.2 26.0 2010 6.0 1.4 21.1 5.8 2011 5.1 1.2 21.1 5.3
Lao PDR 4,677.0 7,483.2 2007 35.1 9.2 68.3 25.7 2012 30.3 7.7 62.0 22.4
Latvia 0.4 0.7 2010 <2 1.3 2.9 1.6 2011 <2 1.0 2.0 1.2
Lesotho 4.3 6.9 2003 55.2 28.0 73.7 42.0 2010 56.2 29.2 73.4 42.9
Liberia 0.6 1.0   .. .. .. .. 2007 83.8 40.9 94.9 59.6
Lithuania 2.1 3.3 2010 <2 1.3 2.5 1.5 2011 <2 0.8 <2 0.9
Macedonia, FYR 29.5 47.2 2006 <2 <0.5 4.6 1.1 2008 <2 <0.5 4.2 0.7
Madagascar 945.5 1,512.8 2005 82.4 40.4 93.1 58.6 2010 87.7 48.6 95.1 64.9
Malawi 71.2 113.8 2004 75.0 33.2 90.8 52.6 2010 72.2 34.3 88.1 52.1
Malaysia 2.6 4.2 2007e <2 <0.5 2.9 <0.5 2009e <2 <0.5 2.3 <0.5
Maldives     1998 25.6 13.1 37.0 20.0 2004 <2 <0.5 12.2 2.5
Mali 362.1 579.4 2006 51.4 18.8 77.1 36.5 2010 50.6 16.5 78.8 35.3
Mauritania 157.1 251.3 2004 25.4 7.0 52.6 19.2 2008 23.4 6.8 47.7 17.7
Mauritius 673.6 1,078.2 2006 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2012 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Mexico 9.6 15.3 2010 <2 <0.5 4.5 1.0 2012 <2 <0.5 4.1 1.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 0.8a 1.3a   .. .. .. .. 2000d 31.2 16.3 44.7 24.5
Moldova 6.0 9.7 2010 <2 <0.5 4.0 0.7 2011 <2 <0.5 2.8 <0.5
Montenegro 0.6 1.0 2010 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2011 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Morocco 6.9 11.0 2001 6.3 0.9 24.4 6.3 2007 2.6 0.6 14.2 3.2
Mozambique 14,532.1 23,251.4 2003 74.7 35.4 90.0 53.6 2009 60.7 25.8 82.5 43.7
Namibia 6.3 10.1 2004e 31.9 9.5 51.1 21.8 2010e 23.5 5.7 43.2 16.4
Nepal 33.1 52.9 2003 53.1 18.4 77.3 36.6 2010 23.7 5.2 56.0 18.4
Nicaragua 9.1a 14.6a 2005e 2.8 <0.5 16.3 3.7 2009e 8.5 2.9 20.8 7.2
Niger 334.2 534.7 2008 42.1 11.8 74.1 29.9 2011 40.8 10.4 76.1 29.3
Nigeria 98.2 157.2 2004 61.8 26.9 83.3 44.7 2010 62.0 27.5 82.2 44.8
Pakistan 25.9 41.4 2008 17.2 2.6 55.8 15.7 2011 12.7 1.9 50.7 13.3
Panama 0.8a 1.2a 2011f 3.6 1.1 8.4 3.0 2012f 4.0 1.3 8.9 3.2
Papua New Guinea 2.1a 3.4a   .. .. .. .. 1996 35.8 12.3 57.4 25.5
Paraguay 2,659.7 4,255.6 2011f 4.4 1.7 11.0 4.0 2012f 3.0 1.0 7.7 2.6
Peru 2.1 3.3 2011f 3.0 0.8 8.7 2.6 2012f 2.9 0.8 8.0 2.5
Philippines 30.2 48.4 2009 18.1 3.6 41.1 13.6 2012 19.0 4.0 41.7 14.1
Poland 2.7 4.3 2010 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2011 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Romania 2.1 3.4 2011 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2012 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Russian Federation 16.7 26.8 2008 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2009 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Rwanda 295.9 473.5 2006 72.0 34.7 87.4 52.1 2011 63.0 26.5 82.3 44.5
São Tomé and Príncipe 7,953.9 12,726.3 2001 28.2 7.9 54.2 20.6 2010 43.5 13.9 73.1 31.2
Senegal 372.8 596.5 2005 33.5 10.8 60.4 24.7 2011 34.1 11.1 60.3 25.0
Serbia 42.9 68.6 2009 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2010 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Seychelles 5.6a 9.0a 2000 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2007 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Sierra Leone 1,745.3 2,792.4 2003 59.4 22.7 82.0 41.4 2011 56.6 19.2 82.5 39.0
Slovak Republic 23.5 37.7 2010e <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2011e <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Slovenia 198.2 317.2 2010 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2011 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
South Africa 5.7 9.1 2009 13.7 2.3 31.2 10.1 2011 9.4 1.2 26.2 7.7
Sri Lanka 50.0 80.1 2007 7.0 1.0 29.1 7.4 2010 4.1 0.7 23.9 5.4
St. Lucia 2.4a 3.8a   .. .. .. .. 1995 21.0 7.2 40.6 15.6
Sudan 154.4 247.0   .. .. .. .. 2009 19.8 5.5 44.1 15.4
Suriname 2.3a 3.7a   .. .. .. .. 1999 15.5 5.9 27.2 11.7
Swaziland 4.7 7.5 2001 43.0 14.9 64.1 29.8 2010 39.3 15.2 59.1 28.3
Syrian Arab Republic 30.8 49.3   .. .. .. .. 2004 <2 <0.5 16.9 3.3
Tajikistan 1.2 1.9 2007 12.2 4.4 36.9 11.5 2009 6.5 1.3 27.4 6.7
Tanzania 603.1 964.9 2007 67.9 28.1 87.9 47.5 2012 43.5 13.0 73.0 30.6
Thailand 21.8 34.9 2008j <2 <0.5 4.6 0.7 2010j <2 <0.5 3.5 0.6
Timor-Leste 18.6 29.8   .. .. .. .. 2007 34.9 8.1 71.1 25.7
Togo 352.8 564.5 2006 53.2 20.3 75.3 37.3 2011 52.5 22.5 72.8 38.0
Trinidad and Tobago 5.8a 9.2a 1988e <2 <0.5 8.6 1.9 1992e 4.2 1.1 13.5 3.9
Tunisia 0.9 1.4 2005 <2 <0.5 7.6 1.7 2010 <2 <0.5 4.5 1.0
Turkey 1.3 2.0 2010 <2 <0.5 3.1 0.7 2011 <2 <0.5 2.6 <0.5
Turkmenistan 5,961.1a 9,537.7a 1993e 63.5 25.8 85.7 44.9 1998e 24.8 7.0 49.7 18.4
Uganda 930.8 1,489.2 2009 37.9 12.2 64.7 27.3 2013 37.8 12.0 62.9 26.8
Ukraine 2.1 3.4 2009 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2010 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Uruguay 19.1 30.6 2011f <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2012f <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Venezuela, RB 1,563.9 2,502.2 2005f 13.2 8.0 20.9 11.3 2006f 6.6 3.7 12.9 5.9
Vietnam 7,399.9 11,839.8 2010 3.9 0.8 16.8 4.2 2012 2.4 0.6 12.5 2.9
West Bank and Gaza 2.7a 4.3a 2007 <2 <0.5 3.5 0.7 2009 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Yemen, Rep. 113.8 182.1 1998 10.5 2.4 32.1 9.4 2005 9.8 1.9 37.3 9.9
Zambia 3,537.9 5,660.7 2006 68.5 37.0 82.6 51.8 2010 74.3 41.8 86.6 56.6