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2014
People
2.8
World Development Indicators:
Poverty rates at international poverty lines
  International poverty line in local currency Population below international poverty linesa
  $1.25
a day
2005
$2
a day
2005
Survey
yearb
Population
below
$1.25
a day
%
Poverty gap
at $1.25
a day
%
Population
below
$2
a day
%
Poverty
gap at
$2
a day
%
Survey
yearb
Population
below
$1.25
a day
%
Poverty
gap at
$1.25
a day
%
Population
below
$2
a day
%
Poverty
gap at
$2
a day
%
Albania 75.5 120.8 2005 <2 <0.5 7.9 1.5 2008 <2 <0.5 4.3 0.9
Algeria 48.4c 77.5c 1988 7.6 1.2 24.6 6.7 1995 6.8 1.4 23.6 6.5
Angola 88.1 141.0 2000 54.3 29.9 70.2 42.4 2009 43.4 16.5 67.4 31.5
Argentina 1.7 2.7 2009d,e 2.0 1.2 3.4 1.7 2010d,e <2 0.7 <2 0.9
Armenia 245.2 392.4 2008 <2 <0.5 12.4 2.3 2010 2.5 <0.5 19.9 4.0
Azerbaijan 2,170.9 3,473.5 2001 6.3 1.1 27.1 6.8 2008 <2 <0.5 2.8 0.6
Bangladesh 31.9 51.0 2005 50.5 14.2 80.3 34.3 2010 43.3 11.2 76.5 30.4
Belarus 949.5 1,519.2 2010 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2011 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Belize 1.8c 2.9c 1998f 11.3 4.7 26.3 10.0 1999f 12.2 5.5 22.0 9.9
Benin 344.0 550.4   .. .. .. .. 2003 47.3 15.7 75.3 33.5
Bhutan 23.1 36.9 2007 10.2 1.8 29.8 8.5 2012 1.7 <0.5 12.6 2.6
Bolivia 3.2 5.1 2007e 13.1 6.6 24.7 10.9 2008e 15.6 8.6 24.9 13.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.1 1.7 2004 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2007 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Botswana 4.2 6.8 1986 35.6 13.8 54.7 25.8 1994 31.2 11.0 49.4 22.3
Brazil 2.0 3.1 2008f 6.0 3.4 11.3 5.3 2009f 6.1 3.6 10.8 5.4
Bulgaria 0.9 1.5 2003 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2007 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Burkina Faso 303.0 484.8 2003 56.5 20.3 81.2 39.3 2009 44.6 14.7 72.6 31.7
Burundi 558.8 894.1 1998 86.4 47.3 95.4 64.1 2006 81.3 36.4 93.5 56.1
Cabo Verde 97.7 156.3   .. .. .. .. 2002 21.0 6.1 40.9 15.2
Cambodia 2,019.1 3,230.6 2008 22.8 4.9 53.3 17.4 2009 18.6 3.5 49.5 15.1
Cameroon 368.1 589.0 2001 10.8 2.3 32.5 9.5 2007 9.6 1.2 30.4 8.2
Central African Republic 384.3 614.9 2003 62.4 28.3 81.9 45.3 2008 62.8 31.3 80.1 46.8
Chad 409.5 655.1   .. .. .. .. 2003 61.9 25.6 83.3 43.9
Chile 484.2 774.7 2006f <2 0.5 3.2 1.1 2009f <2 0.7 2.7 1.2
China 5.1g 8.2g 2008h 13.1 3.2 29.8 10.1 2009h 11.8 2.8 27.2 9.1
Colombia 1,489.7 2,383.5 2009f 9.7 4.7 18.5 8.2 2010f 8.2 3.8 15.8 6.8
Comoros 368.0 588.8   .. .. .. .. 2004 46.1 20.8 65.0 34.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 395.3 632.5   .. .. .. .. 2006 87.7 52.8 95.2 67.6
Congo, Rep. 469.5 751.1   .. .. .. .. 2005 54.1 22.8 74.4 38.8
Costa Rica 348.7c 557.9c 2008f 2.4 1.5 5.0 2.3 2009f 3.1 1.8 6.0 2.7
Croatia 5.6 8.9 2004 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2008 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Czech Republic 19.0 30.4 1993e <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 1996e <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Côte d'Ivoire 407.3 651.6 2002 23.3 6.8 46.8 17.6 2008 23.8 7.5 46.3 17.8
Djibouti 134.8 215.6   .. .. .. .. 2002 18.8 5.3 41.2 14.6
Dominican Republic 25.5c 40.8c 2009f 3.0 0.7 10.0 2.7 2010f 2.2 <0.5 9.9 2.4
Ecuador 0.6 1.0 2009f 6.4 2.9 13.5 5.5 2010f 4.6 2.1 10.6 4.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.5 4.0 2005 2.0 <0.5 18.5 3.5 2008 <2 <0.5 15.4 2.8
El Salvador 6.0c 9.6c 2008f 5.4 1.9 14.0 4.8 2009f 9.0 4.4 16.9 7.6
Estonia 11.0 17.7 2003 <2 <0.5 2.6 <0.5 2004 <2 <0.5 <2 0.5
Ethiopia 3.4 5.5 2005 39.0 9.6 77.6 28.9 2011 30.7 8.2 66.0 23.6
Fiji 1.9 3.1 2003 29.2 11.3 48.7 21.8 2009 5.9 1.1 22.9 6.0
Gabon 554.7 887.5   .. .. .. .. 2005 4.8 0.9 19.6 5.0
Gambia, The 12.9 20.7 1998 65.6 33.8 81.2 49.1 2003 29.8 9.8 55.9 24.4
Georgia 1.0 1.6 2009 15.2 4.2 32.7 11.6 2010 18.0 5.8 35.6 13.7
Ghana 5,594.8 8,951.6 1998 39.1 14.4 63.3 28.5 2006 28.6 9.9 51.8 21.3
Guatemala 5.7c 9.1c 2004f 24.4 13.2 39.2 20.2 2006f 13.5 4.7 26.3 10.5
Guinea 1,849.5 2,959.1 2003 56.3 21.3 80.8 39.7 2007 43.3 15.0 69.6 31.0
Guinea-Bissau 355.3 568.6 1993 52.1 20.6 75.7 37.4 2002 48.9 16.6 78.0 34.9
Guyana 131.5c 210.3c 1993e 6.9 1.5 17.1 5.4 1998e 8.7 2.8 18.0 6.7
Haiti 24.2c 38.7c   .. .. .. .. 2001 61.7 32.3 77.5 46.7
Honduras 12.1c 19.3c 2008f 21.4 11.8 32.6 17.5 2009f 17.9 9.4 29.8 14.9
Hungary 171.9 275.0 2004 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2007 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
India 19.5 i 31.2 i 2005h 41.6 10.5 75.6 29.5 2010h 32.7 7.5 68.7 24.5
Indonesia 5,241.0 i 8,385.7 i 2010h 18.1 3.3 46.1 14.3 2011h 16.2 2.7 43.3 13.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3,393.5 5,429.6 1998 <2 <0.5 8.3 1.8 2005 <2 <0.5 8.0 1.8
Iraq 799.8 1,279.7   .. .. .. .. 2007 2.8 <0.5 21.4 4.4
Jamaica 54.2c 86.7c 2002 <2 <0.5 8.5 1.5 2004 <2 <0.5 5.4 0.8
Jordan 0.6 1.0 2008 <2 <0.5 2.1 <0.5 2010 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Kazakhstan 81.2 129.9 2008 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2009 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Kenya 40.9 65.4 1997 19.6 4.6 42.7 14.7 2005 43.4 16.9 67.2 31.8
Kyrgyz Republic 16.2 26.0 2010 6.7 1.5 22.9 6.4 2011 5.0 1.1 21.6 5.4
Lao PDR 4,677.0 7,483.2 2002 44.0 12.1 76.9 31.1 2008 33.9 9.0 66.0 24.8
Latvia 0.4 0.7 2008 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2009 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Lesotho 4.3 6.9 1994 46.2 25.6 59.7 36.1 2003 43.4 20.8 62.3 33.1
Liberia 0.6 1.0   .. .. .. .. 2007 83.8 40.9 94.9 59.6
Lithuania 2.1 3.3 2004 <2 <0.5 <2 0.5 2008 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Macedonia, FYR 29.5 47.2 2009 <2 <0.5 5.9 0.9 2010 <2 <0.5 6.9 1.2
Madagascar 945.5 1,512.8 2005 67.8 26.5 89.6 46.9 2010 81.3 43.3 92.6 60.1
Malawi 71.2 113.8 2004 73.9 32.3 90.5 51.8 2010 61.6 26.2 82.3 44.0
Malaysia 2.6 4.2 2007e <2 <0.5 2.9 <0.5 2009e <2 <0.5 2.3 <0.5
Maldives     1998 25.6 13.1 37.0 20.0 2004 <2 <0.5 12.2 2.5
Mali 362.1 579.4 2006 51.4 18.8 77.1 36.5 2010 50.4 16.4 78.7 35.2
Mauritania 157.1 251.3 2004 25.4 7.0 52.6 19.2 2008 23.4 6.8 47.7 17.7
Mexico 9.6 15.3 2008 <2 <0.5 5.2 1.3 2010 <2 <0.5 4.5 1.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 0.8c 1.3c   .. .. .. .. 2000d 31.2 16.3 44.7 24.5
Moldova 6.0 9.7 2009 <2 <0.5 7.1 1.2 2010 <2 <0.5 4.4 0.7
Montenegro 0.6 1.0 2009 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2010 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Morocco 6.9 11.0 2001 6.3 0.9 24.3 6.3 2007 2.5 0.5 14.0 3.2
Mozambique 14,532.1 23,251.4 2003 74.7 35.4 90.0 53.6 2008 59.6 25.1 81.8 42.9
Namibia 6.3 10.1 1993e 49.1 24.6 62.2 36.5 2004e 31.9 9.5 51.1 21.8
Nepal 33.1 52.9 2003 53.1 18.4 77.3 36.6 2010 24.8 5.6 57.3 19.0
Nicaragua 9.1c 14.6c 2001e 14.4 3.7 34.4 11.5 2005e 11.9 2.4 31.7 9.6
Niger 334.2 534.7 2005 50.2 18.3 75.3 35.6 2008 43.6 12.4 75.2 30.8
Nigeria 98.2 157.2 2004 63.1 28.7 83.1 45.9 2010 68.0 33.7 84.5 50.2
Pakistan 25.9 41.4 2006 22.6 4.1 61.0 18.8 2008 21.0 3.5 60.2 17.9
Panama 0.8c 1.2c 2009f 5.9 1.8 14.6 4.9 2010f 6.6 2.1 13.8 5.1
Papua New Guinea 2.1c 3.4c   .. .. .. .. 1996 35.8 12.3 57.4 25.5
Paraguay 2,659.7 4,255.6 2009f 7.6 3.2 14.2 6.0 2010f 7.2 3.0 13.2 5.7
Peru 2.1 3.3 2009f 5.5 1.6 14.0 4.6 2010f 4.9 1.3 12.7 4.1
Philippines 30.2 48.4 2006 22.6 5.5 45.0 16.4 2009 18.4 3.7 41.5 13.8
Poland 2.7 4.3 2010 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2011 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Romania 2.1 3.4 2010 <2 <0.5 <2 0.5 2011 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Russian Federation 16.7 26.8 2008 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2009 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Rwanda 295.9 473.5 2006 72.1 34.8 87.4 52.2 2011 63.2 26.6 82.4 44.6
São Tomé and Príncipe 7,953.9 12,726.3   .. .. .. .. 2001 28.2 7.9 54.2 20.6
Senegal 372.8 596.5 2005 33.5 10.8 60.4 24.7 2011 29.6 9.1 55.2 21.9
Serbia 42.9 68.6 2009 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2010 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Seychelles 5.6c 9.0c 2000 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2007 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Sierra Leone 1,745.3 2,792.4 2003 53.4 20.3 76.1 37.5 2011 51.7 16.6 79.6 35.8
Slovak Republic 23.5 37.7 2008e <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2009e <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Slovenia 198.2 317.2 2003 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2004 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
South Africa 5.7 9.1 2006 17.4 3.3 35.7 12.3 2009 13.8 2.3 31.3 10.2
Sri Lanka 50.0 80.1 2007 7.0 1.0 29.1 7.4 2010 4.1 0.7 23.9 5.4
St. Lucia 2.4c 3.8c   .. .. .. .. 1995 20.9 7.2 40.6 15.5
Sudan 154.4 247.0   .. .. .. .. 2009 19.8 5.5 44.1 15.4
Suriname 2.3c 3.7c   .. .. .. .. 1999 15.5 5.9 27.2 11.7
Swaziland 4.7 7.5 2001 62.9 29.4 81.0 45.8 2010 40.6 16.0 60.4 29.3
Syrian Arab Republic 30.8 49.3   .. .. .. .. 2004 <2 <0.5 16.9 3.3
Tajikistan 1.2 1.9 2007 14.7 4.4 37.0 12.2 2009 6.6 1.2 27.7 7.0
Tanzania 603.1 964.9 2000 84.6 41.6 95.3 60.3 2007 67.9 28.1 87.9 47.5
Thailand 21.8 34.9 2009j <2 <0.5 4.6 0.8 2010j <2 <0.5 4.1 0.7
Togo 352.8 564.5 2006 38.7 11.4 69.3 27.9 2011 28.2 8.8 52.7 20.9
Trinidad and Tobago 5.8c 9.2c 1988e <2 <0.5 8.6 1.9 1992e 4.2 1.1 13.5 3.9
Tunisia 0.9 1.4 2005 <2 <0.5 8.1 1.8 2010 <2 <0.5 4.3 1.1
Turkey 1.3 2.0 2009 <2 <0.5 2.7 0.7 2010 <2 <0.5 4.7 1.4
Turkmenistan 5,961.1c 9,537.7c 1993e 63.5 25.8 85.7 44.9 1998e 24.8 7.0 49.7 18.4
Uganda 930.8 1,489.2 2006 51.5 19.1 75.6 36.4 2009 38.0 12.2 64.7 27.4
Ukraine 2.1 3.4 2009 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2010 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Uruguay 19.1 30.6 2009f <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2010f <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Venezuela, RB 1,563.9 2,502.2 2005f 13.4 8.2 21.9 11.6 2006f 6.6 3.7 12.9 5.9
Vietnam 7,399.9 11,839.8 2006 21.4 5.3 48.1 16.3 2008 16.9 3.8 43.4 13.5
West Bank and Gaza 2.7c 4.3c 2007 <2 <0.5 2.5 0.5 2009 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Yemen, Rep. 113.8 182.1 1998 12.9 3.0 36.4 11.1 2005 17.5 4.2 46.6 14.8
Zambia 3,537.9 5,660.7 2006 68.5 37.0 82.6 51.8 2010 74.5 41.9 86.6 56.8