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People
2.8
World Development Indicators:
Poverty rates at international poverty lines
  International poverty line in local currency Population below international poverty linesa
  $1.90
a day
2011
$3.10
a day
2011
Reference
yearb
Population
below
$1.90
a day
%
Poverty
gap
at $1.90
a day
%
Population
below
$3.10
a day
%
Poverty
gap at
$3.10
a day
%
Reference
yearb
Population
below
$1.90
a day
%
Poverty
gap at
$1.90
a day
%
Population
below
$3.10
a day
%
Poverty
gap at
$3.10
a day
%
Albania 110.5 180.3 2008 <2 <0.5 6.1 0.9 2012 <2 <0.5 6.8 1.4
Angola 140.3 228.9           2008 30.1 9.6 54.5 22.5
Argentina 5.3 8.6 2012c,d <2 0.8 3.7 1.5 2013c,d <2 1.0 3.6 1.6
Armenia 349.2 569.7 2012 <2 <0.5 17.4 3.5 2013 2.4 0.6 17.0 3.7
Azerbaijan 0.6 1.0 2004 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2005 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Bangladesh 31.9e 51.0e 2005 51.6 14.2 81.5 35.5 2010 43.7 11.2 77.6 31.4
Belarus 3,481.6 5,680.5 2011 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2012 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Belize 2.2f 3.7f 1998c 14.4 5.9 32.6 12.7 1999c 13.9 6.2 26.0 11.5
Benin 427.3 697.2 2003 48.9 16.3 77.2 35.3 2011 53.1 19.0 75.6 37.2
Bhutan 32.2 52.6 2007 8.0 1.6 28.9 8.0 2012 2.2 <0.5 13.5 3.0
Bolivia 5.5 9.0 2012c 9.1 4.9 15.8 7.7 2013c 7.7 3.8 13.4 6.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.6 2.7 2004 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2007 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Botswana 8.4 13.8 2002 29.8 11.4 49.0 22.6 2009 18.2 5.8 35.7 14.0
Brazil 3.2 5.1 2012c 4.6 2.5 9.3 4.1 2013c 4.9 2.8 9.1 4.3
Bulgaria 1.5 2.4 2011c 2.2 0.9 4.7 1.9 2012c 2.0 0.8 4.7 1.7
Burkina Faso 422.3 689.0 2003 57.3 23.7 79.3 41.8 2009 55.3 19.9 80.5 39.3
Burundi 925.9 1,510.7 1998 84.1 44.8 95.0 62.8 2006 77.7 32.9 92.2 53.6
Cabo Verde 97.7e 156.4e 2001 28.2 9.3 50.8 21.2 2007 17.6 4.7 39.3 14.1
Cambodia 2,019.1e 3,230.6e 2011 8.9 1.5 43.3 10.7 2012 6.2 1.0 37.0 8.8
Cameroon 437.7 714.2 2001 23.1 6.1 50.9 18.4 2007 29.3 8.3 54.3 21.7
Central African Republic 509.0 830.4 2003 64.8 30.3 84.2 48.0 2008 66.3 33.1 82.3 49.5
Chad 477.5 779.0 2003 62.9 26.7 84.6 45.7 2011 38.4 15.3 64.8 29.7
Chile 744.1 1,214.1 2011c <2 0.5 2.9 1.1 2013c <2 <0.5 2.1 0.8
Chinag 7.0 11.5 2008h 14.7 3.9 33.0 11.6 2010h 11.2 2.7 27.2 9.1
Colombia 2,274.2 3,710.5 2012c 7.1 2.9 16.2 6.2 2013c 6.1 2.5 13.8 5.3
Comoros 419.1 683.8           2004 13.5 3.7 32.3 11.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1,021.7 1,667.0 2004 91.2 59.3 96.9 73.0 2012 77.2 39.3 90.7 57.0
Congo, Rep. 563.4 919.2 2005 50.2 19.9 71.8 36.4 2011 28.7 9.6 52.9 21.9
Costa Rica 653.2f 1,065.7f 2012c <2 0.7 4.1 1.5 2013c <2 0.6 4.0 1.4
Croatia 8.3 13.5 2010 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2011c <2 0.5 <2 <0.5
Czech Republic 28.3 46.2 2011c <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2012c <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Côte d'Ivoire 447.8 730.6 2002 23.0 7.1 54.8 19.5 2008 29.0 10.3 55.1 23.2
Djibouti 192.8 314.6 2002 20.6 6.0 46.1 16.7 2012 18.3 7.9 37.0 15.5
Dominican Republic 39.4f 64.3f 2012c 2.6 0.7 10.2 2.8 2013c 2.3 0.6 9.1 2.4
Ecuador 1.0 1.7 2012c 5.9 2.5 14.0 5.2 2013c 4.4 1.7 11.6 4.0
El Salvador 1.0f 1.6f 2012c 4.2 1.0 13.6 3.8 2013c 3.3 0.7 11.5 3.2
Estonia 1.2 1.9 2011c <2 1.2 <2 <0.5 2012c <2 1.2 <2 <0.5
Ethiopia 10.3 16.9 2004 36.3 8.3 76.2 27.5 2010 33.5 9.0 71.3 26.5
Fiji 2.3 3.8 2002 5.1 0.9 20.2 5.4 2008 3.6 0.7 17.0 4.1
Gabon 682.5 1,113.6           2005 8.0 1.9 24.4 7.2
Gambia, The 20.6 33.6 1998 73.8 38.2 86.9 55.0 2003 45.3 17.7 68.0 33.4
Georgia 1.6 2.6 2012 15.5 5.0 34.6 12.8 2013 11.5 3.4 28.6 9.8
Ghana 1.5 2.4 1998 33.9 11.3 60.5 25.5 2005 25.2 8.4 49.0 19.6
Guatemala 7.4f 12.0f 2006c 11.5 3.9 23.7 9.3 2011c 11.5 4.0 26.5 9.8
Guinea 4,887.4 7,974.3 2007 59.7 23.7 81.2 42.4 2012 35.3 10.3 68.7 27.1
Guinea-Bissau 471.6 769.5 2002 53.9 18.6 80.9 38.3 2010 67.1 30.5 83.6 48.5
Guyana 253.2f 413.1f 1992c 33.2 12.5 58.6 25.7 1998c 14.0 5.0 28.3 11.2
Haiti 39.3f 64.2f 2001c 55.6 28.0 73.4 42.5 2012c 53.9 28.9 71.0 42.2
Honduras 19.2f 31.2f 2012c 21.4 9.3 37.3 17.1 2013c 18.9 7.7 34.6 15.2
Hungary 262.0 427.4 2011c <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2012c <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Indiag 28.5 46.4 2009h 31.4 7.0 67.9 24.4 2011 21.3 4.3 58.0 18.5
Indonesiag 7,774.7 12,685.0 2008 21.3 4.3 54.5 17.6 2010 15.9 2.9 46.3 14.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 5,158.2 8,415.9 2009h <2 <0.5 3.1 0.5 2013h <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Jamaica 120.4f 196.4f 2002 2.8 0.7 10.6 2.9 2004 <2 <0.5 8.2 2.0
Jordan 0.6e 1.0e 2008 <2 <0.5 3.0 <0.5 2010 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Kazakhstan 158.9 259.2 2012 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2013 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Kenya 67.3 109.8 1997 21.5 5.6 45.9 16.6 2005 33.6 11.7 58.9 25.5
Kiribati 2.0f 3.3f           2006 14.1 4.6 34.7 12.2
Kosovo 0.7f 1.1f 2012 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2013 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Kyrgyz Republic 33.3 54.4 2011 <2 <0.5 19.3 3.5 2012 2.9 0.7 20.0 4.2
Lao PDR 4,677.0e 7,483.2e 2007 36.3 9.5 69.3 27.1 2012 30.0 7.8 63.3 23.3
Latvia 0.8 1.2 2011c <2 1.0 <2 <0.5 2012c <2 1.0 <2 <0.5
Lesotho 7.3 12.0 2002 61.3 32.0 78.9 47.1 2010 59.7 31.8 77.3 46.6
Liberia 1.1 1.8           2007 68.6 28.1 89.6 48.6
Lithuania 3.4 5.5 2011c <2 0.8 <2 <0.5 2012c <2 0.8 <2 <0.5
Macedonia, FYR 43.6 71.1 2006 2.7 0.6 8.3 2.4 2008 <2 <0.5 8.7 2.0
Madagascar 1,339.3 2,185.2 2005 74.1 31.7 89.9 51.8 2010 81.8 40.3 92.9 59.0
Malawi 148.2 241.9 2004 73.6 31.7 90.1 51.7 2010 70.9 33.3 87.6 51.8
Malaysia 3.0 4.9 2007i <2 <0.5 2.7 <0.5 2009c <2 <0.5 2.7 <0.5
Maldives 20.3 33.1 2004h 2.4 <0.5 15.0 3.4 2009 5.6 1.1 17.9 5.0
Mali 421.5 687.8 2006 50.6 17.5 76.1 36.0 2009 49.3 15.2 77.7 34.6
Mauritania 214.3 349.7 2004 14.4 3.6 40.3 12.9 2008 10.9 2.9 32.5 10.1
Mauritius 34.7 56.7 2006 <2 <0.5 3.0 0.6 2012 <2 <0.5 3.0 0.7
Mexico 17.0 27.7 2010 3.8 1.0 11.9 3.5 2012 2.7 0.7 10.3 2.7
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 1.9f 3.1f           2000c,d 50.4 28.5 66.7 40.4
Moldova 10.4 16.9 2012 <2 <0.5 2.9 0.5 2013 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Mongolia 1,121.6 1,830.0 2011 <2 <0.5 6.2 1.1 2012 <2 <0.5 4.0 0.7
Montenegro 0.9 1.4 2012 <2 0.5 2.1 1.0 2013 <2 <0.5 3.9 1.4
Morocco 8.0 13.0 2000 6.2 1.3 25.6 6.7 2007 3.1 0.6 15.5 3.7
Mozambique 29.5 48.1 2002 80.4 41.5 92.0 59.3 2008 68.7 31.4 87.5 50.2
Namibia 9.7 15.9 2003 31.5 10.2 54.7 23.4 2009 22.6 6.7 45.7 17.7
Nepal 48.9 79.9 2003 47.1 14.8 74.4 33.2 2010 15.0 3.0 48.4 14.7
Nicaragua 17.4f 28.4f 2005 15.6 3.6 39.4 12.9 2009c 10.8 3.6 25.2 9.1
Niger 434.6 709.1 2007 72.0 28.8 90.1 49.8 2011 50.3 13.9 81.8 35.2
Nigeria 151.1 246.5 2003 53.5 21.9 78.5 39.5 2009 53.5 21.8 76.5 39.1
Pakistan 48.3 78.8 2007 13.3 2.1 53.2 14.3 2010 8.3 1.2 45.0 10.8
Panama 1.1f 1.7f 2012c 4.4 1.4 9.9 3.6 2013c 2.9 0.8 8.0 2.6
Papua New Guinea 4.1f 6.6f 1996 53.2 28.1 70.2 41.4 2009 39.3 15.9 64.7 30.4
Paraguay 4,387.9 7,159.2 2012c 3.7 1.2 9.7 3.3 2013c 2.2 0.9 6.3 2.2
Peru 3.0 4.9 2012c 4.1 1.1 10.8 3.6 2013c 3.7 0.9 9.7 3.1
Philippines 35.9 58.5 2009 12.0 2.4 36.5 11.0 2012 13.1 2.7 37.6 11.7
Poland 3.7 6.0 2011 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2012 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Romania 3.8 6.2 2011 <2 <0.5 4.5 0.7 2012 <2 <0.5 4.1 0.7
Russian Federation 31.9 52.0 2011 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2012 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Rwanda 469.0 765.2 2005 68.0 31.1 84.1 49.1 2010 60.3 23.7 80.7 42.6
Samoa 3.6f 5.9f           2008 <2 <0.5 8.4 1.7
São Tomé and Príncipe 19,370.1 31,603.9 2000 29.5 7.7 61.7 22.8 2010 33.9 9.1 69.2 26.4
Senegal 467.6 762.9 2005 37.6 12.4 65.8 28.2 2011 38.0 12.8 66.3 28.4
Serbia 86.2 140.6 2009 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2010 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Seychelles 15.0f 24.5f 1999 <2 <0.5 2.4 0.7 2006 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Sierra Leone 3,357.7 5,478.3 2003 58.6 21.8 80.9 41.1 2011 52.3 16.7 80.0 36.7
Slovak Republic 1.1 1.8 2011c <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2012c <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Slovenia 1.3 2.1 2011c <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2012c <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Solomon Islands 13.5f 22.1f           2005 45.6 17.4 69.3 33.6
South Africa 9.6 15.7 2008 15.1 4.2 33.3 12.1 2011 16.6 4.9 34.7 13.1
Sri Lanka 80.2 130.9 2009 2.4 <0.5 16.8 3.5 2012 <2 <0.5 14.0 2.8
St. Lucia 4.1f 6.6f           1995c 35.8 13.2 61.8 27.3
Sudan 2.8 4.6           2009 14.9 4.0 38.9 12.8
Suriname 3.6f 5.8f           1999c 23.4 16.5 40.2 23.0
Swaziland 7.7 12.6 2000 48.4 17.5 70.2 34.2 2009 42.0 16.6 63.1 31.1
Tajikistan 3.6 5.8 2007 10.4 3.8 32.7 10.1 2009 4.7 0.9 23.4 5.5
Tanzania 1,112.5 1,815.1 2007 52.7 19.0 77.9 37.6 2011 46.6 14.4 76.1 33.6
Thailand 24.4 39.8 2011 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2012 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Timor-Leste 1.1f 1.7f 2001 44.2 13.5 72.8 31.4 2007 46.8 12.1 80.1 32.9
Togo 441.2 719.9 2006 55.6 21.1 76.7 39.1 2011 54.2 23.2 74.5 39.5
Tonga 3.1f 5.1f           2009 <2 <0.5 8.2 1.8
Trinidad and Tobago 8.8f 14.3f 1988i <2 <0.5 7.7 1.6 1992i 3.4 0.9 12.2 3.4
Tunisia 1.3 2.2 2005 3.1 0.7 13.3 3.4 2010 <2 <0.5 8.4 2.1
Turkey 2.2 3.6 2011 <2 <0.5 4.0 0.7 2012 <2 <0.5 3.1 0.6
Turkmenistan 2.9f 4.7f 1993i 80.9 39.5 94.2 58.7 1998h 42.3 14.5 69.1 31.0
Uganda 1,799.1 2,935.4 2009 41.5 13.2 69.4 30.2 2012 33.2 10.1 63.0 25.6
Ukraine 6.3 10.3 2012 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2013 <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Uruguay 31.2 50.9 2012c <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5 2013c <2 <0.5 <2 <0.5
Uzbekistan 1,207.8f 1,970.7f 2002 65.6 22.4 44.4 25.8 2003 66.8 25.3 87.8 46.4
Vanuatu 220.1f 359.1f           2010 15.4 3.7 38.8 12.8
Venezuela, RB 5.5 9.0 2005c 17.0 12.5 24.0 15.5 2006c 9.2 6.8 14.9 8.8
Vietnam 14,487.4 23,637.4 2010 4.8 1.0 18.1 4.9 2012 3.2 0.6 13.9 3.5
West Bank and Gaza 4.8f 7.8f 2007 <2 <0.5 7.4 1.9 2009 <2 <0.5 2.6 0.5
Zambia 4,760.1 7,766.6 2006 60.5 30.1 76.9 45.4 2010 64.4 31.6 78.9 47.5