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2015
People
2.7
World Development Indicators:
Poverty rates at national poverty lines
Population below national poverty linea Poverty gap at national poverty linea
  Reference yearb Rural
%
Urban
%
National
%
Reference yearb Rural
%
Urban
%
National
%
Reference yearb Rural
%
Urban
%
National
%
Afghanistanc 2007 38.2 28.9 36.3 2011 38.3 27.6 35.8 2011 9.3 5.6 8.4
Albaniac 2008 14.6 10.1 12.4 2012 15.3 13.6 14.3 2012 3.0 2.9 2.9
Angola   .. .. .. 2008d 58.3 18.7 36.6 2008d 21.6 5.3 12.7
Argentina 2011e .. 6.5 .. 2012e .. 5.4 ..   .. .. ..
Armenia 2011 34.5 35.2 35.0 2012 32.1 32.5 32.4 2012 5.1 5.9 5.6
Azerbaijan 2011 .. .. 7.6 2012 .. .. 6.0   .. .. ..
Bahamas, The         2001e .. .. 9.3   .. .. ..
Bangladesh 2005 43.8 28.4 40.0 2010 35.2 21.3 31.5 2010 7.4 4.3 6.5
Belarus 2012 9.4 5.2 6.3 2013 9.0 4.2 5.5   .. .. ..
Belize   .. .. .. 2002e 44.2 23.7 33.5   .. .. ..
Benin 2010 38.4 29.8 35.2 2011 39.7 31.4 36.2 2011 10.5 8.8 9.8
Bhutan 2007 30.9 1.7 23.2 2012 16.7 1.8 12.0 2012 3.6 0.3 2.6
Bolivia 2009e 66.4 43.3 51.3 2011e 61.3 36.8 45.0   .. .. ..
Bosnia and Herzegovinaf 2007 .. .. 18.2 2011 .. .. 17.9   .. .. ..
Botswana 2003 44.8 19.4 30.6 2009 24.3 11.0 19.3   .. .. ..
Brazil 2011e .. .. 11.1 2012e .. .. 9.0   .. .. ..
Bulgariaf 2011e .. .. 21.2 2012e .. .. 21.0   .. .. ..
Burkina Fasoc 2003 65.8 22.2 51.1 2009 52.8 25.2 46.7 2009 17.5 6.8 15.1
Burundi   .. .. .. 2006d 68.9 34.0 66.9 2006d 24.2 10.3 23.4
Cabo Verde   .. .. .. 2007d 44.3 13.2 26.6 2007d 14.3 3.3 8.1
Cambodiac 2010 25.3 8.5 22.1 2011 23.6 8.7 20.5 2011 .. .. 4.2
Cameroon 2001 52.1 17.9 40.2 2007 55.0 12.2 39.9 2007 17.5 2.8 12.3
Central African Republic   .. .. .. 2008d 69.4 49.6 62.0 2008d 35.0 29.8 33.1
Chadc 2002 58.4 24.4 54.8 2011 52.5 20.9 46.7 2011 22.6 6.6 19.7
Chile 2011e 37.7 19.9 22.2 2013e 27.9 12.4 14.4   .. .. ..
China 2012e 10.2 .. .. 2013e 8.5 .. ..   .. .. ..
Colombia 2011e 46.1 30.3 34.1 2012e 46.8 28.4 32.7 2012e 19.5 10.9 12.9
Comoros   .. .. .. 2004d 48.7 34.5 44.8 2004d 17.8 12.1 16.3
Congo, Dem. Rep.   .. .. .. 2012d 64.9 61.6 63.6 2012d 26.4 25.6 26.1
Congo, Rep. 2005 65.2 43.3 50.7 2011 74.8 .. 46.5 2011 31.9 9.2 16.7
Costa Rica 2012e 25.8 17.6 20.6 2013e 26.5 17.4 20.7   .. .. ..
Cote d'Ivoirec 2002 45.8 32.3 40.2 2008 54.2 29.4 42.7 2008 20.3 9.5 15.3
Croatiaf 2011e .. .. 20.5 2012e .. .. 19.5   .. .. ..
Czech Republicf 2011e .. .. 9.6 2012e .. .. 8.6   .. .. ..
Dominican Republic 2011e 48.4 36.5 40.4 2012e 49.4 36.8 40.9   .. .. ..
Ecuador 2013e 42.0 17.6 25.6 2014e 35.3 16.4 22.5   .. .. ..
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2009 28.9 11.0 21.6 2011 32.3 15.3 25.2   .. .. ..
El Salvador 2011e 50.2 35.4 40.6 2012e 43.3 29.9 34.5   .. .. ..
Estoniaf 2011e .. .. 17.5 2012e .. .. 18.6   .. .. ..
Ethiopia 2004 39.3 35.1 38.9 2010 30.4 25.7 29.6 2010 8.0 6.9 7.8
Fijic 2002 44.6 34.5 39.8 2008 44.0 26.2 35.2 2008 12.8 6.9 9.9
Gabon   .. .. .. 2005 44.6 29.8 32.7 2005 16.0 8.5 10.0
Gambia, Thec   .. .. .. 2010d 73.9 32.7 48.4 2010d .. .. 27.9
Georgiac 2011 21.9 13.3 17.7 2012 18.8 10.5 14.8 2012 5.7 2.7 4.3
Ghana 2005 43.7 12.4 31.9 2012 37.9 10.6 24.2 2012 13.1 2.5 7.8
Guatemala 2006 70.5 30.0 51.0 2011 71.4 35.0 53.7   .. .. ..
Guinea 2007 63.0 30.5 53.0 2012 64.7 35.4 55.2 2012 22.6 9.6 18.4
Guinea-Bissau 2002 69.7 51.6 64.7 2010 75.6 51.0 69.3   .. .. ..
Haiti   .. .. .. 2012d 74.9 40.6 58.5   .. .. ..
Hungaryf 2011e .. .. 14.0 2012e .. .. 14.3   .. .. ..
Honduras 2012e 69.3 63.6 66.5 2013e 68.5 60.4 64.5   .. .. ..
India 2009 33.8 20.9 29.8 2011 25.7 13.7 21.9 2011c 4.6 2.5 4.0
Indonesia 2012 15.1 8.8 12.0 2013 14.3 8.4 11.4 2013 2.2 1.3 1.8
Iraq 2007 39.0 15.7 22.4 2012 30.6 14.8 18.9 2012 7.4 2.7 4.2
Jamaica 2010 .. .. 17.6 2012 .. .. 19.9   .. .. ..
Jordan   .. .. .. 2010d 16.8 13.9 14.4 2010 .. .. 3.6
Kazakhstan 2012 6.1 1.9 3.8 2013 4.9 1.3 2.9 2013 .. .. 0.4
Kenya   .. .. .. 2005d 49.1 33.7 45.9 2005d 17.5 11.4 16.3
Kosovo 2010 30.7 26.7 29.2 2011 31.5 26.7 29.7 2011 7.8 7.1 7.5
Kyrgyz Republic 2012 39.6 35.4 38.0 2013 41.4 28.5 37.0   .. .. ..
Lao PDR 2002 37.6 19.7 33.5 2008 31.7 17.4 27.6 2008 7.7 3.4 6.5
Latviaf 2011e .. .. 19.2 2012e .. .. 19.4   .. .. ..
Lebanon         2004 .. .. 28.6 2004 .. .. 8.1
Lesothoc 2002 60.5 41.5 56.6 2010 61.2 39.6 57.1 2010 32.2 17.9 29.5
Liberiac   .. .. .. 2007 67.7 55.1 63.8 2007 26.3 20.2 24.4
Lithuaniaf 2011e .. .. 18.6 2012e .. .. 20.6   .. .. ..
Macedonia, FYRf 2009e .. .. 27.3 2010e .. .. 27.1   .. .. ..
Madagascar 2005 80.6 55.2 75.0 2010 81.5 51.1 75.3 2010 37.5 20.1 33.9
Malawi 2004 55.9 25.4 52.4 2010 56.6 17.3 50.7 2010 21.4 4.8 18.9
Malaysia 2009e 8.4 1.7 3.8 2012e 3.4 1.0 1.7   .. .. ..
Malic 2006 57.0 18.5 47.5 2010 50.6 18.8 43.6 2010 15.6 4.8 13.2
Mauritania 2004 59.0 28.9 46.7 2008 59.4 20.8 42.0 2008 22.3 4.9 14.5
Mexico 2010e 60.7 45.3 51.1 2012e 63.6 45.5 52.3   .. .. ..
Moldova 2011 25.0 7.4 17.5 2012 22.8 8.2 16.6 2012 4.1 1.3 2.9
Mongolia 2011 43.4 28.6 33.7 2012 35.5 23.2 27.4   .. .. ..
Montenegro 2011 18.4 4.4 9.3 2012 18.1 8.1 11.3 2012 3.1 2.7 2.8
Morocco 2001 25.1 7.6 15.3 2007 14.4 4.8 8.9   .. .. ..
Mozambique 2002 55.3 51.5 54.1 2009 56.9 49.6 54.7 2009 22.2 19.1 21.2
Namibia 2004 48.7 17.0 37.7 2009 37.4 14.6 28.7 2009 11.6 4.4 8.8
Nepal   .. .. .. 2010d 27.4 15.5 25.2 2010d 6.0 3.2 5.4
Nicaragua 2005 70.3 30.9 48.3 2009 63.3 26.8 42.5   .. .. ..
Niger   .. .. .. 2011d 55.2 18.6 48.9 2011d 15.3 11.3 19.6
Nigeria 2004 56.6 37.9 48.4 2010 52.8 34.1 46.0 2010 20.1 11.6 17.0
Pakistan 2004 28.1 14.9 23.9 2005 27.0 13.1 22.3   .. .. ..
Panama 2010e 54.1 16.6 29.8 2011e 50.4 15.3 27.6   .. .. ..
Papua New Guineac 1996 41.3 16.1 37.5 2009 41.6 29.3 39.9 2009 16.4 11.2 15.7
Paraguay 2012e 42.1 16.5 26.9 2013e 33.8 17.0 23.8   .. .. ..
Peru 2012 53.0 16.6 25.8 2013 48.0 16.1 23.9   .. .. ..
Philippines 2009e .. .. 26.3 2012e .. .. 25.2 2012e .. .. 5.1
Polandf 2011e .. .. 17.1 2012e .. .. 17.3   .. .. ..
Romaniaf 2011e .. .. 22.6 2012e .. .. 22.4   .. .. ..
Russian Federation 2012 .. .. 10.7 2013 .. .. 10.8 2013 .. .. 1.0
Rwanda 2006 61.9 28.5 56.7 2011 48.7 22.1 44.9 2011 .. .. 14.8
São Tomé and Príncipec   .. .. .. 2009d 59.4 63.8 61.7 2009d 21.3 24.7 23.0
Senegalc 2005 58.8 33.6 48.3 2011 57.1 33.1 46.7 2011 18.6 9.2 14.5
Serbiaf   .. .. .. 2011d,e .. .. 24.6   .. .. ..
Seychelles   .. .. .. 2006 .. .. 37.8 2006 .. .. 12.2
Sierra Leone 2003 78.7 46.9 66.4 2011 66.1 31.2 52.9 2011 21.1 7.7 16.1
Slovak Republicf 2011e .. .. 13.2 2012e .. .. 12.8   .. .. ..
Sloveniaf 2011e .. .. 13.5 2012e .. .. 14.5   .. .. ..
Solomon Islands   .. .. .. 2006 .. .. 22.7 2006 .. .. 7.5
South Africa 2006 80.8 40.7 57.2 2011 77.0 39.2 53.8 2011 .. .. ..
South Sudan   .. .. .. 2009 55.4 24.4 50.6 2009 26.5 8.8 23.7
Sri Lanka 2009 9.4 5.3 8.9 2013 7.6 2.1 6.7   .. .. ..
Sudan   .. .. .. 2009 57.6 26.5 46.5 2009 21.3 7.1 16.2
Swaziland 2000 79.7 35.5 69.0 2009 73.1 31.1 63.0 2009 36.9 10.3 30.4
Syrian Arab Republic 2004 31.8 28.5 30.1 2007 36.9 30.8 35.2 2007 8.3 6.7 7.4
Tajikistanc 2007 54.4 49.3 53.1 2009 49.2 41.8 47.2   .. .. ..
Tanzania   .. .. .. 2012d 33.3 15.5 28.2 2012d 7.8 3.9 6.7
Thailand 2011 16.7 9.0 13.2 2012 .. .. 12.6   .. .. ..
Timor-Leste 2001 39.7 25.2 36.3 2007 51.5 45.2 49.9 2007 14.2 11.8 13.6
Togo 2006 75.1 37.2 61.7 2011 73.4 34.6 58.7 2011 33.1 10.1 24.4
Tunisia 2005 .. .. 23.3 2010 .. .. 15.5 2010 .. .. 3.9
Turkey 2011 6.8 0.9 2.8 2012 5.9 0.6 2.3   .. .. ..
Uganda 2009 27.2 9.1 24.5 2012 22.4 9.6 19.5 2012 5.9 2.5 5.2
Ukraineg 2012 .. .. 9.1 2013 .. .. 8.4   .. .. ..
Uruguay 2012e 4.1 13.1 12.4 2013e 3.0 12.0 11.5   .. .. ..
Uzbekistan 2010 .. .. 17.7 2011 .. .. 16.0   .. .. ..
Venezuela, RB 2011e .. .. 31.6 2012e .. .. 25.4   .. .. ..
Vietnam 2010 26.9 6.0 20.7 2012 22.1 5.4 17.2 2012 5.9 1.0 4.5
West Bank and Gaza 2010 21.9 25.8 25.7 2011 19.4 26.1 25.8 2011 3.8 6.3 6.0
Yemen, Rep. 1998 42.5 32.3 40.1 2005 40.1 20.7 34.8 2005 10.6 4.5 8.9
Zambia   .. .. .. 2010d 77.9 27.5 60.5 2010 37.9 9.3 28.0
Zimbabwe   .. .. .. 2011d 84.3 46.5 72.3 2011d 42.8 15.5 34.1