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World Development Indicators:
Unemployment
Unemployment
Youth unemployment
Unemployment by educational attainment
% of male labor force
% of female labor force
% of male labor force ages 15-24
% of female labor force ages 15-24
% total force with basic education
% total force with intermediate education
% total force with advanced education
2000
2016
2000
2016
2000
2016
2000
2016
2013-16
2013-16
2013-16
0.9
7.7
1.6
12.7
2.1
17.1
3.2
24.8
..
..
..
13.9
15.0
14.4
15.5
29.3
35.0
24.2
33.4
25.1
9.9
59.4
18.2
45.2
26.0
82.9
46.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
5.8
5.7
6.8
6.7
9.9
9.9
11.6
11.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
14.2
7.8
16.4
10.3
26.3
20.7
31.8
28.2
16.2
16.6
19.7
18.7
30.9
29.6
40.8
39.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6.4
5.7
6.1
5.8
12.9
13.8
11.2
11.4
4.8
6.4
4.6
5.5
6.9
12.1
5.6
10.2
10.0
4.2
13.9
5.8
25.7
12.4
29.9
16.0
..
..
..
6.0
11.1
9.3
14.4
11.7
20.8
21.1
31.6
..
..
..
0.6
0.5
4.6
4.1
2.6
2.7
13.3
12.6
..
..
..
3.3
3.5
3.3
5.1
9.5
10.2
8.9
9.9
7.2
11.8
11.5
11.0
17.7
30.1
21.9
32.4
..
..
..
0.7
0.5
0.7
0.5
1.4
1.1
1.5
1.1
..
..
..
5.3
8.1
8.3
7.6
12.9
21.6
18.2
18.0
7.5
7.1
17.4
16.4
12.9
13.1
30.4
31.2
..
..
..
0.9
1.1
0.7
1.0
1.2
1.7
1.1
2.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1.5
1.9
2.1
3.1
4.0
8.2
5.0
11.8
3.9
2.8
6.1
4.1
7.5
5.9
11.1
8.7
21.6
28.2
22.7
22.4
45.6
70.2
54.9
67.7
14.6
14.9
17.1
20.7
13.2
27.5
14.0
38.6
..
..
..
11.9
10.1
16.7
13.4
14.9
23.8
22.7
31.6
4.0
5.7
5.6
7.8
13.4
21.8
16.0
25.7
16.6
8.1
15.8
7.0
36.0
17.3
29.5
16.8
3.5
3.9
1.9
2.2
5.3
6.1
3.3
3.8
1.4
1.2
1.9
1.8
2.7
2.6
3.0
3.0
..
..
..
9.4
9.0
14.0
13.2
13.0
13.4
23.2
23.6
..
..
..
2.9
0.2
2.1
0.2
7.3
0.6
5.2
0.5
..
..
..
5.4
3.6
7.7
5.1
8.4
5.6
11.9
7.9
..
..
..
6.9
7.7
6.7
6.2
13.7
14.7
11.4
11.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
5.7
6.0
6.6
6.8
9.8
10.0
11.5
11.6
..
..
..
4.6
4.7
6.9
7.0
7.3
7.3
10.5
10.5
..
..
..
5.7
5.9
8.1
8.0
12.9
13.5
18.0
18.4
..
..
..
8.7
6.3
10.1
7.3
19.4
14.7
24.7
17.9
5.0
5.1
3.9
3.8
11.1
12.2
8.2
8.9
..
..
..
5.5
3.7
4.1
3.0
11.8
10.9
10.3
8.5
8.5
2.3
4.5
1.5
14.1
6.2
6.7
3.2
16.1
6.5
27.6
11.4
30.8
13.7
51.3
24.4
18.7
18.3
24.3
23.7
37.4
38.1
37.7
38.3
..
..
..
2.8
2.9
4.3
4.4
5.0
5.0
7.8
7.8
..
..
..
13.1
8.8
18.7
12.7
21.4
14.8
30.9
21.2
..
..
..
4.3
7.3
6.7
11.6
9.6
18.9
14.6
31.3
7.8
8.0
11.5
11.3
10.6
10.7
18.1
17.9
14.7
12.5
17.4
13.8
37.9
32.6
36.9
33.5
4.9
2.2
6.3
2.9
10.8
5.3
12.3
5.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3.3
12.6
7.4
13.5
6.5
24.6
13.0
30.7
7.4
3.4
10.4
4.7
17.2
9.9
16.2
11.4
4.1
5.8
5.0
6.6
6.5
13.1
7.0
10.9
5.7
5.5
7.8
7.0
9.8
10.1
11.5
12.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
8.8
9.1
21.0
21.4
20.1
21.9
39.3
42.8
6.3
3.9
13.4
6.1
13.5
8.4
24.3
14.7
5.4
8.5
22.0
24.0
16.8
29.0
44.8
45.2
8.6
8.4
4.6
4.9
14.9
14.4
10.3
13.4
7.9
6.0
7.8
6.7
12.4
10.5
11.7
12.3
..
..
..
6.2
6.0
7.5
7.0
9.8
10.1
11.5
11.8
..
..
..
15.0
7.4
11.6
6.1
22.1
15.7
19.6
10.7
3.0
2.9
7.7
7.8
4.9
4.6
10.1
10.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6.4
6.7
11.0
11.8
14.4
16.6
23.0
26.8
..
..
..
10.5
9.1
11.9
8.5
28.4
21.6
30.2
18.4
9.1
10.2
12.8
9.8
19.8
25.0
23.5
24.0
10.3
17.5
12.7
19.2
29.4
48.7
38.1
57.1
..
..
..
18.0
16.2
16.1
23.4
39.5
37.1
39.8
44.6
..
..
..
22.0
21.7
39.1
38.5
38.0
38.0
49.4
49.7
..
..
..
11.2
13.0
10.4
10.1
21.3
27.1
20.2
33.4
7.6
4.4
8.3
3.7
9.5
7.8
7.4
6.1
10.1
5.2
10.6
5.9
16.1
9.7
16.4
12.2
7.6
20.0
17.1
28.2
21.8
44.1
37.9
50.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
14.4
5.0
16.6
5.9
35.3
12.6
33.9
12.1
..
..
..
1.2
2.2
1.9
3.5
2.0
4.6
4.1
8.3
5.7
5.8
6.9
6.9
9.9
9.8
11.6
11.5
..
..
..
5.7
5.6
6.7
6.6
9.8
9.9
11.5
11.7
..
..
..
9.7
9.4
14.8
15.6
20.5
21.4
32.2
35.5
..
..
..
7.0
11.9
9.3
15.7
16.6
29.3
23.3
41.1
..
..
..
3.7
4.3
4.1
9.8
6.3
7.6
7.7
22.8
7.2
5.1
5.8
5.1
13.7
13.0
10.4
12.9
1.3
2.9
2.6
3.0
5.0
6.5
3.8
6.2
4.3
3.3
4.2
4.1
9.9
10.0
10.1
10.9
..
..
..
5.8
5.2
6.5
6.3
18.0
18.4
18.4
18.6
10.6
9.6
18.1
19.2
20.8
22.7
31.2
41.6
14.8
12.9
28.3
25.0
30.6
29.5
59.2
59.0
..
..
..
4.3
9.0
4.3
6.5
6.2
19.4
6.9
14.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
11.1
4.7
11.1
4.9
17.3
8.2
17.3
9.0
8.4
10.9
14.8
12.8
28.4
36.4
35.4
39.6
10.0
9.7
22.5
17.5
25.5
27.7
45.8
38.8
..
..
..
4.9
3.3
4.5
2.8
10.2
5.6
7.9
4.4
..
12.3
12.7
21.8
26.9
25.8
33.2
41.8
60.2
..
..
..
10.6
4.1
15.1
5.8
10.7
4.0
15.8
5.2
7.6
9.3
9.8
13.6
15.3
21.9
15.8
23.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
5.2
5.0
3.6
3.4
12.4
12.5
9.0
9.1
..
..
..
5.0
3.8
3.5
3.5
13.1
10.9
8.7
10.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0.8
2.9
0.7
2.3
5.2
16.1
3.0
11.1
..
..
..
6.7
6.8
8.5
9.2
12.3
12.6
15.6
18.7
2.2
1.6
1.6
1.2
5.5
4.7
3.4
2.9
..
..
..
15.0
10.9
13.4
8.4
21.0
21.3
21.7
12.1
8.3
5.0
10.4
10.9
22.2
18.8
21.3
24.7
..
..
..
25.4
24.4
39.4
32.6
31.1
32.3
50.5
48.8
..
..
..
5.0
3.8
4.1
3.8
4.5
3.8
5.0
5.6
..
..
..
14.8
15.3
28.3
26.3
31.3
36.6
56.0
60.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
18.2
9.1
13.6
6.6
29.5
15.8
27.3
12.5
1.8
6.1
3.1
6.5
5.7
19.9
7.3
18.0
30.5
24.0
34.8
23.2
58.0
47.4
62.3
48.3
4.6
1.6
7.1
2.8
8.2
3.1
9.2
3.9
..
..
..
7.0
6.3
7.8
6.9
10.5
9.3
9.5
8.6
2.9
3.3
3.1
3.7
8.5
11.5
8.5
13.5
1.6
3.4
2.7
6.4
3.9
10.1
5.1
16.1
..
..
..
6.1
8.0
11.1
14.8
7.8
9.7
14.1
18.4
6.2
4.4
6.6
5.2
13.2
11.2
10.5
11.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
9.0
9.0
12.9
12.5
12.4
12.6
20.8
21.1
..
..
..
6.2
4.9
13.8
11.1
18.9
18.4
29.1
31.0
..
..
..
2.2
3.8
3.3
4.0
4.4
7.0
6.2
8.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
9.8
5.3
7.2
2.9
16.5
10.5
14.8
11.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
4.7
7.3
4.5
6.2
8.0
14.6
8.4
16.3
18.6
18.2
19.6
17.1
36.1
36.8
35.6
34.7
..
..
..
13.7
10.6
13.2
11.5
21.4
21.7
16.1
20.5
..
..
..
20.4
22.8
25.5
26.9
41.7
43.6
40.5
42.1
..
..
..
0.8
0.8
0.9
0.8
1.7
1.7
2.0
2.1
19.2
22.0
21.6
24.7
42.1
38.1
46.0
53.0
2.2
3.8
1.8
3.0
4.0
6.8
2.6
3.9
..
..
..
2.2
5.6
3.5
6.5
4.7
11.4
5.9
10.3
11.5
12.5
16.0
17.4
27.6
31.1
34.3
38.8
..
..
..
6.3
4.7
6.0
5.5
14.5
13.2
12.4
13.6
8.9
5.9
11.6
6.2
11.3
8.7
22.0
12.7
4.2
3.1
3.0
1.4
8.4
5.8
5.4
1.8
..
..
..
5.8
4.2
8.0
6.0
7.9
5.9
13.1
10.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3.6
5.4
3.2
3.9
10.8
12.9
11.3
9.2
15.4
13.9
40.5
33.9
36.5
39.0
71.2
76.8
..
..
..
5.6
4.6
16.0
10.5
11.2
9.7
29.4
15.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
11.1
3.4
17.8
5.8
24.9
9.0
36.5
15.9
..
..
..
2.4
2.2
3.3
2.9
5.2
5.0
6.4
6.3
..
..
..
6.6
4.9
9.3
6.1
11.7
10.9
17.3
13.7
7.3
6.1
7.4
7.6
13.4
16.8
13.4
17.3
10.8
5.5
11.8
5.4
22.4
11.9
28.8
14.8
14.7
6.1
18.2
6.2
33.7
17.4
36.6
17.9
3.1
10.9
4.7
11.2
5.4
27.2
11.7
28.7
11.8
13.0
7.4
10.2
23.0
23.2
15.8
21.8
..
..
..
0.7
0.1
5.0
1.1
4.9
0.4
21.1
3.8
7.5
6.6
6.3
5.0
19.1
19.9
15.7
21.9
10.8
5.8
10.4
5.3
19.5
15.9
22.2
17.3
2.7
2.6
3.8
3.0
3.4
3.3
4.7
3.9
3.9
7.1
5.2
9.3
9.4
14.4
13.7
22.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12.0
11.3
18.6
17.2
20.3
18.6
37.1
34.0
..
..
..
3.8
2.8
9.1
20.5
22.5
22.3
31.9
57.6
7.9
7.6
13.4
13.0
11.5
9.6
19.7
19.3
11.4
14.6
14.2
16.2
25.8
31.7
31.2
39.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
4.0
3.6
2.0
1.7
6.4
5.7
3.1
2.5
3.7
1.8
3.7
1.8
3.9
3.0
6.9
4.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
19.6
8.8
18.5
10.8
39.6
19.9
33.0
26.4
6.8
7.5
7.1
8.6
14.7
15.6
18.4
14.7
31.6
30.3
34.4
32.9
44.1
45.3
48.6
50.1
..
..
..
5.7
5.7
6.8
6.9
9.9
9.7
11.6
11.6
..
..
..
24.7
24.4
29.1
29.6
42.1
48.6
46.7
59.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
9.6
18.1
20.3
21.4
19.6
43.8
32.0
44.7
5.8
3.0
11.6
7.5
20.2
15.1
31.2
24.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12.7
18.3
20.9
28.5
31.9
43.9
40.1
56.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
21.1
18.7
19.1
18.9
37.6
30.9
39.5
42.3
..
..
..
11.6
11.1
20.9
19.2
18.4
17.8
31.9
31.7
..
..
..
6.0
5.4
12.9
13.6
17.4
13.7
32.8
35.2
..
..
..
20.7
24.7
26.7
27.8
40.9
53.2
46.7
55.8
..
..
..
5.9
7.3
5.0
6.6
10.6
20.3
7.9
17.2
2.3
4.4
3.1
4.8
5.8
8.7
4.1
8.1
6.4
11.2
22.8
33.7
13.1
26.3
38.5
67.4
..
..
..
13.0
11.5
10.3
9.9
21.3
16.8
13.5
13.5
..
..
..
2.8
1.8
4.6
3.1
6.1
4.1
8.7
6.0
2.4
0.9
2.3
1.0
7.3
3.8
6.2
6.8
4.6
3.1
8.3
5.3
11.1
10.4
17.4
17.8
5.9
5.7
6.9
6.7
9.8
9.9
11.5
11.7
..
..
..
3.7
3.4
7.5
7.1
9.7
9.4
14.7
14.2
..
..
..
10.1
3.3
16.2
4.8
20.4
8.9
29.3
11.8
..
..
..
13.4
12.6
22.7
21.2
32.8
34.6
35.4
37.4
..
..
..
6.6
9.6
6.1
13.5
13.6
17.4
11.8
23.7
9.4
8.8
9.0
8.4
17.0
16.6
18.2
18.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.1
2.5
1.3
1.8
3.5
3.6
2.8
3.8
..
..
..
13.0
10.3
10.2
8.1
26.8
22.7
24.4
21.4
1.8
3.0
5.9
9.9
5.0
9.7
10.8
20.5
..
..
..
6.1
4.9
4.9
4.7
13.5
14.7
10.4
11.0
3.9
5.0
4.1
4.8
9.6
11.3
8.8
9.2
..
..
..
10.6
6.5
17.0
9.4
27.1
19.8
37.0
26.8
9.2
8.9
9.1
8.6
16.5
16.6
18.7
18.8
..
..
..
5.1
4.8
6.4
6.2
10.1
10.6
11.1
12.0
..
..
..
12.6
6.8
14.3
7.9
22.3
13.8
28.3
20.2
..
..
..
2.4
2.2
2.2
2.1
4.8
6.1
4.4
6.6
5.8
6.9
7.6
9.2
13.2
15.2
18.7
21.3
..
..
..
14.4
26.0
12.9
31.1
20.7
41.4
26.0
58.6
10.3
11.8
15.9
28.9
20.6
26.4
26.3
46.0
14.8
7.4
10.9
7.8
23.6
14.5
19.9
14.0
..
..
..
5.7
5.6
3.7
4.9
11.6
10.6
7.9
9.8
..
..
..
6.1
5.4
6.8
6.2
13.1
13.1
15.4
15.6
..
..
..
5.0
4.6
4.1
3.8
11.7
11.7
10.0
10.2
..
..
..
9.0
8.1
10.4
8.2
18.9
19.2
20.4
20.2
9.2
7.0
13.3
9.8
14.7
15.8
21.3
21.9
10.7
8.9
20.7
19.0
23.3
25.7
40.7
45.2
..
..
..
4.2
5.3
4.4
5.0
10.0
11.6
9.1
9.4
..
..
..
4.3
3.5
4.7
4.9
9.9
10.1
12.0
11.6
..
..
..
7.3
6.4
9.4
8.6
12.4
11.2
15.7
14.9
..
..
..
4.4
4.7
6.2
6.4
8.2
8.8
9.8
11.0
..
..
..
5.4
4.5
6.5
6.1
12.1
11.9
15.2
14.8
..
..
..
7.0
6.2
6.8
6.1
14.9
15.7
16.9
18.5
..
..
..
6.1
6.0
7.2
6.4
14.3
15.1
15.0
15.5
..
..
..