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World Development Indicators:
Unemployment
Unemployment
Youth unemployment
Unemployment by educational attainment
% of male labor force
% of female labor force
% of male labor force ages 15-24
% of female labor force ages 15-24
% total force with basic education
% total force with intermediate education
% total force with advanced education
1991
2016
1991
2016
1991
2016
1991
2016
2013-16
2013-16
2013-16
1.1
7.7
1.8
12.4
2.5
17.0
3.4
23.6
..
..
..
15.2
16.5
10.5
16.1
37.4
36.8
26.3
35.7
17.6
9.2
42.9
19.7
34.3
22.6
66.4
44.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6.3
6.2
7.2
7.1
10.8
10.5
12.4
11.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
5.4
5.8
6.5
7.7
10.6
14.3
12.2
19.0
17.5
15.0
20.9
18.7
35.4
31.5
46.9
44.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
9.9
5.7
9.1
5.8
18.6
13.5
16.3
11.4
3.3
6.4
3.5
5.8
4.0
11.8
3.4
10.8
4.9
4.3
5.1
5.9
11.7
12.5
10.2
16.2
..
..
..
12.5
15.1
12.1
15.6
21.3
26.1
24.7
33.9
..
..
..
0.6
0.5
5.0
4.3
2.6
2.9
13.4
13.4
..
..
..
1.8
3.7
2.8
4.7
3.8
10.5
4.3
10.2
..
..
..
13.5
11.8
21.1
10.9
29.2
30.2
36.7
32.4
..
..
..
0.6
0.5
0.6
0.5
1.3
1.1
1.4
1.2
..
..
..
4.6
8.6
10.6
7.9
11.0
22.8
17.1
20.1
4.5
7.2
2.3
16.5
7.4
13.5
4.2
31.7
..
..
..
0.9
1.1
0.7
0.9
1.2
1.5
1.3
1.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.3
1.9
3.2
3.1
6.6
7.9
8.6
11.5
5.0
3.1
7.3
4.5
8.9
6.7
12.2
9.0
..
..
..
16.4
27.9
19.6
22.3
34.6
68.6
38.5
65.7
11.5
15.6
16.4
21.4
19.5
28.1
32.3
38.9
..
..
..
8.6
9.5
12.9
14.0
15.2
20.6
22.5
30.1
4.3
1.9
5.4
2.2
10.8
5.4
13.2
6.6
..
..
..
19.0
8.4
17.7
7.5
38.3
18.9
31.4
19.2
3.5
3.8
1.9
2.1
5.4
5.9
3.3
3.7
..
..
..
1.3
1.3
1.9
1.9
2.7
2.9
3.0
3.2
..
..
..
9.4
9.1
14.0
12.7
12.7
13.4
23.1
23.6
..
..
..
0.6
0.3
0.4
0.2
1.0
0.6
0.5
0.3
..
..
..
4.4
3.8
6.4
5.3
7.0
5.8
10.1
8.2
..
..
..
10.8
7.6
9.7
6.4
18.5
15.4
12.9
11.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6.3
6.5
7.1
7.2
10.8
11.2
12.4
12.6
..
..
..
4.7
4.8
6.9
7.0
7.4
7.4
10.5
10.6
..
..
..
10.4
9.8
8.1
7.3
19.2
18.8
14.3
14.0
..
..
..
5.1
6.0
5.8
7.3
11.3
14.7
14.9
19.3
5.3
5.3
4.4
3.7
10.1
12.9
8.1
8.0
..
..
..
1.9
3.8
1.6
3.0
4.6
10.7
3.6
7.9
3.3
3.3
2.5
2.1
7.6
7.9
4.4
5.5
8.3
7.4
14.4
13.1
17.7
15.8
29.7
28.1
..
..
..
18.4
18.3
24.3
23.6
36.8
38.0
37.4
38.2
..
..
..
2.8
2.9
4.3
4.4
5.0
5.0
7.8
7.7
..
..
..
10.5
9.2
15.0
13.3
17.2
15.3
24.9
22.2
..
..
..
4.6
7.4
7.3
11.5
10.1
19.2
13.7
27.2
8.1
8.3
11.1
11.0
11.2
11.3
17.8
17.7
..
..
..
11.1
12.8
11.2
14.2
41.9
34.2
38.9
36.2
3.5
2.6
4.3
3.4
7.1
6.2
7.5
6.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
7.8
11.6
8.2
11.9
19.3
26.0
18.8
24.1
2.5
3.3
2.0
5.0
5.2
9.1
4.1
11.4
8.3
5.8
10.0
6.3
10.7
11.2
12.3
10.1
6.3
6.1
9.0
7.6
10.7
11.0
12.4
12.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12.8
9.0
33.6
22.2
25.8
20.4
49.8
43.0
4.6
4.4
8.2
7.0
9.2
10.6
15.2
17.3
5.4
8.4
23.3
23.9
19.4
29.0
48.3
45.7
8.0
7.7
4.0
4.3
12.0
13.3
9.1
11.9
6.3
7.2
7.0
7.5
10.7
12.3
12.4
13.9
..
..
..
6.7
6.8
7.8
7.8
10.8
11.3
12.4
13.0
..
..
..
1.4
7.1
1.5
6.7
3.0
15.5
4.0
14.7
3.0
3.1
8.5
8.7
4.7
4.9
11.6
11.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
4.9
6.3
8.6
11.1
10.7
15.7
17.1
25.3
..
..
..
7.8
9.4
5.0
8.5
16.4
23.9
13.2
19.3
7.3
10.3
11.6
9.6
16.9
24.5
22.4
22.8
16.4
17.1
20.6
19.0
39.5
47.3
48.3
56.0
..
..
..
15.8
16.4
28.2
21.6
31.6
37.1
42.3
43.3
..
..
..
21.6
21.6
39.0
38.4
37.9
38.0
49.5
49.6
..
..
..
13.2
12.9
11.2
10.0
25.3
27.0
28.6
32.2
4.4
4.6
6.5
4.0
5.2
7.1
5.9
5.8
5.6
5.4
6.6
6.2
10.0
10.1
12.4
13.0
..
..
..
4.9
20.4
12.8
28.5
16.5
42.6
32.7
55.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3.4
10.2
3.8
11.6
7.6
25.2
7.3
24.1
..
..
..
2.8
2.0
4.4
3.0
4.5
3.5
8.8
7.2
6.2
6.3
7.3
7.4
10.8
10.6
12.4
12.2
..
..
..
6.2
6.1
7.2
7.0
10.9
10.7
12.3
12.4
..
..
..
9.9
9.2
16.5
15.7
20.1
20.8
32.5
34.6
..
..
..
11.1
11.4
15.3
15.1
25.4
28.2
36.0
39.6
..
..
..
3.8
4.3
6.5
9.7
6.1
7.6
11.7
22.7
..
..
..
11.3
5.1
8.7
5.3
20.6
13.8
15.5
12.2
2.3
3.7
2.9
3.8
5.8
10.2
3.9
6.7
3.8
3.3
4.5
3.8
9.2
9.5
9.4
10.0
..
..
..
2.3
5.1
3.0
6.3
6.6
17.8
7.5
20.0
10.0
9.6
19.9
18.9
20.0
22.6
31.5
41.4
..
..
..
14.8
13.7
30.8
26.8
29.3
31.5
58.7
64.6
..
..
..
15.3
9.0
16.6
6.9
24.7
18.5
21.0
14.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
11.3
5.5
16.4
5.8
20.1
9.6
25.1
10.5
6.8
10.7
15.8
12.7
24.2
36.5
34.0
41.0
9.7
9.2
22.7
18.2
20.6
23.0
44.8
38.9
..
..
..
2.0
3.3
2.2
2.9
4.7
5.8
4.2
5.1
..
14.3
11.0
23.9
23.9
29.1
28.8
42.4
56.1
..
..
..
2.6
4.4
3.6
6.1
2.5
4.4
3.3
5.7
8.9
9.1
12.2
13.2
18.1
21.5
19.5
23.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6.8
5.1
4.6
3.4
13.2
12.6
9.3
9.1
..
..
..
2.8
3.8
1.8
3.4
9.1
11.5
5.4
9.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0.9
2.6
0.9
2.1
5.1
15.3
3.0
10.0
..
..
..
7.3
6.7
9.7
9.1
12.6
12.5
16.4
18.8
2.5
1.7
1.8
1.3
6.0
4.8
3.7
3.0
..
..
..
20.8
10.8
14.5
8.9
35.4
17.9
29.1
16.6
7.9
5.4
11.0
11.0
21.5
19.6
21.5
24.7
..
..
..
23.9
23.8
29.4
31.8
29.6
30.8
42.8
46.6
..
..
..
4.5
4.1
3.9
3.9
4.2
3.9
5.1
5.4
..
..
..
17.5
16.0
35.4
28.3
38.1
40.3
66.0
66.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
18.3
10.1
13.6
8.2
33.6
16.7
28.2
16.8
1.1
5.3
2.1
6.7
2.7
17.3
2.5
15.2
29.9
27.2
31.8
26.0
53.3
50.9
54.2
47.2
3.4
1.5
5.7
2.7
6.4
2.9
7.1
3.8
..
..
..
6.5
6.4
7.3
7.1
9.9
9.6
8.9
8.8
..
..
..
3.1
3.1
3.5
3.6
8.7
11.3
9.3
13.3
7.9
2.4
10.5
4.3
19.6
7.0
17.3
10.1
..
..
..
5.5
6.1
10.2
11.4
7.1
7.6
13.5
14.5
..
..
..
6.7
5.2
10.0
5.5
17.2
13.2
18.4
9.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
17.7
10.8
20.9
13.6
27.2
16.3
34.2
23.9
..
..
..
7.2
5.3
15.8
11.5
18.8
20.0
29.5
30.8
..
..
..
2.6
3.9
4.2
4.2
5.2
7.1
5.7
9.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
8.4
6.1
6.2
3.8
15.0
12.5
13.7
13.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
7.0
7.2
6.5
6.1
10.9
14.4
10.7
16.0
19.7
17.8
19.8
17.1
39.9
39.5
37.0
35.4
..
..
..
17.0
9.7
18.1
10.6
28.8
20.6
25.8
20.5
..
..
..
22.2
22.2
26.7
26.2
43.0
42.2
41.4
40.7
..
..
..
0.9
0.8
1.0
0.9
2.0
2.0
2.4
2.5
..
..
..
16.9
23.3
21.6
28.0
30.6
45.1
38.9
55.6
..
..
..
2.8
3.6
2.2
2.8
5.0
6.6
3.2
3.7
..
..
..
5.6
5.8
9.9
6.6
10.2
10.5
12.0
10.3
14.5
12.5
21.3
18.3
32.6
30.6
43.3
41.8
..
..
..
11.3
4.8
9.7
5.7
21.3
13.6
17.2
13.5
12.1
5.8
19.7
6.0
14.1
8.5
19.4
12.4
..
..
..
3.2
3.1
1.5
1.5
6.4
6.0
1.6
2.0
..
..
..
5.4
4.4
6.9
5.8
7.7
6.2
12.2
9.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
5.8
5.1
5.0
4.5
13.3
12.7
11.8
10.0
14.8
14.7
40.5
36.8
36.8
41.3
72.0
81.0
..
..
..
4.2
4.5
16.5
10.5
7.9
9.4
22.0
15.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12.8
4.7
22.7
7.6
25.5
12.9
40.7
18.6
..
..
..
2.2
2.0
3.2
3.0
4.6
4.6
6.3
6.3
..
..
..
4.9
4.9
8.8
6.2
9.4
10.9
16.7
13.8
4.3
4.4
5.5
5.6
9.6
11.2
10.0
11.6
8.1
5.9
10.6
5.8
14.8
12.7
21.1
15.8
10.7
6.0
13.5
6.4
23.5
16.5
28.3
17.5
2.6
10.8
5.6
11.5
6.2
26.1
11.7
30.3
18.0
13.9
13.0
10.9
33.1
25.0
31.7
23.3
..
..
..
0.2
0.1
3.9
1.0
1.0
0.3
11.9
3.4
7.4
7.1
7.3
5.5
19.2
20.6
21.3
22.8
12.4
6.0
11.8
5.5
22.9
14.6
24.4
16.6
0.3
2.4
0.3
2.6
0.4
3.1
0.4
3.5
..
..
..
1.9
6.6
2.5
8.6
3.6
13.5
5.6
21.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3.0
11.3
4.9
17.3
6.1
19.3
11.2
35.4
..
..
..
6.1
2.7
14.5
21.2
25.0
22.0
47.8
58.1
8.2
7.4
14.0
12.5
11.9
9.6
20.2
18.9
..
..
..
12.4
15.5
15.9
17.9
28.5
37.6
33.6
45.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3.9
4.0
2.0
1.9
6.4
6.4
3.1
2.9
..
..
..
1.7
1.7
2.2
1.9
2.8
3.2
4.8
6.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
11.8
9.0
12.9
11.2
24.0
22.3
22.0
24.0
8.1
7.9
5.9
9.6
27.5
17.8
21.0
16.1
30.8
30.3
33.5
32.8
45.0
45.4
49.4
50.1
..
..
..
6.3
6.3
7.4
7.4
10.7
10.5
12.4
12.3
..
..
..
21.8
23.8
27.3
28.5
44.9
48.4
52.5
57.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12.1
17.9
23.1
21.3
25.1
42.6
36.9
43.4
10.3
3.4
23.0
8.5
33.5
17.2
54.0
28.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
15.7
16.8
22.8
23.1
32.0
39.8
42.5
37.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
18.5
19.3
22.1
19.3
32.5
32.8
42.6
43.5
..
..
..
12.7
11.3
21.1
19.2
19.6
18.7
30.5
32.1
..
..
..
8.4
6.7
17.9
15.5
21.7
18.3
38.9
39.6
..
..
..
21.2
23.7
28.4
27.7
41.8
51.5
47.3
54.7
..
..
..
3.5
7.2
3.0
7.0
8.4
19.8
7.3
18.3
1.2
4.5
2.5
4.7
3.0
9.1
3.4
7.8
4.5
11.1
16.9
33.0
9.1
25.9
26.7
66.0
..
..
..
11.9
11.6
9.9
9.9
18.0
17.5
12.7
13.3
..
..
..
3.0
1.9
4.2
3.4
6.8
4.3
7.6
6.3
2.7
0.7
2.7
0.6
6.8
2.9
6.7
3.5
4.4
3.3
8.5
5.6
10.1
11.2
16.8
18.7
..
..
..
6.5
6.3
7.5
7.3
10.7
10.8
12.4
12.5
..
..
..
4.1
3.3
8.1
6.9
9.8
9.1
14.9
13.9
..
..
..
15.7
3.2
22.7
4.7
28.6
8.6
41.3
11.4
..
..
..
12.5
12.5
21.5
21.1
28.9
34.6
31.6
38.0
..
..
..
8.8
9.5
7.0
12.1
17.4
17.4
11.7
21.9
9.0
8.7
8.9
8.4
15.6
16.7
18.0
18.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1.3
2.7
0.6
1.9
2.7
4.1
1.2
3.9
..
..
..
8.5
9.9
6.7
7.8
18.1
21.7
17.6
20.7
2.6
2.8
9.1
9.6
7.2
9.3
16.5
19.7
..
..
..
9.4
5.1
7.4
4.6
16.0
14.8
11.5
11.6
7.1
5.0
6.4
4.8
14.1
12.0
12.4
9.7
7.1
5.7
11.8
11.2
21.2
21.3
29.2
31.6
9.0
9.0
9.0
8.7
15.6
17.1
18.2
19.4
..
..
..
5.2
4.7
6.5
6.2
10.1
10.4
11.1
11.8
..
..
..
8.7
6.4
11.1
7.6
15.4
12.3
22.2
18.0
..
..
..
2.7
2.2
2.7
2.1
5.5
6.2
5.8
6.7
8.6
7.9
11.7
10.5
18.3
17.7
25.2
24.1
..
..
..
27.5
24.2
22.1
27.9
37.9
38.6
44.7
54.5
10.1
13.1
12.5
28.4
21.3
28.5
22.8
46.9
..
..
..
19.6
7.4
18.1
7.7
34.2
14.4
28.8
13.6
..
..
..
6.9
5.5
4.5
4.7
16.3
10.8
10.3
9.4
..
..
..
5.8
5.5
6.5
6.2
11.8
13.0
13.6
15.3
..
..
..
4.6
4.7
4.0
3.7
9.1
12.1
8.0
9.9
..
..
..
8.7
8.2
9.9
8.2
17.9
19.0
19.5
20.0
6.6
6.7
10.4
10.0
12.4
14.2
17.7
20.9
10.3
8.9
21.4
19.6
23.6
25.6
41.2
45.7
..
..
..
7.5
5.3
6.7
5.0
14.6
12.3
12.4
9.9
3.7
3.6
4.9
4.6
8.7
9.8
10.6
11.0
..
..
..
7.1
6.4
9.1
8.5
13.0
11.4
16.3
14.9
..
..
..
4.7
4.8
6.4
6.5
8.8
8.8
10.1
11.1
..
..
..
4.6
4.5
5.9
6.0
10.0
11.7
13.0
14.6
..
..
..
6.7
6.3
6.4
6.0
13.0
15.5
14.2
17.6
..
..
..
6.3
6.1
7.5
6.5
13.8
15.3
15.0
15.8