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World Development Indicators:
Decent work and productive employment
Employment to population ratio
Vulnerable employment
Labor productivity
Total
Youth
Unpaid family workers and own-account workers, male
Unpaid family workers and own-account workers, female
GDP per person employed
% ages 15 and older
% ages 15-24
% of male employment
% of female employment
% growth
1991
2013
1991
2013
1990-1992
2009-2012
1990-1992
2009-2012
1991-93
2009-12
Afghanistan
47
44
37
31
..
..
..
..
..
..
Albania
58
46
47
26
..
..
..
..
2.0
3.5
Algeria
34
40
21
22
..
..
-4.7
0.6
American Samoa
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Andorra
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Angola
66
65
48
47
..
..
..
..
-20.7
0.4
Antigua and Barbuda
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Argentina
55
56
48
33
6.6
1.8
Armenia
54
53
34
25
..
..
-28.7
-1.4
Aruba
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Australia
57
62
58
60
..
..
3.2
1.0
Austria
54
58
61
55
..
..
1.3
-0.1
Azerbaijan
59
63
41
30
..
..
..
..
-25.7
3.2
Bahamas, The
64
64
45
41
..
..
..
..
..
..
Bahrain
61
65
32
32
..
..
5.7
-4.2
Bangladesh
73
68
64
53
..
..
..
..
3.5
3.7
Barbados
56
63
41
42
..
..
0.0
-1.3
Belarus
62
53
45
35
..
..
-7.3
4.0
Belgium
46
49
32
24
0.7
-0.2
Belize
53
56
43
38
..
..
..
..
..
..
Benin
72
72
66
56
..
..
..
..
..
..
Bermuda
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Bhutan
63
71
41
45
..
..
..
..
Bolivia
65
71
50
52
1.0
1.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina
35
33
16
13
..
..
-28.0
0.5
Botswana
59
63
52
39
..
..
..
..
..
..
Brazil
62
66
57
54
1.6
0.9
Brunei Darussalam
63
62
41
41
..
..
..
..
Bulgaria
47
46
30
21
..
..
0.5
2.7
Burkina Faso
81
81
76
73
..
..
..
..
-1.1
2.0
Burundi
84
77
72
58
..
..
..
..
..
..
Cabo Verde
57
63
56
54
..
..
..
..
..
..
Cambodia
80
82
72
72
..
..
3.6
3.2
Cameroon
64
67
43
44
..
..
-6.6
0.8
Canada
59
62
57
55
..
..
..
..
1.9
0.6
Cayman Islands
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Central African Republic
73
73
57
55
..
..
..
..
..
..
Chad
67
67
51
50
..
..
..
..
..
..
Channel Islands
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Chile
50
58
32
32
..
..
..
..
6.7
1.7
China
75
68
71
51
..
..
..
..
8.2
8.4
Hong Kong SAR, China
63
57
54
35
..
..
..
..
5.0
2.1
Macao SAR, China
56
70
46
49
..
..
..
..
Colombia
47
60
35
37
2.1
0.6
Comoros
50
54
36
35
..
..
..
..
..
..
Congo, Dem. Rep.
66
66
39
39
..
..
..
..
-16.8
2.5
Congo, Rep.
62
66
41
40
..
..
..
..
..
..
Costa Rica
55
58
48
39
4.0
1.1
Cote d'Ivoire
63
65
50
48
..
..
..
..
2.1
-0.3
Croatia
51
42
27
14
..
..
-10.5
-0.1
Cuba
53
55
40
39
..
..
..
..
..
..
Curacao
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Cyprus
52
54
37
25
..
..
-2.6
-0.2
Czech Republic
60
55
49
26
..
..
-0.8
0.3
Denmark
62
58
65
54
2.2
0.6
Djibouti
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Dominica
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Dominican Republic
52
55
37
36
4.9
3.0
Ecuador
59
66
48
46
-2.5
2.4
Egypt, Arab Rep.
43
43
22
21
..
..
-0.1
1.1
El Salvador
57
58
46
43
..
..
..
..
Equatorial Guinea
81
80
69
66
..
..
..
..
..
..
Eritrea
77
79
71
69
..
..
..
..
..
..
Estonia
67
57
51
33
-4.8
1.7
Ethiopia
75
79
70
71
..
..
..
..
-1.2
4.7
Faeroe Islands
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Fiji
54
51
42
33
..
..
..
..
..
..
Finland
60
55
49
43
..
..
4.6
-0.3
France
50
50
33
29
1.3
0.2
French Polynesia
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Gabon
49
49
22
17
..
..
..
..
..
..
Gambia, The
72
72
60
57
..
..
..
..
..
..
Georgia
57
56
24
23
..
..
-30.2
2.9
Germany
56
57
58
47
1.8
-0.1
Ghana
65
66
41
35
..
..
0.7
5.6
Greece
46
39
31
13
-1.6
-2.0
Greenland
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Grenada
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Guam
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Guatemala
62
66
55
58
..
..
..
..
1.0
-0.7
Guinea
70
71
52
54
..
..
..
..
..
..
Guinea-Bissau
64
68
45
49
..
..
..
..
..
..
Guyana
52
55
39
36
..
..
..
..
..
..
Haiti
59
61
34
30
..
..
..
..
..
..
Honduras
57
60
48
45
..
..
Hungary
48
47
35
19
6.8
-1.2
Iceland
73
70
57
64
-1.0
0.1
India
58
52
45
32
..
..
3.0
5.1
Indonesia
61
64
42
40
..
..
5.2
3.5
Iran, Islamic Rep.
41
39
29
22
..
..
..
..
-0.3
0.5
Iraq
33
36
20
19
..
..
..
..
9.2
2.6
Ireland
45
53
38
29
2.1
2.7
Isle of Man
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Israel
46
59
24
43
..
..
..
..
0.8
1.3
Italy
45
43
33
17
1.7
-0.7
Jamaica
62
54
43
23
1.6
0.1
Japan
62
57
43
40
..
..
-0.3
0.4
Jordan
34
36
20
17
..
..
0.4
1.5
Kazakhstan
63
69
45
45
..
..
-2.4
3.6
Kenya
67
61
46
33
..
..
..
..
-3.9
1.5
Kiribati
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Korea, Dem. Rep.
79
74
73
56
..
..
..
..
..
..
Korea, Rep.
59
59
36
25
..
..
..
..
4.3
2.0
Kosovo
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Kuwait
59
66
27
28
..
..
8.8
-0.6
Kyrgyz Republic
60
62
42
41
..
..
..
..
-13.7
0.5
Lao PDR
80
77
72
61
..
..
..
..
..
..
Latvia
59
54
42
33
..
..
-18.0
4.0
Lebanon
39
44
24
24
..
..
..
..
..
..
Lesotho
49
50
39
30
..
..
..
..
..
..
Liberia
58
59
34
34
..
..
..
..
Libya
39
43
18
18
..
..
..
..
..
..
Liechtenstein
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Lithuania
56
54
34
25
..
..
-17.6
0.9
Luxembourg
51
54
52
22
0.7
-1.7
Macedonia, FYR
38
39
19
16
..
..
-8.4
0.0
Madagascar
84
85
71
75
..
..
..
..
-1.5
-3.4
Malawi
72
77
48
52
..
..
..
..
-0.3
2.8
Malaysia
60
58
46
36
5.4
0.0
Maldives
45
59
32
40
..
..
..
..
Mali
46
61
36
52
..
..
..
..
-2.3
-1.2
Malta
49
49
58
44
..
..
4.8
-0.6
Marshall Islands
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Mauritania
33
37
21
23
..
..
..
..
..
..
Mauritius
54
54
42
33
..
..
Mexico
57
59
50
43
..
..
0.8
0.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Moldova
62
39
43
18
..
..
-17.1
5.2
Monaco
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Mongolia
55
60
39
33
..
..
..
..
Montenegro
44
40
25
18
..
..
..
..
..
..
Morocco
46
46
40
30
..
..
..
..
-5.6
3.0
Mozambique
76
77
64
56
..
..
..
..
-3.2
4.3
Myanmar
73
76
51
52
..
..
..
..
5.1
6.7
Namibia
46
49
24
21
..
..
..
..
Nepal
83
81
79
72
..
..
..
..
..
..
Netherlands
53
60
53
62
0.6
-0.2
New Caledonia
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
New Zealand
57
64
54
51
..
..
2.4
0.5
Nicaragua
56
59
46
43
..
..
..
..
Niger
54
61
47
53
..
..
..
..
-6.8
2.0
Nigeria
53
52
29
32
..
..
..
..
-1.4
4.4
Northern Mariana Islands
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Norway
59
63
49
52
..
..
2.8
0.5
Oman
52
60
28
37
..
..
..
..
-1.2
0.7
Pakistan
48
52
38
41
..
..
..
..
1.3
0.3
Palau
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Panama
49
63
33
44
..
..
Papua New Guinea
70
71
57
55
..
..
..
..
..
..
Paraguay
68
67
63
53
..
..
Peru
57
73
41
56
4.3
4.2
Philippines
60
61
42
40
..
..
-1.9
1.5
Poland
55
51
33
25
..
..
4.5
2.5
Portugal
59
50
51
22
1.4
0.9
Puerto Rico
38
37
20
18
..
..
..
..
..
..
Qatar
80
86
55
67
..
..
..
..
2.3
1.7
Romania
55
52
47
23
-0.3
-0.6
Russian Federation
58
60
41
34
..
..
-10.2
1.1
Rwanda
88
85
80
72
..
..
..
..
..
..
Samoa
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
San Marino
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Sao Tome and Principe
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Saudi Arabia
50
52
23
14
..
..
-1.1
1.9
Senegal
68
69
59
57
..
..
-2.1
0.0
Serbia
49
41
28
15
..
..
..
..
Seychelles
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Sierra Leone
62
65
38
42
..
..
..
..
..
..
Singapore
63
66
52
35
6.6
2.0
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Slovak Republic
59
51
47
21
..
..
3.9
1.4
Slovenia
51
52
28
26
..
..
0.2
-0.3
Solomon Islands
63
64
44
44
..
..
..
..
..
..
Somalia
52
52
43
40
..
..
..
..
..
..
South Africa
41
39
18
12
..
..
-4.5
2.7
South Sudan
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Spain
42
43
35
16
2.1
2.4
Sri Lanka
49
53
28
31
..
..
3.7
5.4
St. Kitts and Nevis
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
St. Lucia
..
..
..
..
..
..
0.6
-1.0
St. Martin (French part)
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Sudan
44
45
31
27
..
..
..
..
-1.6
-5.2
Suriname
50
50
29
22
..
..
..
..
..
..
Swaziland
43
45
27
26
..
..
..
..
..
..
Sweden
64
59
58
41
..
..
3.0
1.2
Switzerland
67
65
69
62
1.1
-0.2
Syrian Arab Republic
46
39
36
21
..
..
4.5
0.8
Tajikistan
59
61
42
40
..
..
-25.2
6.2
Tanzania
86
86
77
75
..
..
-2.7
3.4
Thailand
78
72
69
47
6.2
1.8
Timor-Leste
57
36
44
13
..
..
..
..
Togo
70
75
58
59
..
..
..
..
..
..
Tonga
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Trinidad and Tobago
45
60
33
43
..
..
-2.0
-1.2
Tunisia
41
41
28
22
..
..
1.6
0.2
Turkey
52
45
48
32
..
..
8.8
0.1
Turkmenistan
54
55
36
36
..
..
..
..
-10.6
7.0
Turks and Caicos Islands
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Tuvalu
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Uganda
80
75
62
55
..
..
..
..
2.2
1.9
Ukraine
58
55
35
34
..
..
-10.7
0.3
United Arab Emirates
71
77
43
49
..
..
-5.8
-5.4
United Kingdom
58
57
63
47
2.7
-0.3
United States
61
58
54
43
..
..
..
..
2.0
1.3
Uruguay
56
61
47
45
..
..
3.9
4.1
Uzbekistan
53
55
35
36
..
..
..
..
-7.0
5.4
Vanuatu
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Venezuela, RB
55
60
38
36
..
..
0.0
-1.0
Vietnam
77
76
73
60
..
..
5.6
3.2
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
West Bank and Gaza
33
32
22
16
..
..
..
..
Yemen, Rep.
38
40
25
26
..
..
-0.5
-4.3
Zambia
65
69
46
50
..
..
-1.7
4.1
Zimbabwe
69
82
48
72
..
..
..
..
-6.4
3.5
World
62
60
52
41
..
..
..
..
0.8
2.1
Low income
73
72
60
56
..
..
..
..
-0.9
3.8
Middle income
63
59
52
39
..
..
..
..
2.9
4.7
Lower middle income
58
55
43
35
..
..
0.8
3.5
Upper middle income
67
63
60
44
..
..
..
..
4.2
5.4
Low & middle income
64
61
53
42
..
..
..
..
2.7
4.6
East Asia & Pacific
73
68
66
49
..
..
..
..
6.9
7.0
Europe & Central Asia
55
51
40
32
..
..
-3.7
1.9
Latin America & Caribbean
58
62
49
46
1.5
0.8
Middle East & North Africa
40
41
26
22
..
..
-0.2
0.7
South Asia
59
54
47
36
..
..
2.9
4.4
Sub-Saharan Africa
64
65
47
47
..
..
..
..
-3.4
1.8
High income
57
56
45
37
..
..
1.1
0.7
Euro area
50
50
42
31
1.5
0.3