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World Development Indicators:
Decent work and productive employment
Employment to population ratio
Vulnerable employment
GDP per person employed
% ages 15 and older
% ages 15-24
% of male employment
% of female employment
% growth
2000
2016
2000
2016
2000
2016
2000
2016
2000-02
2013-16
50.1
48.0
43.0
36.6
78.8
70.6
79.4
73.3
-5.5
-3.1
53.7
43.4
38.9
21.8
59.5
56.9
68.6
57.0
6.1
2.1
30.6
38.8
17.5
19.9
31.5
39.0
38.0
33.9
-0.9
2.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
65.5
64.5
47.5
46.2
54.5
43.1
76.0
62.0
-4.6
-1.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
49.2
55.6
31.5
31.8
24.3
22.2
20.7
17.0
-7.0
-1.5
47.0
52.1
24.3
24.1
41.9
40.9
46.8
41.7
9.9
2.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
59.5
60.9
62.0
58.0
14.9
13.0
9.3
8.4
1.5
1.2
55.5
56.5
52.3
52.0
7.8
8.8
9.4
7.6
0.4
1.1
56.1
61.9
33.7
29.3
68.4
46.1
67.2
60.5
6.5
-1.5
65.1
64.7
45.1
43.9
17.8
12.7
9.2
18.5
-0.2
-3.6
64.4
69.3
39.2
43.1
1.8
1.0
0.5
0.8
-3.3
0.4
68.2
59.6
56.5
41.2
79.5
54.0
91.0
58.8
2.9
4.3
63.0
58.5
48.7
31.7
16.7
20.3
7.9
11.2
-0.4
0.9
58.4
59.9
43.9
43.6
3.8
2.4
2.6
1.7
4.5
-1.2
48.8
49.3
30.2
24.4
11.6
12.8
11.5
8.3
1.6
0.7
54.5
62.3
40.9
44.9
27.3
24.2
23.1
22.1
0.2
-2.3
71.7
70.5
59.5
40.6
82.9
84.4
95.5
94.8
1.9
0.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
65.8
65.1
45.8
27.9
48.8
63.4
84.2
84.2
2.2
3.3
66.8
70.8
48.9
49.1
35.1
33.5
31.0
30.4
-0.2
2.5
35.1
33.3
15.3
8.7
25.4
20.6
24.4
20.2
5.4
2.6
63.1
63.6
51.4
38.4
25.1
14.7
27.2
14.5
3.6
-0.3
58.9
59.2
51.6
42.1
34.7
31.1
32.8
22.5
-0.7
-2.1
64.8
59.6
41.6
32.6
4.4
4.7
3.7
4.8
0.8
-3.4
41.8
50.0
20.5
22.3
16.2
9.4
11.7
6.9
5.1
1.4
81.1
80.8
75.3
73.3
92.0
88.4
97.1
95.0
2.7
1.1
83.0
82.1
68.3
63.5
89.9
91.1
97.6
97.6
-0.5
-3.1
56.4
60.8
50.2
49.2
43.2
37.2
56.0
43.7
-0.1
0.1
79.2
80.8
68.9
70.3
81.3
47.9
87.9
57.6
1.7
4.8
66.1
73.0
45.4
52.4
67.4
63.4
90.4
84.8
0.3
2.4
60.8
60.8
56.3
56.2
11.9
12.2
9.1
9.2
0.7
1.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
73.1
72.1
56.4
52.8
56.8
60.7
81.1
86.9
2.2
3.2
67.9
67.5
51.7
51.4
92.5
85.6
99.2
98.2
6.2
-3.0
55.5
53.9
44.1
40.2
11.8
11.3
8.1
7.4
-2.5
2.2
49.5
58.4
26.5
30.9
29.8
22.8
23.1
25.1
1.7
0.6
73.7
67.3
61.9
47.5
49.2
29.8
55.8
35.9
7.6
6.4
58.0
58.2
41.7
36.2
7.3
7.9
3.4
4.0
0.7
2.0
60.8
69.9
38.8
42.9
9.5
4.9
7.1
2.5
8.4
-11.1
51.5
62.7
32.3
36.4
46.4
46.1
46.1
46.2
-5.3
1.1
43.7
46.0
24.8
24.2
52.9
54.9
70.5
70.5
-0.8
-1.2
69.9
68.9
43.3
41.2
74.2
66.8
87.2
79.7
-2.3
2.6
57.0
63.0
31.5
36.6
63.3
57.7
91.5
89.0
-1.9
0.0
56.0
56.1
45.7
34.2
24.9
14.8
20.6
12.6
-0.5
1.9
60.5
60.8
44.4
44.0
73.4
68.4
87.4
87.6
-2.6
5.1
45.1
45.4
26.3
22.6
18.8
10.4
18.8
8.6
5.1
-0.8
50.7
54.1
32.2
38.5
14.6
11.6
4.7
7.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
57.8
55.5
39.3
31.0
20.4
14.9
14.8
9.6
-0.8
-1.6
55.2
57.1
38.6
28.6
13.2
15.9
7.8
11.6
1.5
2.2
62.8
58.1
67.2
54.4
5.5
7.0
4.2
4.2
0.3
0.7
45.6
49.2
40.2
37.7
27.5
23.2
72.8
63.8
-0.9
3.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
54.8
56.1
36.7
34.0
46.6
48.9
28.5
27.3
1.1
4.9
61.7
61.2
46.7
36.7
38.9
38.1
49.2
55.1
1.2
-1.4
41.9
43.7
23.7
22.0
19.4
19.8
38.3
45.3
1.6
1.1
57.0
58.4
41.7
40.2
32.2
30.5
50.7
48.8
1.4
0.9
73.8
77.9
62.6
64.4
36.2
24.5
47.5
20.5
27.9
-10.9
76.2
77.8
71.6
68.3
7.9
6.3
7.8
7.5
1.2
2.2
51.1
57.6
29.2
33.2
5.8
6.7
4.5
4.5
5.1
1.8
77.2
78.7
73.0
71.7
90.7
46.5
94.4
51.8
1.7
5.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
52.8
49.8
35.7
32.0
37.6
38.6
43.3
41.1
1.4
3.4
54.7
53.2
38.1
42.1
11.5
12.4
6.6
7.4
1.2
0.6
49.6
49.8
28.6
27.9
7.8
8.9
6.2
6.2
0.1
0.9
52.2
45.0
26.3
18.1
16.9
13.8
13.5
10.5
-0.7
1.7
49.8
41.8
17.5
11.3
46.1
27.3
64.6
38.9
-1.9
-1.0
54.0
54.3
36.8
35.7
69.6
69.1
85.6
84.5
-2.2
-0.7
56.6
59.2
28.3
28.0
59.2
55.6
62.3
57.1
6.1
3.3
53.6
57.9
47.7
46.5
6.3
6.6
5.2
5.3
1.1
0.9
66.9
72.6
45.1
48.6
64.2
58.8
86.8
79.3
1.9
1.4
47.1
40.3
28.5
15.0
33.4
28.3
35.1
24.5
3.2
-1.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
54.9
58.6
30.7
40.8
46.5
40.3
48.3
42.1
-0.2
-1.2
60.8
60.2
54.1
49.5
41.7
29.3
55.4
45.0
0.5
0.2
65.5
77.1
53.1
64.5
62.1
59.7
75.6
71.9
2.0
-0.9
67.3
68.3
49.3
47.2
52.8
50.0
72.6
71.9
-2.0
1.1
53.4
53.4
37.1
35.3
31.8
32.0
25.8
28.2
2.1
1.9
57.6
57.4
27.3
23.6
84.3
86.1
88.5
91.4
-2.1
-0.5
63.5
61.8
54.5
45.8
49.1
46.9
47.8
54.8
2.9
1.2
46.0
50.9
33.2
26.2
12.3
6.4
7.5
5.1
3.7
0.5
75.3
71.7
68.5
69.5
13.5
10.2
7.3
5.3
2.0
2.9
56.4
51.9
41.4
30.7
80.5
77.1
90.4
83.0
1.4
5.3
63.3
63.7
45.2
40.5
61.7
52.7
70.9
60.5
4.2
3.2
38.9
39.6
25.4
22.3
44.4
40.0
62.6
41.8
0.3
1.8
34.1
36.1
20.2
19.0
38.2
33.0
51.1
41.0
-5.7
0.5
56.8
54.9
48.5
31.6
17.8
17.6
6.4
5.9
3.0
10.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
54.7
60.8
48.4
45.3
8.9
9.1
5.4
7.0
-0.3
1.2
42.6
42.6
26.1
16.7
16.4
19.9
13.6
14.1
-1.1
0.4
57.6
56.5
32.2
26.8
41.4
43.0
33.2
30.6
0.6
-1.1
59.6
57.4
42.3
40.9
15.0
8.7
18.2
8.4
1.1
0.8
36.5
33.7
20.2
14.4
12.9
10.8
5.7
2.2
5.1
-0.9
61.1
67.9
45.1
40.6
34.9
27.2
42.5
25.3
7.8
1.0
62.1
59.3
37.7
30.0
50.8
40.6
79.5
68.7
0.6
1.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
79.0
76.0
72.5
63.6
20.3
16.0
29.2
28.1
1.5
0.4
58.4
58.8
31.0
25.4
33.6
19.4
37.7
19.9
3.5
2.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
66.5
65.9
31.3
28.6
2.8
2.7
0.3
0.3
-0.9
-2.4
60.0
58.2
41.6
40.5
51.1
43.4
59.7
34.5
4.0
2.1
78.6
77.0
67.8
58.7
90.7
75.1
95.1
86.6
3.4
4.9
48.1
54.5
30.1
33.6
10.4
10.0
11.1
7.4
4.5
2.7
40.5
44.1
23.8
23.7
35.9
38.0
13.8
18.1
-1.8
-3.2
50.0
47.9
37.9
27.3
33.5
21.5
31.7
19.7
-0.7
2.8
57.5
58.6
33.3
32.4
72.1
66.3
89.9
87.6
0.1
-3.1
42.0
43.8
21.6
20.2
29.4
34.3
32.7
38.5
-4.9
-26.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
50.5
54.6
26.6
31.0
20.4
12.1
15.7
8.6
6.4
1.5
52.1
55.2
31.8
22.5
3.3
6.1
3.6
6.0
2.8
1.7
36.1
42.7
15.3
17.2
32.8
30.4
23.1
20.7
-2.0
0.4
81.6
84.6
68.3
73.6
78.7
81.1
85.6
89.8
-7.3
0.5
73.0
75.7
52.5
53.6
58.9
54.6
72.2
66.6
-5.1
0.0
61.1
60.9
45.1
35.7
22.8
19.7
22.7
25.0
0.8
2.6
53.2
66.9
37.2
50.0
22.1
12.9
50.6
26.5
-2.8
1.6
47.1
59.3
36.4
51.3
86.3
81.0
94.6
93.9
5.4
4.0
46.5
50.8
52.7
45.8
10.2
11.7
3.8
4.5
1.0
3.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
41.5
42.6
25.2
22.7
40.6
39.3
53.2
47.2
-2.1
-1.2
54.7
55.6
38.4
32.9
18.5
18.4
15.6
14.2
0.7
2.4
58.8
59.9
50.1
43.8
30.9
25.4
33.4
30.2
-1.6
-0.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
54.7
40.6
30.8
18.9
43.6
44.1
35.7
29.5
7.2
1.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
58.0
58.6
39.2
29.2
61.1
45.3
55.3
42.3
2.1
1.8
41.8
40.1
21.6
19.5
19.1
13.8
15.8
9.4
1.3
1.7
46.0
43.8
37.3
27.5
58.6
47.0
69.4
64.0
4.4
1.7
65.5
59.4
42.2
40.6
80.6
70.8
96.6
92.9
7.4
3.2
76.3
77.1
55.7
55.8
95.9
53.0
94.6
59.1
9.2
5.6
45.0
45.6
17.3
17.4
20.4
21.7
36.8
37.5
-0.1
2.4
84.0
80.3
78.6
71.3
63.3
63.2
84.1
87.6
1.0
0.6
61.1
60.0
68.4
60.9
8.2
14.3
7.7
11.0
-0.6
1.4
52.0
48.4
36.0
34.3
12.8
11.2
8.5
8.2
-0.1
2.6
60.8
64.1
54.2
51.4
16.5
13.9
10.1
10.3
0.9
2.3
53.8
60.5
41.3
42.3
45.9
36.6
47.1
52.0
-0.1
2.7
60.2
63.0
49.7
54.9
91.0
89.8
95.5
94.7
0.1
1.2
52.2
53.6
32.0
34.8
37.7
27.7
53.4
39.3
2.1
-1.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
63.8
61.7
56.6
49.3
7.5
6.5
3.8
3.7
1.5
0.8
44.3
58.0
19.5
22.8
10.4
9.9
10.6
10.0
-1.0
-4.4
47.4
50.9
35.7
39.2
63.1
54.5
66.8
78.5
0.2
2.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
54.8
62.5
35.9
42.0
36.3
29.5
19.1
25.5
-1.1
3.7
69.9
68.5
56.0
50.9
56.3
43.0
60.5
52.5
-3.3
3.1
63.2
67.7
52.7
52.5
45.7
37.6
49.9
42.4
-2.1
1.8
64.9
69.3
49.5
45.9
38.8
40.2
59.4
53.8
0.5
2.1
57.9
61.1
36.3
40.4
43.2
34.4
46.7
40.4
-0.3
3.5
47.0
53.2
23.8
28.3
24.4
18.8
22.3
14.3
4.0
1.7
58.5
51.9
41.9
24.6
18.9
15.5
21.2
10.4
0.3
0.0
41.8
37.4
28.1
18.6
17.6
18.0
8.1
7.9
5.2
-2.4
75.2
84.6
42.2
65.9
0.5
0.2
0.0
0.1
1.3
-1.0
59.8
52.6
35.2
23.1
42.4
26.5
47.9
24.4
11.7
3.1
54.2
59.7
34.3
32.0
7.6
6.6
8.2
5.7
3.6
-0.6
83.0
82.6
72.8
67.6
88.8
71.3
96.2
85.7
6.0
3.3
51.9
38.0
35.0
24.8
63.1
32.2
43.5
32.9
6.8
1.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
48.8
52.2
31.1
28.7
47.1
36.3
59.5
33.5
1.8
1.9
48.2
52.5
14.9
13.0
5.6
3.3
3.0
1.2
-3.0
-1.2
52.8
51.7
41.3
36.2
73.0
60.5
84.7
80.2
-0.6
2.1
48.3
43.9
27.7
18.7
24.6
29.7
27.6
22.9
7.0
-1.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
62.5
65.1
39.0
42.3
89.6
84.1
96.6
94.2
4.1
-7.6
62.9
65.8
45.6
36.7
5.8
10.5
2.9
5.7
0.3
0.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
48.6
53.4
29.2
24.1
7.6
15.1
2.8
8.8
2.8
1.4
53.4
52.6
31.3
28.3
13.4
12.1
11.2
8.8
2.3
1.9
45.2
46.1
27.1
25.9
64.1
66.7
67.2
68.3
-9.5
0.4
51.8
51.1
40.1
39.2
33.2
28.3
57.9
50.6
1.0
-0.4
41.1
39.2
17.5
12.3
8.7
9.0
15.5
9.4
1.0
0.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
45.9
46.7
34.5
20.4
15.2
14.2
13.3
9.4
0.1
0.4
52.5
49.4
33.5
28.2
40.3
39.3
43.7
43.6
0.9
5.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
57.0
53.6
36.7
28.3
32.3
31.6
25.6
25.3
-5.8
0.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
51.6
54.3
33.8
32.8
10.8
9.4
9.2
8.2
2.7
1.3
43.4
41.4
26.3
22.8
43.1
37.6
61.2
45.8
4.2
0.6
47.4
49.8
21.6
23.3
19.7
12.2
11.0
9.0
5.8
-3.4
37.8
39.4
21.3
15.5
14.6
14.3
30.0
26.1
0.0
-2.2
59.4
60.2
45.6
45.7
10.0
8.2
4.1
4.5
0.9
2.3
65.6
65.4
64.8
62.0
11.5
8.0
7.4
9.0
-0.1
0.3
45.6
35.4
34.2
19.4
42.4
34.3
57.5
13.6
3.2
-11.2
58.5
60.9
38.9
40.3
40.1
45.7
50.4
42.6
6.8
3.8
85.6
76.6
76.0
61.5
89.0
74.2
95.5
87.1
3.4
3.2
71.2
70.0
49.4
43.0
55.1
50.7
59.4
53.7
2.5
1.9
55.7
39.0
40.7
12.9
81.4
64.3
82.8
69.4
5.9
2.7
73.8
76.0
58.9
57.7
63.9
53.3
82.1
76.8
-4.7
2.4
58.1
60.1
34.5
34.7
52.6
54.7
59.4
61.5
1.3
2.2
53.6
60.3
39.0
41.0
18.5
20.0
16.8
11.6
3.0
-2.4
40.0
40.5
24.0
22.4
32.3
22.7
30.7
16.0
1.0
0.3
45.6
44.7
37.5
33.7
43.4
24.7
63.9
35.2
0.7
1.7
55.0
56.6
36.3
37.7
26.4
25.0
30.9
35.8
-0.1
5.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
80.1
83.3
63.2
72.7
78.6
70.9
91.4
84.7
4.4
1.2
51.3
53.6
29.9
30.5
13.7
17.6
20.6
16.1
6.5
-3.7
74.3
77.7
44.9
42.4
1.9
1.0
0.7
0.6
-5.1
2.7
58.4
59.3
58.3
51.4
11.6
16.1
6.2
9.5
1.8
0.8
63.7
58.9
56.7
45.8
8.2
7.2
6.1
5.1
1.7
0.7
54.9
60.3
41.0
43.1
25.6
23.9
20.2
21.8
-4.3
1.6
53.8
56.8
35.5
38.0
41.6
27.0
38.5
24.8
1.2
5.5
72.6
67.2
60.1
50.6
67.9
69.0
75.3
76.4
-6.5
-0.9
57.0
60.0
37.1
34.4
33.7
34.2
33.9
35.9
-6.4
-12.3
75.8
76.7
64.9
56.5
77.7
50.4
84.5
62.4
3.6
4.9
60.1
56.4
39.2
42.4
29.2
26.8
25.7
23.5
24.1
1.2
33.2
32.1
20.8
16.7
26.6
23.4
43.4
30.2
..
..
41.4
41.8
28.9
25.9
46.0
32.3
61.0
47.1
2.3
-18.7
69.1
69.6
52.5
48.7
74.3
68.4
91.1
87.3
2.2
-0.2
71.3
78.3
53.8
63.4
44.4
65.8
76.7
83.0
-9.5
-0.8
61.1
59.2
46.4
39.7
48.6
41.1
51.4
41.3
1.1
1.8
70.3
66.4
56.1
46.0
48.6
32.7
55.3
38.4
3.4
4.2
52.0
53.7
36.7
34.2
17.5
15.6
16.5
12.7
1.7
0.9
57.2
59.9
45.4
40.5
34.8
31.8
35.7
31.5
-1.9
-1.3
41.3
43.8
25.3
22.4
31.5
26.0
43.1
34.3
-0.3
0.3
63.4
59.1
56.7
46.8
8.6
7.7
6.4
5.6
1.6
0.7
57.0
52.9
42.9
33.5
77.9
71.9
88.5
78.8
1.3
4.7
63.2
64.3
46.5
47.2
63.2
53.5
78.6
68.3
0.7
0.0
72.5
72.0
59.2
57.2
73.5
63.2
84.0
75.3
0.3
1.5
57.5
55.4
41.7
35.2
68.5
60.1
77.1
64.5
1.9
3.2
65.0
62.0
50.3
40.5
42.6
29.3
48.3
32.6
2.8
3.1
56.6
56.3
43.8
39.2
12.9
10.7
11.0
8.4
1.2
0.9