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World Development Indicators:
Decent work and productive employment
Employment to population ratio
Vulnerable employment
GDP per person employed
% ages 15 and older
% ages 15-24
% of male employment
% of female employment
% growth
2000
2017
2000
2017
2000
2017
2000
2017
2000-02
2014-17
60.9
64.9
51.4
55.5
89.0
86.1
96.6
95.7
17.0
-2.5
51.6
48.5
38.4
21.4
57.7
55.6
63.8
55.3
5.7
-0.2
30.6
36.4
17.9
18.2
30.2
27.3
36.4
24.4
-0.9
2.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
59.9
72.2
27.2
47.6
45.9
53.8
76.0
80.7
5.7
-2.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
53.0
55.6
31.7
29.4
24.4
23.3
20.6
19.0
-6.0
0.0
50.1
48.2
25.4
22.1
44.3
40.8
53.0
40.1
10.5
4.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
59.4
61.5
61.7
58.2
14.9
12.8
9.2
8.3
1.4
0.7
55.8
57.0
52.8
50.5
7.8
8.2
9.4
7.2
0.6
1.3
55.7
63.2
35.5
36.4
55.7
48.7
69.0
62.2
6.6
-2.3
69.5
65.3
45.4
41.0
12.5
12.9
7.8
6.5
0.6
-1.5
65.1
71.7
39.9
43.4
2.0
1.1
0.4
0.9
-3.7
-1.3
55.3
56.1
43.3
36.8
62.3
50.9
80.0
68.2
2.0
3.6
62.4
59.7
46.3
32.7
16.6
20.4
7.8
11.2
-1.0
-0.3
52.0
60.4
35.0
42.3
4.9
4.7
1.9
2.3
3.5
-0.9
48.8
49.6
30.3
22.8
11.5
11.9
11.5
8.2
2.1
0.5
54.6
60.9
40.4
40.6
26.9
26.1
21.1
29.0
0.3
-2.4
71.6
69.6
59.6
41.1
86.3
82.0
95.9
94.4
1.9
0.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
65.0
65.3
41.4
29.1
71.4
63.7
83.8
84.3
3.0
3.6
68.0
65.7
48.7
39.7
60.7
54.4
73.6
64.1
-0.9
4.3
36.5
37.3
13.7
17.4
23.0
18.3
25.3
21.1
5.7
0.3
49.6
59.3
26.1
28.8
27.4
22.9
32.6
28.7
2.8
-1.0
57.8
55.9
48.9
39.6
33.8
30.8
30.8
23.2
-0.9
-1.2
64.2
59.3
39.8
27.5
4.5
5.8
4.0
6.5
1.0
-1.3
41.8
52.0
20.5
23.4
16.1
9.5
11.6
6.8
4.9
1.7
75.6
62.8
69.9
47.9
90.9
83.8
96.2
90.2
3.4
1.9
81.9
77.8
66.3
51.3
92.0
92.0
97.2
97.1
-0.2
-4.6
56.2
60.4
44.8
37.0
39.1
27.0
50.5
31.1
0.0
0.6
76.7
80.1
63.4
69.7
81.0
45.4
87.9
57.3
0.0
5.2
75.8
73.8
61.1
53.0
67.7
65.3
90.5
83.7
1.0
1.3
60.8
61.3
56.2
56.5
11.9
12.1
9.1
9.3
0.7
0.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
67.1
67.5
45.6
47.9
90.3
90.7
97.3
97.2
2.2
3.2
71.2
69.7
56.7
53.5
90.7
88.4
99.1
98.8
6.0
-5.7
54.7
53.5
42.9
41.5
12.4
12.0
9.0
7.9
1.2
1.4
50.7
58.0
29.9
28.3
29.8
23.5
23.1
25.2
2.2
0.5
74.7
66.2
63.8
42.2
54.1
41.9
63.7
47.6
8.1
6.5
58.2
58.6
41.6
37.4
7.3
7.6
3.4
4.1
0.7
2.1
60.9
69.5
38.6
43.6
9.5
4.4
7.2
2.0
2.8
-6.4
54.4
63.8
36.2
43.5
46.5
47.4
46.2
46.5
-3.3
1.2
39.7
42.3
15.5
13.4
56.2
55.0
79.4
78.3
-0.7
-1.3
69.5
61.2
42.6
33.1
81.3
69.8
95.3
90.4
-2.3
0.9
54.2
62.3
25.8
33.7
64.4
63.6
91.6
91.3
1.4
-3.9
56.4
55.1
45.1
34.2
24.9
21.2
20.5
18.6
-0.2
3.3
62.5
55.9
46.6
34.0
71.1
64.2
89.8
84.9
-1.5
5.4
45.0
46.1
24.7
25.9
18.7
8.3
18.9
6.7
4.9
1.2
49.3
52.5
31.6
35.1
9.5
8.9
4.1
6.6
1.0
1.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
57.8
55.4
39.2
28.4
20.2
12.7
14.9
9.3
-0.7
0.7
54.9
58.7
37.0
29.7
13.2
16.1
7.7
11.3
1.4
2.4
62.8
58.5
67.2
56.2
5.5
6.3
4.3
3.8
0.1
1.0
54.1
55.9
44.9
36.2
44.8
40.8
60.5
56.6
-0.3
3.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
53.0
60.2
36.9
38.5
45.6
48.2
28.0
28.6
1.3
2.2
64.3
66.5
47.8
42.9
34.1
39.0
52.8
56.8
2.3
-3.8
42.0
42.4
23.9
21.1
19.4
18.1
38.4
35.0
1.7
3.3
57.2
58.2
42.2
41.5
31.5
30.3
47.8
44.9
0.3
0.6
54.1
56.4
27.9
25.7
55.6
47.5
77.4
69.6
28.9
-11.0
74.1
75.3
65.2
62.6
74.1
70.8
89.1
87.1
1.3
1.3
51.1
60.0
30.2
40.4
5.8
7.0
4.4
4.0
5.9
1.3
36.8
40.9
20.1
19.2
17.0
27.6
32.8
40.9
2.0
-2.6
77.6
78.8
71.1
70.4
87.6
83.4
91.9
89.7
1.2
5.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
55.0
54.9
36.6
33.6
38.5
41.1
38.9
49.2
1.0
2.4
54.2
53.7
35.2
42.7
11.5
11.2
6.6
7.1
1.0
1.3
49.9
50.1
29.0
29.4
7.8
8.5
6.2
6.3
0.1
0.8
52.0
48.2
26.7
25.2
17.5
13.4
13.4
9.8
1.2
1.3
37.7
41.8
13.0
11.7
32.5
27.2
54.8
39.4
-2.6
-1.2
51.5
54.1
35.1
35.8
67.8
64.4
85.4
83.2
-2.1
-0.3
56.6
58.1
28.3
27.6
58.5
49.2
62.1
50.1
6.1
4.0
53.5
58.4
46.8
46.8
6.3
6.4
5.2
5.2
1.0
1.1
66.9
63.0
45.1
36.3
70.2
60.7
85.6
78.4
1.1
2.9
47.4
41.7
29.0
14.5
33.3
28.4
35.2
24.4
3.4
-1.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
59.0
61.6
40.1
49.6
13.8
13.3
10.6
9.6
-0.5
0.6
60.4
60.6
53.5
50.9
42.0
29.3
55.7
45.1
0.0
0.0
62.5
62.3
45.0
43.0
86.3
84.0
96.8
96.1
2.7
5.6
68.8
69.9
52.3
48.5
73.0
71.0
88.1
86.9
-1.8
3.0
50.4
50.4
37.1
37.2
57.4
53.4
68.3
64.3
2.7
1.5
58.1
58.6
27.2
25.0
84.2
82.8
88.8
87.6
-1.8
-1.1
63.4
62.6
54.8
47.9
36.6
34.1
51.2
52.9
0.9
1.1
45.8
53.9
32.4
29.3
12.3
6.0
7.5
5.4
3.7
0.5
76.8
74.5
73.4
75.6
13.6
9.9
7.2
5.8
2.4
3.3
55.9
50.7
41.1
27.5
81.4
76.2
90.5
80.7
1.8
5.3
63.2
64.4
43.0
40.5
61.4
42.1
70.6
56.6
4.2
3.3
39.0
38.9
25.4
19.8
41.6
41.2
46.9
42.6
-0.8
2.6
38.4
39.1
29.3
24.8
26.5
24.3
33.6
35.1
-5.4
1.5
59.8
57.7
61.6
39.9
17.8
15.4
6.4
5.5
3.7
9.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
54.4
61.4
48.6
45.4
8.7
9.1
5.2
7.4
-0.2
1.3
42.6
43.6
26.0
17.0
22.2
19.7
17.9
13.3
-1.1
0.1
56.3
59.1
28.3
28.7
41.3
39.9
33.0
30.6
0.0
-1.6
59.6
59.2
42.3
42.5
11.9
8.7
17.3
8.1
1.1
0.6
36.3
33.5
19.8
15.1
10.8
9.9
2.0
1.7
4.6
-0.5
61.9
67.5
42.4
44.0
36.1
26.4
44.6
25.1
8.4
1.5
63.8
60.2
39.2
29.2
45.6
40.0
72.9
68.5
0.7
1.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
78.9
78.0
69.8
70.2
59.9
56.8
78.0
76.1
1.9
0.4
58.4
60.6
31.2
28.4
32.6
24.9
37.7
22.0
3.5
1.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
69.1
72.6
24.7
23.5
2.8
1.5
0.3
0.0
-0.8
-2.8
59.4
57.4
41.9
35.6
51.7
37.9
50.1
27.9
3.5
3.2
78.4
77.6
67.7
59.3
83.5
74.7
93.1
86.3
3.3
4.8
48.1
55.9
30.2
34.6
10.4
8.7
11.1
7.3
5.1
2.7
40.7
44.3
24.0
24.8
36.7
31.5
14.1
15.3
-1.6
-2.0
47.0
51.0
31.9
30.0
65.6
61.4
53.4
47.2
0.6
1.2
53.7
55.0
30.3
28.9
71.0
67.9
90.0
88.4
0.3
-2.7
38.1
43.4
17.5
19.5
6.2
6.1
4.6
4.4
-6.2
2.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
50.5
56.6
26.6
31.4
20.4
11.2
15.6
8.0
6.4
1.3
52.1
55.0
31.8
26.0
6.5
6.0
6.4
6.6
1.9
1.4
81.5
84.9
67.7
73.2
80.9
81.2
86.6
89.8
-7.5
0.9
70.9
73.0
48.3
58.8
56.0
54.1
67.3
65.8
-4.3
-0.5
59.8
62.2
39.2
37.7
22.8
20.2
22.7
24.8
0.4
2.9
53.2
61.3
37.2
44.0
23.2
14.7
51.6
32.5
-4.9
4.4
66.2
64.3
53.9
45.1
85.1
85.8
94.0
95.2
6.6
3.6
47.0
52.3
52.9
45.4
10.2
12.4
4.0
5.9
1.0
5.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
44.8
41.5
35.4
21.3
52.5
46.3
73.8
68.6
-0.7
-1.0
53.5
54.5
36.2
32.1
20.6
18.2
12.5
13.2
0.8
2.9
58.8
59.0
50.3
41.6
31.0
25.5
33.5
29.3
-1.5
0.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
46.9
40.6
19.3
17.1
35.0
38.8
37.7
30.0
5.7
2.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
56.6
56.1
36.2
24.3
58.1
52.0
55.1
45.8
1.3
2.8
35.8
42.7
15.5
19.3
14.7
16.1
10.0
9.9
1.8
2.2
43.7
41.3
31.9
21.1
52.5
44.8
69.5
63.4
2.3
3.3
83.0
76.2
67.4
58.6
78.5
73.1
95.8
92.9
7.6
1.7
71.1
61.3
75.7
49.4
66.9
59.3
71.3
61.8
10.1
6.8
45.0
46.5
18.6
20.0
20.7
18.6
42.1
32.0
1.4
1.7
84.2
82.0
78.9
72.4
73.9
68.1
92.9
90.4
0.7
1.3
61.1
60.5
68.4
62.3
8.2
14.4
7.7
10.9
-0.6
1.3
54.9
54.1
27.3
29.7
14.6
14.6
9.7
11.0
1.1
1.1
60.7
66.8
54.2
55.1
16.5
13.7
10.1
10.9
1.2
1.3
57.2
63.7
45.8
46.4
46.0
35.0
47.2
46.9
-1.0
2.4
78.2
78.5
66.0
70.9
88.4
87.5
91.9
91.3
2.0
0.8
52.9
51.9
33.3
18.8
77.1
72.9
87.2
85.2
1.6
-1.7
36.1
42.8
16.1
17.4
20.7
20.7
22.5
17.0
-2.2
-0.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
64.6
60.9
58.6
48.3
7.5
6.0
3.8
3.3
1.4
1.3
52.4
68.8
32.8
38.5
9.8
2.4
9.4
3.6
-1.0
-3.8
50.6
51.5
40.8
39.2
63.1
55.4
66.4
75.3
-0.2
2.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
60.3
63.9
46.1
41.2
36.5
33.7
19.3
30.5
-1.3
2.7
69.9
45.9
56.3
34.2
72.1
69.8
88.5
87.3
0.1
0.7
62.9
67.3
52.6
50.5
53.2
35.8
54.7
42.8
-3.4
0.1
63.8
74.4
48.2
56.1
48.3
45.3
64.3
58.2
-2.6
1.8
60.1
58.2
40.8
35.5
43.2
31.6
46.6
38.2
0.8
5.7
47.1
54.3
23.2
30.1
24.4
18.6
22.3
13.6
3.7
2.1
58.5
53.8
41.1
26.2
18.9
14.6
21.0
9.7
0.1
0.2
41.7
36.9
27.9
17.8
14.6
17.4
6.2
6.7
3.6
-3.2
75.9
86.8
43.2
65.8
0.7
0.1
0.0
0.0
-0.4
-1.1
59.8
52.2
35.2
24.8
42.4
26.3
48.0
23.9
11.7
4.7
54.8
59.2
34.6
29.1
7.4
5.9
8.1
4.6
3.5
0.1
85.0
83.1
75.4
62.8
86.3
58.7
94.8
78.3
6.8
3.8
32.5
28.8
22.1
18.5
30.9
30.5
32.3
31.8
5.3
3.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
48.4
51.8
33.5
30.5
47.2
43.1
59.6
55.3
1.8
0.8
47.6
52.9
14.9
14.1
5.9
3.3
2.1
1.2
-5.3
-2.0
48.3
43.4
38.1
26.7
75.1
60.3
86.2
73.1
-0.3
3.3
49.1
47.1
30.5
20.3
30.7
29.6
30.9
24.3
7.4
-1.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
62.0
55.7
38.4
26.3
83.6
80.7
92.9
91.9
4.4
-7.4
62.3
65.8
39.8
36.3
11.5
12.3
7.0
6.7
-0.1
0.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
48.4
55.1
28.4
27.1
7.6
14.9
2.8
8.6
2.8
1.2
53.4
54.6
31.3
34.4
13.4
12.0
11.2
9.3
1.8
1.8
70.4
70.2
59.1
57.1
79.2
76.8
86.9
85.0
-9.1
0.4
40.4
39.9
23.4
24.6
78.2
75.2
90.1
88.2
3.2
-0.1
39.1
40.4
14.1
12.4
7.2
9.5
15.8
10.2
3.6
-0.8
64.1
63.8
52.4
49.8
76.9
81.3
91.6
93.0
0.5
-10.0
45.5
47.7
32.4
20.6
15.1
13.5
13.3
8.8
-0.5
0.7
52.5
50.5
33.5
20.4
40.3
37.1
43.9
43.5
0.8
4.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
53.2
53.4
37.8
29.2
31.4
32.2
25.0
25.8
-1.7
-0.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
51.6
54.9
33.2
31.6
21.0
19.8
16.5
15.4
2.1
1.0
41.9
41.2
23.0
20.7
42.3
38.6
49.3
45.0
3.9
1.4
43.9
47.7
19.1
22.7
18.6
13.3
10.6
9.9
1.6
-3.4
59.0
60.0
47.4
45.8
9.9
8.0
4.1
4.3
0.9
2.1
65.6
65.1
65.0
63.3
11.5
8.7
7.4
9.5
-0.2
0.1
45.5
38.2
32.4
23.7
40.3
36.9
51.5
17.5
4.0
-3.3
36.1
38.9
17.5
22.4
52.3
48.7
41.1
38.4
6.4
3.9
84.2
81.7
74.7
69.6
82.9
77.9
92.9
88.4
3.5
3.4
71.7
67.4
49.4
39.6
55.1
46.3
59.3
49.4
2.7
3.6
56.4
38.0
41.7
12.2
75.1
67.4
84.0
79.4
0.7
1.5
78.7
76.5
65.2
61.6
71.8
69.9
86.6
85.4
-4.4
2.5
56.6
58.9
34.5
36.3
52.5
50.7
59.4
57.9
2.5
2.1
59.0
59.2
47.5
38.1
18.3
22.0
16.8
12.9
4.2
-1.6
40.1
39.5
24.7
21.2
23.7
22.4
20.7
15.4
1.2
0.9
45.6
46.9
37.6
35.1
39.6
25.0
63.9
35.0
0.6
2.2
55.7
62.8
35.7
43.6
29.0
25.2
25.4
21.7
-1.1
4.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
68.0
69.7
52.6
52.3
79.2
68.5
93.1
82.8
3.7
0.7
50.3
49.1
32.0
27.6
16.7
16.6
18.1
12.9
7.4
-0.9
74.2
81.3
44.9
47.6
1.7
0.7
0.5
1.0
-5.4
2.1
58.0
59.6
55.9
50.2
11.5
16.0
6.2
9.6
1.8
0.8
63.8
59.6
56.9
47.4
4.9
4.1
4.0
3.4
1.7
0.6
54.4
59.1
38.7
37.1
25.5
25.9
20.1
21.6
-6.5
2.0
55.3
62.2
35.3
43.1
46.6
39.6
48.4
41.4
0.1
4.9
65.0
66.7
48.8
49.7
68.5
67.4
76.2
75.3
-7.9
-0.3
55.3
57.6
36.0
32.5
35.0
32.3
40.0
33.5
-4.0
-9.3
74.7
76.0
62.6
54.8
77.6
49.5
84.4
61.2
3.6
5.6
58.7
54.6
32.6
25.3
12.1
11.9
8.9
8.5
0.4
1.6
36.4
32.7
24.4
18.4
27.1
22.8
43.9
24.2
9.2
1.1
40.7
33.5
29.6
20.9
37.5
43.8
58.4
66.2
2.0
-39.1
69.1
69.8
53.4
46.6
72.9
68.8
90.3
88.0
3.2
-0.2
74.8
79.3
64.5
67.4
46.1
56.2
77.0
75.5
-6.7
-0.9
61.1
58.5
46.5
37.3
50.1
44.7
53.8
46.0
1.2
2.1
70.8
65.4
57.4
42.6
51.5
39.5
60.7
45.8
3.8
4.5
51.8
54.1
36.2
34.4
17.8
15.8
16.7
12.7
1.6
1.1
57.3
59.0
44.9
40.1
35.1
32.5
36.5
32.9
-1.9
-0.6
41.4
43.2
25.6
21.9
28.4
23.9
37.6
28.6
-1.2
1.0
63.5
59.8
56.8
48.3
5.6
4.9
4.5
4.0
1.6
0.6
55.8
52.0
42.0
31.1
77.3
71.3
87.8
79.0
1.5
4.8
63.5
63.1
46.5
42.0
71.0
67.5
84.8
81.9
1.3
-0.4
70.6
68.7
56.9
53.2
76.7
73.3
89.8
87.3
1.5
-0.8
56.9
54.3
41.6
31.8
69.5
61.4
77.0
67.4
2.0
3.8
65.7
61.2
51.2
38.0
45.6
36.2
54.2
40.1
3.4
3.7
56.5
57.2
43.0
39.7
12.2
10.6
10.8
8.3
1.0
0.7