Loading...
World Development Indicators:
Decent work and productive employment
Employment to population ratio
Vulnerable employment
GDP per person employed
% ages 15 and older
% ages 15-24
% of male employment
% of female employment
% growth
2000
2019
2000
2019
2000
2019
2000
2019
2000-02
2016-19
42.2
43.5
32.8
33.3
91.9
76.7
98.7
89.5
..
-1.3
52.1
53.4
40.2
26.8
60.9
51.3
60.2
51.1
7.4
-0.5
30.6
37.5
17.9
18.9
30.3
28.4
36.9
23.5
-0.9
0.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
74.5
72.1
52.2
47.0
46.6
62.7
76.0
84.7
5.2
-4.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
52.6
55.5
31.0
28.5
24.4
24.0
20.6
21.0
-6.1
-1.9
47.1
43.0
25.3
22.5
44.7
36.3
54.3
29.2
10.5
8.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
59.4
62.5
61.7
59.6
14.9
12.7
9.2
8.2
1.2
0.3
55.8
58.0
52.8
51.3
7.8
7.7
9.4
6.9
0.6
1.0
68.1
63.3
46.2
37.5
57.3
46.6
59.5
62.3
8.7
0.3
69.5
68.0
45.7
41.8
8.3
13.9
4.8
4.2
1.4
-0.1
65.2
72.4
40.1
38.2
2.0
1.1
0.4
0.8
-3.9
-3.4
55.8
56.6
43.3
36.9
63.5
49.0
78.5
65.4
2.2
4.2
62.0
58.7
46.2
31.7
16.6
21.2
7.9
11.7
-1.0
-0.1
52.0
61.0
35.2
39.9
5.6
4.6
2.5
2.1
3.2
2.5
48.8
51.0
30.3
26.5
11.5
12.3
11.5
8.6
2.3
-0.1
54.4
61.0
39.8
42.2
27.0
30.7
21.1
31.4
-0.3
-1.7
71.6
69.1
59.6
40.0
84.1
80.6
95.1
93.1
1.9
3.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
68.8
65.7
48.2
28.3
73.1
64.4
77.9
83.2
5.7
1.9
68.8
69.6
49.3
46.6
60.7
58.9
73.6
68.9
-0.8
-0.7
34.7
40.0
14.1
23.2
25.1
17.3
24.5
22.0
6.3
-0.7
49.1
58.4
26.0
28.1
17.4
19.8
23.4
23.6
3.1
0.7
57.8
56.8
48.8
41.0
33.7
31.5
30.9
24.1
-0.9
-0.2
64.2
60.2
39.9
29.9
4.6
4.6
4.0
8.6
1.0
0.0
41.8
54.3
20.5
22.2
16.0
8.4
11.6
6.0
6.2
1.1
75.7
63.4
69.8
47.1
92.0
82.3
97.1
88.4
3.4
2.5
82.0
78.1
66.4
52.1
83.0
78.9
82.7
89.8
0.3
-2.1
52.7
53.1
39.4
24.9
39.4
23.9
50.8
32.0
0.8
2.6
78.0
81.9
64.7
70.2
82.4
41.1
91.5
53.2
0.5
5.2
76.1
73.6
61.7
51.7
67.6
62.9
90.5
80.8
0.9
0.7
60.8
61.9
56.2
57.5
11.9
12.2
9.1
9.3
0.6
0.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
69.3
68.9
49.7
51.2
90.8
88.8
95.1
96.5
2.0
1.9
71.6
69.2
57.4
52.8
91.0
86.8
99.3
98.8
6.1
-2.5
55.7
54.5
45.1
41.0
10.4
10.2
11.0
10.2
..
..
50.4
57.8
30.2
26.0
29.9
22.8
23.1
23.3
2.2
0.4
74.8
65.1
64.0
40.5
61.4
40.8
58.9
44.8
8.1
6.6
58.3
58.1
41.7
38.0
7.3
7.4
3.4
4.0
0.9
1.7
60.9
68.6
38.6
44.3
9.5
4.4
7.2
2.1
2.8
2.6
53.9
61.0
36.4
40.7
47.9
45.8
47.3
46.1
-3.2
1.6
40.0
42.0
15.8
12.4
55.6
50.1
78.5
68.3
-0.6
0.2
69.5
61.0
42.6
32.6
83.7
66.9
96.3
88.3
-2.4
1.2
54.5
62.7
26.5
33.0
65.6
64.6
92.3
90.7
1.0
-7.7
56.5
57.1
45.0
31.6
25.0
24.3
20.5
21.5
-0.3
-0.2
62.2
52.0
46.4
27.4
72.7
61.5
93.5
80.4
-1.7
5.0
45.0
48.1
24.9
28.4
18.7
8.6
18.9
6.1
6.5
1.3
48.8
52.6
31.7
34.6
12.1
29.7
3.9
10.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
57.8
59.3
39.2
33.3
20.2
13.7
14.9
9.4
-0.4
0.4
54.9
59.3
37.0
28.0
13.2
16.4
7.7
10.5
1.5
2.5
62.8
59.1
67.2
54.9
5.5
6.1
4.3
3.7
0.1
1.2
54.9
53.5
46.3
30.8
36.0
28.5
49.0
41.4
..
4.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
55.7
62.7
39.9
39.6
45.6
45.6
28.0
27.5
2.1
2.2
64.3
65.3
47.8
41.7
34.6
41.6
53.1
58.3
2.3
-1.0
42.0
40.5
23.9
17.9
19.5
15.4
38.4
27.7
1.8
4.0
57.2
56.8
42.3
39.3
31.7
28.2
45.6
43.4
0.3
1.4
54.1
57.0
28.0
26.2
83.0
79.6
85.4
79.6
28.9
-10.0
73.4
73.9
66.0
60.7
87.0
85.0
90.2
85.0
..
..
51.1
60.7
30.2
39.4
5.9
7.8
4.8
4.9
6.2
3.6
38.3
40.8
14.7
13.5
16.2
27.0
31.6
39.6
2.0
0.0
77.5
77.7
71.1
67.9
87.7
81.3
92.2
86.5
1.3
4.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
55.1
55.2
36.8
32.7
37.8
38.6
37.8
47.8
1.0
2.2
54.2
55.3
35.2
44.7
11.5
11.6
6.6
7.7
1.0
0.4
49.7
50.3
28.7
30.3
7.8
9.1
6.2
6.5
0.0
1.2
52.1
47.3
27.0
24.6
20.4
14.4
14.2
8.1
..
..
38.8
42.5
13.6
11.9
32.5
27.6
54.3
34.9
-2.2
-1.5
52.8
54.0
35.7
35.7
69.1
62.7
88.3
81.3
-2.1
2.6
56.6
56.3
28.5
27.6
58.5
49.8
62.1
45.2
6.4
5.6
53.5
59.3
46.8
48.4
6.3
5.9
5.2
4.7
0.8
0.5
67.0
65.0
45.1
37.5
76.3
58.4
88.6
76.7
0.9
3.8
47.4
43.2
29.0
15.2
33.3
26.4
35.2
21.8
3.3
-0.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
58.5
60.4
38.7
46.5
9.3
9.2
9.8
9.2
..
..
60.4
61.2
53.5
50.7
41.9
31.3
55.7
46.6
0.0
0.3
61.1
58.8
44.4
39.5
85.8
83.3
96.8
96.9
2.7
3.8
70.0
70.1
54.6
49.5
83.8
80.3
82.0
80.3
-1.9
1.8
50.5
47.2
37.5
35.7
26.5
27.4
42.2
30.5
3.0
3.6
58.1
59.0
27.3
24.6
66.0
65.6
85.5
81.3
-1.1
-1.6
63.5
65.1
54.9
51.8
36.8
34.9
52.1
48.6
1.0
-0.7
45.8
54.9
32.4
28.4
12.3
7.1
7.5
5.4
3.9
3.6
76.8
71.7
73.4
71.0
13.7
10.3
7.9
6.4
2.2
2.4
54.2
46.7
36.7
20.8
81.4
73.4
90.5
75.3
1.8
4.6
63.2
65.5
43.0
41.5
61.4
42.5
70.6
57.1
4.2
2.2
39.1
40.1
25.7
21.1
42.4
43.9
48.2
42.5
-0.2
-5.7
38.6
37.5
29.5
20.4
27.8
22.8
36.1
3.5
-5.6
-1.0
59.8
59.4
61.5
41.1
17.8
14.1
6.4
5.6
3.2
4.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
54.4
61.3
48.6
43.7
8.7
9.0
5.2
7.6
-0.6
1.4
42.5
44.8
26.0
18.4
22.6
19.2
18.9
13.4
-0.6
0.0
56.5
61.5
29.0
27.2
41.3
40.2
33.0
30.6
0.4
-2.1
59.7
60.9
42.3
47.0
11.5
8.6
17.1
7.7
1.0
-0.2
36.3
32.8
19.7
14.4
10.5
12.4
1.9
1.6
4.5
-0.3
62.3
65.5
42.5
37.4
35.4
22.6
44.4
21.3
9.0
4.1
69.0
72.3
45.6
39.4
47.2
41.4
73.3
57.1
0.6
2.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
79.9
78.6
71.5
72.4
85.3
85.8
86.1
85.8
..
..
58.5
60.9
31.2
25.3
26.2
19.2
35.7
18.6
3.7
1.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
66.9
71.8
25.6
22.1
3.4
1.5
0.4
0.0
-0.9
-3.3
59.7
54.9
42.3
31.8
51.8
35.0
50.9
24.5
3.5
3.8
78.5
77.7
67.8
57.9
84.1
67.5
93.3
81.3
3.3
3.8
48.1
57.5
30.2
31.8
10.4
7.9
11.1
7.1
5.1
2.6
42.4
44.6
24.5
25.0
35.3
35.7
13.8
13.8
-1.5
-4.6
47.6
51.7
32.7
28.2
54.7
39.7
71.7
55.6
0.9
-2.3
72.7
73.9
54.6
54.1
74.7
65.1
89.4
90.7
0.3
-2.4
36.2
40.6
9.6
8.4
30.1
36.1
31.6
33.7
-4.8
11.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
50.5
58.1
26.6
33.2
20.4
11.0
15.6
7.2
6.3
3.8
52.1
56.6
31.8
28.9
7.0
5.2
6.9
5.8
1.7
-1.2
81.6
84.5
68.7
71.8
80.7
79.8
86.4
87.2
-7.2
1.3
73.2
72.1
50.3
56.1
57.9
54.1
59.9
68.1
-3.8
0.6
59.9
62.6
39.0
37.6
22.8
21.7
22.7
27.1
0.5
2.8
53.2
65.9
37.2
48.9
23.3
15.2
51.7
33.4
-3.2
1.9
66.0
64.3
53.6
49.4
81.5
74.3
93.7
86.9
6.6
1.8
46.7
55.9
52.8
49.2
10.2
13.5
4.2
7.2
-0.4
0.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
45.4
40.8
36.8
17.6
57.9
41.4
78.5
75.7
-1.9
0.6
53.5
54.2
36.0
31.8
20.1
18.6
12.7
12.1
1.0
3.0
58.3
59.3
49.5
42.4
30.9
25.3
33.5
30.3
-1.3
-0.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
49.3
39.4
22.7
16.5
35.0
35.5
37.7
26.0
6.9
7.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
56.5
59.6
36.4
29.6
58.1
49.2
55.1
44.6
1.3
1.9
34.2
47.1
11.9
27.8
14.7
17.0
9.5
8.6
1.2
2.1
43.5
41.3
31.6
20.6
52.8
42.9
69.4
56.3
2.2
2.3
82.9
75.6
67.1
57.4
78.4
70.9
95.9
91.7
7.4
-0.1
71.9
60.1
78.3
45.3
76.8
61.5
77.9
63.7
10.2
5.6
43.8
47.7
18.5
18.2
21.2
24.9
42.7
38.6
0.7
-3.1
84.3
80.1
79.0
72.0
74.2
62.2
93.0
87.5
0.6
3.9
61.1
62.1
68.4
65.2
8.2
14.3
7.7
11.0
-0.5
0.2
55.8
53.4
27.5
28.2
17.3
16.0
10.4
10.9
..
..
60.7
66.8
54.2
56.7
16.5
14.1
10.1
10.3
1.0
0.6
57.1
63.2
45.8
45.9
46.0
31.7
47.2
45.3
-1.1
-2.6
78.0
71.8
65.7
61.1
89.5
91.6
89.6
98.0
2.8
1.9
57.8
51.1
27.3
27.8
85.5
74.9
91.6
85.2
7.7
-2.3
36.0
45.9
16.0
20.5
20.7
18.7
22.5
14.7
-2.3
-0.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
64.6
61.7
58.6
50.2
7.5
6.1
3.8
3.3
1.3
0.5
53.2
68.2
32.9
32.9
9.9
2.4
10.3
3.8
-1.0
-2.9
50.8
50.4
40.9
38.4
63.1
51.0
66.5
70.2
0.2
1.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
60.5
64.1
46.5
39.0
36.5
37.3
19.3
34.7
-1.4
1.5
69.9
45.9
56.3
33.6
79.9
64.4
91.4
84.0
0.4
0.5
63.1
67.9
53.0
50.8
51.4
35.2
54.3
39.7
-3.2
0.4
63.5
75.5
48.0
57.9
47.6
45.6
63.9
58.7
-2.6
-0.8
60.2
58.7
41.0
34.1
43.2
30.5
46.6
37.4
1.0
5.2
47.1
55.0
23.2
32.3
24.4
18.4
22.3
13.0
3.6
3.9
58.5
55.4
41.1
28.3
18.9
14.3
21.1
9.7
-0.1
0.6
41.7
36.5
27.8
15.8
9.4
13.7
4.4
6.0
3.4
-1.3
76.6
86.7
47.0
63.4
0.7
0.2
0.0
0.1
0.0
-1.8
59.9
53.0
35.4
25.1
42.4
24.0
48.0
21.9
12.7
4.2
54.7
58.7
34.6
27.3
10.3
7.5
9.6
5.6
3.5
2.6
85.0
82.7
75.6
62.6
86.0
55.5
95.0
76.3
7.0
4.2
43.6
40.1
30.1
26.0
31.8
32.4
37.2
23.0
5.1
0.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
47.2
50.2
30.4
27.4
77.4
56.4
78.2
56.4
..
0.5
47.6
52.5
14.9
13.4
6.0
3.2
2.1
1.1
-5.4
-1.0
48.6
42.7
38.1
25.9
75.0
58.1
86.2
69.8
0.0
3.0
50.2
49.5
31.2
21.0
34.3
26.8
35.9
21.2
7.9
1.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
61.9
55.4
38.6
25.5
85.7
82.1
93.9
92.9
4.6
1.7
63.6
68.3
39.7
37.6
11.4
11.4
7.1
6.2
0.9
2.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
48.4
56.2
28.4
25.0
7.6
15.3
2.8
8.2
2.9
1.8
53.4
55.4
31.3
32.9
13.4
12.0
11.2
7.8
1.6
1.8
82.2
83.3
70.2
69.7
70.6
52.5
82.3
72.1
-8.9
0.7
42.9
41.6
26.6
27.5
91.5
88.8
94.0
96.5
..
..
38.8
40.1
16.3
10.9
7.4
10.7
16.1
10.6
3.6
-0.1
64.9
63.6
53.5
49.3
87.0
85.6
97.1
95.1
..
..
45.5
49.6
32.4
22.6
15.1
12.8
13.3
8.5
-0.3
0.0
52.5
50.3
33.5
23.8
40.3
38.3
43.9
40.2
0.7
3.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
53.3
61.2
37.7
38.2
31.4
27.8
25.0
18.8
-1.8
-0.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
51.8
54.8
33.7
31.6
21.7
23.4
17.6
18.0
2.2
0.1
43.2
40.4
24.6
18.1
56.1
47.5
70.2
61.9
3.9
-4.5
44.0
48.1
19.2
23.1
19.3
14.4
10.8
10.1
0.8
0.2
59.0
60.0
47.5
44.2
9.7
8.1
4.3
4.2
0.8
0.6
65.6
65.1
65.0
61.2
10.1
8.3
10.9
9.4
-0.3
1.1
45.5
40.8
34.6
23.6
40.4
41.8
52.5
7.3
..
..
38.4
37.0
19.2
22.5
44.0
27.1
53.8
32.0
6.3
6.8
84.5
81.8
74.8
68.6
86.0
76.5
95.3
85.6
3.5
2.6
71.4
66.3
49.3
38.6
55.1
46.8
59.3
48.8
3.3
3.5
68.1
64.3
40.1
36.4
70.7
58.9
82.9
79.2
2.3
0.8
55.0
56.7
26.3
23.4
82.3
62.1
92.3
87.5
-0.7
2.2
54.3
45.5
32.0
23.2
54.1
45.6
61.0
48.7
4.1
0.9
59.0
58.1
47.2
36.4
18.3
23.7
16.8
13.6
4.2
-0.7
40.1
39.4
24.8
18.4
25.6
21.3
27.5
11.5
1.2
1.0
45.6
45.5
37.6
33.9
35.0
24.8
56.3
31.8
0.8
2.2
54.8
55.7
34.1
36.9
33.1
25.7
45.9
33.1
-0.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
68.3
68.8
52.6
49.8
80.0
66.7
93.7
79.8
4.0
1.3
50.3
49.7
32.1
27.0
14.6
16.3
17.1
11.8
7.5
3.5
74.3
80.2
45.2
49.6
1.8
0.9
0.6
4.0
-5.5
0.8
58.0
60.6
55.9
50.1
11.5
16.4
6.2
9.9
1.8
0.4
63.8
60.3
56.9
48.0
4.9
4.3
4.2
3.5
1.7
1.1
54.4
57.9
41.6
34.5
25.4
26.2
20.1
22.8
-4.2
1.8
57.1
58.3
35.5
38.7
44.1
34.1
49.2
34.1
0.2
3.8
65.7
68.7
49.7
52.9
68.1
65.7
81.0
70.7
-8.0
0.9
54.6
53.8
35.9
28.7
35.0
42.1
40.0
42.4
..
..
74.9
75.8
63.1
52.2
77.6
47.3
84.4
57.8
3.7
6.0
60.7
55.4
34.3
28.1
1.8
3.3
2.0
3.3
..
..
36.5
33.1
24.4
18.2
27.1
22.4
44.0
20.0
1.4
-1.6
40.7
33.4
29.4
20.3
36.4
47.1
65.2
60.7
..
..
69.0
65.6
53.1
41.2
73.0
65.2
90.3
82.0
3.1
-0.2
75.0
78.9
64.7
67.8
45.5
57.1
77.9
79.3
-5.8
-1.5
61.0
57.5
45.7
35.6
52.2
43.6
52.6
43.9
1.3
2.1
71.0
64.9
57.6
41.6
56.6
39.0
57.7
43.9
3.8
4.4
52.0
54.3
36.4
34.1
17.9
15.3
17.0
12.0
1.7
1.5
57.1
59.2
44.7
40.4
35.0
33.4
36.5
33.8
-1.8
-0.2
41.4
43.0
25.6
20.5
29.1
24.5
38.9
24.9
-1.3
-0.4
63.5
60.4
56.8
48.9
5.6
5.1
4.6
4.1
1.6
1.0
54.4
48.5
38.4
25.8
77.3
68.0
87.5
73.7
1.5
4.1
65.0
62.9
46.5
42.7
73.6
67.2
86.3
80.0
2.6
-0.4
66.3
63.6
51.2
46.6
78.6
72.1
89.6
85.4
1.8
1.2
56.5
52.1
40.4
29.8
71.0
61.1
79.8
66.9
2.1
3.3
65.9
61.2
50.9
37.7
51.3
36.6
52.1
40.0
3.2
3.6
56.6
58.0
43.3
40.9
12.1
10.1
11.4
8.0
1.3
0.8