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World Development Indicators:
Decent work and productive employment
Employment to population ratio
Vulnerable employment
GDP per person employed
% ages 15 and older
% ages 15-24
% of male employment
% of female employment
% growth
2000
2016
2000
2016
2000
2016
2000
2016
2000-02
2013-16
78.3
65.4
79.6
69.1
13.7
-3.4
61.1
57.0
74.4
57.0
4.6
0.0
30.9
27.9
36.6
27.3
-0.9
4.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
45.6
52.6
77.6
80.6
-4.6
-1.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
24.3
23.5
20.6
17.7
-6.4
-1.1
50.3
40.2
65.1
40.5
11.4
3.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
15.0
13.0
9.3
8.4
1.4
1.3
7.8
8.8
9.4
7.5
0.7
0.7
67.9
48.6
69.5
62.0
6.4
-1.9
17.8
11.9
9.3
17.5
0.4
-3.5
1.9
2.1
0.4
0.9
-3.7
0.5
59.0
52.4
84.9
71.0
1.9
4.6
16.7
20.5
7.9
11.3
-1.0
0.3
3.0
3.2
2.0
1.9
4.1
-1.4
11.5
12.8
11.5
8.3
2.1
0.8
27.4
23.9
23.2
30.2
0.1
-2.0
86.3
81.6
95.7
94.3
1.9
0.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
64.3
63.0
82.2
84.3
2.3
3.4
36.9
33.0
32.0
28.8
-0.4
3.7
23.9
20.5
25.2
21.6
5.5
1.9
20.8
14.3
23.2
15.8
2.8
-0.8
31.8
31.1
22.6
22.5
-1.1
-1.8
4.3
5.3
3.5
4.9
0.9
-3.5
16.2
9.4
11.7
6.8
5.1
1.8
88.0
84.8
92.1
90.4
3.4
2.0
89.5
87.6
97.4
96.6
-0.2
-3.0
43.4
36.3
46.3
39.6
0.6
-0.5
81.0
44.9
87.9
57.4
0.5
4.9
67.5
63.1
90.2
81.5
1.0
2.4
11.9
12.2
9.1
9.1
0.7
1.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
65.0
61.3
82.2
74.8
2.1
3.1
89.5
85.7
98.8
98.6
6.1
-3.1
12.4
11.8
8.7
7.7
2.3
1.6
29.8
22.8
23.1
25.1
1.6
0.8
51.2
31.9
55.8
34.5
7.6
6.8
7.3
7.9
3.4
4.0
0.7
1.8
9.5
4.3
7.2
2.7
2.7
-10.9
46.5
47.2
46.1
46.8
-4.6
1.4
58.0
54.1
80.6
77.7
-0.5
-1.3
56.8
52.0
59.8
55.1
-2.3
2.7
63.7
59.5
91.2
91.4
1.1
0.0
24.9
14.9
20.5
12.6
-0.2
3.8
70.5
65.0
89.8
85.5
-1.9
6.5
18.7
10.0
18.8
7.2
5.0
-0.3
14.5
11.7
4.7
7.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
20.4
15.0
14.9
9.7
-0.7
-1.1
13.2
15.9
7.8
11.6
1.5
1.8
5.5
7.0
4.3
4.2
0.1
0.0
44.2
38.6
43.7
39.9
-0.1
3.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
46.7
49.8
28.5
28.1
1.4
4.8
33.5
38.2
39.8
55.1
1.9
-2.7
19.4
17.4
38.3
31.9
1.7
2.8
32.3
29.7
50.7
44.7
1.1
1.6
46.3
30.7
40.2
44.1
29.3
-11.6
47.5
45.6
47.6
47.3
1.7
2.2
5.8
6.7
4.4
4.4
5.9
0.8
14.4
12.3
30.6
28.9
2.0
-2.6
90.8
85.9
94.4
90.8
0.4
5.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
38.8
37.3
43.7
40.3
1.5
2.2
11.6
12.4
6.6
7.4
1.0
0.5
7.8
8.9
6.2
6.2
0.1
1.0
17.6
15.2
13.3
10.8
2.3
1.5
28.2
26.9
40.1
41.2
-2.2
-0.5
68.4
64.0
84.1
80.9
-2.1
-0.9
59.2
57.3
62.3
55.5
6.1
3.1
6.3
6.7
5.3
5.2
1.0
0.9
72.1
56.1
87.3
76.4
-0.1
1.2
33.3
28.3
35.1
24.5
3.4
-1.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
23.6
22.0
30.3
29.6
-0.2
-0.7
58.0
29.3
68.9
45.0
0.9
0.2
86.1
84.4
96.3
95.9
2.6
-0.7
57.6
55.9
72.7
75.8
-1.9
1.3
34.9
31.5
26.4
26.2
2.2
1.9
84.3
85.2
88.5
90.2
-1.9
-0.6
49.1
30.7
47.7
48.0
2.0
-1.5
12.4
6.5
7.5
5.0
3.7
-0.9
13.6
10.3
7.2
5.3
2.3
1.6
81.3
76.3
90.4
81.5
1.5
5.4
57.1
42.1
69.2
56.3
2.4
3.8
43.6
41.1
57.9
43.5
-0.2
3.0
37.3
33.4
48.3
43.3
-5.2
1.7
17.8
17.6
6.4
5.9
3.1
10.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
8.9
15.1
5.4
9.1
-0.2
1.0
16.4
19.9
13.6
14.1
-1.1
0.1
41.5
43.1
33.2
30.4
0.1
-1.1
15.0
8.8
18.3
8.4
1.1
0.1
13.0
10.9
5.7
2.4
4.6
-0.7
34.7
25.7
42.6
24.5
8.5
1.2
46.0
40.1
73.0
71.0
0.8
2.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
65.4
64.3
68.1
67.7
2.0
0.6
34.0
25.5
37.8
22.1
3.4
1.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3.0
2.5
0.3
0.3
-0.8
-2.3
51.8
39.4
58.4
32.4
3.5
2.9
86.6
77.0
93.3
88.7
3.3
5.0
10.4
9.9
11.1
7.4
5.1
2.1
37.7
29.1
15.0
15.0
-1.7
-3.3
68.2
62.4
58.1
55.0
2.7
1.6
71.5
67.3
89.0
88.8
0.0
-3.1
35.5
34.4
45.0
44.3
-4.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
20.4
11.9
15.6
8.2
6.4
0.9
3.3
6.2
3.6
6.2
1.9
2.8
28.4
25.3
19.7
18.4
-2.2
1.1
78.8
81.1
86.1
89.9
-7.5
1.0
59.3
54.0
71.4
66.4
-4.2
0.3
22.8
20.4
22.7
25.1
0.4
2.5
68.6
15.1
56.2
36.4
0.0
2.2
84.8
83.5
93.9
94.1
6.5
3.2
11.1
11.7
6.0
4.6
1.0
4.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
49.3
41.7
63.7
52.6
-1.6
-0.4
18.8
17.7
14.5
13.6
1.5
2.3
30.9
25.4
33.4
30.3
-1.6
0.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
32.4
36.1
28.4
21.3
5.5
1.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
58.6
48.9
55.3
44.7
1.8
3.9
19.6
13.7
16.6
9.3
-0.1
1.9
56.8
46.2
66.8
64.1
2.4
1.2
77.8
72.8
95.7
94.9
7.5
3.6
79.8
55.9
83.2
61.7
10.0
6.0
20.4
18.8
36.9
32.2
1.1
2.9
62.7
67.4
83.7
89.5
0.6
0.4
8.2
14.4
7.7
11.0
-0.6
1.3
10.3
10.6
5.7
6.3
1.5
1.3
16.5
13.9
10.1
10.3
0.9
0.9
45.9
34.6
47.1
47.4
0.3
2.1
88.4
86.9
91.8
90.7
1.6
1.3
79.5
74.6
86.3
87.0
1.6
0.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
7.5
6.5
3.8
3.7
1.4
1.0
10.4
8.9
10.5
10.2
-0.9
-3.5
63.1
55.4
66.8
75.1
0.2
1.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
36.2
32.9
19.1
31.2
-1.1
3.2
61.6
64.7
78.8
85.0
-3.2
3.3
45.9
37.1
50.4
42.2
-2.4
2.6
47.2
44.0
63.5
58.0
-2.2
2.3
45.0
32.4
48.3
40.1
0.7
3.9
24.4
18.8
22.4
14.3
3.7
1.5
18.9
15.5
21.2
10.4
0.1
0.0
17.5
19.4
8.0
10.2
5.6
-2.0
0.6
0.2
0.1
0.1
-0.5
-1.5
42.4
26.5
48.0
24.4
11.7
4.3
7.6
6.9
8.2
5.5
3.6
-0.5
88.7
72.1
96.2
87.5
6.8
4.0
62.8
31.1
44.0
33.2
4.9
2.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
46.2
36.3
57.9
30.4
2.0
1.9
6.1
3.3
3.0
1.2
-5.3
-1.0
48.2
43.1
50.1
46.2
-0.2
1.5
24.6
30.7
28.7
24.6
7.5
-3.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
88.0
82.4
95.5
92.8
4.0
-6.6
5.8
10.4
2.9
5.7
-0.1
0.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
7.6
15.1
2.8
8.7
2.8
0.9
13.4
12.1
11.2
8.7
1.8
2.2
63.0
61.0
65.2
64.0
-9.1
0.2
71.1
68.4
87.8
87.5
2.3
-1.0
8.8
9.5
15.0
9.7
3.9
-0.6
46.0
43.1
58.0
56.8
1.9
-9.2
15.1
14.2
13.4
9.4
-0.5
0.4
40.3
38.4
43.7
43.5
0.8
4.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
32.3
31.5
25.6
25.4
-2.0
-0.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
11.0
9.6
9.2
8.3
1.8
1.2
47.3
38.6
51.7
46.2
4.1
1.3
20.2
14.5
11.1
11.1
1.5
-4.9
10.0
8.1
4.1
4.4
0.4
2.3
11.5
8.7
7.4
9.6
-0.1
-0.1
40.6
37.2
54.6
15.2
3.9
0.3
42.3
51.0
53.2
43.6
6.8
4.1
89.1
78.4
95.5
89.0
2.9
3.3
55.1
48.7
59.4
52.1
2.7
2.9
70.4
48.1
74.1
52.3
..
..
74.4
72.5
87.9
88.6
-4.3
2.5
52.7
51.3
59.3
59.0
2.4
2.3
18.4
20.0
16.9
11.5
3.2
-2.3
31.8
22.2
28.8
16.6
0.9
0.9
36.8
24.7
59.2
35.2
0.6
2.0
27.5
19.9
36.3
22.8
0.0
5.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
80.4
68.2
92.8
81.6
3.7
1.2
13.1
16.9
18.9
14.4
7.1
-2.7
1.9
0.4
0.6
0.2
-5.4
2.6
11.6
16.2
6.2
9.5
1.8
0.7
8.2
7.1
6.2
5.1
1.7
0.6
25.6
25.3
20.2
21.9
-4.5
1.7
32.6
25.8
33.2
24.4
1.2
5.5
67.4
69.7
75.2
77.7
-8.0
-1.0
31.9
31.5
30.2
29.7
-3.9
-8.3
77.8
49.9
84.5
62.4
3.6
5.0
28.9
26.1
25.8
23.6
1.5
1.7
44.3
39.5
47.2
40.8
..
..
35.1
38.2
37.1
65.9
2.9
-18.2
73.7
68.3
90.8
87.9
1.5
0.1
49.0
54.8
77.5
76.2
-8.9
-1.0
60.8
58.7
45.9
37.9
49.0
42.3
50.8
42.4
0.9
2.1
70.3
65.5
56.4
43.1
49.8
33.5
55.4
37.7
3.3
4.5
52.1
53.9
36.5
34.2
16.7
15.6
16.2
12.5
1.6
0.9
57.0
59.2
43.9
40.4
34.4
32.0
31.8
31.9
-2.0
-0.9
41.3
43.4
25.4
22.4
30.8
25.1
39.6
31.1
-1.1
1.6
63.5
59.3
56.8
47.2
8.6
7.6
6.5
5.5
1.6
0.6
55.8
52.7
41.8
32.4
76.6
71.1
87.9
79.4
1.3
4.8
62.3
63.3
44.6
42.9
69.3
65.2
80.6
78.3
0.8
0.4
68.3
68.3
53.6
53.0
73.0
69.7
82.9
81.1
1.3
0.2
57.1
55.1
41.7
33.4
69.0
61.2
77.5
68.0
1.6
3.8
65.3
61.3
50.1
38.2
43.8
30.5
48.0
32.0
3.1
3.6
56.4
56.7
42.8
38.9
13.3
11.6
11.4
8.9
1.0
0.7