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World Development Indicators:
Labor force structure
Labor force participation rate
Labor force (ages 15 and older)
Labor force growth (%)
% ages 15 and older
% ages 15 and older
millions
% of labor force
2000
2013
2000
2013
2000
2013
2013
2003-13
81
80
13
16
5.0
7.8
16.4
3.4
73
66
51
45
1.3
1.2
41.1
-0.8
75
72
12
15
9.1
12.4
17.2
2.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
75
77
68
63
5.2
7.9
46.2
3.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
74
75
43
48
15.4
19.1
40.4
1.6
73
73
58
54
1.5
1.5
42.7
0.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
72
72
55
59
9.6
12.2
45.7
1.9
69
68
48
55
3.9
4.4
46.2
1.0
72
70
57
63
3.6
4.8
48.9
2.4
75
79
66
69
0.1
0.2
48.3
2.9
86
87
35
39
0.3
0.7
19.6
7.3
86
84
54
57
59.0
77.6
40.2
2.0
76
77
64
66
0.1
0.2
46.6
1.0
65
63
53
50
4.8
4.5
48.7
-0.4
61
59
44
48
4.4
5.0
45.8
1.1
84
82
40
49
0.1
0.1
37.8
3.8
81
78
64
68
2.7
4.3
47.0
3.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
79
77
53
67
0.2
0.4
41.5
3.6
82
81
60
64
3.6
5.0
44.8
2.6
58
57
33
34
1.4
1.5
38.8
0.5
80
82
70
72
0.8
1.0
46.7
1.6
82
81
55
59
83.8
106.2
43.7
1.7
80
75
56
53
0.2
0.2
40.7
1.8
56
59
44
48
3.4
3.3
46.6
-0.1
90
90
77
77
5.1
7.7
47.5
3.1
84
82
85
83
2.9
4.7
51.5
3.7
84
84
46
52
0.2
0.2
38.5
2.6
81
87
76
79
5.7
8.6
49.9
3.0
77
77
61
64
6.0
8.9
45.7
3.1
72
71
59
62
16.2
19.4
47.2
1.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
86
85
71
73
1.6
2.2
47.3
2.3
80
79
64
64
3.0
4.7
45.0
3.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
75
75
36
49
6.1
8.6
40.6
3.0
83
78
71
64
724.3
793.3
43.6
0.6
73
68
49
51
3.3
3.7
46.9
0.7
76
78
56
66
0.2
0.4
48.4
4.3
82
80
49
56
17.3
23.6
42.7
1.8
79
80
31
35
0.2
0.2
30.6
2.8
74
73
71
71
18.2
26.7
49.9
3.0
72
73
65
69
1.2
1.8
48.8
2.9
82
79
37
47
1.6
2.3
36.5
2.6
82
81
49
52
6.2
8.0
37.8
2.1
63
58
45
45
2.0
1.9
45.6
-0.5
70
70
38
43
4.7
5.4
38.2
1.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
72
71
50
56
0.4
0.6
43.2
1.9
70
68
52
51
5.2
5.3
43.9
0.4
72
66
60
59
2.9
2.9
47.7
0.1
66
68
31
36
0.2
0.3
34.9
2.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
80
79
46
51
3.6
4.7
39.8
2.0
84
83
50
55
5.5
7.6
40.2
2.1
73
75
19
24
19.7
27.7
24.2
2.7
79
79
45
48
2.2
2.8
41.7
1.8
93
92
80
81
0.3
0.4
44.9
3.3
91
90
75
80
1.7
3.1
48.1
3.9
67
69
52
56
0.7
0.7
49.5
0.2
90
89
73
78
28.8
45.1
47.1
3.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
76
72
39
38
0.3
0.3
33.6
1.0
67
64
57
56
2.6
2.7
47.8
0.3
63
62
48
51
27.3
30.2
47.3
0.6
69
64
48
47
0.1
0.1
41.2
1.7
66
65
55
56
0.4
0.6
46.1
2.9
84
83
71
72
0.5
0.8
48.0
3.2
74
75
55
57
2.2
2.4
47.1
0.5
68
66
49
54
40.3
42.0
45.9
0.4
77
71
73
67
8.2
11.0
49.9
2.5
65
63
40
44
4.9
5.0
42.4
0.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
74
69
56
56
0.1
0.1
44.1
1.0
86
88
42
49
4.0
6.2
38.3
3.7
78
78
63
66
3.5
4.9
45.7
2.9
79
79
63
68
0.5
0.7
47.1
2.7
81
81
39
43
0.3
0.3
35.0
0.8
69
71
57
61
3.2
4.4
47.6
2.4
88
83
44
43
2.4
3.3
34.5
3.1
58
60
41
45
4.2
4.4
45.9
0.4
82
77
72
71
0.2
0.2
47.6
1.1
83
80
34
27
405.2
481.2
24.2
0.9
85
84
50
51
97.6
120.3
38.1
1.6
74
74
14
17
19.0
26.6
18.4
1.7
70
70
13
15
5.6
8.5
17.6
3.2
71
68
47
53
1.8
2.2
44.6
1.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
61
69
48
58
2.5
3.7
46.7
3.4
61
60
35
40
23.3
25.2
41.8
0.5
78
71
59
56
1.2
1.3
45.5
0.5
76
70
49
49
67.6
65.5
42.7
-0.2
69
67
13
16
1.2
1.8
18.5
3.2
76
78
65
68
7.5
9.2
49.5
1.7
73
72
63
62
11.9
17.2
46.6
3.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
88
84
75
72
13.7
15.2
47.9
0.8
73
72
49
50
22.7
26.1
41.6
1.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
82
83
44
44
1.0
1.7
23.8
4.8
74
80
56
56
2.1
2.7
42.6
2.1
81
79
79
76
2.4
3.4
50.0
2.8
65
68
49
55
1.1
1.0
50.0
-0.7
71
71
19
23
1.0
1.7
24.0
3.3
80
74
68
59
0.8
0.9
45.8
0.9
62
65
58
58
1.0
1.5
47.5
3.4
74
76
27
30
1.8
2.3
28.6
1.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
66
67
55
56
1.7
1.5
50.2
-1.0
66
65
41
51
0.2
0.3
44.6
2.8
66
68
41
43
0.9
1.0
39.2
0.9
90
91
84
87
7.4
11.7
49.5
3.6
81
82
77
85
4.9
7.4
51.2
3.2
81
76
45
44
9.8
13.0
38.6
2.2
71
78
38
56
0.1
0.2
42.1
4.3
66
81
37
51
2.8
5.3
38.6
5.4
72
66
30
38
0.2
0.2
36.6
1.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
78
79
23
29
0.8
1.3
26.6
3.5
80
74
41
44
0.5
0.6
37.9
1.2
82
80
39
45
40.8
53.9
38.5
2.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
64
44
56
38
1.7
1.2
49.3
-1.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
66
69
56
57
0.9
1.3
45.8
2.4
60
57
43
43
0.2
0.3
44.0
0.1
79
76
29
27
10.1
12.0
27.0
1.4
83
83
88
86
8.8
11.9
53.0
2.3
80
82
73
75
25.7
31.4
49.8
1.4
65
64
49
55
0.6
0.9
48.6
2.1
90
87
82
80
11.9
15.1
50.9
1.9
73
71
53
59
8.2
9.0
46.1
0.5
71
67
48
46
0.1
0.1
40.2
1.7
73
74
57
62
1.9
2.4
47.0
1.5
83
80
38
47
1.8
2.6
38.4
2.7
89
90
38
40
3.6
5.8
31.1
3.6
67
64
45
48
38.9
54.2
42.4
2.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
72
69
60
61
2.4
2.7
47.4
1.1
78
83
23
29
0.8
1.8
14.6
7.8
84
83
16
25
42.9
65.6
22.1
3.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
82
82
45
49
1.3
1.8
37.2
2.4
74
74
71
71
2.3
3.3
48.3
2.6
87
85
51
56
2.3
3.2
39.5
2.5
83
84
58
68
12.0
16.5
44.9
2.7
82
80
49
51
31.1
42.3
39.6
2.0
64
65
49
49
17.3
18.5
45.3
0.7
70
66
53
55
5.3
5.4
47.4
-0.1
60
52
35
34
1.4
1.2
42.7
-1.3
92
96
38
51
0.3
1.6
11.6
14.8
72
65
59
49
11.8
9.6
44.6
-0.7
68
72
54
57
72.8
77.0
49.1
0.4
85
85
86
86
3.8
5.8
52.4
3.1
74
58
33
24
0.1
0.0
27.5
-1.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
73
78
39
45
0.0
0.1
38.1
3.7
74
78
16
20
6.0
11.2
14.8
4.4
88
88
64
66
4.1
6.1
45.0
3.1
65
61
45
45
3.3
3.1
43.8
-0.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
62
69
66
66
1.5
2.4
49.4
3.2
78
77
53
59
2.1
3.1
44.2
3.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
68
69
53
51
2.6
2.7
44.5
0.3
64
63
51
52
1.0
1.0
45.9
0.6
79
79
53
53
0.2
0.2
40.1
2.5
77
76
36
37
2.2
3.1
33.7
2.7
65
61
50
45
16.8
19.5
44.6
1.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
66
66
41
53
18.2
23.3
45.3
1.7
77
76
37
35
7.9
8.4
33.0
0.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
76
76
62
63
0.1
0.1
46.5
1.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
80
78
50
56
0.0
0.1
41.2
0.9
75
76
29
31
8.1
11.9
29.4
2.9
66
69
36
41
0.2
0.2
37.4
1.9
72
72
43
44
0.3
0.4
39.3
2.5
68
68
58
60
4.6
5.1
47.5
1.0
78
75
58
62
4.0
4.7
46.3
1.3
81
73
20
14
4.9
6.5
15.2
2.3
75
77
58
59
2.3
3.6
43.7
3.2
91
90
87
88
16.7
24.2
49.8
2.9
81
81
65
64
34.4
39.7
45.8
0.9
74
51
38
25
0.2
0.2
32.0
-0.5
82
81
76
81
2.1
3.2
51.0
3.0
73
75
49
54
0.0
0.0
42.6
0.8
76
76
47
53
0.6
0.7
42.1
1.0
72
71
24
25
3.2
4.0
26.9
1.7
73
71
26
29
21.4
27.5
30.7
2.3
74
77
48
47
1.7
2.3
39.2
2.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
83
79
81
76
10.1
15.0
49.0
3.1
65
67
52
53
23.5
23.1
49.1
0.0
92
92
34
47
1.7
6.3
15.5
11.7
70
69
54
56
29.5
32.8
45.9
0.8
74
69
59
56
147.1
159.0
46.2
0.6
76
77
52
56
1.6
1.7
44.4
1.0
72
76
47
48
9.2
13.3
39.6
2.9
84
80
70
62
0.1
0.1
43.5
2.4
82
79
49
51
10.6
14.1
39.4
1.7
83
82
73
73
41.3
53.7
48.4
1.9
77
72
53
54
0.1
0.1
45.8
-0.2
65
66
11
15
0.6
1.0
18.5
4.4
71
72
22
25
4.2
7.1
26.0
4.0
85
86
75
73
4.4
6.2
46.3
2.7
81
90
69
83
5.4
7.4
49.2
1.7
79
77
52
50
2,766.4
3,314.7
39.6
1.3
83
83
67
69
277.5
390.8
46.0
2.6
81
78
50
47
1,906.5
2,277.8
37.2
1.2
81
79
39
36
808.4
1,014.0
31.2
1.5
81
77
60
56
1,098.1
1,263.9
42.0
1.0
81
79
52
50
2,183.9
2,668.7
38.4
1.4
83
79
67
63
990.3
1,126.5
43.4
0.9
69
69
46
46
108.0
120.4
42.3
1.1
81
80
49
54
217.9
284.8
41.7
2.0
74
73
18
20
80.7
112.0
21.5
2.3
83
81
35
31
532.2
656.3
26.6
1.3
77
77
62
64
254.7
368.6
45.9
2.9
71
69
51
53
582.5
646.0
44.6
0.8
65
64
45
50
146.1
160.9
45.4
0.7