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World Development Indicators:
Labor force structure
Labor force participation rate
Labor force (ages 15 and older)
Labor force growth (%)
% ages 15 and older
% ages 15 and older
millions
% of labor force
2000
2012
2000
2012
2000
2012
2012
2002-12
81
80
13
16
5.0
7.5
16.3
3.4
73
65
51
45
1.4
1.4
41.1
-0.4
75
72
12
15
9.1
12.2
17.0
2.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
75
77
68
63
5.2
7.6
46.0
3.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
74
75
43
47
15.4
18.9
40.3
1.7
73
73
58
52
1.5
1.5
41.1
0.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
72
72
55
59
9.6
12.0
45.5
1.9
69
68
48
55
3.9
4.4
46.3
1.0
72
69
57
63
3.6
4.7
49.0
2.4
75
79
66
69
0.1
0.2
48.3
3.1
86
87
35
39
0.3
0.7
19.5
7.9
86
84
54
57
59.0
76.0
40.1
2.0
76
77
64
66
0.1
0.2
46.6
1.1
65
63
53
50
4.8
4.5
48.8
-0.5
61
59
44
47
4.4
4.9
45.4
1.1
84
82
40
49
0.1
0.1
37.7
3.9
81
78
64
68
2.7
4.2
47.0
3.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
79
77
53
66
0.2
0.4
41.5
4.0
82
81
60
64
3.6
4.9
44.8
2.6
58
57
33
34
1.4
1.5
38.9
0.4
80
82
70
72
0.8
1.0
46.7
1.7
82
81
55
60
83.8
104.7
43.7
1.8
80
76
56
53
0.2
0.2
40.8
1.8
56
59
44
48
3.4
3.4
46.6
-0.2
90
90
77
77
5.1
7.5
47.4
3.1
84
82
85
83
2.9
4.5
51.4
3.9
84
84
46
51
0.2
0.2
38.4
2.7
81
87
76
79
5.7
8.4
50.1
3.1
77
77
61
64
6.0
8.7
45.6
3.1
72
71
59
62
16.2
19.3
47.1
1.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
86
85
71
73
1.6
2.1
47.2
2.3
80
79
64
64
3.0
4.6
44.9
3.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
75
75
36
49
6.1
8.5
40.5
3.1
83
78
71
64
724.3
787.6
43.6
0.6
73
68
49
52
3.3
3.7
47.1
0.7
76
78
56
66
0.2
0.3
48.4
4.3
82
80
49
56
17.3
23.1
42.7
2.0
79
80
31
35
0.2
0.2
30.4
2.9
74
73
71
71
18.2
25.9
49.9
3.0
72
73
65
68
1.2
1.8
48.6
3.0
82
79
37
46
1.6
2.3
36.4
2.6
82
82
49
52
6.2
7.8
37.6
1.9
63
59
45
45
2.0
1.9
45.7
-0.4
70
70
38
43
4.7
5.3
38.2
1.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
72
71
50
56
0.4
0.6
43.1
2.1
70
68
52
50
5.2
5.3
43.6
0.3
72
68
60
59
2.9
2.9
47.4
0.1
66
67
31
36
0.2
0.3
34.9
2.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
80
79
46
51
3.6
4.6
39.7
2.1
84
83
50
54
5.5
7.4
40.1
2.0
73
75
19
24
19.7
27.2
24.2
3.0
79
79
45
48
2.2
2.7
41.6
1.9
93
92
80
81
0.3
0.4
44.8
3.4
91
90
75
80
1.7
3.0
48.1
4.2
67
69
52
56
0.7
0.7
49.4
0.6
90
89
73
78
28.8
43.6
47.0
3.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
76
72
39
38
0.3
0.3
33.6
1.0
67
64
57
56
2.6
2.7
47.8
0.3
63
62
48
51
27.3
30.1
47.4
0.8
69
64
48
47
0.1
0.1
41.2
1.7
66
65
55
56
0.4
0.6
46.1
2.8
84
83
71
72
0.5
0.8
47.8
3.2
74
75
55
56
2.2
2.4
47.0
0.8
68
66
49
54
40.3
41.8
45.9
0.3
77
71
73
67
8.2
10.8
50.0
2.4
65
63
40
44
4.9
5.0
42.4
0.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
74
70
56
56
0.1
0.1
44.1
0.8
86
88
42
49
4.0
6.0
38.2
3.7
78
78
63
66
3.5
4.7
45.7
2.8
79
79
63
68
0.5
0.7
47.0
2.7
81
81
39
42
0.3
0.3
34.8
0.6
69
71
57
61
3.2
4.3
47.5
2.4
88
83
44
43
2.4
3.2
34.4
3.0
58
60
41
45
4.2
4.4
45.9
0.5
82
77
72
71
0.2
0.2
47.6
1.1
83
81
34
29
405.2
484.3
25.3
1.2
85
84
50
51
97.6
118.4
37.9
1.6
74
73
14
16
19.0
26.1
18.3
2.1
70
70
13
15
5.6
8.2
17.4
3.1
71
68
47
53
1.8
2.2
44.5
1.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
61
70
48
58
2.5
3.7
46.7
3.6
61
59
35
39
23.3
25.1
41.7
0.5
78
71
59
56
1.2
1.2
45.5
0.4
76
70
49
48
67.6
65.3
42.2
-0.3
69
66
13
15
1.2
1.7
18.1
3.0
76
78
65
68
7.5
9.0
49.5
1.6
73
72
63
62
11.9
16.7
46.6
2.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
88
84
75
72
13.7
15.1
47.9
0.8
73
72
49
50
22.7
25.8
41.6
1.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
82
83
44
43
1.0
1.7
23.8
4.7
74
79
56
56
2.1
2.6
42.7
2.1
81
79
79
76
2.4
3.3
50.1
2.7
65
67
49
55
1.1
1.0
50.0
-0.8
71
71
19
23
1.0
1.6
23.6
3.7
80
73
68
59
0.8
0.9
45.9
0.7
62
65
58
58
1.0
1.5
47.5
3.3
74
76
27
30
1.8
2.3
28.3
1.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
66
66
55
56
1.7
1.5
50.5
-0.6
66
65
41
51
0.2
0.3
44.5
2.6
66
67
41
43
0.9
1.0
39.1
1.0
90
91
84
87
7.4
11.3
49.4
3.6
81
81
77
85
4.9
7.2
51.3
3.3
81
75
45
44
9.8
12.7
38.6
2.1
71
77
38
56
0.1
0.2
42.1
4.7
66
81
37
51
2.8
5.2
38.5
5.5
72
67
30
38
0.2
0.2
36.6
1.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
78
79
23
29
0.8
1.2
26.6
3.6
80
74
41
44
0.5
0.6
37.8
1.1
82
80
39
45
40.8
52.8
38.5
2.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
64
43
56
37
1.7
1.2
49.3
-3.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
66
69
56
56
0.9
1.3
45.7
2.4
60
57
43
43
0.2
0.3
44.0
0.1
79
76
29
26
10.1
11.8
26.9
1.6
83
83
88
86
8.8
11.6
53.0
2.3
80
82
73
75
25.7
31.0
49.8
1.5
65
63
49
54
0.6
0.8
48.7
2.0
90
87
82
80
11.9
14.8
50.8
1.8
73
71
53
59
8.2
9.0
46.1
0.6
71
67
48
46
0.1
0.1
40.0
1.8
73
74
57
62
1.9
2.4
47.1
1.7
83
80
38
47
1.8
2.5
38.2
2.7
89
90
38
40
3.6
5.6
31.1
3.6
67
64
45
48
38.9
52.6
42.5
2.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
72
70
60
62
2.4
2.7
47.2
1.1
78
82
23
29
0.8
1.6
15.5
7.0
84
83
16
24
42.9
63.8
22.0
3.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
82
82
45
49
1.3
1.8
37.2
2.5
74
74
71
71
2.3
3.2
48.3
2.6
87
85
51
55
2.3
3.2
39.3
2.6
83
84
58
68
12.0
16.2
44.9
2.4
82
80
49
51
31.1
41.3
39.5
2.1
64
65
49
49
17.4
18.5
45.2
0.7
70
67
53
55
5.3
5.5
47.2
0.1
60
52
35
34
1.4
1.2
42.5
-1.1
92
96
38
51
0.3
1.5
11.6
14.9
72
65
59
49
11.8
9.6
44.6
-0.8
68
71
54
57
72.6
77.1
49.2
0.6
85
86
86
87
3.8
5.6
52.4
3.0
74
58
33
23
0.1
0.0
27.5
-1.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
73
78
39
45
0.0
0.1
38.0
3.7
74
76
16
18
6.0
10.4
14.2
4.3
88
88
64
66
4.1
5.9
45.0
3.1
65
61
45
44
3.3
3.2
43.7
-0.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
62
69
66
66
1.5
2.3
49.4
3.5
78
78
53
59
2.1
3.0
44.2
3.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
68
69
53
51
2.6
2.7
44.4
0.4
64
64
51
52
1.0
1.0
45.8
0.5
79
79
53
53
0.2
0.2
40.2
2.6
77
76
36
37
2.2
3.0
33.7
2.6
65
60
50
44
16.8
19.1
44.6
0.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
66
67
41
53
18.2
23.6
45.1
2.2
77
76
37
35
7.9
8.4
32.9
0.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
76
76
62
63
0.1
0.1
46.5
2.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
80
78
50
56
0.0
0.1
41.1
1.0
75
76
29
31
8.1
11.6
29.3
3.0
66
69
36
40
0.2
0.2
37.3
1.9
72
71
43
44
0.3
0.4
39.4
2.4
68
68
58
60
4.6
5.1
47.4
1.0
78
75
58
61
4.0
4.6
45.9
1.3
81
73
20
13
4.9
6.3
15.1
2.2
75
77
58
59
2.3
3.5
43.6
3.3
91
90
87
88
16.7
23.5
49.7
2.9
81
81
65
64
34.4
39.4
45.8
1.0
74
51
38
25
0.2
0.2
32.0
-0.1
82
81
76
81
2.1
3.1
51.1
3.1
73
75
49
54
0.0
0.0
42.6
1.0
76
76
47
53
0.6
0.7
42.0
1.3
72
71
24
25
3.2
3.9
26.9
1.7
73
71
26
29
21.4
27.1
30.7
2.0
74
77
48
47
1.7
2.3
39.2
2.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
83
79
81
76
10.1
14.5
49.0
3.0
65
67
52
53
23.5
23.1
49.1
0.0
92
91
34
47
1.7
6.2
15.5
12.1
70
69
54
56
29.5
32.6
45.9
0.9
74
69
59
57
147.1
158.7
46.3
0.6
76
77
52
56
1.6
1.7
44.4
0.8
72
75
47
48
9.2
13.0
39.6
2.9
84
80
70
62
0.1
0.1
43.4
2.3
82
79
49
51
10.6
13.9
39.3
1.6
83
82
73
73
41.3
52.9
48.4
2.0
77
73
53
54
0.1
0.1
45.9
0.0
65
66
11
15
0.6
1.0
18.3
4.6
71
72
22
25
4.2
6.9
26.0
4.1
85
86
75
73
4.4
6.0
46.3
2.6
81
90
69
83
5.4
7.1
49.4
1.7
79
77
52
51
2,766.4
3,280.4
39.8
1.4
83
83
67
69
279.5
383.3
46.0
2.6
81
78
50
47
1,904.5
2,254.3
37.3
1.3
81
79
39
37
806.3
1,003.3
31.5
1.7
81
77
60
56
1,098.1
1,251.0
42.0
1.0
81
79
52
50
2,184.0
2,637.6
38.6
1.5
83
79
67
63
990.3
1,115.6
43.4
0.9
69
69
46
46
108.1
119.4
42.3
1.0
81
80
49
54
217.9
279.9
41.6
2.0
74
73
18
20
80.7
109.6
21.4
2.5
83
81
35
32
532.2
655.3
27.2
1.5
77
76
62
63
254.7
357.8
45.8
2.8
71
69
51
53
582.4
642.8
44.6
0.9
65
64
45
50
146.1
160.7
45.4
0.8