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World Development Indicators:
Labor force structure
Labor force participation rate
Labor force (ages 15 and older)
Labor force growth (%)
% ages 15 and older
% ages 15 and older
millions
% of labor force
2000
2016
2000
2016
2000
2016
2016
2007-16
5.3
10.6
17.3
4.1
1.4
1.3
42.0
0.7
8.9
11.9
18.2
1.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6.7
11.9
50.1
3.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
16.5
19.7
40.9
0.9
1.3
1.4
46.6
0.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
9.6
12.7
46.1
1.7
3.9
4.5
46.7
1.0
3.5
5.0
48.8
2.1
0.2
0.2
47.6
2.1
0.3
0.8
21.4
4.3
47.6
65.4
29.0
1.7
0.1
0.2
49.9
0.1
4.8
5.1
49.7
0.2
4.4
5.0
45.9
0.6
0.1
0.2
39.9
3.5
2.7
4.4
49.1
2.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0.2
0.4
39.8
1.8
3.6
5.0
41.1
1.5
1.5
1.4
38.7
-0.9
0.6
1.1
46.5
3.6
79.6
103.2
42.9
1.0
0.2
0.2
42.6
1.9
3.4
3.3
46.3
-0.8
4.8
6.8
44.7
2.2
2.7
4.6
52.3
2.9
0.2
0.2
41.3
2.3
5.6
9.1
49.9
2.4
6.4
10.2
46.9
2.9
16.2
19.9
47.2
1.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1.6
1.9
45.3
0.6
3.1
5.4
45.7
3.4
0.1
0.1
43.6
0.5
6.1
8.8
41.2
2.2
734.8
787.1
43.8
0.2
3.4
3.9
48.8
0.9
0.2
0.4
49.1
2.7
16.8
26.0
42.8
2.2
0.1
0.2
41.5
3.0
18.5
30.6
49.8
3.3
1.3
2.1
48.6
2.8
1.6
2.3
38.1
1.2
6.2
7.8
41.0
1.8
2.0
1.8
46.3
-0.9
4.5
5.2
38.4
0.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0.4
0.6
46.4
1.2
5.2
5.4
44.4
0.4
2.9
3.0
47.4
0.3
0.3
0.4
41.9
2.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3.6
5.0
41.2
2.0
5.6
8.0
41.1
1.9
20.4
30.5
23.0
1.9
2.3
2.8
41.7
1.2
0.2
0.5
39.3
4.9
1.5
..
..
..
0.7
0.7
48.5
0.0
0.3
0.5
41.3
2.8
29.0
49.7
47.3
3.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0.3
0.4
34.6
1.7
2.6
2.7
48.0
0.0
27.5
30.3
46.9
0.4
0.1
0.1
42.7
1.0
0.3
0.7
40.0
4.3
0.4
0.7
44.3
3.4
2.2
2.0
45.6
-0.4
40.3
43.3
46.4
0.4
8.2
13.3
49.6
2.9
4.9
4.9
44.0
-0.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0.1
0.1
40.5
0.5
4.1
6.6
34.0
2.5
3.2
4.6
49.1
2.4
0.5
0.8
47.1
2.8
0.3
0.3
35.2
1.5
3.2
4.9
48.0
2.5
2.5
4.2
37.8
3.9
4.2
4.7
45.7
1.0
0.2
0.2
47.1
1.2
405.5
512.8
24.7
1.0
99.0
125.4
38.2
1.4
19.0
27.2
19.2
1.1
5.6
10.2
19.9
3.4
1.8
2.2
44.9
0.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.8
4.0
47.2
2.1
23.3
25.6
42.0
0.5
1.2
1.5
43.1
1.5
67.7
66.8
43.1
0.0
1.3
2.4
17.5
4.2
7.7
9.2
48.5
1.2
12.2
18.7
48.5
3.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
14.0
16.2
47.8
0.9
22.8
27.7
41.9
1.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1.0
2.2
28.3
6.1
2.0
2.6
40.1
0.8
2.4
3.5
49.8
2.3
1.1
1.0
50.1
-1.3
1.0
2.2
24.3
4.8
0.8
0.9
46.9
1.2
0.9
1.5
48.4
3.2
1.8
2.4
24.5
0.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1.7
1.5
50.6
-0.2
0.2
0.3
45.0
3.0
0.8
1.0
38.7
0.5
7.5
12.6
48.8
3.2
4.7
7.7
48.1
3.4
9.5
15.1
38.0
3.1
0.1
0.2
27.0
3.4
3.0
6.7
43.0
5.1
0.2
0.2
38.8
2.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0.8
1.3
31.3
3.0
0.5
0.6
39.0
1.1
40.3
57.0
36.4
2.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1.4
1.3
49.2
-0.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0.9
1.3
45.3
1.5
0.2
0.2
44.5
0.0
9.8
12.5
26.1
1.4
8.5
12.5
55.0
2.3
22.4
25.1
40.7
0.8
0.6
1.0
49.5
2.9
12.0
16.7
51.8
2.4
8.2
9.1
46.1
0.3
0.1
0.1
45.7
1.8
1.9
2.6
47.4
1.6
1.9
2.9
38.8
2.6
4.6
8.1
43.5
3.6
38.0
57.4
45.3
2.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.4
2.8
47.1
1.0
0.8
2.4
13.2
8.8
41.6
68.4
22.2
2.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1.3
2.0
39.6
2.5
2.4
3.6
48.9
2.3
2.3
3.3
39.5
2.0
11.5
17.5
45.3
1.5
30.0
43.8
39.8
2.3
17.3
18.4
45.0
0.7
5.2
5.2
48.8
-0.7
1.4
1.2
42.1
-2.0
0.3
1.9
14.0
9.5
11.7
8.9
43.2
-0.7
74.2
76.2
48.6
0.0
3.9
6.1
51.5
2.8
0.0
0.0
36.5
0.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0.0
0.1
36.0
2.8
6.4
13.4
16.3
4.9
2.8
5.0
41.2
4.0
3.4
3.2
44.2
-0.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1.6
2.5
50.2
1.7
2.0
3.3
45.0
3.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.6
2.8
45.5
0.5
1.0
1.0
46.6
-0.5
0.2
0.3
43.4
2.4
2.3
3.5
20.4
3.1
16.1
21.7
44.9
1.7
2.8
5.1
49.2
3.8
18.3
23.0
46.3
0.3
7.8
8.6
34.4
0.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0.1
0.1
45.9
1.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0.0
0.1
41.7
0.8
7.7
10.8
25.8
2.3
0.2
0.2
39.2
1.7
4.5
5.2
47.7
0.9
4.0
4.9
46.6
1.4
4.9
4.8
14.6
-1.4
2.1
3.4
38.7
2.6
15.6
25.4
48.9
3.2
35.1
39.0
45.7
0.1
0.3
0.3
31.8
0.9
2.3
3.4
49.3
2.4
0.0
0.0
38.5
0.6
0.6
0.7
41.8
0.2
3.2
4.1
26.5
1.3
21.4
30.7
32.3
3.4
1.8
2.6
42.0
2.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
8.5
15.2
47.9
3.8
23.2
20.8
47.4
-0.6
1.8
6.4
12.2
5.1
29.3
33.7
46.5
0.8
146.8
162.8
45.8
0.5
1.6
1.8
45.4
0.7
9.7
15.0
41.7
2.7
0.1
0.1
43.8
2.8
10.3
14.5
40.0
1.7
42.3
56.9
48.1
1.7
0.1
0.1
50.1
-0.5
0.6
1.2
20.9
4.7
4.2
6.3
8.1
2.6
4.5
6.8
47.8
2.8
5.1
7.9
49.2
2.3
78.4
75.3
51.2
48.9
2,770.1
3,416.5
39.4
1.1
82.0
76.9
64.9
59.6
1,117.5
1,257.0
43.3
0.6
67.5
67.1
48.7
50.9
397.7
438.4
45.3
0.6
79.7
77.4
46.6
51.5
223.2
305.3
41.0
1.6
74.4
73.9
18.7
20.6
94.6
147.4
20.5
2.3
74.0
68.7
59.0
56.5
163.0
182.7
46.0
0.6
83.2
79.5
32.3
28.6
520.2
683.0
25.5
1.3
75.2
73.8
60.9
62.8
253.9
402.6
46.7
2.9
81.6
80.2
64.5
64.8
187.8
297.9
45.5
2.9
80.6
77.6
39.7
37.4
884.8
1,172.1
32.1
1.5
80.0
75.4
59.6
55.2
1,155.3
1,324.1
42.3
0.6
70.9
68.6
50.6
52.4
542.2
622.5
43.9
0.8