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World Development Indicators:
Labor force structure
Labor force participation rate
Labor force (ages 15 and older)
Labor force growth (%)
% ages 15 and older
% ages 15 and older
millions
% of labor force
2000
2015
2000
2015
2000
2015
2015
2006-15
84.1
83.6
15.0
19.1
5.2
9.8
17.5
3.8
73.6
60.7
51.5
40.3
1.3
1.2
39.9
-0.7
74.6
70.4
11.9
16.8
8.9
12.4
19.1
2.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
76.2
77.1
64.0
59.9
6.0
10.1
45.2
3.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
74.3
74.5
42.6
48.4
15.4
19.8
41.0
1.1
66.5
73.6
49.1
54.9
1.3
1.5
47.3
1.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
72.5
70.9
54.7
58.6
9.6
12.5
45.7
1.6
69.0
66.0
48.5
54.7
3.9
4.5
46.7
0.8
70.9
68.3
57.5
61.9
3.5
4.8
48.9
2.1
75.2
79.1
66.1
69.4
0.1
0.2
48.4
2.4
86.4
85.4
34.9
39.2
0.3
0.8
20.1
4.7
86.0
81.0
54.2
43.1
58.4
70.7
34.6
1.3
76.1
70.7
63.6
62.4
0.1
0.2
49.7
0.0
65.7
68.2
53.0
54.5
4.8
4.8
48.8
-0.1
61.4
59.3
43.6
48.2
4.4
5.0
46.1
0.8
81.7
83.6
40.3
56.3
0.1
0.2
40.7
4.2
81.4
73.4
64.0
70.0
2.7
4.3
49.6
3.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
79.3
72.8
53.3
58.7
0.2
0.4
40.6
1.9
81.3
82.5
59.1
63.9
3.6
5.3
43.9
2.5
58.7
58.0
32.2
34.4
1.4
1.4
38.3
0.0
80.3
81.3
69.7
73.4
0.8
1.2
48.5
2.4
82.6
78.5
55.1
56.3
83.9
107.1
43.1
1.1
80.0
75.3
55.8
51.0
0.2
0.2
38.8
1.4
55.9
60.1
44.2
48.6
3.4
3.3
46.5
-0.3
90.8
90.7
76.6
76.6
5.2
8.2
46.9
3.2
83.9
82.7
85.1
84.6
2.7
4.7
52.1
3.4
83.5
84.2
46.1
53.2
0.2
0.3
39.3
2.8
84.3
86.7
78.4
75.5
5.8
8.6
48.8
2.3
78.0
81.1
63.8
71.0
6.0
9.9
46.9
3.2
72.2
70.3
58.7
61.0
16.2
19.7
47.2
1.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
86.2
84.6
69.9
71.7
1.7
2.0
46.9
0.7
79.7
79.3
64.4
64.0
3.1
5.3
45.0
3.6
70.4
65.9
49.3
50.4
0.1
0.1
43.9
0.5
74.6
74.6
35.4
50.7
6.1
8.8
41.3
2.6
83.4
77.9
71.2
63.6
737.2
800.4
43.9
0.4
73.3
68.5
49.0
53.4
3.4
3.9
48.2
0.9
75.5
76.5
55.7
66.2
0.2
0.4
48.9
3.2
81.8
79.8
48.6
57.9
17.9
25.0
43.4
2.3
79.0
79.4
30.4
35.3
0.2
0.3
30.7
3.1
73.5
71.8
71.2
70.5
18.5
29.1
50.1
3.1
71.1
72.6
63.7
67.1
1.3
2.0
48.2
2.8
81.3
76.6
36.8
46.8
1.6
2.3
38.2
1.9
82.2
80.9
49.0
52.4
6.3
8.9
38.2
2.6
63.0
58.7
45.2
46.4
2.0
1.9
46.5
-0.6
70.3
68.6
36.9
42.6
4.7
5.3
38.4
1.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
71.9
70.2
49.7
57.5
0.4
0.6
45.2
1.6
70.0
68.2
51.8
51.1
5.2
5.3
44.1
0.3
71.7
66.2
60.0
58.0
2.9
2.9
47.3
0.0
66.5
68.1
30.9
36.5
0.2
0.3
34.9
3.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
80.4
78.7
46.1
52.3
3.5
4.8
40.5
1.8
84.4
79.7
51.3
49.0
5.6
7.4
38.5
1.0
72.5
76.1
19.6
22.8
20.3
31.0
23.0
2.6
79.5
79.2
45.4
49.1
2.3
2.8
42.7
1.7
93.5
92.0
68.0
71.3
0.3
0.6
36.6
4.8
91.1
90.2
74.8
77.7
1.6
..
..
..
67.3
69.5
51.9
55.5
0.7
0.7
48.5
-0.2
90.4
89.1
72.7
77.0
29.0
48.4
46.9
3.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
76.0
71.3
38.5
37.0
0.3
0.3
33.7
0.8
67.1
62.1
56.6
55.0
2.6
2.7
48.1
0.0
62.7
60.0
48.4
50.7
27.4
30.0
47.2
0.4
69.1
63.2
48.0
46.7
0.1
0.1
41.5
1.0
66.0
57.5
54.5
39.9
0.4
0.6
39.3
2.0
83.6
82.7
71.0
72.2
0.5
0.8
47.9
3.3
74.0
78.4
54.7
57.3
2.2
2.0
45.5
-0.5
68.3
66.4
49.4
54.5
40.6
42.8
46.2
0.3
76.6
78.5
72.7
75.5
8.2
13.0
50.1
4.0
65.3
60.0
40.3
43.9
4.8
4.8
43.5
-0.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
73.8
68.8
55.5
55.3
0.1
0.1
44.2
0.4
87.2
83.6
38.7
41.3
4.0
6.4
34.8
2.2
81.0
85.1
59.1
79.5
3.4
5.7
48.3
4.0
79.3
78.3
65.2
67.2
0.5
0.8
47.6
2.9
81.6
77.2
38.9
41.8
0.3
0.3
35.1
1.1
68.9
71.4
56.9
61.5
3.2
4.7
47.5
2.5
88.0
84.4
44.4
47.2
2.5
3.9
36.4
3.7
58.0
62.5
41.4
46.4
4.2
4.5
45.7
0.6
82.2
77.5
71.5
70.7
0.2
0.2
47.7
0.8
82.6
79.1
33.8
26.8
405.0
501.8
24.2
0.8
84.8
83.9
50.3
50.9
98.9
125.5
37.7
1.5
73.6
72.7
13.9
16.2
18.9
27.0
18.1
1.0
69.8
69.7
12.7
15.1
5.5
9.1
17.8
3.5
71.5
67.8
47.7
52.4
1.8
2.2
44.4
0.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
70.1
69.4
53.5
58.9
2.8
3.9
47.0
2.1
61.3
58.1
35.5
39.3
23.4
25.3
42.1
0.4
77.7
72.2
58.9
57.7
1.2
1.4
45.0
1.1
76.4
70.2
49.3
49.1
67.5
65.6
42.7
-0.2
68.5
64.4
12.6
14.2
1.3
2.3
17.6
4.8
76.3
77.0
64.7
66.1
7.6
9.1
48.8
1.4
73.1
72.1
63.0
62.1
11.7
18.6
47.0
3.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
90.4
85.9
75.5
73.6
14.0
15.8
47.8
0.8
73.4
71.8
48.9
50.0
22.8
26.7
41.3
1.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
82.8
84.5
43.7
48.4
1.0
2.2
28.7
6.5
74.1
77.1
56.2
49.4
2.1
2.6
40.2
0.9
80.8
77.0
79.6
77.7
2.4
3.4
51.0
2.3
64.9
67.7
48.9
54.4
1.1
1.0
49.6
-1.2
69.6
70.3
20.3
23.5
1.0
2.1
24.8
4.7
80.4
73.9
67.8
59.2
0.8
0.9
46.8
1.5
62.2
63.9
58.4
58.0
1.0
1.6
47.6
3.4
74.9
78.7
25.3
27.8
1.8
2.4
26.1
0.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
66.3
65.5
54.8
53.9
1.7
1.5
50.0
-0.4
66.0
66.1
41.4
52.2
0.2
0.3
44.2
3.1
66.2
68.1
41.7
43.9
0.8
1.0
39.5
0.7
89.6
89.1
84.2
83.8
7.5
12.2
49.0
3.2
80.5
80.8
76.6
81.2
4.7
7.9
51.3
3.2
81.0
77.6
44.6
49.3
9.7
14.6
37.5
3.0
71.0
78.8
37.5
57.3
0.1
0.2
35.3
3.9
66.6
82.3
36.3
50.1
3.0
6.0
38.4
4.7
70.5
66.0
30.2
38.8
0.2
0.2
37.2
1.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
66.3
65.3
26.7
29.1
0.7
1.2
30.8
3.3
79.9
74.9
40.7
46.8
0.5
0.6
39.3
1.4
82.7
79.5
38.9
45.4
40.4
56.8
37.0
2.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
63.8
45.6
56.2
38.8
1.7
1.3
48.5
-0.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
65.8
68.8
55.9
56.5
1.0
1.3
46.0
2.0
60.4
56.1
43.3
42.0
0.2
0.2
44.0
-0.2
78.9
74.3
28.8
25.3
10.2
12.4
26.4
1.3
82.6
75.4
87.5
82.5
8.5
12.1
54.7
2.3
79.8
81.1
74.3
75.1
24.1
29.5
49.8
1.2
64.5
63.3
48.9
55.7
0.6
0.9
49.1
1.8
90.3
86.8
81.5
79.7
12.0
16.0
50.7
2.1
72.9
70.2
53.3
57.5
8.2
9.0
45.6
0.4
70.6
66.9
48.3
45.6
0.1
0.1
40.3
1.8
73.3
73.1
56.8
62.4
1.9
2.5
47.5
1.2
82.4
80.3
38.3
49.1
1.8
2.7
39.5
2.5
88.5
89.4
37.9
40.2
3.7
6.4
31.6
3.6
67.0
64.0
44.8
48.4
38.6
57.0
42.7
2.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
72.2
68.5
60.2
61.2
2.4
2.8
47.0
1.3
77.8
85.6
22.8
30.0
0.8
2.3
13.6
9.0
83.7
82.2
16.1
24.3
41.6
66.3
22.1
2.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
81.5
80.5
45.1
50.5
1.3
1.9
38.8
2.4
73.5
71.0
70.8
69.6
2.4
3.5
49.1
2.3
86.7
84.6
49.7
58.1
2.2
3.3
40.1
2.2
82.7
82.6
57.7
65.7
11.9
16.8
44.8
2.5
81.9
78.8
48.7
50.5
31.3
44.6
39.2
2.5
63.3
65.3
49.1
49.1
17.2
18.4
45.1
0.7
69.7
64.2
52.8
53.6
5.3
5.2
48.8
-0.7
59.5
51.5
34.8
34.2
1.4
1.2
42.7
-2.1
91.9
94.2
38.7
53.7
0.3
1.8
13.2
11.2
71.1
64.9
57.9
47.6
11.7
9.4
44.3
-0.6
68.3
71.7
54.1
56.6
72.7
76.1
48.6
0.1
85.3
83.2
86.1
86.4
3.8
5.8
52.5
2.8
74.2
58.0
32.7
23.1
0.1
0.0
27.3
-0.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
73.9
76.2
40.8
45.3
0.0
0.1
37.9
2.9
77.3
79.1
16.1
20.1
6.6
12.8
15.1
4.6
77.0
70.2
41.5
45.0
3.2
4.9
41.1
4.1
65.5
60.1
45.1
43.4
3.3
3.0
43.5
-0.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
65.1
68.6
64.1
65.0
1.6
2.8
49.5
2.8
78.4
76.4
52.6
58.2
2.1
3.1
44.2
3.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
68.1
68.3
52.6
51.4
2.6
2.7
44.8
0.3
63.9
63.0
51.2
52.2
1.0
1.0
46.0
-0.1
73.6
73.5
60.7
61.1
0.2
0.2
45.1
2.4
77.2
75.9
32.9
33.2
2.6
4.0
31.0
3.2
64.6
60.2
49.5
46.2
16.9
20.6
44.8
1.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
66.4
64.8
40.9
52.3
18.4
23.1
46.0
0.6
77.0
75.6
37.3
30.2
7.8
8.2
30.7
0.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
75.8
76.5
61.3
63.1
0.1
0.1
46.6
1.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
79.1
77.2
50.2
56.3
0.0
0.1
41.8
0.8
74.4
72.2
26.7
24.3
7.7
10.9
25.5
2.5
66.5
68.6
36.4
40.5
0.2
0.2
37.4
1.9
66.8
64.2
33.3
40.0
0.3
0.4
40.6
3.1
67.9
68.2
58.1
60.9
4.6
5.2
47.5
1.0
77.7
74.8
57.7
62.7
4.0
4.8
46.4
1.5
80.6
70.8
19.7
12.2
4.9
4.8
14.6
-1.1
74.9
77.5
58.2
59.4
2.4
3.8
43.7
3.0
90.8
83.3
87.0
74.0
16.7
23.2
48.3
1.7
80.8
80.2
65.3
62.9
34.9
40.2
45.6
0.6
78.1
55.5
40.0
26.8
0.3
0.3
32.0
1.2
81.5
80.6
76.0
81.1
2.2
3.5
50.5
2.8
73.3
74.1
49.2
52.8
0.0
0.0
42.4
0.6
76.3
73.6
46.5
52.6
0.6
0.7
42.7
0.3
71.6
71.3
23.5
25.1
3.2
4.1
26.9
1.7
72.7
71.4
26.3
30.4
21.4
29.3
31.1
2.9
74.0
77.6
47.8
47.3
1.7
2.4
39.2
2.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
82.3
87.7
80.5
82.3
9.8
17.7
49.3
4.5
65.2
67.4
52.2
52.2
23.7
22.7
48.3
-0.3
91.7
91.6
33.8
41.9
1.8
6.3
12.2
6.9
70.4
68.7
54.0
56.9
29.5
33.6
46.4
0.8
74.2
68.4
59.1
56.0
146.8
161.0
45.9
0.5
75.8
76.3
52.0
55.4
1.6
1.8
44.5
0.9
71.7
76.2
47.0
48.3
9.1
13.9
39.7
2.9
83.8
80.5
70.0
61.6
0.1
0.1
43.5
2.5
82.4
78.4
49.1
51.4
10.6
14.5
40.3
1.8
82.5
83.2
72.9
73.8
41.1
55.3
48.4
1.8
77.3
71.3
52.9
53.1
0.1
0.1
45.8
-0.8
66.3
69.1
10.6
17.8
0.6
1.2
20.2
4.5
71.5
73.1
22.3
25.8
4.3
7.9
26.0
4.0
84.5
80.9
74.2
69.8
4.5
6.6
47.3
2.9
81.4
87.3
68.4
77.8
5.2
7.6
49.4
1.6
78.8
76.1
52.0
49.5
2,789.8
3,405.8
39.4
1.2
82.3
78.1
65.4
60.9
1,121.7
1,270.4
43.5
0.7
67.5
67.1
48.5
50.8
396.7
436.1
45.2
0.6
81.0
78.4
48.1
52.6
228.3
306.0
41.2
1.7
74.4
74.7
19.2
21.5
95.1
147.2
21.0
2.6
74.0
68.6
59.0
56.5
163.0
180.8
46.1
0.5
83.0
79.7
34.7
29.0
530.4
673.5
25.7
1.1
77.0
75.9
61.1
62.7
254.7
391.9
45.9
3.0
83.8
82.6
69.5
70.0
177.2
274.0
46.8
2.9
80.7
78.5
41.0
37.8
914.5
1,192.4
32.1
1.5
80.3
76.5
60.0
56.3
1,175.0
1,348.5
42.4
0.8
70.9
68.2
50.7
52.2
523.1
590.9
43.9
0.7