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World Development Indicators:
Population dynamics
Average annual population growth %
Population age composition
Dependency ratio
millions
%
%
%
% of working-age population
% of working-age population
per 1,000 people
per 1,000 people
2000
2018
2000-2018
2018
2018
2018
2018
2018
2017
2017
20.8
37.2
3.2
43
54
3
79
5
7
33
3.1
2.9
-0.4
18
69
14
26
20
8
12
31.0
42.2
1.7
30
63
6
47
10
5
25
0.1
0.1
-0.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0.1
0.1
0.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
16.4
30.8
3.5
47
51
2
92
4
8
41
0.1
0.1
1.3
22
69
9
32
13
6
16
36.9
44.5
1.0
25
64
11
39
17
8
17
3.1
3.0
-0.2
21
68
11
30
17
10
14
0.1
0.1
0.8
18
69
14
26
20
9
12
19.2
1.5
19
65
16
29
24
7
12
8.0
0.6
14
67
19
21
28
8.0
1.2
33
9
6
15
0.3
0.4
1.4
22
70
7
32
10
7
14
0.7
1.6
4.8
19
78
2
25
3
2
14
127.7
161.4
1.3
28
67
5
41
8
6
19
0.3
0.3
0.3
17
67
16
26
24
9
11
10.0
-0.3
17
68
15
25
22
13
11
10.3
0.6
17
64
19
27
29
10
11
0.2
0.4
2.4
30
65
5
47
7
5
21
6.9
11.5
2.9
42
54
3
78
6
9
37
0.1
0.2
..
..
..
..
..
8
9
0.6
0.8
1.4
26
68
6
38
9
6
17
8.4
11.4
1.7
31
62
7
50
12
7
22
3.8
3.3
-0.7
15
69
16
21
24
11
8
1.6
2.3
1.8
34
62
4
55
7
6
25
174.8
209.5
1.0
21
70
9
31
13
6
14
0.3
0.4
1.4
23
72
5
32
7
4
15
8.2
-0.8
15
64
21
23
33
16
9
11.6
19.8
3.0
45
53
2
85
5
8
38
6.4
11.2
3.1
46
52
2
87
4
8
40
0.4
0.5
1.3
29
67
5
43
7
6
20
12.2
16.2
1.6
31
64
5
49
7
6
23
15.5
25.2
2.7
43
55
3
78
5
10
36
30.7
1.0
16
67
17
24
26
8
10
0.0
0.1
2.3
..
..
..
..
..
3
10
3.6
4.7
1.4
44
53
3
84
5
13
36
8.4
15.5
3.4
47
50
2
94
5
12
43
0.1
0.2
0.8
22
26
8
10
15.3
18.7
1.1
20
69
12
29
17
6
13
1,262.6
1,392.7
0.5
25
15
7
12
6.7
7.5
0.6
12
71
17
17
24
6
8
0.4
0.6
2.2
14
76
10
18
14
4
11
39.6
49.6
1.3
23
68
8
34
12
6
15
0.5
0.8
2.4
40
57
3
69
5
7
32
47.1
84.1
3.2
46
51
3
91
6
10
42
3.1
5.2
2.9
42
56
3
75
5
7
33
4.0
5.0
1.3
21
69
10
31
14
5
14
16.5
25.1
2.3
42
55
3
76
5
10
36
-0.5
15
65
20
22
31
13
9
11.1
11.3
0.1
16
69
15
24
22
9
10
0.1
1.0
19
64
17
29
26
9
10
0.9
1.2
1.3
24
20
7
11
10.3
0.2
16
65
19
24
30
11
11
5.3
0.5
16
64
20
26
31
8
11
0.7
1.0
1.6
30
66
5
45
7
7
22
0.1
0.1
0.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
8.5
10.6
1.3
28
65
7
43
11
6
20
12.7
17.1
1.7
28
65
7
43
11
5
20
68.8
98.4
2.0
34
61
5
55
9
6
27
5.9
6.4
0.5
27
65
8
42
13
7
18
0.6
1.3
4.3
37
60
2
61
4
10
34
2.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
7
31
1.4
-0.3
16
64
20
26
31
12
11
1.0
1.1
0.7
38
58
4
66
7
10
27
66.2
109.2
2.8
41
56
4
73
6
7
33
0.0
0.0
0.2
..
..
..
..
..
9
13
0.8
0.9
0.5
30
65
5
45
8
8
22
5.2
0.4
26
35
10
9
60.9
0.5
18
62
20
29
32
0.2
0.3
0.8
23
69
8
33
12
6
15
1.2
2.1
3.0
37
59
4
62
6
7
32
1.3
2.3
3.0
44
53
3
83
5
8
39
4.1
-0.5
20
65
15
30
23
13
14
82.2
0.0
14
65
21
21
33
19.3
29.8
2.4
38
59
3
63
5
7
30
10.8
0.0
14
64
22
22
34
0.1
0.1
0.0
..
..
..
..
..
9
15
0.1
0.1
0.4
24
67
10
35
14
10
17
0.2
0.2
0.4
24
66
10
37
15
5
17
11.7
17.2
2.2
34
61
5
57
8
5
25
8.2
12.4
2.3
44
53
3
82
5
9
37
1.2
1.9
2.5
42
55
3
77
5
10
36
0.7
0.8
0.2
28
65
6
43
10
7
20
8.5
11.1
1.5
33
62
5
54
8
9
25
6.6
9.6
2.1
32
64
5
50
7
4
22
10.2
-0.2
14
66
19
22
29
14
10
0.3
1.3
20
65
15
30
23
7
12
1,056.6
1,352.6
1.4
27
67
6
41
9
7
18
211.5
267.7
1.3
27
68
6
39
9
6
18
65.6
81.8
1.2
24
69
6
35
9
5
19
23.5
38.4
2.7
38
58
3
66
6
5
30
3.8
1.4
21
65
14
33
21
0.1
0.1
0.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6.3
1.9
28
60
12
46
20
5
21
56.9
0.3
13
64
23
21
36
11
8
2.7
2.9
0.6
24
67
9
35
13
8
16
126.8
126.5
0.0
13
60
28
21
46
11
8
5.1
10.0
3.7
34
62
4
55
6
4
23
14.9
18.3
1.1
28
64
7
44
12
7
22
32.0
51.4
2.6
40
58
2
69
4
6
29
0.1
0.1
1.8
36
61
4
59
7
6
28
22.9
25.5
0.6
20
70
9
29
13
9
14
47.0
51.6
0.5
13
73
14
18
20
6
7
1.7
0.5
..
..
..
..
..
7
16
2.0
4.1
3.9
22
76
3
28
3
3
15
4.9
1.4
32
63
4
51
7
5
25
5.3
7.1
1.6
33
63
4
51
6
7
24
2.4
-1.1
16
64
20
25
31
15
11
3.8
6.8
3.2
26
67
7
39
10
4
18
2.0
2.1
0.2
33
62
5
52
8
15
27
2.8
4.8
2.9
41
56
3
74
6
8
33
5.4
6.7
1.2
28
67
4
42
7
5
19
0.0
0.0
0.7
..
..
..
..
..
3.5
-1.3
15
65
20
23
30
14
10
0.4
1.8
16
70
14
23
20
15.8
26.3
2.8
41
56
3
72
5
6
33
11.1
18.1
2.7
44
53
3
82
5
7
35
23.2
31.5
1.7
35
10
5
17
0.3
0.5
3.4
20
76
4
26
5
3
15
10.9
19.1
3.1
48
50
3
95
5
10
42
0.4
1.2
14
65
20
22
31
0.1
0.1
0.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.6
4.4
2.9
40
57
3
71
6
7
34
0.4
18
71
11
25
16
98.9
126.2
1.4
27
66
7
40
11
6
18
0.1
0.1
0.3
32
64
4
49
6
7
23
3.6
-0.1
16
73
11
22
16
12
10
0.0
0.0
1.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.4
3.2
1.6
30
66
4
46
6
6
25
0.6
0.2
18
67
15
27
22
11
12
28.8
36.0
1.2
27
66
7
41
11
5
19
17.7
29.5
2.8
45
52
3
85
6
9
38
46.7
53.7
0.8
26
68
6
39
9
8
18
1.8
2.4
1.7
37
59
4
62
6
8
29
23.9
28.1
0.9
30
64
6
48
9
6
20
15.9
0.4
16
65
19
25
30
0.2
1.6
23
68
9
33
13
6
15
3.9
4.9
1.3
20
65
16
30
24
7
12
5.1
6.5
1.4
30
65
5
47
8
5
21
11.3
22.4
3.8
50
47
3
105
5
9
47
122.3
195.9
2.6
44
53
3
82
5
12
38
2.0
2.1
0.1
17
70
14
24
20
10
11
0.1
0.1
-0.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
4.5
0.9
27
26
8
11
2.3
4.8
4.2
22
75
2
30
3
2
20
142.3
212.2
2.2
35
60
4
58
7
7
29
0.0
0.0
-0.4
..
..
..
..
..
10
12
3.0
4.2
1.8
27
65
8
42
13
5
19
5.8
8.6
2.1
36
61
3
59
6
8
27
5.3
7.0
1.5
29
64
6
46
10
5
21
26.5
32.0
1.1
26
66
8
39
12
5
18
78.0
106.7
1.7
31
64
5
48
8
6
21
0.0
15
67
18
22
26
11
11
10.3
0.0
13
65
22
21
34
11
8
3.8
3.2
-1.0
17
64
19
26
29
7
0.6
2.8
8.6
14
85
1
16
2
1
10
22.4
-0.8
16
66
18
23
28
146.6
144.5
-0.1
18
67
15
27
22
7.9
12.3
2.4
40
57
3
70
5
5
32
0.2
0.2
0.7
38
57
5
67
8
5
25
0.0
0.0
1.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0.1
0.2
2.2
43
55
3
78
5
5
32
20.7
33.7
2.7
25
72
3
35
5
3
18
9.8
15.9
2.7
43
54
3
80
6
6
35
-0.4
16
66
18
24
28
15
9
0.1
0.1
1.0
24
69
8
34
11
8
17
4.6
7.7
2.8
41
56
3
73
5
12
34
4.0
5.6
1.9
12
76
11
16
15
5
9
0.0
1.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
5.4
0.1
15
69
16
22
23
10
11
2.0
0.2
15
65
20
23
30
10
10
0.4
0.7
2.5
40
56
4
72
6
4
33
8.9
15.0
2.9
47
51
3
92
6
11
42
45.0
57.8
1.4
29
66
5
44
8
9
21
6.2
11.0
3.2
42
55
3
76
6
11
35
40.6
0.8
22
29
18.8
21.7
0.8
24
65
10
37
16
7
16
0.0
0.1
1.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0.2
0.2
0.8
19
72
10
26
14
7
12
0.0
0.0
1.4
..
..
..
..
..
4
15
0.1
0.1
0.1
23
68
10
33
14
9
14
27.3
41.8
2.4
41
56
4
72
6
7
33
0.5
0.6
1.1
27
66
7
41
10
7
19
8.9
0.8
18
62
20
28
32
9
12
7.2
0.9
15
66
19
22
28
16.4
16.9
0.2
31
64
5
49
7
6
24
6.2
9.1
2.1
37
60
3
61
5
5
31
33.5
56.3
2.9
83
5
7
37
63.0
69.4
0.5
17
71
12
24
17
8
11
0.9
1.3
2.0
38
58
4
65
7
6
29
4.9
7.9
2.6
41
56
3
74
5
9
34
0.1
0.1
0.3
35
59
6
60
10
7
25
1.3
1.4
0.5
20
69
11
30
16
8
13
9.7
11.6
1.0
24
68
8
36
12
6
18
63.2
82.3
1.5
25
67
8
37
13
5
16
4.5
5.9
1.4
31
65
4
48
7
7
25
0.0
0.0
3.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0.0
0.0
1.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
23.7
42.7
3.3
47
51
2
92
4
7
39
49.2
-0.5
16
68
16
23
24
15
9
3.1
9.6
6.2
15
84
1
17
1
1
10
58.9
0.7
18
64
18
28
29
282.2
327.2
0.8
19
65
16
29
24
12
3.3
3.4
0.2
21
65
15
32
23
9
14
24.7
1.6
29
67
4
43
7
5
22
0.2
0.3
2.5
39
58
4
68
6
5
30
24.2
28.9
1.0
28
65
7
43
11
7
18
79.9
95.5
1.0
23
70
7
33
10
6
17
0.1
0.1
-0.1
20
61
19
32
32
8
13
4.6
2.5
67
5
3
30
17.4
28.5
2.7
40
58
3
69
5
6
31
10.4
17.4
2.8
45
53
2
85
4
7
37
11.9
14.4
1.1
42
55
3
78
5
8
32
6,115.1
7,594.3
1.2
26
65
9
39
14
8
19
2,047.6
2,328.2
0.7
20
69
11
28
15
7
14
862.0
918.8
0.4
18
66
16
27
25
10
12
521.0
641.4
1.2
25
67
8
37
13
6
17
315.3
448.9
2.0
30
65
5
46
8
5
23
312.9
364.3
0.8
18
66
16
28
24
8
12
1,390.9
1,814.4
1.5
28
66
6
43
9
7
20
665.3
1,078.3
2.7
43
54
3
78
5
9
36
438.8
705.4
2.6
42
55
3
76
6
8
35
2,281.2
3,022.9
1.6
30
64
6
47
9
7
22
2,317.3
2,655.6
0.8
21
69
10
30
15
7
14
1,077.8
1,210.3
0.6
17
66
18
25
27
9
11